Definitions

List with definitions of the concepts used by CBS in their statistics. Using the same definitions throughout makes comparison of figures easier.

List of definitions

Paid labour
Paid work
Paraffin waxes

Saturated aliphatic hydrocarbons residual from dewaxing lubricants.

Explanation
These are colourless, odourless and translucent with a melting point above 45
degrees Celsius.

Pardon

Release from punishment for an offence by the Head of State recommended by the Minister of Justice

Parent in a one-parent family

Person without a partner but with at least one child living at home, forming a private household.

See also: Household position, Child living at home

Park

Area with grass and plants used for leisure activities.

See also: Land use, classification

Participant in traffic

Someone who participates in traffic as a pedestrian or as the user of a means of transport (driver or passenger).

Partner (household)

Someone who forms a couple with someone else in a private household.

See also: Household position

Partnership

Marital status resulting from entering into a registered partnership.

See also: Marital status

Partnership registration

A marriage-like relationship recorded at the registry office. Partnership registration is open to same-sex and different-sex couples.

Part-time employee

Employee with a part-time job.

See also: Part-time job, Employee

Part-time job

A job for which there is a permanent contract and for which a fixed number of hours was agreed that is less than the number of hours in a full day’s or working week.

See also: Full-time job

Passenger-kilometre

Unit of measurement for transport of persons, representing the transport of a passenger over one kilometre.

Patent fuel

Hard coal pressed into blocks.

Payments to subcontractors

Costs of outsourced activities, including costs of any materials supplied by the subcontractor.

Explanation
Costs of temporary workers are not included.

Peat

Fuel of dried deposit of vegetal matter.

Explanation
The calorific value is low through the relatively high water content.

Penal Code

Code that sets out which offences are criminal offences, and which are misdemeanours, and also defines what penalties may be imposed for these offences and misdemeanours.

Penitentiary institution

State institution for undergoing custodial sentences.

See also: Prison, Detention centre

Pension

A regular payment of benefits to replace or supplement income from work. The benefits are paid after reaching a certain age, death or disablement.

Pension and early retirement premiums

Contributions paid by employers to pension and early retirement schemes, savings for retirement provisions, etc.

Pension based on last wage earned

Pension where the pension benefits paid are based on the last salary earned before retirement.

Pension benefits

Private social security benefits of old- age pension insurance, life insurance or insurance against disability taken out by employers for their employees at pension funds and life insurance companies.

Pension fund

Fund recognised by law in which money is gathered for the insurance of pensions and any other early retirement schemes for people who work or worked in a profession, trade, enterprise, or branch of industry.

Pension insurance

An insurance an employer has with a pension fund or insurance company in order to provide the employees with a pension to supplement the benefits under the General Old Age Pension Act (AOW).

Pension premiums

Premiums paid on the basis of collective contracts with pension funds or life insurance companies.

Pension supplement

Benefits paid by pension funds and annuities received by life insurance companies

See also: Pension

People living together

Concerns two people living together as a couple, whether or not they are married or registered as partners, who form a private household.

People working from home

Someone who agrees to work for another person or company from home – outside the direct control of the other party - for a preset amount, not using more than two helpers from outside the family.

See also: Home work

Percentage of cases solved

The total number of crimes solved in a given period expressed as a percentage of the number of crimes of the same sort recorded by the police in that period.

See also: Criminal offence, Solved crime

Perinatal mortality

The total number of still births after a pregnancy of at least 24 weeks, plus babies who died within seven days after birth.

See also: Perinatal mortality (WHO)

Perinatal mortality (WHO)

The total number of still births after a pregnancy of at least 28 weeks, plus babies who died within a week after birth.

See also: Perinatal mortality

Period life table

Table showing how many of 100,000 newborn boys or girls will reach the age of 0.5, 1.5, 2,5 years etc. on the basis of the mortality rate during a given period.

See also: Life expectancy table

Permanent job

A job based on a contract between an employer and an employee for an indefinite period of time.

See also: Temporary job

Person with a Dutch background

Person of whom both parents were born in the Netherlands.

See also: Inhabitant, Migration background

Person with a first-generation migration background

Person born abroad with at least one parent who was born abroad.

See also: Inhabitant, Migration background, Person with a migration background

Person with a migration background

Person of whom at least one parent was born abroad.

Explanation
A distinction is made between persons born abroad (first-generation) and persons born in the Netherlands (second-generation). A second distinction is possible between persons with a western migration background and persons with a non-western migration background.

See also: Inhabitant, Migration background, Person with a Dutch background, Person with a non-western migration background, Person with a western migration background

Person with a non-western migration background

Person originating from a country in Africa, South America or Asia (excl. Indonesia and Japan) or from Turkey.

Explanation
Due to their socioeconomic and cultural position, people from Indonesia and Japan residing in the Netherlands are considered as having a 'western' migration background. These are mainly people born in the former Dutch East Indies and expatriates employed by Japanese companies with their families.

See also: Inhabitant, Migration background, Person with a migration background, Person with a Dutch background, Person with a western migration background

Person with a second-generation migration background

Person born in the Netherlands who has at least one parent who was born abroad.

See also: Inhabitant, Migration background, Person with a migration background

Person with a western migration background

Person originating from a country in Europe (excluding Turkey), North America and Oceania, or from Indonesia or Japan.

Explanation
Due to their socioeconomic and cultural position, people from Indonesia and Japan residing in the Netherlands are considered as having a 'western' migration background. These are mainly people born in the former Dutch East Indies and expatriates employed by Japanese companies with their families.

See also: Inhabitant, Migration background, Person with a migration background, Person with a Dutch background, Person with a non-western migration background

Personal income

An individual’s gross income is made up of: income from work, income from enterprise, benefits from income insurance and social benefits (except child allowances).

Personal income distribution

The classification of individuals and households by income level

Personnel

Employees of an enterprise or institution.

Personnel costs

This category comprises expenses like - gross wages and salaries of employees, including social security and pension scheme contributions - payments for temporary workers and hired personnel - costs of schooling and training - recruitment and selection costs - canteen costs - costs for health and safety provisions - working clothes - anniversary celebrations, etc.

Petition

Procedure in a civil case where a judge may grant a legal provision to the applicants, such as adoption or guardianship, but also in the case of a divorce started with a petition and ending with an order.

See also:

Petroleum cokes

A black and solid by-product from the oil refining.

Explanation
It mainly consists of carbon and has a low ash content. It is used amongst others for electrode manufacturing.

Pharmacist

Someone trained and licensed to prepare and sell medicine.

Physical energy units

Cubic metres, litres, kilograms, kilowatt hours for measuring quantities of energy.

See also: Joule

Pinetum

Collection of pine trees.

Place in a child care centre

Place available for child care in a child care centre.

Place name

The name of a place of a built-up area within a municipality

Placed under supervision

Decision by a juvenile court judge to place a minor under the supervision of a family guardian when a child grows up under threat of moral or physical abuse.

See also: Guardianship

Police

Government body responsible for enforcing legal order, combatting crime and unsafety, including detecting punishable acts, and providing assistance to those who require it.

See also: Crime, , , , Criminal offence

Poor soil

Clay, clay and peat or peat.

Population

The total number of people residing in a given area.

See also: Inhabitant

Population density

Number of people per square kilometre of land

Population forecast

Expected population developments in the future.

Explanation
The population is broken down by sex and age.

Population growth

The increase or decrease of the population.

Population stock

Size and composition of the population at a given time.

Population trend

Changes in size, composition and or location of the population.

Position

A position in which one person can be employed.

Explanation
The work may be divided over various people. In this way several positions/jobs are created.

See also: Job

Position on the job market

Classification of the population into: - the employed labour force, - the unemployed labour force, - persons not in the labour force

Explanation
This classification concerns people who live in the Netherlands (excluding the institutionalized population). The figures are usually presented for the population aged 15 to 75 years old.

Postal code area

The area codes used for mail delivery.

Potential working hours

The weekly working hours agreed with the employee multiplied by the number of weeks per year.

Poverty

The main indicator for poverty is the disposable household income. Statistics Netherlands uses two measures: the low income threshold and social minimum income.

See also: Low income threshold, Social minimum

Practical training

A form of special education for children with moderate learning difficulties. Used to be called vso-mlk.

Premium transfer

A premium from the salary/ benefits paid by the employer or social security institution as a compensation for social security premiums paid by the employees or recipients of benefits.

Premiums earned

The insurance premiums attributed to a given reporting year.

Prepension

Temporary benefits before pension benefits are paid. This is based on the prepension scheme paid to former employees from premiums these employees themselves paid plus the yield of the investment of these premiums. The benefits end when the recipient reaches retirement age.

Prescribed medicines

Medicines that can only be obtained on medical prescription.

Pre-tax results

The sum of the operating and financial results.

Prevocational education

Vocational training preparing for vocational training at the secondary level. It is a four-year course for students aged 12-16. In the fourth year, students can take exams at several levels.

Prevocational secondary education

Prevocational training preparing for vocational training at the secondary level. It is a four-year course with four tracks, each with a fixed curriculum and set final exams: VMBO theoretical programme, VMBO combined theoretical and vocational programme, VMBO middle-management vocational programme and VMBO basic vocational programme.

Price change

The price change of (a basket of) goods and services.

See also: Deflator, Volume change, Value change

Primary cause of death

The illness, situation or event that started the chain of events that led to death.

Primary coals

Solid, fossil fuel existing of carbonized rests of vegetal origin. Hard coal, brown coal and peat are primary forms of coal, which means the coal is not transformed in coal products, the secondary form of coal.

Primary distribution of income

Primary income distribution refers to income formation that results directly from the production process, and the distribution of it over the production factors (labour, capital) and government (through taxes on production and imports and through subsidies). This serves to determine results or the mixed income of households and primary income.

Primary energy source

Energy source extracted from nature, such as oil, natural gas, coal and forms of renewable energy such as wind and water power.

See also: Energy source

Primary income (NA)

All income a resident sector receives for participating directly in the production process and due to ownership of assets. Or for making the material non-produced asset available to another institutional unit.

See also: Resident, Income from work, Property income (NR)

Prison

Penitentiary for people sentenced to imprisonment.

Explanation
There are closed, half open and open institutions, depending on the degree of freedom a prisoner can have. The open institutions include self-reporting institutions for people who await their sentencing at home. Cells are reserved for people under arrest who are detained because they did not report when they were summoned.

See also: Penitentiary institution

Private company

A legal person whose capital is divided into shares. The shares are nominative shares and are not freely transferable. The liability of the shareholders is limited to the amount of their participation.

See also: Legal entity

Private education

Written and oral education provided by private education institutes.

Private household

A collection of one or more people sharing the same living space, who provide their own everyday needs in a private, non-commercial way.

See also: Sector households

Private non-profit institution

A non-profit institution that is not governed and not financed mainly by government.

See also: Non-profit institution (NPI)

Private sector

Companies in all sectors except government, health care and welfare, renting of and trade in real estate and mineral extraction.

Prodcom

The European product nomenclature. PRODCOM is derived from the French 'PRODcom COMmunautaire'

Explanation
"PRODCOM" is derived from the French 'PRODcom COMmunautaire'

Produced assets

Non-financial assets resulting from a production process.

Producer confidence

Mood indicator for short-term developments in industrial production based on the opinions and expectations of producers.

Producer price index

Index showing the average price development of Dutch manufactured goods.

Production factors

The means of production necessary in a production process. Traditionally these are natural resources, labour and capital.

Production process

The production of goods and services.

Production value (at basic prices)

The value of the goods and services produced, valued at basic prices.

See also: Basic price, Value added

Profit from enterprise

Fiscal profit from enterprise plus the allowance for wealth and investments.

See also: Gross domestic product (market prices) (GDP)

Profit from enterprise

Fiscal profit from enterprise plus the allowance for wealth and investments

Propane

A hydrocarbon consisting of three carbon and eight hydrogen atoms (C3H8).

Propensity to consume (mean)

Household consumption in relation to the gross domestic product (GDP) at market prices.

Property income (NR)

Income that owners of financial assets and tangible non-produced assets receive when they put them at the disposal of other institutional units.

Property income distributed to insurance policy holders

The yields of investments of pension or life insurance provisions which are seen as income from property received by policyholders from insurance companies, who pay the imputed pension and life insurance premiums on paper with them.

See also: Primary income (NA)

Property value (WOZ)

The value, evaluated periodically by municipalities, in the legal framework of the law on property values.

Protest, entering a

Normal legal remedy used when a verdict (in absentia) is incontestable and does not allow for further appeal.

Province (legal)
Province (NUTS2)

Administrative part of the Dutch territory.

PSB

Pain or symptom control.

See: Intensifying pain and symptom treatment

Public according to the Dutch law on archives

All archives transferred to the national archives regardless of restrictions. This does not apply to archives from private individuals, associations and companies.

Public company

A legal person whose capital is divided into shares which are freely transferable. The transferability of shares may be limited, and shares may be nominative shares or bearer shares.

See also: Legal entity

Public corporate organisation

Commodity board or trading organisation founded on the basis of the law on corporate organisation (Wet op de Bedrijfsorganisatie) and the Socio-economic council supervising them.

Public emission

Emission of bonds by tender.

See also: Issue (securities), Re-issuing of shares

Public non-profit institution

A non-profit institution mainly financed by government.

See also: Non-profit institution (NPI)

Public Prosecution Service

Government body responsible for upholding the law, detecting and prosecuting punishable acts, implementing penalties and informing the judge in as far as required by law.

See also: Settlement by the public prosecutor, , Dismissal, Criminal offence, Transaction (law)

Public Records Act

Law that lays down how government must be managed and when material must be placed in the government archives.

Public services

Government tasks.

Public transport

'Transport provided according to a timetable with fixed stops and routes for use by the general public.

Purchase value not elsewhere classified

Purchase value of commodities, services etc. not elsewhere classified.

Purchase value of sales

The costs of raw materials and semi-manufactured goods, packaging materials, trading goods, wages for work hired for the production of the goods and services used in the production within the reporting years.

Explanation
The latter implies that the costs of unsold production is not included and the costs of the turnover from stock is included.

Purchased commodities

Goods acquired for the purpose of reselling them without further processing. Includes costs of single use packing material, import duties, costs of temporary storage. Excludes discounts, bonuses, goods returned, returned packing and received repayments of import duties, excises and levies.

Purchased raw and auxiliary materials

The value of purchased raw and auxiliary materials (including purchased semi-finished products) and packing material for single use in the production process.

Explanation
Includes import duties, costs of transport, import levies European Union, transport insurance and temporary storage. Excludes discounts, bonuses, goods returned, returned packing, VAT and received repayments of import duties, excises and levies.

Purchasing power

Standardised disposable household income deflated by the consumer price index. This makes incomes comparable over time. Purchasing power increases when standardised income grows faster than prices.

Purchasing power parity (PPP)

Spatial deflator and currency convertor, which eliminates the effects of differences in price levels, thus allowing volume comparisons per capita of GDP components and comparisons of price levels.

Push boat

Motor boat with a capacity of at least 37 kW, designed or refitted to push barges or tug boats, but not to transport freight.

Push-towing

Shipping where one or more dumb barges are pushed by a centrally steered push boat.