An inflation rate of 6.1 percent in May 2023 means that prices of consumer products were on average 6.1 percent higher than in May 2022. The 6.1-percent inflation is therefore not on top of the 5.2-percent inflation of April.
|Year||Month||Year-on-year change (year-on-year % change)|
Price development of product groups
In addition to the inflation rate, CBS also publishes the price development of a number of product groups as part of its flash estimate. These product groups are aggregations of expenditure categories on a particular theme, such as all services. The price development of all categories in the CPI will be published on 6 June.
|May 2023 (%)||April 2023 (%)|
|Non-energy industrial goods||8.9||8.3|
|Energy including motor fuels||-18.5||-22.2|
|Food, beverages and tobacco||12.8||13.2|
New energy price measurement method
As from the reporting month of June 2023, in which the flash estimate will be published on 30 June, CBS will employ a new method to measure energy prices in the CPI. Under the current method, the price development of energy is measured on the basis of new energy contracts. The new method uses transaction data provided by energy suppliers, so that the tariffs paid under long-standing energy contracts can also be taken into account. This will result in a more accurate inflation rate. On 2 March, CBS published an update on its research into the new method of measuring energy prices.
HICP flash estimate
As of 1996, CBS publishes two different inflation rates. One based on the Consumer Price Index (CPI) and one on the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP). According to the HICP flash estimate, inflation stood at 6.8 percent in May. This was 5.8 percent in April.
In order to facilitate comparison between countries, EU member states calculate a consumer price index according to internationally agreed definitions and methods. Eurostat calculates the inflation rates for the euro area and the European Union based on these harmonised indices (HICP) from all EU countries. The European Central Bank (ECB) uses the HICP to formulate its monetary policies in the euro area. In addition, most countries produce their own national consumer price index.
For the Netherlands, the main difference between the CPI and the HICP is that, unlike the CPI, the HICP does not take into account the costs related to home ownership. In the CPI, these costs are calculated on the basis of rental property prices. However, this is not the only difference. This is further explained in a publication.