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Quality of Bathing Waters
The percentage share of Dutch bathing water locations in inland waters that comply with the European standards for excellent bathing water quality increased in the period 2000-2017 from 65 percent to...
Less pollution with similar or higher levels of economic production and growth, i.e. greater environmental efficiency in production processes, is a central theme in green growth.
Environmental transfers and subsidies
Environmentally motivated subsidies provided by the government increased from 764 million euros in 2005 to nearly 1.2 billion euros in 2010.
In 2015 the share of Dutch investment in environmental protection in total investment
The remaining natural gas reserves in the Netherlands have decreased by almost 54 percent since 2000.
Particulate matter emissions by agriculture
Between 2000 and 2016, emissions of particulate matter (PM10) by the agricultural sector increased by 3 percent. In this period, the value added of agriculture increased by 19 percent.
Green policy instruments
The government can choose from various policy instruments in order to steer economic development towards green growth.
The average annual temperature in De Bilt rose by 1.7 °C in the period 1952-2017.
Red List Indicator
In recent years, circumstances for various plant and animal species seem to have improved to some degree.
Domestic mineral consumption
In the Netherlands, (non-metallic) minerals are predominantly used in the construction sector.
Net inland energy consumption in the private sector
Net inland energy consumption by the private sector rose by 2 percent in 2016 compared to 2000, while GDP increased by 21 percent.
Climate change mitigation expenditure by the government
Climate change mitigation expenditure by central government increased from 900 million euros in 2007 to more than 1.1 billion euros in 2015.
Emissions to water, heavy metals
Between 2000 and 2014, emissions of heavy metals to water fell by nearly 58 percent, while the economy grew by 17 percent.
Employment in the environmental goods and services sector
Since 2001 the share of total employment accounted for by the environmental goods and services sector (EGSS)
The share of renewable energy sources in Dutch final energy consumption increased from 1.6 percent in 2000 to 6.0 percent in 2016.
Domestic biomass consumption
Biomass consumption decreased between 2000 and 2006, then increased in 2007 and 2008 partly due to increased imports of cereals, oleaginous products, food products and wood.
Groundwater extraction by businesses
Between 2000 and 2014, 5 percent less fresh (and brackish) groundwater was extracted.
The share of green technology patents in total Dutch patent applications to the European Patent Office (EPO) rose from
The amount of carbon dioxide emitted globally for consumption purposes in the Netherlands, the so-called carbon footprint, fell by almost 18 percent between 2008 and 2016.
Living Planet Index
The Living Planet Index (LPI) for the Netherlands has risen marginally in the past decades.
For long-term economic stability, it is important that a balance exists between the economic pressure on
Particulate matter emissions caused by business activity
Between 2000 and 2016, emissions of particulate matter (PM10) caused by Dutch business activity fell by more than 41 percent, while GDP increased.
Nutrient surplus in agriculture
Output and value added in Dutch agriculture have increased in recent years, while the surplus of nitrogen and phosphorus has decreased.
Production-based greenhouse gas emissions
Since 2000, greenhouse gas emissions have fallen by 6 percent (2016), while Gross Domestic Product (GDP) has grown.