Nature and environment
Longer-term trends in many areas of well-being in the Netherlands are upwards, and some aspects have shown recent further improvement. There have also been deteriorations, particularly in the areas of labour and housing.
The average greenhouse gas footprint of Dutch consumers rose from 15.1 tonnes CO2 equivalents per capita in 2017 to 15.8 tonnes in 2018. Between 2008 and 2016 the footprint declined. Consumption of resources (especially metals) rose slightly, to 9.7 thousand kg per capita in 2017.
IIn Q1 2019, CO2 emissions in the Netherlands were down by 0.8 percent year-on-year.
In 2018, greenhouse gas emissions in the Netherlands were 2 percent lower than one year previously. This is related to less coal being used for electricity production. The emission intensity of the Dutch economy is declining.
Between 1890 and 2017, butterfly populations in the Netherlands declined by at least 84 percent; 15 species have disappeared completely.
Last year, China’s share in Dutch exports of recyclable plastic waste was 2.7 percent. In 2010, still nearly half of all plastic waste generated by businesses and households had China as a foreign destination.
The Material Flow Monitor 2016 provides insight into the physical material flows (in kilos) to, from and within the Dutch economy. The dataset also includes information on waste, recycling, emissions and the environment.
In Q4 2018, CO2 emissions in the Netherlands were up by 0.5 percent year-on-year. Households and the transport sector emitted more CO2, while energy companies produced less.
In the period from 1990 to 2017, the populations of 13 out of 20 breeding bird species typically found in cities has declined in urban areas.
This report describes, in some detail, the statistical methods and models implemented in the r-package rtrim.
In 2016, the Dutch environmental sector represented a value added of 15.8 billion euros, contributing 2.2 percent to gross domestic product (GDP) that year. The share of the environmental sector in the Dutch economy still stood at 1.7 percent in 2001.
In Q3 2018, CO2 emissions in the Netherlands were up by 0.1 percent year-on-year. Households and the services sector emitted less CO2, while energy companies contributed slightly more.
People who say they care about the environment also practise energy conservation
In 2017, over half of the adult population in the Netherlands indicated that air, soil and water are severely polluted. Three-quarters believe that the natural environment has been seriously damaged. This number is higher compared to five years previously.
In Q2 2018, CO2 emissions in the Netherlands were 3.8 percent down year-on-year. The decline was mainly the result of reduced natural gas consumption for heating.
A report with a statistical analysis of the relationship between gas pressure and gradients in gas pressure within the Groningen reservoir immediately prior to earthquakes, commissioned by State Supervision of Mines
In 2017, 57 percent of household waste was collected separately, versus 49 percent in 2007.
A report of an analysis of the time intervals between earthquakes in Groningen, related to the gas production, commissioned by State Supervision of Mines
Following a decline as of 2008, the GHG footprint of the Netherlands increased again, according to initial estimates.
In Q1 2018, CO2 emissions in the Netherlands were 2.5 percent up year-on-year.
The Dutch economy is growing increasingly green. Companies are implementing cleaner production processes and are using relatively fewer raw materials.
In 2017, total energy consumption in the Netherlands stood at 3,150 petajoules (PJ), more or less equal to consumption in 2016.
Around 9 percent of all materials entering the Dutch economy are recycled.
On 1 Jan 2018, the IJsselmeerpolders had 404,000 inhabitants.
Second measurement of the Netherlands' progress towards the UN Sustainable Development Goals
In Q4 2017, CO2 emissions in the Netherlands were 2.2 percent down year-on-year.
Environmental Input-Output Analyses of greenhouse gases in the Netherlands
The proposed monitoring system to track progress in the planned transition towards a circular economy.
Exploring the possible setup and uses of natural capital accounts for the Dutch North Sea area.
Background information Green growth (pdf) and Green growth overview (xls)
In Q3 2017, CO2 emissions in the Netherlands were 0.2 percent up year-on-year.
This document reports on the carbon account for the Netherlands, one of the thematic accounts of the SEEA EEA.
New report presents progress in sustainable energy and climate
In 2016, greenhouse gas emissions were 1 percent up on 2015.
CO2 emissions in the Netherlands declined by 0.9 percent year-on-year.
Improving water statistics and water accounts on groundwater use and industrial water use.
The tourism industry accounts for 7 percent of net domestic energy consumption.
Almost 40 percent of fauna and flora species in the Netherlands are threatened with extinction.
In Q1 2017, CO2 emissions in the Netherlands were higher than in Q1 2016.
Description of methodological changes made to improve and expand the EGSS-account.
In Q4 2016, CO2 emissions in the Netherlands rose by 7.3 percent year-on-year.
Sustainable Development Goals for water – SDG 6.4 – Three step approach for monitoring
Dutch greenhouse gas emissions fell by 13 percent
The use of raw materials in the Dutch economy was reduced by 14 percent in the period 2004-2014.
It is the third consecutive quarter in which CO2 emission levels fall while the economy is growing
What is the impact of the environmental sector on the economy?
Dutch wind turbines collectively generated 7.6 billion kWh of electricity in 2015.
Last year greenhouse gas emissions in the Netherlands were 5 percent up from 2014.
In the second quarter of 2016, CO2 emissions in the Netherlands were 0.3 percent lower.
The polluter-pay principle does not always apply.
CO2 emissions in the Netherlands were reduced by 1.3 percent in Q1 2016.
Facts at a glance about the circular economy in the Netherlands.
Slightly more butterfly species have increased in number since 2006 than decreased: 20 versus 11. Growing populations include various endangered species. Two factors affect the butterfly populations in the Netherlands; restoration of natural habitats and climate change. The overall butterfly population in the Netherlands has remained stable during the past ten years.
In the final quarter of 2015, emissions of CO2 in the Netherlands were 0.4 percent higher than in the same period one year previously. According to Statistics Netherlands, an important factor in rising CO2 emissions is increased production at electricity companies and in the chemical industry
The Dutch economy has become greener over the past 15 years. Five out six themes structured around greening of the economy show a positive trend. The environmental efficiency of the Dutch economy is improving, for example. Compared to other European countries, however, the Netherlands scores relatively low on this theme.
The CO2 emissions by the Dutch economy were up by 0.4 percent in the third quarter of 2014 on the same quarter of 2013. When corrected for differences in the weather CO2 emissions were 1.0 percent higher. The year-on-year growth of the Dutch economy in the third quarter of 2014 was 1.1 percent. These are the latest figures released by Statistics Netherlands today. Dutch CO2 emissions are calculated according to the definitions of the Environmental Accounts.
CO2 emissions by the Dutch economy were 0.9 percent lower in the second quarter of 2014 than in the same quarter of 2013. Adjusted for the differences in the weather, CO2 emissions increased by 3.7 percent however. The flash estimate by Statistics Netherlands shows that the Dutch economy grew by 0.9 percent year-on-year in the second quarter of 2014. The CO2 emissions are calculated according to the definitions of the Environmental accounts.
CO2 emissions by the Dutch economy were 10.1 percent lower in the first quarter of 2014 than in the same quarter of 2013. Adjusted for the differences in the weather, CO2 emissions fell by just 0.4 percent. The first provisional estimate by Statistics Netherlands shows that the Dutch economy contracted by 0.5 percent year-on-year in the first quarter of 2014. The CO2 emissions are calculated according to the definitions of the Environmental accounts.
Statistics Netherlands’ Green growth in the Netherlands 2012 is published today. This report presents an overview of the state of green growth in the Netherlands in terms of 33 indicators.
The European Bird Census Council held its 19th congress Bird Numbers in Cluj, Romania on 16-21 September 2013. On the occasion of this congress, attended by some 250 participants form across Europe, Arco van Strien (Statistics Netherlands) presented a lecture on how bird censuses can be conducted and the possibilities of deriving Europe-wide trends from non-standardised data.
Last year, greenhouse gas emissions in the Netherlands were nearly 1 percent below the level of 2011. The cold weather conditions in winter prompted consumers to use more natural gas for home heating. The higher natural gas consumption was amply offset by the lower electricity production and the reduced consumption of motor fuels.
According to the Sustainability Monitor for the Netherlands, the economic situation in the Netherlands in mid-2013 is still quite reasonable compared with that in other countries in Europe. Although quality of life here and now is high, there is some concern about the risk of exhausting our natural and human capital, and the Netherlands is also drawing heavily on natural resources elsewhere in the world, especially in developing countries.
The butterfly population in the Netherlands declined further in 2012 and has currently reached the lowest level of the past twenty years
The Netherlands obtains 68 percent of its raw materials from elsewhere. Two thirds of the raw materials come from European countries.
There are several frameworks for estimating the greenhouse gas emissions for a country, yielding differentresults. Well-known are the emissions reported to the UNFCCC (United National Framework Conventionon Climate Change) in particular under the Kyoto Protocol, but also environment statistics as well as theair emission accounts provide independent greenhouse gas estimates. The differences are not the resultof disputes about the accuracy of the estimates themselves, but arise from different interpretations ofwhat has to be counted. In this paper the above mentioned frameworks and their resulting estimates are discussed.
Greenhouse gas emissions in the Netherlands were more than 6.5 percent lower in 2011 than in 2010. This was caused by a decrease in energy consumption of nearly 7 percent.
Since the beginning of the nineties, standard factors for manure production and nutrient excretion per livestock category have been determined by the Working group on the Uniformisation of the calculation of Manure and minerals figures (WUM). The results on manure production and mineral excretions are input to other calculations such as calculation of ammonia emissions and greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture. Data on ammonia emissions and greenhouse gas emissions are used by the Netherlands Pollutant Release and Transfer Register (PRTR) in international reports. Within the framework of these reports, assessment of uncertainties is necessary. The Netherlands Pollutant and Transfer Register therefore asked WUM to assess uncertainties in manure production and mineral excretions.
Final report at the request of Eurostat on environmental protection expenditures of households on home improvements as far as energy and environment measures are concerned.
Final report at the request of Eurostat on environment protection expenditures made in the building industry.
As yet, the production of wind energy is still cost-ineffective, but public financial support compensates for the losses.
More innovation, better education and more environmental awareness required to maintain current prosperity level
The quality of life is high in the Netherlands compared to other European countries, but it seems impossible to retain this level of prosperity in the long run.
Greenhouse gas emissions were 6 percent higher last year than in 2009 and have risen for the first time in seven years. Greenhouse gas emissions are only 1 percent below the level of 1990, the base year for the Kyoto Protocol.
Bat populations are thriving in the Netherlands. The 8 species that are being monitored all increase in numbers.
Commercial growers of flowers and ornamental plants in the Netherlands are increasingly using biological pest control.
Economic growth is often realised to the detriment of the environment.
In spite of the increase in the population, the amount of tap water used by Dutch households hardly changed in the period 1990-2009.
Energy companies generated more electricity in 2009. As a result, CO2 emissions have grown relative to 2008 and to cover the increase, energy companies have to buy extra emission rights.
The production of goods and services bought by households cause greenhouse gas emissions. On average a household in the Netherlands causes over 22 tons of CO2 equivalents in emissions.
The hibernating regions for water birds shift to the north.
Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions caused to meet the economic needs of Dutch consumers were nearly 6 percent lower in 2009 than in 1996, but the total amount of global greenhouse gas emissions as a result of Dutch consumption, the so-called carbon footprint, has not changed.
Dutch heaths have been changing colour in recent years. Plants that colour heathland purple, such as heather, have been increasing, while grasses that give heathland a more yellow colour, such as wavy hair grass, have decreased slightly.
Total emission of greenhouse gases in the Netherlands fell for the fifth consecutive year in 2009. With 201 billion CO2 equivalents, total emissions were nearly 6 percent below the level of 1990, the reference year for the Kyoto Protocol.
Dutch industry produced 16.6 million tonnes of waste in 2009. This is 2.1 million tonnes (over 10 percent) less than in 2008.
Over the past two decades, farmers have been increasingly successful in reducing phosphate fertilization, while crop yields remained the same or even improved. The effectiveness of phosphate-containing fertilizers has improved by 60 percent.
Dutch municipalities collected 556 kilograms of household waste per inhabitant in 2009. That is 1 percent less than in 2008.
Dutch companies have invested substantially in improving air, water and soil quality in recent years. As a result of environmental subsidies, environment-related costs paid by companies have not risen in the last few years.
In 2008, 18.8 million tons of industrial waste were produced. Nearly 17 million tons (90 percent) were reused or incinerated to generate energy. The remaining 2 million tons were dumped in landfills or incinerated in waste incinerators or waste separation systems.
The total area in the Netherlands available for practising sports is 334 km², approximately 1 percent of the total land area, i.e. 20 m² per resident. Sports grounds are mainly situated inside residential nuclei and just under half are large or very large.
Between 2000 and 2008, the use of chemical pesticides in vegetable growing, in the open and under glass has dropped sharply.
In 2008, almost the entire volume of sludge from the Dutch sewerage system was incinerated.
Ice in winter has far-reaching consequences for the kingfisher population. Ice is in fact the kingfisher’s worst enemy, because, if ditches, pools and lakes are covered with ice, it cannot catch fish.
Energy consumption in the first eight months of 2009 was down by more than 4 percent on the same period in 2008. This has led to a reduction in carbon dioxide emissions.
In 2007, there were 109 thousand full-time jobs in the environmental sector, an increase by 25 percent relative to 1995.
Greenhouse gas emissions caused by Dutch transport companies have increased by nearly 80 percent since 1990. This is largely due to the increase in international transport by Dutch companies and a growing appetite for travelling among the Dutch.
Some 653 million euro was invested in the traffic sector to protect the environment in the Netherlands in 2007. This is 60 percent more than in 2005.
In 2006, the total area covered by allotment garden plots in the Netherlands was 3,906 hectares, more than 200 hectares less than in 1996. The number of allotment garden areas and visits to these areas also declined.
The emission of greenhouse gases in the Netherlands fell for the fourth year in a row in 2008.
Two-thirds of laying hens in the Netherlands were housed in so-called low-emission sheds in 2008. Most meat chickens, porkers, and sows were still housed in facilities where too much ammonia is emitted.
Since 2003 there has been an almost constant level of manure production and excretion of nitrogen and phosphate.
The quality of flora in the Dutch countryside deteriorated in the period 2000-2007. Vegetation such as brambles, catch weed, creeping thistles and stinging nettles have increased and displaced other plants.
According to the Kyoto Protocol, the emission of greenhouse gases was reduced by 4 percent over the period 1990-2007.
In 2007, 95 percent of dairy and pig farms in the Netherlands had provisions to store semi-liquid manure for six months or longer.
Consumption of tap water in the Netherlands fell slightly between 2003 and 2006. Although the population increased, water consumption did not. Industrial tap water consumption fell by 2 percent less per year in this period.
In 2007, greenhouse gas emissions in the Netherlands were reduced for the third consecutive year. The total emission volume amounted to 205 billion kg of CO2 equivalents, i.e. 4 percent below the level of 1990, the base year of the Kyoto Protocol.
In 2007 2.8 percent of petrol and diesel sold in the Netherlands consisted of biofuels. This is substantially more than the 0.4 percent in 2006.
In 2006, one in forty people in the Netherlands lived in areas where the concentration of fine particles in the air was too high. High concentrations of fine particles can damage people’s health.
More and more cars start a new life abroad instead of being dismantled in Dutch scrap yards.
The nitrogen removal capacity of sewage water treatment plants in the Netherlands is improving continuously. In 2006, the 75 percent barrier was broken for the first time.
Public authorities used nearly 54 thousand kilos of chemical pesticides in 2005 for the maintenance of public areas, an increase by 12 thousand kg (28 percent) relative to 2001.