Nature and environment

Nature and environment

CO2 emissions sharply lower in first quarter of 2020

In the first quarter of 2020, CO<sub>2</sub> emissions were 8.7 percent down year-on-year.

Greenhouse gas emissions 3 percent down in 2019

In 2019, greenhouse gas emissions declined by 3 percent (5.7 megatonnes) to 182.5 megatonnes of CO2 equivalents year-on-year.

Higher CO2 emissions in fourth quarter of 2019

In the fourth quarter of 2019, CO<sub>2</sub> emissions were 1.8 percent up year-on-year.

The ecosystem service supply and use in the Netherlands

Methodological description and application of thirteen ecosystem services models in physical supply-use tables.

Household and farm water usage surged in 2018

In 2018, drinking water consumption by Dutch households increased by 7 percent relative to one year previously. The agricultural sector used considerably more water than in 2017 (150 percent).

Smaller material footprint, more recycling than the EU average

The Netherlands consumed over 20 percent fewer materials than in 2000. Material consumption per capita is lower than average in the EU and the material footprint per capita is lower.

Decline in farmland flora and fauna as of 1900

Flora and fauna on Dutch farmland have gone through substantial changes over the 20th century.

Monetary valuation of ecosystem services for the Netherlands

This report shows the first experimental results for the Netherlands on monetary valuation of ecosystem services and ecosystem assets using the SEEA EEA framework (System of Environmental-Economic Accounting – Experimental Ecosystem Accounting).

Lower CO2 emissions in third quarter of 2019

In the third quarter of 2019, CO2 emissions were 4.4 percent down year-on-year.

Natural capital accounts for the Dutch North Sea 2019

This report shows for the Dutch North Sea area the physical natural capital accounts according to the SEEA EEA framework (System of Environmental-Economic Accounting – Experimental Ecosystem Accounting).

Half of transport GHG emissions are from aviation

In 2018, the volume of greenhouse gases (GHGs) emitted by the Dutch transport sector amounted to 26 billion CO2 equivalents.

Construction sector leading in waste and recycling

Reuse of recycled materials contributes to the government target of realising a fully circular economy by 2050. The construction sector generated the most waste in 2016 but also used half of all recycled materials.

Higher CO2 emissions in second quarter of 2019

In the second quarter of 2019, CO2 emissions were 2.9 percent up year-on-year.

Greenhouse gas emissions down

Greenhouse gas emissions stood at 189.3 bn CO2 equivalents in 2018, 2 percent lower than in 2017 and 15 percent down on 1990.

Many aspects of well-being improving – but not all

Longer-term trends in many areas of well-being in the Netherlands are upwards, and some aspects have shown recent further improvement. There have also been deteriorations, particularly in the areas of labour and housing.

Dutch environmental footprint increases slightly

The average greenhouse gas footprint of Dutch consumers rose from 15.1 tonnes CO2 equivalents per capita in 2017 to 15.8 tonnes in 2018. Between 2008 and 2016 the footprint declined. Consumption of resources (especially metals) rose slightly, to 9.7 thousand kg per capita in 2017.

Lower CO2 emissions in Q1 2019

IIn Q1 2019, CO2 emissions in the Netherlands were down by 0.8 percent year-on-year.

Slight drop in greenhouse gas emissions

In 2018, greenhouse gas emissions in the Netherlands were 2 percent lower than one year previously. This is related to less coal being used for electricity production. The emission intensity of the Dutch economy is declining.

Over 80% decline in butterflies since late 1800s

Between 1890 and 2017, butterfly populations in the Netherlands declined by at least 84 percent; 15 species have disappeared completely.

Less recyclable plastic waste sent to China

Last year, China’s share in Dutch exports of recyclable plastic waste was 2.7 percent. In 2010, still nearly half of all plastic waste generated by businesses and households had China as a foreign destination.

Material Flow Monitor 2016 - Technical report

The Material Flow Monitor 2016 provides insight into the physical material flows (in kilos) to, from and within the Dutch economy. The dataset also includes information on waste, recycling, emissions and the environment.

CO2 emissions higher in Q4 2018

In Q4 2018, CO2 emissions in the Netherlands were up by 0.5 percent year-on-year. Households and the transport sector emitted more CO2, while energy companies produced less.

Economic indicators circular economy, 2001-2016

This report presents the newly developed method for measuring economic indicators on the circular economy, furthermore it presents the first results for the period 2001-2016.

Decline in 13 out of 20 urban bird populations

In the period from 1990 to 2017, the populations of 13 out of 20 breeding bird species typically found in cities has declined in urban areas.

Models and statistical methods in rtrim

This report describes, in some detail, the statistical methods and models implemented in the r-package rtrim.

Importance of environmental sector increasing

In 2016, the Dutch environmental sector represented a value added of 15.8 billion euros, contributing 2.2 percent to gross domestic product (GDP) that year. The share of the environmental sector in the Dutch economy still stood at 1.7 percent in 2001.

CO2 emissions virtually unchanged in Q3 2018

In Q3 2018, CO2 emissions in the Netherlands were up by 0.1 percent year-on-year. Households and the services sector emitted less CO2, while energy companies contributed slightly more.

Most households practise energy conservation

People who say they care about the environment also practise energy conservation

More people find the environment highly polluted

In 2017, over half of the adult population in the Netherlands indicated that air, soil and water are severely polluted. Three-quarters believe that the natural environment has been seriously damaged. This number is higher compared to five years previously.

Lower CO2 emissions in Q2 2018

In Q2 2018, CO2 emissions in the Netherlands were 3.8 percent down year-on-year. The decline was mainly the result of reduced natural gas consumption for heating.

Linking Microdata and analysis of enterprises in EU ETS

The registry at and monitoring of the ETS – companies by the Dutch Emissions Authority (NEa, Nederlandse Emissieautoriteit), are the starting point for linkage to the CBS data infrastructure in this project.

Pressure gradients and earthquake rates in Groningen

A report with a statistical analysis of the relationship between gas pressure and gradients in gas pressure within the Groningen reservoir immediately prior to earthquakes, commissioned by State Supervision of Mines

More waste collected separately by municipalities

In 2017, 57 percent of household waste was collected separately, versus 49 percent in 2007.

Weibull fitting of earthquakes in Groningen

A report of an analysis of the time intervals between earthquakes in Groningen, related to the gas production, commissioned by State Supervision of Mines

Dutch GHG footprint larger in 2017

Following a decline as of 2008, the GHG footprint of the Netherlands increased again, according to initial estimates.

Higher CO2 emissions in Q1 2018

In Q1 2018, CO2 emissions in the Netherlands were 2.5 percent up year-on-year.

A greening economy, but not in all areas

The Dutch economy is growing increasingly green. Companies are implementing cleaner production processes and are using relatively fewer raw materials.

Energy consumption hardly changed in 2017

In 2017, total energy consumption in the Netherlands stood at 3,150 petajoules (PJ), more or less equal to consumption in 2016.

Netherlands closer to achieving sustainability goals

Second measurement of the Netherlands' progress towards the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Lower CO2 emissions in Q4 2017

In Q4 2017, CO2 emissions in the Netherlands were 2.2 percent down year-on-year.

The Circular Economy: starting progress measurement

The proposed monitoring system to track progress in the planned transition towards a circular economy.

Natural capital accounts for the Dutch North Sea area

Exploring the possible setup and uses of natural capital accounts for the Dutch North Sea area.

CO2 emissions virtually unchanged in Q3 2017

In Q3 2017, CO2 emissions in the Netherlands were 0.2 percent up year-on-year.

The SEEA EEA carbon account for the Netherlands

This document reports on the carbon account for the Netherlands, one of the thematic accounts of the SEEA EEA.

Lower CO2 emissions in Q2 2017

CO2 emissions in the Netherlands declined by 0.9 percent year-on-year.

Improving water statistics and water accounts

Improving water statistics and water accounts on groundwater use and industrial water use.

Number of endangered fauna and flora species not rising

Almost 40 percent of fauna and flora species in the Netherlands are threatened with extinction.

Higher CO2 emissions in Q1 2017

In Q1 2017, CO2 emissions in the Netherlands were higher than in Q1 2016.

Improving and extending Dutch EGSS-account

Description of methodological changes made to improve and expand the EGSS-account.

Ecosystem Unit map

The ecosystem unit map delineates ecosystem units in the Netherlands

Higher CO2 emissions in Q4 2016

In Q4 2016, CO2 emissions in the Netherlands rose by 7.3 percent year-on-year.

SDGs for water – Three step approach for monitoring

Sustainable Development Goals for water – SDG 6.4 – Three step approach for monitoring

Dutch producers reduce waste of raw materials

The use of raw materials in the Dutch economy was reduced by 14 percent in the period 2004-2014.

CO2 emissions fall while economy rises

It is the third consecutive quarter in which CO2 emission levels fall while the economy is growing

Onshore wind turbines taller and more efficient

Dutch wind turbines collectively generated 7.6 billion kWh of electricity in 2015.

Greenhouse gas emissions 5 percent higher in 2015

Last year greenhouse gas emissions in the Netherlands were 5 percent up from 2014.

CO2 emissions reduced again

In the second quarter of 2016, CO2 emissions in the Netherlands were 0.3 percent lower.

Reduction CO2 emissions in first quarter

CO2 emissions in the Netherlands were reduced by 1.3 percent in Q1 2016.

Circular economy in the Netherlands

Facts at a glance about the circular economy in the Netherlands.

butterfly populations showing signs of tentative recovery

Slightly more butterfly species have increased in number since 2006 than decreased: 20 versus 11. Growing populations include various endangered species. Two factors affect the butterfly populations in the Netherlands; restoration of natural habitats and climate change. The overall butterfly population in the Netherlands has remained stable during the past ten years.

CO2 emissions marginally higher in the fourth quarter

In the final quarter of 2015, emissions of CO2 in the Netherlands were 0.4 percent higher than in the same period one year previously. According to Statistics Netherlands, an important factor in rising CO2 emissions is increased production at electricity companies and in the chemical industry

CO2 emissions slightly higher as production grows

The CO2 emissions by the Dutch economy were up by 0.4 percent in the third quarter of 2014 on the same quarter of 2013. When corrected for differences in the weather CO2 emissions were 1.0 percent higher. The year-on-year growth of the Dutch economy in the third quarter of 2014 was 1.1 percent. These are the latest figures released by Statistics Netherlands today. Dutch CO2 emissions are calculated according to the definitions of the Environmental Accounts.

Mild weather leads to lower CO2 emissions

CO2 emissions by the Dutch economy were 0.9 percent lower in the second quarter of&nbsp; 2014 than in the same quarter of 2013. Adjusted for the differences in the weather, CO2 emissions increased by 3.7 percent however. The flash estimate by Statistics Netherlands shows that the Dutch economy grew by 0.9 percent year-on-year in the second quarter of 2014. The CO2 emissions are calculated according to the definitions of the Environmental accounts.

CO2 emissions down by 10 percent in the first quarter

CO2 emissions by the Dutch economy were 10.1 percent lower in the first quarter of 2014 than in the same quarter of 2013. Adjusted for the differences in the weather, CO2 emissions fell by just 0.4 percent. The first provisional estimate by Statistics Netherlands shows that the Dutch economy contracted by 0.5 percent year-on-year in the first quarter of 2014. The CO2 emissions are calculated according to the definitions of the Environmental accounts.

Dutch economy greener, but not in all aspects

Statistics Netherlands’ Green growth in the Netherlands 2012 is published today. This report presents an overview of the state of green growth in the Netherlands in terms of 33 indicators.

Arco van Strien of Statistics Netherlands has been awarded

The European Bird Census Council held its 19th congress Bird Numbers in Cluj, Romania on 16-21 September 2013. On the occasion of this congress, attended by some 250 participants form across Europe, Arco van Strien (Statistics Netherlands) presented a lecture on how bird censuses can be conducted and the possibilities of deriving Europe-wide trends from non-standardised data.

Lower greenhouse gas emissions despite cold winter

Last year, greenhouse gas emissions in the Netherlands were nearly 1 percent below the level of 2011. The cold weather conditions in winter prompted consumers to use more natural gas for home heating. The higher natural gas consumption was amply offset by the lower electricity production and the reduced consumption of motor fuels.

Sustainability Monitor for the Netherlands, July 2013

According to the Sustainability Monitor for the Netherlands, the economic situation in the Netherlands in mid-2013 is still quite reasonable compared with that in other countries in Europe. Although quality of life here and now is high, there is some concern about the risk of exhausting our natural and human capital, and the Netherlands is also drawing heavily on natural resources elsewhere in the world, especially in developing countries.

Butterfly population in steep decline

The butterfly population in the Netherlands declined further in 2012 and has currently reached the lowest level of the past twenty years

Dutch use water more efficiently

Although the population and the economy are growing, the use of tap water remains stable. Measures taken to enhance efficiency have reduced the annual tap water use per capita by an average 0.7 percent since 1990.

Most raw materials imported from Europe

The Netherlands obtains 68 percent of its raw materials from elsewhere. Two thirds of the raw materials come from European countries.

Environmental accounts of the Netherlands 2012

There are several frameworks for estimating the greenhouse gas emissions for a country, yielding differentresults. Well-known are the emissions reported to the UNFCCC (United National Framework Conventionon Climate Change) in particular under the Kyoto Protocol, but also environment statistics as well as theair emission accounts provide independent greenhouse gas estimates. The differences are not the resultof disputes about the accuracy of the estimates themselves, but arise from different interpretations ofwhat has to be counted. In this paper the above mentioned frameworks and their resulting estimates are discussed.

Mild winter and economic crisis curb greenhouse gas emissions

Greenhouse gas emissions in the Netherlands were more than 6.5 percent lower in 2011 than in 2010. This was caused by a decrease in energy consumption of nearly 7 percent.

Uncertainty analysis of mineral excretion and manure production

Since the beginning of the nineties, standard factors for manure production and nutrient excretion per livestock category have been determined by the Working group on the Uniformisation of the calculation of Manure and minerals figures (WUM). The results on manure production and mineral excretions are input to other calculations such as calculation of ammonia emissions and greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture. Data on ammonia emissions and greenhouse gas emissions are used by the Netherlands Pollutant Release and Transfer Register (PRTR) in international reports. Within the framework of these reports, assessment of uncertainties is necessary. The Netherlands Pollutant and Transfer Register therefore asked WUM to assess uncertainties in manure production and mineral excretions.

Environmental protection expenditures of households home improvement

Final report at the request of Eurostat on environmental protection expenditures of households on home improvements as far as energy and environment measures are concerned.

Environmental protection expenditures in the building industry

Final report at the request of Eurostat on environment protection expenditures made in the building industry.

Wind energy cost-ineffective without public financial support

As yet, the production of wind energy is still cost-ineffective, but public financial support compensates for the losses.

Greenhouse gas emissions higher due to winter cold and production growth

Greenhouse gas emissions were 6 percent higher last year than in 2009 and have risen for the first time in seven years. Greenhouse gas emissions are only 1 percent below the level of 1990, the base year for the Kyoto Protocol.

Bat populations thriving

Bat populations are thriving in the Netherlands. The 8 species that are being monitored all increase in numbers.

Strong increase in biological pest control in ornamental plant cultivation

Commercial growers of flowers and ornamental plants in the Netherlands are increasingly using biological pest control.

Savings in groundwater and tap water use

In spite of the increase in the population, the amount of tap water used by Dutch households hardly changed in the period 1990-2009.

Surplus of CO2 emission less costly for energy companies

Energy companies generated more electricity in 2009. As a result, CO2 emissions have grown relative to 2008 and to cover the increase, energy companies have to buy extra emission rights.

Richer households cause more greenhouse gas emissions

The production of goods and services bought by households cause greenhouse gas emissions. On average a household in the Netherlands causes over 22 tons of CO2 equivalents in emissions.

Dutch consumers do not contribute to worldwide emission reduction of greenhouse gases

Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions caused to meet the economic needs of Dutch consumers were nearly 6 percent lower in 2009 than in 1996, but the total amount of global greenhouse gas emissions as a result of Dutch consumption, the so-called carbon footprint, has not changed.

Dutch heathland: more purple, less yellow

Dutch heaths have been changing colour in recent years. Plants that colour heathland purple, such as heather, have been increasing, while grasses that give heathland a more yellow colour, such as wavy hair grass, have decreased slightly.

Greenhouse gas emissions further down due to economic crisis

Total emission of greenhouse gases in the Netherlands fell for the fifth consecutive year in 2009. With 201 billion CO2 equivalents, total emissions were nearly 6 percent below the level of 1990, the reference year for the Kyoto Protocol.

Less industrial waste as a result of recession

Dutch industry produced 16.6 million tonnes of waste in 2009. This is 2.1 million tonnes (over 10 percent) less than in 2008.

Farmers reduce use of fertilizers

Over the past two decades, farmers have been increasingly successful in reducing phosphate fertilization, while crop yields remained the same or even improved. The effectiveness of phosphate-containing fertilizers has improved by 60 percent.

Municipalities collect less household waste and more plastic

Dutch municipalities collected 556 kilograms of household waste per inhabitant in 2009. That is 1 percent less than in 2008.

Fall in environmental costs for companies comes to a halt

Dutch companies have invested substantially in improving air, water and soil quality in recent years. As a result of environmental subsidies, environment-related costs paid by companies have not risen in the last few years.

Most industrial waste recycled

In 2008, 18.8 million tons of industrial waste were produced. Nearly 17 million tons (90 percent) were reused or incinerated to generate energy. The remaining 2 million tons were dumped in landfills or incinerated in waste incinerators or waste separation systems.

Approximately 20 m² available per capita for sports practice

The total area in the Netherlands available for practising sports is 334 km², approximately 1 percent of the total land area, i.e. 20 m² per resident. Sports grounds are mainly situated inside residential nuclei and just under half are large or very large.

Fewer pesticides used in vegetable growing

Between 2000 and 2008, the use of chemical pesticides in vegetable growing, in the open and under glass has dropped sharply.

Much more sewage sludge incinerated

In 2008, almost the entire volume of sludge from the Dutch sewerage system was incinerated.

Kingfisher threatened by winter cold

Ice in winter has far-reaching consequences for the kingfisher population. Ice is in fact the kingfisher’s worst enemy, because, if ditches, pools and lakes are covered with ice, it cannot catch fish.

More plastic waste collected separately

The volume of plastic waste collected separately has more than doubled from 6 million kg in 2006 to 13 million kg in 2008. The volume of plastic waste produced by households is estimated at 750 million kg in 2008.

Lower energy consumption leads to lower emissions of carbon dioxide

Energy consumption in the first eight months of 2009 was down by more than 4 percent on the same period in 2008. This has led to a reduction in carbon dioxide emissions.

Environmental sector accounts for 109 thousand full-time jobs

In 2007, there were 109 thousand full-time jobs in the environmental sector, an increase by 25 percent relative to 1995.

Greenhouse gas emissions by transport companies considerably higher than in 1990

Greenhouse gas emissions caused by Dutch transport companies have increased by nearly 80 percent since 1990. This is largely due to the increase in international transport by Dutch companies and a growing appetite for travelling among the Dutch.

Traffic sector invests substantially more in environmental measures

Some 653&nbsp;million&nbsp;euro was invested in the traffic sector to protect the environment in the Netherlands in&nbsp;2007. This is 60&nbsp;percent more than in&nbsp;2005.

Over 200 hectares of allotment garden liquidations within a decade

In 2006, the total area covered by allotment garden plots in the Netherlands was 3,906 hectares, more than 200 hectares less than in 1996. The number of allotment garden areas and visits to these areas also declined.

Dutch greenhouse gas emissions fall further

The emission of greenhouse gases in the Netherlands fell for the fourth year in a row in 2008.

Ammonia emissions from animal housing still too high

Two-thirds of laying hens in the Netherlands were housed in so-called low-emission sheds in 2008. Most meat chickens, porkers, and sows were still housed in facilities where too much ammonia is emitted.

Livestock manure and nutrients 1990-2008*

Since 2003 there has been an almost constant level of manure production and excretion of nitrogen and phosphate.

Extensive wetland area in the Netherlands

A relatively large area in the Netherlands is covered with water. There are 43 wetland areas covering 817 thousand ha.

More brambles and nettles in Dutch countryside

The quality of flora in the Dutch countryside deteriorated in the period 2000-2007. Vegetation such as brambles, catch weed, creeping thistles and stinging nettles have increased and displaced other plants.

Greenhouse gas emissions higher than Kyoto figures suggest

According to the Kyoto Protocol, the emission of greenhouse gases was reduced by 4 percent over the period 1990-2007.

Storage capacity for animal manure substantially increased

In 2007, 95 percent of dairy and pig farms in the Netherlands had provisions to store semi-liquid manure for six months or longer.

Dutch use less water

Consumption of tap water in the Netherlands fell slightly between 2003 and 2006. Although the population increased, water consumption did not. Industrial tap water consumption fell by 2 percent less per year in this period.

Further reduction greenhouse gas emissions

In 2007, greenhouse gas emissions in the Netherlands were reduced for the third consecutive year. The total emission volume amounted to 205 billion kg of CO2 equivalents, i.e. 4 percent below the level of 1990, the base year of the Kyoto Protocol.

Hefty increase in sales of biofuels

In 2007 2.8 percent of petrol and diesel sold in the Netherlands consisted of biofuels. This is substantially more than the 0.4 percent in 2006.

One in forty people in the Netherlands exposed to too high levels of fine particles

In 2006, one in forty people in the Netherlands lived in areas where the concentration of fine particles in the air was too high. High concentrations of fine particles can damage people’s health.

More cars exported, fewer dismantled

More and more cars start a new life abroad instead of being dismantled in Dutch scrap yards.

Increasing amount of nitrogen removed from sewage water

The nitrogen removal capacity of sewage water treatment plants in the Netherlands is improving continuously. In 2006, the 75 percent barrier was broken for the first time.

Dramatic increase in amount of pesticides used by municipalities

Public authorities used nearly 54 thousand kilos of chemical pesticides in 2005 for the maintenance of public areas, an increase by 12 thousand kg (28 percent) relative to 2001.

Bird population declines in urban areas

Cities are an important habitat for a variety of birds, but the nine species most common in urban areas, according to the garden birds counts conducted in the period 2003–2006 decline.