List with definitions of the concepts used by CBS in their statistics. Using the same definitions throughout makes comparison of figures easier.

List of definitions

Domestic transport by a means of transport registered in another country.

Factor to convert an energy commodity of the physical unit into the unit of energy joule. .

The calorific value for energy commodities:
Primary coals: variable
Anthracite: 29.3 TJ/mln kg
Coking coal: 28.631 TJ/mln kg
Steam coal variable between 23.5 and 25.3 TJ/mln kg, in 2016: 25.207 TJ/mln kg
Lignite: 20.0 TJ/mln kg
Coke-oven coke: 28.5 TJ/mln kg
Coke oven gas: 31.65 TJ/mln m3 ae
Blast furnace gas: 31.65 TJ/mln m3 ae
Coal tar: 41.9 TJ/mln kg
Crude oil: 42.7 TJ/mln kg
Natural gas liquids: 44.0 TJ/mln kg
Other hydrocarbons: 44.0 TJ/mln kg
Refinery gas: 45.1962 TJ/mln kg
Chemical waste gas: 45.1962 TJ/mln kg
LPG (incl. propane and butane): 45.1962 TJ/mln kg
Naphtha: 44.0 TJ/mln kg
Crude oil aromatics: 44.0 TJ/mln kg
Petroleum coke: 35.2 TJ/mln kg
Motor gasoline: variable between 41.2 and 42.1 TJ/mln kg
Aviation gasoline: 44.0 TJ/mln kg
Kerosene type jet fuel: 43.5 TJ/mln kg
Other kerosene: 43.1 TJ/mln kg
Heating and other gasoil: variable between 42.9 and 43.2 TJ/mln kg
Fuel oil: 41.0 TJ/mln kg
Lubricants: 41.4 TJ/mln kg
Bitumen: 41.9 TJ/mln kg
Other petroleum products: variable
Natural gas: 31.65 TJ/mln m3
Electricity: 3.6 TJ/mln kWh
Biogas: 31.65 TJ/mln m3 ae

For more information on calorific value of motor gasoline and heating and other gasoil, see:
‘Adjustment of heating values and CO2 emission factors of petrol and diesel’

Area of land on which at least twenty campers can sleep, with bathroom facilities and toilets. The campers sleep in tents, caravans, camper vans, static caravans, or cabins.

The capital account records acquisitions less disposals of non-financial assets by resident units and measures the change in net worth due to saving (final balancing item in the current accounts) and capital transfers.

See also: External capital account

The market in which financial transactions take place with a duration of two years or more.

See also: Money market

Compulsory, non-periodical payments to the government. They are based on the wealth of taxable persons. In practise, they only cover the inheritance tax.

See also:

Payment for which no quid pro quo by the beneficiary is expected. It burdens the wealth of the payer, or is meant to finance fixed capital formation or other long-term expenditures of the receiver.

See also: External capital account

Motor vehicle equipped for the transport of a maximum of eight passengers (excl. driver).

Having a car at one’s disposal given the number of driver’s licences and cars in a household.

Someone aged 18 or over who is or has been the main user of a car.

Medical service that can provide care in cases of (acute) thrombosis.

See also: Independent thrombosis service, Hospital thrombosis service

The total volume of goods loaded for commercial transport to one or more unloading bays.

Applies to the gross weight or the gross-gross weight of goods.

See also: Gross weight (goods transport), Gross-gross weight (goods transport)

Unit of measurement for transport capacity, representing the transport of a tonne (1000 kilograms) of load capacity over one kilometre.

A distinction is made between primary and secondary causes of death. The primary cause of death is the disease, situation or event that started the chain of events resulting in death. Consequences or complications of this are usually considered secondary causes of death, in the same way as other diseases present at the time of death that may have contributed to the death.

See: Primary cause of death

Area for commercial and sales purposes.

Area for commercial and sales purposes.

Area used to bury and cremate the dead.

See also: Land use, classification

Court that decides in first and sometimes sole instance or in administrative appeals in the administrative law section of the court, in certain administrative disputes.

Register that used to include a limited number of people residing in the Netherlands who belonged to the de jure population of the Netherlands but who did not have a fixed municipality of residence.

This register was used until 1 October 1994 when the Wet gemeentelijke basisadministratie persoonsgegevens (GBA) came into force.

Classification of goods and services recommended by the United Nations.

The centrally co-ordinated generation of electricity by units linked to the high tension network of TENNET.

Institution offering courses in dance, arts, audio-visuals, drama and/or literature.

Change of someone’s nationality (citizenship).

Solid residue derived through combustion at low temperature of wood and other vegetable material.

Payments demanded by government on the basis of general regulations for services rendered.

An official contract or treaty.

Provision for care for children aged 4-12 who are in school. These facilities are only open before and after school and during the lunch break. They are often open on Wednesday afternoons and during school holidays as well.

Someone with a child-parent relationship with one or two of the adults in the household.

Death of children before their fifth birthday.

One target group for special education, both primary and secondary.

See also: Special education

Institution set up to provide help when children (age 8-18) phone in a question or problem; for problem spotting and prevention, studying underlying causes and preventing a repeat or worsening of the problems.

Fire in a smokestack.

See also: Outdoor fire

Administration of justice in cases of disputes between individual citizens, between companies, or between citizens and companies.

See also: Civil law

The EU statistical classification of products by activity laid down in a regulation that is binding for the member states. It provides the common European framework for the comparison of statistical data on goods and services.

Body of water closed off from the sea by a dyke, such as the Haringvliet, Hollands Diep (to Moerdijk railway bridge), Volkerak, Krammer, Grevelingenmeer, Veerse meer and Lauwersmeer.

See also: Land use, classification

The value on the balance sheet of commodities at the end of the period under review.

Closing stock of raw and auxiliary materials and packing material.

The value on the balance sheet of raw and auxiliary materials (including purchased semi-finished products), packing material at the end of the period under review.

Solid, fossil fuel existing of carbonized rests of vegetal origin. The carbonizing is a consequence of long-lasting exposure to high temperature and pressure.

Coal can be transformed into various products such as cokes and blast furnace gas.

From coal derived products like coke-oven cokes and blast furnace gas.

Coal is a solid, fossil fuel existing of carbonised rests of vegetal origin.

A tough black liquid mass. It is used in the preservation of iron, underwater treatment, underground constructions in concrete or steel, the outsides of ships, wooden sheds, barges and boats.

A group of people involved in the same (demographic) event within a given period, such as a calendar year.

Solid coal product derived from further carbonisation at high temperature.

Cokes has a low content of water and volatile matter. It is used in the blast furnaces of the iron and steel industry.

Gas derived as by-product from the carbonisation of cokes coal into coke oven cokes.

Sort of hard coal suitable for the production of cokes. These are used in blast furnaces.

Cokes coal has a higher quality than brown coal, but lower than anthracite. The calorific value of the ash free and wet product is greater than 23,865 megajoule per kilogram. The content of volatile matter of the ash-free and dry product is more than 14 percent.

This includes: - Collectively labour agreements (CAO in Dutch) Wages and other working conditions laid down by the Minister of Social Affairs and Employment; - Wages and other working conditions laid down by regulations approved by other public institutions; - Wages and other working conditions for government employees.

Financial institutions that request or acquire funds or other goods for collective investment in order to have the unit-holders share in the proceeds of the investments.

A contract between employers and employees on working conditions during a given period.

See also: Labour contract, Terms of employment, Employee

The collective labour agreement (CAO in Dutch) wage rate including special payments contains the following elements: - Gross basic wage rates for hours normally worked by fulltime employees. - All guaranteed regularly paid allowances fixed or in pursuance of laws. - All guaranteed allowances fixed or in pursuance of laws that are not paid on a monthly basis such as holiday allowance of end of the year bonus payments. Excluded are extra allowances that are conditional in the collective labour agreement, such as allowances for age or shifts, and individual pay rises.

The collective labour agreement (CAO in Dutch) sector government includes all public enterprises such as general government, municipalities, water boards and public education. Also included are the police, regular special education and academic hospitals.

See also: Collective labour agreement sector (CAO sector)

All enterprises and institutions active in the Netherlands are included in a collective labour agreement (CAO in Dutch) sector. The division into CAO sectors is based on the position of employees in the negotiations on working conditions. There are three collective labour agreement sectors: private enterprises, government and subsidised corporations.

See also: Collective labour agreement sector subsidised corporations, Collective labour agreement sector government, Collective labour agreement sector private companies, Institutional sector

The collective labour agreement (CAO in Dutch) sector consisting of private companies not belonging to the subsidised corporations or government sector.

See also: Collective labour agreement sector (CAO sector)

The collective labour agreement (CAO in Dutch) sector of private companies financed through subsidies or amounts set by law in as far as they are not part of the government. Mostly they are active in health and care, administrators of social security and sheltered workshops.

See also: Collective labour agreement sector (CAO sector), Subsidised sector

Service provided to the population, laid down by the government. It is provided for free or for a fee below cost price and is characterised by the fact that it is financed mainly from the public funds (taxes etc.).

Training in information management provided by the SOD, the foundation for teaching and exams in documentary information supply and administrative organisation.

Court deciding on conflicts in economic administrative law and in appeals against a decision or action by a corporate body.

A combination of a school for music and a creativity centre.

All paid passenger, cargo or mail transport by air.

Area used for industry, trade and business services.

See also: Land use, classification

Motor vehicle exclusively or primarily designed for the commercial transport of goods and passengers.

This includes vans, lorries, road tractors, special purpose vehicles and buses. Trailers and semi-trailers are not included.

Services provided with the aim to make a profit.

SIC sections G-N including: repair of consumer goods and trade; hotels and restaurants; transport, storage and communication; financial institutions, rent and trade in real estate, renting of machinery and equipment and business activities.

See also:

Motor vehicle specially equipped for goods transport, for services and/or service support.

The classification of goods based on the NST 2007.

This encoding is in force since the first reference year 2008 within the member states of the European Union.
NST 2007 is a classification system for products and activities that takes account of the economic activity from which the goods originate.
The first level of the NST classification (the twenty divisions) is used for the classification of the type of goods.

NST 2007 divisions
01 Products of agriculture, hunting, and forestry; fish and other fishing products
02 Coal and lignite; crude petroleum and natural gas
03 Metal ores and other mining and quarrying products; peat; uranium and thorium
04 Food products, beverages and tobacco
05 Textiles and textile products; leather and leather products
06 Wood and products of wood and cork (except furniture); articles of straw and plaiting materials; pulp, paper and paper products; printed matter and recorded media
07 Coke and refined petroleum products
08 Chemicals, chemical products, and man-made fibers; rubber and plastic products ; nuclear fuel
09 Other non metallic mineral products
10 Basic metals; fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment
11 Machinery and equipment n.e.c.; office machinery and computers; electrical machinery and apparatus n.e.c.; radio, television and communication equipment and apparatus; medical, precision and optical instruments; watches and clocks
12 Transport equipment
13 Furniture; other manufactured goods n.e.c.
14 Secondary raw materials; municipal wastes and other wastes
15 Mail, parcels
16 Equipment and material utilized in the transport of goods
17 Goods moved in the course of household and office removals; baggage and articles accompanying travellers; motor vehicles being moved for repair; other non market goods n.e.c.
18 Grouped goods: a mixture of types of goods which are transported together
19 Unidentifiable goods: goods which for any reason cannot be identified and therefore cannot be assigned to groups 01-16.
20 Other goods n.e.c.

The classification of goods based on the NST/R (Nomenclature uniforme des marchandises pour les Statistiques de Transport, Revisée).

This encoding is in force since January 1, 1967 within the member states of the European Union.
The hierarchical structure of code numbers makes it possible to group up to 10 chapters (1-digit) and 52 groups (2-digit) based on the first, or the first two digits of the code. The full breakdown on types of goods is possible up to 4-digit level.

NSTR chapters
0 Agricultural products and live animals
1 Foodstuffs and animal fodder
2 Solid mineral fuels
3 Petroleum products
4 Ores and metal waste
5 Metal products
6 Crude and manufactured minerals, building materials
7 Fertilizers
8 Chemicals
9 Machinery, transport equipment, manufactured articles and miscellaneous articles
xx Arms and ammunition, military

The communal arrangements based on the Wet Gemeenschappelijke Regelingen.

Walkie-talkies, (mobile) phones, fax machines, Internet, e-mail, messenger services, etc.

A training or course financed in part or in total by the employer. Courses within secondary vocational training (bbl) are not included.

A pension fund linked to a company which accumulates money for the pensions of the people who are or were working in the company.

Law that was in force until 1 January 2006. The aim of the law was to ensure people whose income is below the threshold of proper health care under the compulsory health insurance act . The law does not provide for cash payments but for health provisions (in kind).

Premiums payable by the employer on the basis of several social insurance laws such as the AOW (pensions), ZFW (health insurance) and WW (unemployment) as well as premium transfers.

Premiums employers and employees have to pay on the basis of several social insurance laws such as the AOW (pensions) , ZFW (health insurance) and WW (unemployment)

Amounts paid to third parties for computerisation and non-capitalized acquisition of automation equipment and software

Situation in which children under 18 share in the naturalisation of the parent or parents. Minors aged over 12 have a say in this. A child won’t be naturalised against its wishes.

Situation in which someone receives different benefits, for instance welfare and a disablement benefits.

The sum of the people receiving the individual benefits is therefore higher than the total number of people receiving benefits.

Area used for construction.

See also: Land use, classification

The indicator providing information on the confidence and expectations consumers have about developments in the Dutch economy. Together with the indicators on economic climate and willingness to purchase, these contribute to the prediction of short-term fluctuations in the consumption by private individuals, particularly about the demand for and purchase of durable consumer goods.

All credit which is extended for a term of three months or more and is used for purchasing (durable) consumer goods. The credit provider participates in his/her business and the credit receiver is a natural person. Mortgages are not included.

The index reflects the price changes of a package of goods and services that are bought on average by all households in the Netherlands. Explanatory remarks: The package of goods and services includes food, durable goods such as household appliances and cars, energy and housing costs (rent) and a number of government services. Also included in the CPI are consumption-related taxes such as motor vehicle tax and municipal taxes such as sewerage charges. The compulsory standard insurance for health care costs is not part of the CPI, but supplementary insurance is. Together with the rebasing to 2006=100 the following changes have been made to the CPI : 1. Rebasing will take place annually. In 2007 both the reference and base year are 2006. As of 2008 the base year will be updated annually, but the reference year will remain 2006. 2. On 1 January 2006, the Netherlands introduced a new insurance system for health care costs, of which one component is compulsory standard insurance for all citizens. Supplementary insurance can be taken out for care that is not included in the standard package. The compulsory standard insurance is not part of the CPI, but supplementary insurance is. 3. The CPI will be published rounded to two decimals. The sole reason for this is to minimise rounding errors when calculating rates of inflation.

The use of goods and services for the direct satisfaction of individual or collective needs of members of society.

See also: Consumption expenditure

Expenditure by resident households on goods and services for the direct satisfaction of individual or collective needs of members of society.


See also: Consumption expenditure, Household, Resident

The use of goods and services for the direct satisfaction of individual or collective needs of members of society.

See also:

Expenditure - both in the Netherlands and outside the Netherlands - on goods and services for the direct satisfaction of individual or collective needs of members of society

This may be consumer spending within the country and abroad. Consumption expenditure is done by households, non-profit institutions (NPI) and the government.

See also: Consumption, Household, Non-profit institution (NPI), Government

Special box to carry freight, strengthened and stackable and allowing horizontal or vertical transfers.

A more formal technical definition of a container is:
Article of transport equipment which is:
a) of a permanent character and accordingly strong enough to be suitable for repeated use
b) specially designed to facilitate the carriage of goods, by one or more modes of transport, without intermediate reloading
c) fitted with devices permitting its ready handling, particularly its transfer from one mode of transport to another
d) so designed as to be easy to fill and empty
e) stackable and
f) having an internal volume of 1 m³ or more.
Swap bodies are excluded.
Flat containers are included. Although without internal volume, and therefore not satisfying criterion f) above, flats used in maritime transport should be considered to be a special type of container and therefore are included here.
A flat container is a loadable platform having no superstructure whatever but having the same length and width as the base of a container and equipped with top and bottom corner fittings.

Size of a container in 'feet'

The main sizes of containers are:
a) 20 Foot ISO container (length of 20 feet and width of 8 feet)
b) 40 Foot ISO container (length of 40 feet and width of 8 feet.
c) ISO container over 20 feet and under 40 feet of length
d) ISO container over 40 foot long;
e) Super high cube container (oversize container)
f) Air container (container conforming to standards laid down for air transportation).
Containers are normally 8 foot height but other heights also exist.
High cube containers are containers with a height of 9.5 foot.
Super high cube containers are containers exceeding the ISO dimensions. They include container lengths of 45 foot, 48 foot and 53 foot.
Containers with sizes classified under a) to e) are referred to as large containers.

The employer’s contribution paid in the framework of insuring pensions for employees and the premiums for additional disablement and unemployment insurance, sick leave benefits and social funds (excluding education funds).

The collective labour agreement wage rate including special payments plus the legally and contractually required employee contributions for pensions, early retirement, unemployment, labour disability and social funds.

The annual working hours of fulltime employees as specified in the collective labour agreement.

See also: Reduced working hours, Full-time employee

A person who works, not on the basis of a an explicit employment contract, in the company or practice of the partner or parents.

See also: Self-employed person

Cooperatives include: - cooperative societies; - mutual insurance companies. Cooperative societies and mutual insurance companies are special forms of associations. The association serves the material interests of its members by entering into agreements with them. In the case of cooperative societies, the profits may be paid out to members. Mutual insurance companies are associations in which members take out policies for the insurance the company provides.

Location according to the national triangulation system (RD system).

Medical doctor who examines the body of a deceased person to determine the cause of death.

One or more contiguous municipalities in a province.

The division of the Netherlands into 40 COROP areas is the equivalent of the European NUTS 3 level.

Costs of commodities sold in the year under review.

Commodities purchased for the purpose of resale without any further processing, including import duties, costs of transport, import levies European Union, transport insurance and temporary storage.
The costs are the total of the value of the initial stock plus the costs of the purchased commodities minus the value of the closing stock.

The costs of fuels used to power an energy source, for light and/or heat. Not included are the costs of fuels used by means of transport or that are used as raw materials, and also the costs for the use of water and the costs for technical or compound gasses.

Costs of services provided by others not classified elsewhere.

These costs include:
- banking costs (excluding interest costs and currency losses)
- insurance premiums paid to third parties (not classified elsewhere)
- research and development costs by third parties, - -
- accountancy, legal aid and assistance, etc.
- ICT services provided by third parties, including hardware and software
- separately paid transport costs
- costs of waste disposal and waste processing

Since 2006 costs of research and development by third parties are included in this group.

The costs are the total of the value of the initial stock plus the costs of the purchased materials minus the value of the closing stock

. Including import duties, costs of transport, import levies European Union, transport insurance and temporary storage.

Costs of banking (excluding interest and exchange rate loss) + insurance premiums paid (not elswhere classified) + costs of accountants/administration/advice/ legal advice/ computer services by others + costs of waste collection or waste processing.

Advisory board to the government. Its administrative Jurisdiction Department administers justice in administrative cases. This department consists of the former departments of administrative disputes and of administration of justice.

The country where someone was born.

Country where an emigrant will live after leaving the Netherlands.

'The country to which goods are transported or in which services are provided, as known at the time of export.

Country where an immigrant used to live before moving to the Netherlands

Country from which goods imported into the Netherlands were transported, or country which provides services in the Netherlands.

Two people belonging together on the basis of a marriage, a registered partnership or a relationship while living together .

See also: Household position, Household composition

Private household consisting of a couple and at least one child under age who still lives at home, without other household members.

See also: Household composition

Private household consisting of a couple without children living at home and without other household members.

See also: Household composition

Court dealing with appeals of verdicts by lower courts in first instance. There are five courts of justice.

Motivated, legally binding verdict by a judge in a court case.

See also: Ruling/arrest

Abbreviation for the Dutch register of births, marriages and deaths.

See: Central population register

'Form of credit where a borrower can withdraw money or purchase goods and services to a pre-agreed amount (credit limit). The withdrawal of cash and purchase of goods and services takes place by means of cards and the administration of expenditure and the repayments takes place via a separate credit card account.

A legal unit that has financial mediation as its main activity, that is the acquisition, transformation and issuing of financial assets. This includes working with withdrawable money, providing loans and investing for its own account.

Actions and behaviour (both active and by omission) which are punishable by law.

See also: Criminal offence, Penal Code

Someone aged over 12 who has experienced one or more of the types of common crime in the 12 months preceding the survey.

The process-verbal registered at the office of the public prosecutor charging one suspect.

See also: Public Prosecution Service, Deposition, Suspect

Action, or omission of action punishable by law.

See also: Offence, Criminal offence, Misdemeanour, Penal Code

Punishable act classified as serious in the criminal laws.

See also: In first instance, District court, Criminal offence, Penal Code

Employee who works in one country and lives in another.

A mineral oil of natural origin containing of hydrocarbons and various impurities like sulphur.

Under normal pressure and temperature, crude oil is liquid. The physical properties like density and viscosity are highly variable.

Goods serving as feedstock in refineries.

These are mainly crude oil and natural gas liquids.

Student from a cultural minority defined by the Dutch Ministry of Education as someone meeting one of the following criteria: - belongs to a Moluccan group; - at least one parent or guardian originally comes from Greece, Italy, former Yugoslavia, Cape Verde, Morocco, Portugal, Spain, Tunisia or Turkey; - at least one parent or guardian originally comes from Suriname, Aruba or the Netherlands Antilles; - at least one parent or guardian originally comes from another non-English speaking country outside Europe, except Indonesia; - at least one parent or guardian was admitted as a foreigner under article 15 of the Aliens Act.

Current accounts concern the generation, distribution and redistribution of income and its use in the form of final consumption. They permit the calculation of saving.

The balance of payments received and made due to services and income transactions with other countries. This consists of the export surplus, the balance of wages paid by and received from other countries, interest, dividends and so on and the balance of social insurance and other income transfers paid by and received from other countries.

See also: Current transfers, Import, Rest-of-the-world current account, Primary income (NA), Export

Taxes levied directly on the income and wealth of individuals, the profits of companies and dividends paid abroad.

All payments made for which there is no direct exchange in return, that do not burden the payers income and do not serve to finance the long-term expenditure of the receiver.

Government organisation responsible for checking international traffic of goods and persons.