Domestic R&D expenditure over €18 billion in 2020
In 2020, enterprises, institutions and the higher education sector in the Netherlands spent nearly 18.4 billion euros on research and development (R&D), using own and hired personnel.
R&D expenditure 4 percent up in 2018
In 2018, Dutch enterprises, institutions and the higher education sector spent around 16.7 billion euros on Research & Development (R&D), using own and hired personnel.
ICT, knowledge and the economy 2011
ICT, knowledge and the economy is the combined continuation of the seriesThe digital economy and Knowledge and the economy published annually by Statistics Netherlands until last year.