Sharp rise in green electricity production

© Shutterstock / Als een Rode Lap - Elco
In 2019, the Netherlands generated 18 percent more electricity from renewable sources than in the previous year. The increase was 11 percent in 2018. Electricity production from solar energy in particular was up in 2019, according to new and provisional figures on renewable electricity, released by Statistics Netherlands (CBS).

In 2019, total electricity production from renewable sources amounted to 21.8 billion kilowatt-hours (kWh) in 2019, versus 18.5 billion kWh in 2018. Wind turbines occupied the largest share at 49 percent, although this represented a decline on 2018 (54 percent). Biomass accounted for 26 percent, while solar power accounted for 24 percent of total renewable electricity production.
In 2019, renewable electricity production was good for 18 percent of total electricity consumption in the Netherlands, up from 15 percent in 2018.

Renewable electricity production (bn kWh)
Renewable electricity productionWind energyBiomassSolar powerHydropower
20104.5037.0580.0560.101
20114.7257.0560.1040.1
20124.9397.2260.1910.1
20135.3686.0030.410.101
20145.815.0960.7250.102
20156.9175.0281.1090.099
20168.3645.011.6020.098
20179.6424.7292.2080.094
201810.034.6943.6930.094
2019*10.7435.7725.1890.093
*Provisional figures.

40 percent more solar power due to more panels

Solar panel power production was up from 3.7 billion kWh in 2018 to 5.2 billion kWh in 2019. This represents an increase of more than 40 percent, which is directly related to increased installed capacity of solar panels. The total installed capacity of solar panels rose by around 2,400 megawatts (MW) in 2019, and is now estimated at 6,900 MW. The bulk of this increase (70 percent or 1,700 MW) is attributable to new, large rooftop and ground-mounted solar panel systems.

Solar panel capacity (MW)
 Solar panel capacity, end of reporting year (in MW)
201090.2
2011148.6
2012287.1
2013650
20141007.5
20151526.3
20162135
20172910.9
20184522.1
2019*6924
*Provisional figures.

Limited growth in wind energy

Electricity production from wind rose by 7 percent last year, from 10.0 to 10.7 billion kWh. Just as in the preceding two years, there was hardly any growth in the number of wind turbines around the country. On balance, onshore wind farm capacity rose by 70 MW to 3,500 MW. Offshore capacity remained unchanged at nearly 1,000 MW, with no new turbines added last year.

Wind energy capacity (MW)
 OnshoreOffshore
20102009228
20112088228
20122205228
20132485228
20142637228
20153034357
20163300.103957
20173245957
20183436957
2019*3506957
*Provisional figures.