Today’s well-being increasingly comes at the expense of future generations

School in Leidschenveen
© CBS
The Netherlands remains a prosperous country and a relatively cohesive society. However, for years our well-being in the ‘here and now’ has come at the expense of opportunities for future generations (‘later’) and the chances that people living elsewhere in the world have of achieving similar levels of well-being (‘elsewhere’). Natural capital, in particular, is on the decline in terms of both quantity and quality. In spite of the gradual greening of the Dutch economy, the challenges around nature and climate remain urgent. In addition, many systems required for the success of future well-being are faltering. The way in which well-being is distributed also means that the youngest age groups have the least favourable outcomes. If current trends continue, the next generation will achieve lower levels of well-being. These are among the findings of the Monitor of Well-being and the SDGs 2024 presented by Statistics Netherlands (CBS) to the Dutch House of Representatives on 15 May (Accountability Day). The English version of the report will be published in July.

Well-being concerns quality of life in the here and now, but also the extent to which this impacts the well-being of future generations and people living elsewhere in the world. The 2024 monitor reveals that the Dutch are very satisfied with life in general, and with specific aspects, such as housing, living environment, work-life balance and social contacts. The Netherlands also ranks among the highest-scoring countries in the European Union (EU) in terms of trust in other people, trust in institutions, social contacts and active membership of clubs and associations.

What is more, the Netherlands is one of the most prosperous countries in the EU, and Dutch median disposable household income is on an upward medium-term trend. Economically vulnerable groups in society – people who have only completely primary education or secondary vocational education, the unemployed, self-employed on low incomes and people with serious long-term health issues – are becoming smaller, in relative terms. Labour market opportunities are also abundant and continue to multiply. Job vacancy rates are high, many of those who are able to work actually do so, and long-term unemployment is relatively low and is falling.

Not everyone is benefiting from high material well-being

At the same time, however, not everyone is sharing in this prosperity. Purchasing power has been under increased pressure in recent years, as a result of the sharp rise in the cost of living. Significant numbers of people are worried about their future finances. Although the share of vulnerable groups in the population is decreasing, and is relatively small, it still numbers a few hundred thousand people.

Trends in well-being and SDG's: Here and now
Subjective well-being Satisfaction with life Position in EU in 2020: 2nd out of 19 Trend (2016-2023): No change Annual change 2022-2023: No change (+0.8%pt) Subjective well-being Feeling in control of own life Position in EU in 2017: 3rd out of 27 Trend (2016-2023): No change Annual change 2022-2023: No change (-0.1%pt) Material well-being Median disposable income Position in EU in 2022: 3rd out of 27 Trend (2016-2023): Increase well-being Annual change 2021-2022: No change (-1.4%) Material well-being Individual consumption Position in EU in 2023: 5th out of 23 Trend (2016-2023): No change Annual change 2022-2023: No change (+0.0%) Health Healthy life expectancy of men Position in EU in 2021: 17th out of 27 Trend (2016-2023): No change Annual change 2022-2023: No change (+1.4%) Health Healthy life expectancy of women Position in EU in 2021: 20th out of 27 Trend (2016-2023): No change Annual change 2022-2023: No change (+0.2%) Health Overweight adult population Position in EU in 2019: 5th out of 26 Trend (2016-2023): No change Annual change 2022-2023: No change (-0.2%pt) Labour and leisure time Long-term unemployment Position in EU in 2022: 3rd out of 27 Trend (2016-2023): Increase well-being Annual change 2022-2023: No change (-0.2%pt) Labour and leisure time Net labour participation Position in EU in 2022: 1st out of 27 Trend (2016-2023): Increase well-being Annual change 2022-2023: No change (+0.9%pt) Labour and leisure time Higher educated population Position in EU in 2022: 7th out of 27 Trend (2016-2023): Increase well-being Annual change 2022-2023: Decrease well-being (-0.3%pt) Labour and leisure time Satisfaction with leisure time Position in EU in 2018: 6th out of 27 Trend (2016-2023): No change Annual change 2022-2023: No change (-0.6%pt) Labour and leisure time Time lost due to traffic congestion and delays Trend (2016-2023): No change Annual change 2021-2022: No change (+114.7%) Labour and leisure time Satisfaction with work (employees) Position in EU in 2017: 7th out of 27 Trend (2016-2023): Insufficient data (quality) Annual change 2022-2023: Increase well-being (+1.0%pt) Housing Housing costs (rented and own homes) Position in EU in 2022: 22nd out of 27 Trend (2016-2023): Increase well-being Annual change 2021-2022: No change (-2.5%pt) Housing Young adults (25-29 years) living with parents Position in EU in 2022: 4th out of 27 Trend (2016-2023): Decrease well-being Annual change 2022-2023: No change (+0.6%pt) Housing Satisfaction with housing Position in EU in 2017: 8th out of 27 Trend (2016-2023): No change Annual change 2022-2023: No change (-0.1%pt) Society Contact with family, friends or neighbours Position in EU in 2020: 1st out of 19 Trend (2016-2023): Decrease well-being Annual change 2022-2023: No change (-0.3%pt) Society Voice and accountability Position in EU in 2022: 3rd out of 27 Trend (2016-2023): No change Annual change 2021-2022: No change (+3.5%) Society Trust in institutions Position in EU in 2020: 2nd out of 19 Trend (2016-2023): No change Annual change 2022-2023: No change (-0.1%pt) Society Trust in other people Position in EU in 2020: 2nd out of 19 Trend (2016-2023): Increase well-being Annual change 2022-2023: No change (+0.7%pt) Society Changes in values and norms Trend (2016-2023): No change Annual change 2022-2023: No change (-3.0%pt) Society Voluntary work Trend (2016-2023): No change Annual change 2022-2023: Increase well-being (+7.5%pt) Safety Often feeling unsafe in the neighbourhood Trend (2016-2023): No change Annual change 2021-2023: No change (+0.1%pt) Safety Victims of crime Position in EU in 2020: 15th out of 19 Trend (2016-2023): No change Annual change 2021-2023: Decrease well-being (+1.4%pt) Environment Managed natural assets (terrestrial) within NNN Trend (2016-2023): No change Annual change 2021-2022: No change (+0.2%pt) Environment Quality of inland bathing waters Position in EU in 2022: 15th out of 25 Trend (2016-2023): No change Annual change 2022-2023: No change (-3.0%pt) Environment Nitrogen deposition and terrestrial nature areas Trend (2016-2023): No change Annual change 2020-2021: No change (-1.1%pt) Environment Urban exposure to particulate matter (PM2.5) Position in EU in 2019: 8th out of 26 Trend (2016-2023): Increase well-being Annual change 2021-2022: No change (-3.0%) Environment Environmental problems Position in EU in 2020: 18th out of 26 Trend (2016-2023): No change Annual change 2022-2023: Decrease well-being (+0.7%pt)
Trends in well-being and SDG's: Here and now
Theme Indicator Position in EU Position in EU ranking Trend Most recent (average) mutation
Subjective well-being Satisfaction with life 2020: 2nd out of 19 High ranking 2016-2023: No change 2022-2023: No change (+0.8%pt)
Subjective well-being Feeling in control of own life 2017: 3rd out of 27 High ranking 2016-2023: No change 2022-2023: No change (-0.1%pt)
Material well-being Median disposable income 2022: 3rd out of 27 High ranking 2016-2023: Increase well-being 2021-2022: No change (-1.4%)
Material well-being Individual consumption 2023: 5th out of 23 High ranking 2016-2023: No change 2022-2023: No change (+0.0%)
Health Healthy life expectancy of men 2021: 17th out of 27 Middle ranking 2016-2023: No change 2022-2023: No change (+1.4%)
Health Healthy life expectancy of women 2021: 20th out of 27 Middle ranking 2016-2023: No change 2022-2023: No change (+0.2%)
Health Overweight adult population 2019: 5th out of 26 High ranking 2016-2023: No change 2022-2023: No change (-0.2%pt)
Labour and leisure time Long-term unemployment 2022: 3rd out of 27 High ranking 2016-2023: Increase well-being 2022-2023: No change (-0.2%pt)
Labour and leisure time Net labour participation 2022: 1st out of 27 High ranking 2016-2023: Increase well-being 2022-2023: No change (+0.9%pt)
Labour and leisure time Higher educated population 2022: 7th out of 27 High ranking 2016-2023: Increase well-being 2022-2023: Decrease well-being (-0.3%pt)
Labour and leisure time Satisfaction with leisure time 2018: 6th out of 27 High ranking 2016-2023: No change 2022-2023: No change (-0.6%pt)
Labour and leisure time Time lost due to traffic congestion and delays No data No data 2016-2023: No change 2021-2022: No change (+114.7%)
Labour and leisure time Satisfaction with work (employees) 2017: 7th out of 27 High ranking 2016-2023: Insufficient data (quality) 2022-2023: Increase well-being (+1.0%pt)
Housing Housing costs (rented and own homes) 2022: 22nd out of 27 Low ranking 2016-2023: Increase well-being 2021-2022: No change (-2.5%pt)
Housing Young adults (25-29 years) living with parents 2022: 4th out of 27 High ranking 2016-2023: Decrease well-being 2022-2023: No change (+0.6%pt)
Housing Satisfaction with housing 2017: 8th out of 27 Middle ranking 2016-2023: No change 2022-2023: No change (-0.1%pt)
Society Contact with family, friends or neighbours 2020: 1st out of 19 High ranking 2016-2023: Decrease well-being 2022-2023: No change (-0.3%pt)
Society Voice and accountability 2022: 3rd out of 27 High ranking 2016-2023: No change 2021-2022: No change (+3.5%)
Society Trust in institutions 2020: 2nd out of 19 High ranking 2016-2023: No change 2022-2023: No change (-0.1%pt)
Society Trust in other people 2020: 2nd out of 19 High ranking 2016-2023: Increase well-being 2022-2023: No change (+0.7%pt)
Society Changes in values and norms No data No data 2016-2023: No change 2022-2023: No change (-3.0%pt)
Society Voluntary work No data No data 2016-2023: No change 2022-2023: Increase well-being (+7.5%pt)
Safety Often feeling unsafe in the neighbourhood No data No data 2016-2023: No change 2021-2023: No change (+0.1%pt)
Safety Victims of crime 2020: 15th out of 19 Low ranking 2016-2023: No change 2021-2023: Decrease well-being (+1.4%pt)
Environment Managed natural assets (terrestrial) within NNN No data No data 2016-2023: No change 2021-2022: No change (+0.2%pt)
Environment Quality of inland bathing waters 2022: 15th out of 25 Middle ranking 2016-2023: No change 2022-2023: No change (-3.0%pt)
Environment Nitrogen deposition and terrestrial nature areas No data No data 2016-2023: No change 2020-2021: No change (-1.1%pt)
Environment Urban exposure to particulate matter (PM2.5) 2019: 8th out of 26 Middle ranking 2016-2023: Increase well-being 2021-2022: No change (-3.0%)
Environment Environmental problems 2020: 18th out of 26 Middle ranking 2016-2023: No change 2022-2023: Decrease well-being (+0.7%pt)

Position of the Netherlands in the ranking of European Union member states for the indicators for well-being 'here and now'Bar chart showing the position of the Netherlands in the ranking of European Union member states for each of the indicators for well-being 'here and now'0102030405060708091011121314151617181920212223242526272829Subjectivewell-beingMaterialwell-beingHousingSafetyHealthLabour and leisure timeEnvironmentSocietyEU rankingThe bars show the Netherlands’ ranking in the European Union for each indicator.Low rankingHigh rankingMiddle rankingNo dataIncrease in well-beingNo changeDecrease in well-beingInsufficient data (quality)Medium-term trend (8 years)Change (most recent year)KeyKey
Position of the Netherlands in the ranking of European Union member states for the indicators for well-being 'here and now'
Thema Indicator Position in EU ranking Height in EU ranking (scale 0 to 100%)
Subjective well-being Satisfaction with life High ranking 95,029
Subjective well-being Feeling in control of own life High ranking 92,877
Material well-being Median disposable income High ranking 92,877
Material well-being Individual consumption High ranking 83,399
Health Healthy life expectancy of men Middle ranking 43,02
Health Healthy life expectancy of women Middle ranking 32,336
Health Overweight adult population High ranking 85,231
Labour and leisure time Long-term unemployment High ranking 92,877
Labour and leisure time Net labour participation High ranking 100
Labour and leisure time Higher educated population High ranking 78,632
Labour and leisure time Satisfaction with leisure time High ranking 82,194
Labour and leisure time Time lost due to traffic congestion and delays No data
Labour and leisure time Satisfaction with work (employees) High ranking 78,632
Housing Housing costs (rented and own homes) Low ranking 25,214
Housing Young adults (25-29 years) living with parents High ranking 89,316
Housing Satisfaction with housing Middle ranking 75,071
Society Contact with family, friends or neighbours High ranking 100
Society Voice and accountability High ranking 92,877
Society Trust in institutions High ranking 95,029
Society Trust in other people High ranking 95,029
Society Changes in values and norms No data
Society Voluntary work No data
Safety Often feeling unsafe in the neighbourhood No data
Safety Victims of crime Low ranking 30,409
Environment Managed natural assets (terrestrial) within NNN No data
Environment Quality of inland bathing waters Middle ranking 46,333
Environment Nitrogen deposition and terrestrial nature areas No data
Environment Urban exposure to particulate matter (PM2.5) Middle ranking 74,154
Environment Environmental problems Middle ranking 37,231


Well-being ‘later’ is under increasing pressure

While economic, human and social capital remain more or less stable, natural capital continues to decline in terms of both size and quality. Although industrial production processes are gradually becoming more sustainable, just as in previous years the Netherlands is still one of the EU countries where the pressure on nature and climate is the highest. It had one of the EU’s highest surpluses of nitrogen and phosphorus compounds in 2019, for example. Excess nitrogen and phosphorus have adverse consequences for the quality of surface water and ecosystems such as heathlands, forests and dunes. This has resulted in substantial pressure on the environment, which has hardly decreased in recent years, and is particularly evident in the ongoing decline of biodiversity on land and marshland and in freshwater. Together with degradation of the living environment, this also poses a long-term risk to the Dutch economy, which relies fairly heavily on the services that these ecosystems provide, such as pollination and raw materials.

In addition to this, a number of institutions and systems that are crucial to the well-being of future generations seem to be coming to a standstill. Ageing, urbanisation, migration and other long-term trends are gradually leading to more pressure on well-being ‘later’. Dutch people are growing ever more dissatisfied with respect to the regulatory quality of governance, government effectiveness, the rule of law and perceived public-sector corruption. All of this is eroding the government’s authority. Other critical systems, such as healthcare, education, the housing market and the pensions system are also at risk from staff shortages, increasing rents and home prices – preventing people moving up the housing ladder – and financially sustainable pension schemes.

Trends in well-being and SDG's: Later
Economic capital Physical capital stock Position in EU in 2022: 7th out of 12 Trend (2016-2023): No change Annual change 2021-2022: Decrease well-being (-2.3%) Economic capital Knowledge capital stock Position in EU in 2022: 4th out of 12 Trend (2016-2023): No change Annual change 2021-2022: No change (-2.5%) Economic capital Average household debt Position in EU in 2022: 24th out of 25 Trend (2016-2023): Decrease well-being Annual change 2021-2022: No change (+1.3%) Economic capital Median wealth of households Trend (2016-2023): Increase well-being Annual change 2021-2022: No change (+49.7%) Natural capital Renewable electricity capacity Trend (2016-2023): Increase well-being Annual change 2022-2023: Increase well-being (+21.3%) Natural capital Managed natural assets (terrestrial) within NNN Trend (2016-2023): No change Annual change 2021-2022: No change (+0.2%pt) Natural capital Green-blue space, excluding conventional farming Trend (2016-2023): Decrease well-being Annual change 2021-2022: No change (-0.8%) Natural capital Phosphorus surplus Position in EU in 2019: 15th out of 16 Trend (2016-2023): No change Annual change 2022-2023: No change (-75.4%) Natural capital Nitrogen surplus Position in EU in 2019: 16th out of 16 Trend (2016-2023): No change Annual change 2022-2023: No change (-3.6%) Natural capital Fauna on land Trend (2016-2023): Decrease well-being Annual change 2021-2022: No change (-0.4%) Natural capital Fauna in freshwater and marshes Trend (2016-2023): Decrease well-being Annual change 2021-2022: No change (-0.1%) Natural capital Surface water with sufficient chemical quality Trend (2016-2023): No change Annual change 2022-2023: Decrease well-being (-1.1%pt) Natural capital Ground water abstraction Position in EU in 2021: 5th out of 16 Trend (2016-2023): No change Annual change 2021-2022: No change (+14.1%) Natural capital Urban exposure to particulate matter (PM2.5) Position in EU in 2019: 8th out of 26 Trend (2016-2023): Increase well-being Annual change 2021-2022: No change (-3.0%) Natural capital Cumulative CO2 emissions Position in EU in 2021: 13th out of 16 Trend (2016-2023): Decrease well-being Annual change 2022-2023: No change (0.0%) Human capital Hours worked Position in EU in 2023: 13th out of 22 Trend (2016-2023): Increase well-being Annual change 2022-2023: No change (-0.3%) Human capital Higher educated population Position in EU in 2022: 7th out of 27 Trend (2016-2023): Increase well-being Annual change 2022-2023: Decrease well-being (-0.3%pt) Human capital Healthy life expectancy of women Position in EU in 2021: 20th out of 27 Trend (2016-2023): No change Annual change 2022-2023: No change (+0.2%) Human capital Healthy life expectancy of men Position in EU in 2021: 17th out of 27 Trend (2016-2023): No change Annual change 2022-2023: No change (+1.4%) Social capital Trust in other people Position in EU in 2020: 2nd out of 19 Trend (2016-2023): Increase well-being Annual change 2022-2023: No change (+0.7%pt) Social capital Feelings of discrimination Position in EU in 2020: 16th out of 19 Trend (2016-2023): No change Annual change 2018-2020: No change (+1.7%pt) Social capital Trust in institutions Position in EU in 2020: 2nd out of 19 Trend (2016-2023): No change Annual change 2022-2023: No change (-0.1%pt)
Trends in well-being and SDG's: Later
Theme Indicator Position in EU Position in EU ranking Trend Most recent (average) mutation
Economic capital Physical capital stock 2022: 7th out of 12 Middle ranking 2016-2023: No change 2021-2022: Decrease well-being (-2.3%)
Economic capital Knowledge capital stock 2022: 4th out of 12 Middle ranking 2016-2023: No change 2021-2022: No change (-2.5%)
Economic capital Average household debt 2022: 24th out of 25 Low ranking 2016-2023: Decrease well-being 2021-2022: No change (+1.3%)
Economic capital Median wealth of households No data No data 2016-2023: Increase well-being 2021-2022: No change (+49.7%)
Natural capital Renewable electricity capacity No data No data 2016-2023: Increase well-being 2022-2023: Increase well-being (+21.3%)
Natural capital Managed natural assets (terrestrial) within NNN No data No data 2016-2023: No change 2021-2022: No change (+0.2%pt)
Natural capital Green-blue space, excluding conventional farming No data No data 2016-2023: Decrease well-being 2021-2022: No change (-0.8%)
Natural capital Phosphorus surplus 2019: 15th out of 16 Low ranking 2016-2023: No change 2022-2023: No change (-75.4%)
Natural capital Nitrogen surplus 2019: 16th out of 16 Low ranking 2016-2023: No change 2022-2023: No change (-3.6%)
Natural capital Fauna on land No data No data 2016-2023: Decrease well-being 2021-2022: No change (-0.4%)
Natural capital Fauna in freshwater and marshes No data No data 2016-2023: Decrease well-being 2021-2022: No change (-0.1%)
Natural capital Surface water with sufficient chemical quality No data No data 2016-2023: No change 2022-2023: Decrease well-being (-1.1%pt)
Natural capital Ground water abstraction 2021: 5th out of 16 Middle ranking 2016-2023: No change 2021-2022: No change (+14.1%)
Natural capital Urban exposure to particulate matter (PM2.5) 2019: 8th out of 26 Middle ranking 2016-2023: Increase well-being 2021-2022: No change (-3.0%)
Natural capital Cumulative CO2 emissions 2021: 13th out of 16 Low ranking 2016-2023: Decrease well-being 2022-2023: No change (0.0%)
Human capital Hours worked 2023: 13th out of 22 Middle ranking 2016-2023: Increase well-being 2022-2023: No change (-0.3%)
Human capital Higher educated population 2022: 7th out of 27 High ranking 2016-2023: Increase well-being 2022-2023: Decrease well-being (-0.3%pt)
Human capital Healthy life expectancy of women 2021: 20th out of 27 Middle ranking 2016-2023: No change 2022-2023: No change (+0.2%)
Human capital Healthy life expectancy of men 2021: 17th out of 27 Middle ranking 2016-2023: No change 2022-2023: No change (+1.4%)
Social capital Trust in other people 2020: 2nd out of 19 High ranking 2016-2023: Increase well-being 2022-2023: No change (+0.7%pt)
Social capital Feelings of discrimination 2020: 16th out of 19 Low ranking 2016-2023: No change 2018-2020: No change (+1.7%pt)
Social capital Trust in institutions 2020: 2nd out of 19 High ranking 2016-2023: No change 2022-2023: No change (-0.1%pt)

Position of the Netherlands in the ranking of European Union member states for the indicators for well-being 'later'Bar chart showing the position of the Netherlands in the ranking of European Union member states for each of the indicators for well-being 'later'02 01030405060708091011121314151617181920212201 Physical capital stock / 02 Knowledge capital stock / 03 Average household debt / 04 Median wealth of households / 05 Renewable electricity capacity / 06 Managed natural assets (terrestrial) within NNN / 07 Green-blue space, excluding conventional farming / 08 Phosphorus surplus / 09 Nitrogen surplus / 10 Fauna on land / 11 Fauna in freshwater and marshes / 12 Surface water with sufficient chemical quality / 13 Ground water abstraction / 14 Urban exposure to particulate matter (PM2.5) / 15 Cumulative CO2 emissions / 16 Hours worked / 17 Higher educated population / 18 Healthy life expectancy of women / 19 Healthy life expectancy of men / 20 Trust in other people / 21 Feelings of discrimination / 22 Trust in institutions EU rankingThe bars show the Netherlands’ ranking in the European Union for each indicator.Low rankingHigh rankingMiddle rankingNo dataIncrease in well-beingNo changeDecrease in well-beingInsufficient data (quality)Medium-term trend (8 years)Change (most recent year)KeyKeyEconomiccapitalNatural capitalHuman capitalSocialcapital
Position of the Netherlands in the ranking of European Union member states for the indicators for well-being 'later'
Thema Indicator Position in EU ranking Height in EU ranking (scale 0 to 100%)
Economic capital Physical capital stock Middle ranking 54,545
Economic capital Knowledge capital stock Middle ranking 77,273
Economic capital Average household debt Low ranking 11,833
Economic capital Median wealth of households No data
Natural capital Renewable electricity capacity No data
Natural capital Managed natural assets (terrestrial) within NNN No data
Natural capital Green-blue space, excluding conventional farming No data
Natural capital Phosphorus surplus Low ranking 18,333
Natural capital Nitrogen surplus Low ranking 12,5
Natural capital Fauna on land No data
Natural capital Fauna in freshwater and marshes No data
Natural capital Surface water with sufficient chemical quality No data
Natural capital Ground water abstraction Middle ranking 76,667
Natural capital Urban exposure to particulate matter (PM2.5) Middle ranking 74,154
Natural capital Cumulative CO2 emissions Low ranking 30
Human capital Hours worked Middle ranking 48,052
Human capital Higher educated population High ranking 78,632
Human capital Healthy life expectancy of women Middle ranking 32,336
Human capital Healthy life expectancy of men Middle ranking 43,02
Social capital Trust in other people High ranking 95,029
Social capital Feelings of discrimination Low ranking 25,439
Social capital Trust in institutions High ranking 95,029

Well-being ‘elsewhere’: thriving trade with high-income countries and high imports of raw materials and auxiliary products

Well-being-‘elsewhere’ indicators reflect the high burden that the Netherlands places on other countries. High-income countries benefit the most from trade, although income transfers and spending on development aid are relatively high. The volumes of fossil fuels, biomass, metals and non-metallic minerals imported into the Netherlands remain among the highest in the EU on a per capita basis.


Trends in well-being and SDG's: Elsewhere
Trade and aid Imports of goods from low-income countries Trend (2016-2023): No change Annual change 2022-2023: Decrease well-being (-13.1%) Trade and aid Imports of goods from lower-middle-income countries Trend (2016-2023): Increase well-being Annual change 2022-2023: No change (+2.1%) Trade and aid Imports of goods from upper-middle-income countries Trend (2016-2023): No change Annual change 2022-2023: No change (-17.9%) Trade and aid Imports of goods from high-income countries Trend (2016-2023): Increase well-being Annual change 2022-2023: No change (-0.7%) Trade and aid Official development assistance Position in EU in 2022: 5th out of 26 Trend (2016-2023): No change Annual change 2021-2022: No change (+0.1%pt) Trade and aid Remittances Position in EU in 2022: 6th out of 25 Trend (2016-2023): Increase well-being Annual change 2021-2022: No change (0.0%pt) Environment and resources Fossil fuel imports Position in EU in 2022: 27th out of 27 Trend (2016-2023): No change Annual change 2022-2023: No change (-2.7%) Environment and resources Fossil fuel imports from LDCs Trend (2016-2023): No change Annual change 2022-2023: No change (-4.9%) Environment and resources Imports of metals Position in EU in 2022: 24th out of 27 Trend (2016-2023): No change Annual change 2022-2023: No change (-15.3%) Environment and resources Imports of metals from LDCs Trend (2016-2023): No change Annual change 2022-2023: Increase well-being (-59.3%) Environment and resources Imports of non-metallic minerals Position in EU in 2022: 25th out of 27 Trend (2016-2023): No change Annual change 2022-2023: No change (-12.7%) Environment and resources Imports of non-metallic minerals from LDCs Trend (2016-2023): No change Annual change 2022-2023: No change (+61.7%) Environment and resources Biomass imports Position in EU in 2022: 26th out of 27 Trend (2016-2023): No change Annual change 2022-2023: No change (-13.1%) Environment and resources Biomass imports from LDCs Trend (2016-2023): No change Annual change 2022-2023: Increase well-being (-2.6%) Environment and resources Land footprint Trend (2016-2023): No change Annual change 2019-2021: No change (+6.1%) Environment and resources Material footprint Trend (2016-2023): No change Annual change 2020-2021: No change (-6.3%) Environment and resources Greenhouse gas footprint Trend (2016-2023): No change Annual change 2021-2022: No change (-4.8%)
Trends in well-being and SDG's: Elsewhere
Theme Indicator Position in EU Position in EU ranking Trend Most recent (average) mutation
Trade and aid Imports of goods from low-income countries No data No data 2016-2023: No change 2022-2023: Decrease well-being (-13.1%)
Trade and aid Imports of goods from lower-middle-income countries No data No data 2016-2023: Increase well-being 2022-2023: No change (+2.1%)
Trade and aid Imports of goods from upper-middle-income countries No data No data 2016-2023: No change 2022-2023: No change (-17.9%)
Trade and aid Imports of goods from high-income countries No data No data 2016-2023: Increase well-being 2022-2023: No change (-0.7%)
Trade and aid Official development assistance 2022: 5th out of 26 High ranking 2016-2023: No change 2021-2022: No change (+0.1%pt)
Trade and aid Remittances 2022: 6th out of 25 High ranking 2016-2023: Increase well-being 2021-2022: No change (0.0%pt)
Environment and resources Fossil fuel imports 2022: 27th out of 27 Low ranking 2016-2023: No change 2022-2023: No change (-2.7%)
Environment and resources Fossil fuel imports from LDCs No data No data 2016-2023: No change 2022-2023: No change (-4.9%)
Environment and resources Imports of metals 2022: 24th out of 27 Low ranking 2016-2023: No change 2022-2023: No change (-15.3%)
Environment and resources Imports of metals from LDCs No data No data 2016-2023: No change 2022-2023: Increase well-being (-59.3%)
Environment and resources Imports of non-metallic minerals 2022: 25th out of 27 Low ranking 2016-2023: No change 2022-2023: No change (-12.7%)
Environment and resources Imports of non-metallic minerals from LDCs No data No data 2016-2023: No change 2022-2023: No change (+61.7%)
Environment and resources Biomass imports 2022: 26th out of 27 Low ranking 2016-2023: No change 2022-2023: No change (-13.1%)
Environment and resources Biomass imports from LDCs No data No data 2016-2023: No change 2022-2023: Increase well-being (-2.6%)
Environment and resources Land footprint No data No data 2016-2023: No change 2019-2021: No change (+6.1%)
Environment and resources Material footprint No data No data 2016-2023: No change 2020-2021: No change (-6.3%)
Environment and resources Greenhouse gas footprint No data No data 2016-2023: No change 2021-2022: No change (-4.8%)

Position of the Netherlands in the ranking of European Union member states for the indicators for well-being 'elsewhere'Bar chart showing the position of the Netherlands in the ranking of European Union member states for each of the indicators for well-being 'elsewhere'