Electricity balance sheet; supply and consumption

Electricity balance sheet; supply and consumption

Periods Gross production (mln kWh) Own consumption for electr. production (mln kWh) Net production Net production, total (mln kWh) Net production Nuclear energy (mln kWh) Net production Fuels Fuels, total (mln kWh) Net production Fuels Coal (mln kWh) Net production Fuels Petroleum products (mln kWh) Net production Fuels Natural gas (mln kWh) Net production Fuels Biomass (mln kWh) Net production Fuels Other fuels (non-renewable) (mln kWh) Net production Hydro power (mln kWh) Net production Wind energy Wind energy, total (mln kWh) Net production Wind energy Wind energy on shore (mln kWh) Net production Wind energy Wind energy off shore (mln kWh) Net production Solar photovoltaic (mln kWh) Net production Other sources (mln kWh) Imports Imports, total (mln kWh) Imports Belgium (mln kWh) Imports Denmark (mln kWh) Imports Germany (mln kWh) Imports United Kingdom (mln kWh) Imports Norway (mln kWh) Exports Exports, total (mln kWh) Exports Belgium (mln kWh) Exports Denmark (mln kWh) Exports Germany (mln kWh) Exports United Kingdom (mln kWh) Exports Norway (mln kWh) Distribution losses (mln kWh) Net consumption (calculated) (mln kWh)
2018 November 10,373 292 10,081 347 8,491 2,428 83 5,489 359 133 1 1,095 702 393 108 38 2,132 1 1,652 47 432 1,801 1,286 28 486 1 469 9,942
2019 August 9,197 254 8,942 318 7,069 638 121 5,762 418 129 1 761 502 258 756 39 1,843 1,117 8 408 71 239 1,424 31 15 833 391 153 388 8,974
2019 September 9,262 262 9,000 337 7,208 547 142 6,172 249 98 1 925 612 313 493 38 1,636 641 146 442 72 335 1,411 108 104 830 315 53 399 8,827
2019 October 10,943 318 10,625 354 8,842 1,628 151 6,553 379 131 5 1,111 753 358 276 37 1,254 283 102 706 37 126 1,679 346 257 532 398 146 434 9,766
2019 November 11,271 361 10,910 348 9,429 2,259 129 6,245 668 127 8 937 632 306 150 38 1,454 97 91 1,104 7 154 1,963 791 175 204 574 218 445 9,955
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Dataset is not available.


This table shows the supply of electricity. Consumption of electricity is calculated from the supply variables. The supply of electricity primarily includes production plus imports minus exports. The majority of the electricity produced is supplied to the public electricity grid by, for example, power stations and wind turbines. A smaller part is generated by companies themselves for the benefit of their own business processes. For example, many greenhouse companies generate their own electricity for the lighting of their greenhouses.

The net production is determined as gross production minus the own consumption of electricity. Own consumption is the amount of electricity that a producer or installation consumes during electricity production. The net production is broken down in this table into the following energy sources from which the electricity is produced: nuclear energy, coal, petroleum products, natural gas, biomass, other fuels (non-renewable), hydro power, wind energy, solar photovoltaic and other sources.

Imports and exports are further broken down by country of origin or destination.

The total net consumption of electricity in the Netherlands is calculated as the net production plus imports minus exports and distribution losses.

Data available:
From 1936 per year and from 1976 per month only the total production, imports and exports are known.
Full data per month is available from 2015.

Status of the figures:
- All figures up to and including reporting year 2021 are definite.
- Figures for 2022 are revised provisional.
- Figures for 2023 and further are provisional.

Changes as of April 30th 2024:
Figures for February 2024 have been added.

Changes as of November 14th 2023:
Figures of 2015-2020 have been revised. The revisions relate to the introduction of an improved analysis method in 2022, which has been carried back to 2015. The most remarkable diffrences are in 2018. In this year the relative difference on a monthly basis are up to 15%. However, on a yearly basis the numbers remains constant.


When will new figures be published?
Provisional figures: the second month after the end of the reporting period.
Revised provisional figures: November of the year following the reporting year.
Definite figures: not later than November of the second following year.

Description topics

Gross production
The total amount of electricity generated in the Netherlands. This is without deduction of the own consumption of the installations with which the electricity was produced.
Own consumption for electr. production
The amount of electricity that a producer or installation consumes during electricity production.
Net production
The total amount of electricity generated in the Netherlands minus the own consumption of the installations with which the electricity was produced.
Net production, total
Nuclear energy
Energy released by nuclear fusion.

The energy is used to heat water, which is transformed into high pressure steam. This is used to generate electricity through a steam turbine.
Fuels
Product of which by means of combustion energy is extracted.
Fuels, total
Coal
Coal consists of hard coal, brown coal (lignite) and coal products. Hard coal and brown coal are solid fossil fuels that exist of carbonized rests of vegetal origin. The carbonization is a result of prolonged exposure to high temperature and pressure. The most important coal products in the Netherlands are coke-oven cokes, coke oven gas, blast furnace gas and coal tar. For the production of electricity in the Netherlands hard coal (steam coal), coke oven gas and blast furnace gas are used.
Petroleum products
Liquid and gaseous fuels that are made of crude oil and natural gas liquids.
Some examples of petroleum products are motor gasoline, gas and diesel oil, kerosene, fuel oil, LPG, naphtha and residual gases. For the production of electricity in the Netherlands residual gases and some other petroleum products is used.
Natural gas
Gas of natural origin that mainly consists of methane. It arises from the same process that leads to the formation of petroleum. Natural gas is liquefied for transport over long distances by ship.
Biomass
Substances derived from vegetable or animal material of recent origin and used for the production of energy. Examples are wood, manure and waste from the food processing industry.
Other fuels (non-renewable)
The non-renewable part of household and industrial waste.
Hydro power
Energy produced by flowing or falling water.
Wind energy
Wind energy, total
Energy produced with wind turbines

Wind turbines can be placed on land, inland waters and off shore.

Off shore is more expensive. However, there is more wind at sea. In addition, placing off shore wind turbines is often considered less problematic from the landscape point of view.
Wind energy on shore
Wind energy on shore and inland waters.
Wind energy off shore
Energy produced with off shore wind turbines.

Off shore electricity production from wind energy started in the autumn of 2006.
Solar photovoltaic
Energy form the sun converted into electricity.
Other sources
Examples are expansion turbines (in which gases expand under high pressure, as a result of which the turbine produces electricity), (residual) steam, feed water
Imports
Electricity that enters the country via the high-voltage network. The Netherlands has direct connections with Belgium, Germany, United Kingdom, Norway and Denmark.
Imports, total
Belgium
Denmark
Germany
United Kingdom
Norway
Exports
Electricity that leaves the country via the high-voltage network. The Netherlands has direct connections with Belgium, Germany, United Kingdom and Norway. A connection with Denmark is under construction. This will be put into operation according to plan in 2019.
Exports, total
Belgium
Denmark
Germany
United Kingdom
Norway
Distribution losses
Total distribution losses, including physical losses due to the transport of electricity and administrative losses due to fraud, measurement errors and administrative deficiencies.
Net consumption (calculated)
The total net consumption of electricity in the Netherlands is calculated as the net production plus imports minus exports and distribution losses.