List with definitions of the concepts used by CBS in their statistics. Using the same definitions throughout makes comparison of figures easier.

List of definitions


An event that occurs suddenly and involuntarily where an external cause leads to physical injury not caused by deliberate violence or food poisoning.


Space, both indoor and outdoor used for overnight stays for guests

Accounting rules

Rules for the decentralised government in the area of financial accounting, on the basis of which interested parties can form an informed opinion about the financial situation of the decentralised government, it revenues and costs.


Verdict by a judge who feels there is no proof that the suspect committed the crime he/she was charged with by the public prosecutor.

See also: Discharge from all further prosecution, Verdict of guilty

Act on Income Provisions for Older and Partially Disabled Unemployed Persons (IOAW)

The law provides older and partially disabled persons, whose claim to benefits under the Unemployment Benefits Act (WW) has ended, with a minimum guaranteed income. The law came into force on 1 January 1987 and was revised as per 1 January 1996.

Act on Income Provisions for Older and Partially Disabled, Formerly Self-employed Persons (IOAZ)

The law provides older and partially disabled persons who were formerly self-employed with a minimum guaranteed income, when their income is permanently below the social minimum and who have ended their company or profession because of it. The law came into force on 1 January 1987 and was revised as per 1 January 1996.

Active inland fleet

All vessels participating in national and/or international shipping on inland waterways in a given year.

Actual collective consumption

The collective consumption that cannot be attributed to the benefit of individual households. Examples are Defence and Justice.

Actual individual consumption

All expenditure on goods and services to satisfy individual human needs directly. This may be resident household or government spending.

See also: Consumption of non-profit institutions,

Acute injury

Injury incurred acutely in a recent accident.

Additional days paid leave

The agreed yearly number of days paid leave as result of an agreement on shorter working hours.

In Dutch "ADV-dagen".

See also: Reduced working hours

Additives and oxygenates

Additions to oil products to modify fuel properties. These are chemical products derived from natural gas, crude oil of vegetable matter.

Address check after notification

Police check on asylum seekers who have exhausted all legal procedures and who have to leave on their own. The police check the last-known address to see if the person has actually left.

See also: Asylum seeker

Adjustment on pension funds

Correction to express the change in the pension provisions that households own in terms of household savings. These pension provisions are considered receivables by households in the financial accounts and balances. The correction equals the pension premiums minus the pension benefits, so that households savings remain at the same level as when the pension provisions and benefits were not entered as income transactions. The correction is also made for the pension provisions for non-resident households with Dutch insurance companies. Of course the corrections are required in reverse for these insurance companies.

Administration of criminal justice

Legal actions undertaken by the public prosecutor and the courts in criminal cases.

See also: Public Prosecution Service, Criminal case

Administrative correction

All entries in and removals from the municipal population register for reasons other than birth, death, arrival, departure or municipal boundary change.

See also: Administrative removal, Administrative entry, Emigration (incl. administrative corrections)

Administrative court appeal

Case in administrative law in which the interested party contests an administrative decision before an independent judge (usually in the administrative section of the court).

See also: ,

Administrative entry

Decision by a municipality, at the request of the person concerned, to include that person in its population while it has no knowledge of birth, immigration or establishment of that person from another municipality in the Netherlands.

See also: Administrative correction

Administrative removal

Decision by a municipality no longer to include a person in its population, once it has established that the address of the person is unknown, the person cannot be contacted and probably no longer resides in a municipality in the Netherlands.

See also: Administrative correction


Acceptance as a legitimate child following a court decision in consequence of the application of a couple or single person who wishes to adopt the child, or under The Hague Adoption Convention of 1993 under recognition of the decision of the Central Authority in the child’s (foreign) country of origin.

See also: , Step parent adoption


Applies to people aged 18 and over.

Adult and Vocational Education Act (WEB)

Dutch act that came into force on 1 January 1996, aiming to co-ordinate the various types of secondary vocational education, apprenticeship system, adult general secondary education, adult basic education, Dutch as a second language, and sociocultural training. Another aspect is increasing the scope of education. This involves stimulating activities in companies.

Adult basic education

Courses intended for adults with a very low level of education. The courses focus on teaching language, arithmetic and social skills.

See also: Person with a migration background, Person with a Dutch background, Adult education

Adult education

Education for adults who do not have education as their main activity.

See also: Adult general secondary education, Adult and Vocational Education Act (WEB)

Adult general secondary education

Education for adults at the secondary level, provided since 1993 at the lower and higher secondary levels (mavo, havo and vwo) and also for Dutch as a second language for highly educated people.

See also: , Adult education, Prevocational secondary education,

Adult suspect

Someone who was aged 18 and over at the time he/she committed a crime.

See also: Natural person, Criminal offence, Suspect

Advanced archive management studies

Training in archive management provided by the SOD, the foundation for teaching and exams in documentary information supply and administrative organisation.

Aerothermal heat

Heat from the outdoor air used for heating houses and commercial buildings by means of a heat pump.

A heat pump is a machine that transforms heat at a low temperature into
heat at a higher temperature using auxiliary energy (often electricity).


The number of whole years that have passed since someone’s date of birth.

Age on 31 December

The number of whole years that have passed between someone’s date of birth and 31 December of the reference year.

Is calculated as the reference year minus the year of birth.

Age specific fertility rate

The number of live-born children borne by women of a particular age group in a given period related to the average number of women in that age group and period.

Agricultural area

Area used for horticulture under glass, grass land, gardening, arable land or orchard.

See also: Land use, classification

Agricultural region

Group of municipalities with similar soil conditions, and nature and organisation of agricultural enterprises.

The classification was set down in 1991 by the Agricultural Advisory Board; there are 66 agricultural regions.

See also: Group of agricultural areas


Area used for air transport and air traffic.

See also: Land use, classification


Financial contribution of a divorcee to the upkeep of his/her child/children (child maintenance) or ex-partner (partner alimony)

Allotment garden

Area used for non-commercial growing of flowers and vegetables.

See also: Land use, classification

Annual working hours

The number of working hours per year agreed with the employee minus the hours not worked due to leave, holidays, reduced working hours, and age-related leave for older employees.

See also: Reduced working hours

Annulment of registered partnership

Decision by a judge to annul a registered partnership at the request of one of the partners. The annulment becomes definite when it is entered in the municipal population register.

See also: , Flash divorce, Registered partnership


Sort of hard coal suitable for heating.

Through the stronger carbonization, anthracite has a higher quality than other hard coal. The calorific value of the ash free en wet product is greater than 24 megajoule per kilogram. The content of volatile matter of the ash-free and dry product is less than 14 percent.


Abbreviation of the Dutch law: General Survivors Pension Act (ANW).

See: General Survivors Pension Act (ANW)


Normal legal remedy granted to everyone who appears in first instance or any party whom the court ruled against, fully or partially. The appeal applies to the court decision in first instance.

See also: In first instance, Definitive verdict

Arable land

Land that can be used for growing crops.


Scientific tree collection.


Institution or part of an institution which has as its task to preserve documents, maps, drawings, charters, collections and data files.

Archive accessibility

The way in which an archive can be accessed: set opening hours, by appointment, both at opening hours and by appointment.

Archive administration Training A

Training in archivistics at the University of Amsterdam in cooperation with the Institute for archival training and research in Amsterdam.

Archive administration Training B

Training in archivistics at the University of Amsterdam in cooperation with the Institute for archival training and research in Amsterdam.

Archive function

The function of an institution or organisation, or its clerks, to preserve its own archives.

Archive location

Classification of archives by type: national, municipal, regional archives, archives by the water boards, municipal and water board clerks.

Archives in a good material state

Archives of such quality that the material can be consulted now and in the future (without treatment).

Area for daytime recreation

Area used for daytime recreation, such as zoos, open air museums, and amusement parks.

See also: Land use, classification

Area for horticulture under glass

Area used for agricultural business under glass.

See also: Land use, classification

Area for public utilities

Area used for the public services such as town halls, police stations, and public utilities.

See also: Land use, classification

Area for retail trade and hotels and restaurants

Area used for concentrated retail trade and hotel and restaurant activities.

See also: Land use, classification

Area for social and cultural provisions

Area in use for social and cultural provisions such as hospitals, universities and museums.

See also: Land use, classification

Area for the extraction of minerals

Area used for extracting minerals from the soil.

See also: Land use, classification

Area used for transport

Area used for rail, road or air transport.

See also: Land use, classification


Light oil with a high content of aromatics destined as feedstock for the the petrochemical industry.

Aromatics are hydrocarbons with a closed
carbonchain (cyclic), like benzene, toluene and xylene.

Art student

Someone who has signed up for an arts course of maximally twenty weeks.

Artists Income Scheme Act (WIK)

The aim of the law is to provide financial support for a maximum of four years to beginning artists and/or artists with temporary reductions in income. Eligible for WIK benefits are all qualified artists in the creative, performing or applied arts who cannot (yet) provide for their own needs.

Arts education (amateurs)

Activity where arts and music are taught to amateurs.

Arts student

Someone who has signed up for a course in the arts of more than twenty weeks.

Arts teachers

People teaching courses in the arts schools.


Items on the debit side of a balance sheet, often property and accounts receivable.

Assisting in suicide

Deliberately helping someone end their life at their request.


A legal person in which two or more persons (members) bind together for a certain purpose. Any profits the association makes may not be divided among the members, but must be used for the purpose concerned. The legal personality has a democratic structure. The highest authority is the general meeting which appoints an executive committee to run the association. Members may be natural and legal persons.

See also: Natural person, , Legal entity

Asylum migrant

An asylum seeker, residence permit holder or invited refugee who is registered in a municipal population register.

See also: Asylum seeker, Asylum seeker with a protected status, Invited refugee

Asylum request

A written request to be recognised as a refugee under the 1951 Geneva Convention.

If the request is granted the asylum seeker receives a residence permit. Granted requests may refer to a request of the current or a previous year. If the request for asylum is definitely rejected, the asylum seeker is removed from the country. This can take place by one of three methods: deportation, departure under supervision, and police inspection of address after notice to leave.

See also: Refugee

Asylum seeker

A person who has submitted a request to enter the Netherlands as a refugee

See also: Asylum request, Refugee

Asylum seeker with a protected status

Asylum seeker whose request was granted.

See also: Asylum request, Asylum seeker

Automotive lpg

Motor fuel consisting of propane en butane.

Often, this is called lpg (liquefied petroleum gas). In summer, the proportion propane/butane is about 60:40, in winter 70:30.

Autumn (meteorologically)

September through November.

Autumn period (recreation)

October and November.

Average age

The arithmetic mean of all ages in the population.

Average annual kilometres abroad

The average number of kilometres per year travelled by a vehicle abroad (outside the Netherlands).

This concerns vehicles with a Dutch registration plate.

Average annual kilometres in the Netherlands

The average number of kilometres per year travelled by a vehicle in the Netherlands.

This includes vehicles with a Dutch registration plate.

Average household size

Average number of people in a private household.

Average investment ratio

The ratio between gross fixed capital formation and the gross domestic product or the total value added.

Average mortgage rate

The average rate for all new mortgages on houses and home/commercial property combinations entered in the land register in the reporting period.

Average population

Half of the population at the start of a given period plus half of the population at the end of that period.

Average purchase value

The value of purchases divided by the quantity of purchased goods.

Average sales value

The value of sales divided by the quantity of goods sold.

Aviation gasoline

Fuel for aircrafts with a piston engine. These are often light aircrafts with a propeller.


Abbreviation of the Dutch law: Exceptional Medical Expenses Act (AWBZ).

See: Exceptional Medical Expenses Act (AWBZ)