International trade

International trade

Exports to the UK account for 3.5 percent of GDP

In 2019, the Netherlands earned 28.3 billion euros in exports of goods and services destined for the United Kingdom.

Exports down by 4 percent in March

The total volume of goods exports shrank by 4.0 percent in March year-on-year. This is the first contraction in exports since June 2019.

Flower exports down by over one-quarter in March

In March 2020, the export value of horticultural products such as flowers, plants, bulbs and nursery products declined by 22 percent year-on-year. The export of cut flowers dropped by 26 percent.

Imports from China down by 9 percent in March 2020

In March 2020, goods imports from China and Hong Kong showed a year-on-year decline of 9 percent.

Medical imports 8 percent up in Q1 2020

In Q1 2020, importeerde Nederland voor 8,7 miljard euro aan medische goederen. Dat was 8 procent meer dan in de eerste drie maanden van 2019.

Transition facility: insights into users 2012-2015

A descriptive analysis of de demography and trade behaviour of users of the instrument “Transition Facility” in the period 2012-2015.

Exports up by over 3 percent in February

The total volume of goods exports grew by 3.3 percent in February year-on-year. Growth was slightly lower than in the previous month.

Exports to Germany account for 6.7 percent of GDP

Dutch enterprises earned over 45 bn euros in exports to Germany, good for 6.7 percent of GDP.

Trade relations with Italy

Bilateral trade between the Netherlands and Italy: imports and import dependency versus exports and export earnings.

Foreign travellers spent 17 billion euros in 2019

In 2019, foreign tourists and business travellers spent over 17 billion euros on goods and services during their stay in or visit to the Netherlands.

Integration Agreements and Firm Internationalization

Economic Integration Agreements (EIAs) can be powerful instruments for countries to stimulate the international activity of their firms.

Intermittent exporting: unusual business or business as usual?

We construct an empirically supported definition of intermittent and perennial exporting and investigate to what extent intermittent exporters are distinguishable from non-exporters and perennial exporters and which factors explain the switching of export status.

Exports up by almost 4 percent in January

The total volume of goods exports grew by 3.7 percent in Janaury year-on-year. Growth was lower than in the previous month.

China has 15-percent share in total inbound transport

The total value of goods from China which entered the Netherlands in 2018 stood at 113 billion euros. This was 15 percent of the value of all incoming cargo that year.

Higher trade deficits on Bonaire and Saba in 2019

In 2019, Bonaire saw the highest increase in trade deficit among the three islands of the Caribbean Netherlands.

Exports up by over 4 percent in December

The total volume of goods exports grew by 4.3 percent in December year-on-year. Growth was higher than in the previous month.

Growth in exports to the United Kingdom lagging behind

In 2019, Dutch goods exports to the United Kingdom represented a value of 40 billion euros, 0.5 percent less than in 2018.

€2 bn trade surplus in transport services with the UK

In Q1-Q3 2019 the Netherlands imported services from the UK to a value of 17.1 billion euros, while service exports to the UK amounted to 19.3 billion euros. The trade surplus with the UK stood at 2.2 billion euros.

Agricultural exports hit record level

Agricultural exports amounted to an estimated 94.5 billion euros in 2019. This is 4.6 percent more than in 2018 and the highest level on record.

Exports up by over 4 percent in November

The total volume of goods exports grew by 4.1 percent in November year-on-year. Growth was lower than in the previous month.

Goods imports from China worth over 39 billion euros

In 2018, the Netherlands imported 39.2 billion euros in goods from China. Two-thirds were re-exported.

Quality of Dutch exports in global top 5

The Netherlands is in fourth position in the global IMF ranking of export quality.

Exports up by over 7 percent in October

The total volume of goods exports grew by 7.4 percent in October year-on-year. Growth was higher than in previous months.

Dutch exporters facing more trade regulations

Since establishment of the WTO in 1995, import tariffs have declined around the world. Exporters nevertheless have to comply with more and more regulations.

France most affected by US import tariffs

The recent US import tariffs on competing goods exported by EU countries are affecting France most severely. Goods include aircraft and wines, at an export value of 2.7 bn euros in 2018.

One-quarter more exporters to the US

In 2018, more than 8.9 thousand companies in the Netherlands exported goods to the United States, i.e. over one-quarter more than in 2015.

Fact sheet International trade

On this fact sheet, goods trade over the first eight months of 2019 is compared to the same period one year previously. Imports and exports have been broken down by commodity group and by trading partner.

Exports up by almost 2 percent in September

The total volume of goods exports grew by 1.8 percent in September year-on-year. Growth was higher than in the previous month.

Machinery exports account for highest earnings

In terms of the gross value added generated through Dutch exports, the highest value added is derived from the export of machinery and machine parts. In 2018, this value added amounted to almost 16 billion euros.

Less road haulage to and from the United Kingdom

In 2018, road hauliers carried 4.6 million tonnes of goods between the Netherlands and the United Kingdom.

Twice as many Chinese companies in the Netherlands

Over a span of five years, the number of Chinese companies located in the Netherlands nearly doubled, from 245 at the end of 2012 to 470 at the end of 2017.

Exports up by 2.5 percent in August

The total volume of goods exports grew by 2.5 percent in August year-on-year. Growth was higher than in the previous month.

Wholesale trade earns 40 billion euros from exports

In 2017, Dutch wholesale trade generated over 40 bn euros in value added due to exports of goods and services. This is equivalent to 16.5 percent of Dutch gross export earnings.

Exports up by 1 percent in July

The total volume of goods exports grew by 1.0 percent in July year-on-year.

British investments in the Netherlands up since 2016

British investment flows into the Netherlands have risen substantially since the Brexit referendum in 2016, from 14 bn euros in 2016 to 80 bn euros in 2018.

EU’s share in Dutch exports has fallen slightly

Nearly 71 percent of Dutch goods exports in 2018 went to other countries within the EU, although the EU's share has declined slightly relative to 2010.

Exports up by nearly 2 percent in June

The total volume of goods exports grew by 1.6 percent in June year-on-year.

The Netherlands largest importer of cocoa beans

In 2018, Dutch cocoa bean imports stood at 1.1 billion kg, more than half of which came from Ivory Coast. This makes the Netherlands the largest importer of cocoa beans in the world.

Exports up by 1.5 percent in May

The total volume of goods exports grew by 1.5 percent in May year-on-year.

Exports up by nearly 2 percent in April

The total volume of goods exports grew by nearly 2 percent in April year-on-year.

Netherlands earns €0.5 billion in car exports to the US

In 2015, the Dutch private sector generated more than 0.5 billion euros in revenues through European exports of motor vehicles and vehicle components to the United States.

Exports up by nearly 2 percent in March

The total volume of goods exports grew by nearly 2 percent in March year-on-year.

€25.5 billion revenue from exports to the UK

In 2018, the Netherlands earned 25.5 billion euros in exports of goods and services destined for the United Kingdom, up 4 percent on 2017.

Import behavior and export performance of firms

We investigate to what extent the export performance of Dutch exporters is tied to their import behavior. In doing so, we particularly focus on the network dimension of trading.

Exports up by 2 percent in February

The total volume of goods exports grew by 2 percent in February year-on-year.

E-commerce Caribbean Netherlands 2018-2019

The results of the e-commerce survey in the Caribbean Netherlands 2018-2019 are presented in this paper.

Higher wages and work pressure at US companies

Employees of US multinationals earn higher median wages but also work more (overtime) hours and experience higher work pressure and more mental fatigue than other multinationals and non-multinationals.

Trade deficit with the US narrower in 2018

In 2018, Dutch companies exported goods to the United States to a total of 23.7 billion euros, i.e. 20 percent up on the previous year.

Exports up by almost 3 percent in January

The total volume of goods exports grew by 2.7 percent in January year-on-year.

UK third largest destination in service exports

The United Kingdom is the largest market for Dutch services, after Germany and Ireland. In 2018, the Netherlands exported 23.8 billion euros of services to the UK, over 4 percent more than in the previous year.

Less recyclable plastic waste sent to China

Last year, China’s share in Dutch exports of recyclable plastic waste was 2.7 percent. In 2010, still nearly half of all plastic waste generated by businesses and households had China as a foreign destination.

Natural gas trade deficit for the first time in 2018

The Netherlands became a net importer of natural gas last year. Natural gas had an import value of almost 12 billion euros, an increase of 43 percent on 2017.

Dutch domestic exports to the UK recording decline

In 2018, the total value of Dutch-manufactured goods exported to the United Kingdom dropped by 170 million euros to 20.2 billion euros, representing a year-on-year decrease of 1 percent.

Half of imports from the UK not for domestic use

In 2018, the Netherlands imported 26.4 billion euros worth of goods from the United Kingdom. This amount was only higher in 2012 and 2013.

Import competition and firm innovation, 2000-2010

The influence of import competition on innovation by Dutch manufacturing firms during the period 2000-2010.

Trade deficit on St Eustatius down in 2018

In 2018, the trade deficits of Bonaire and Saba rose while the deficit of St Eustatius declined.

Exports down by over 2 percent in December

The total volume of goods exports shrank by 2.2 percent in December relative to December 2017.

Rising imports and exports of construction services

In the first three quarters of 2018, Dutch companies verhandelden met buitenlandse bedrijven voor 4,3 miljard euro aan bouw- en baggerdiensten in de eerste drie kwartalen van 2018.

Dissecting carry-along trade: what's in the bundle?

Replicating the delineation of carry-along trade (CAT) developed by Bernard et al (2012) for the Netherlands, case studies at the firm-product-country level reveal that many sourced export products do not seem to be part of a joint bundle with core exports.

Agricultural export value over 90 bn euros in 2018

Agricultural exports in 2018 were worth an estimated 90.3 billion euros, i.e. 0.2 percent up on 2017. While exports rose, prices dropped relative to 2017.

Weak export growth in November

The total volume of goods exports grew by 0.6 percent in November relative to November 2017.

Export growth 5 percent in October

The total volume of goods exports grew by 5.1 percent in October relative to October 2017.

80 percent of inward investments channelled out directly

The majority of inward foreign investments do not remain in the Netherlands, but are immediately channelled abroad instead.

Trade deficit with US due to re-exports

In 2016, the Netherlands’ goods trade deficit with the US hit 12 billion euros, i.e. Dutch imports of goods exceeded exports. The trade deficit can be attributed almost entirely to large re-export flows.

Less industrial waste exported to China

In the first eight months of 2018, exports of industrial products to China amounted to nearly 4.8 billion euros, representing a year-on-year decrease of 860 million euros.

Export growth 2 percent in September

The total volume of goods exports grew by 2 percent percent in September relative to September 2017.

Record number of T-shirts entering the Netherlands

During the first eight months of 2018, the Netherlands imported 213 million T-shirts, singlets and other vests of cotton. This is the largest quantity ever recorded and approximately 2.5 times more than in 1998.

Exports of entertainment-related services are growing
Export growth over 3 percent in August

The total volume of goods exports grew by 3.2 percent percent in August relative to August 2017.

UK has smaller share in Dutch domestic exports

The share of Dutch domestic exports going to the UK has diminished since 2017.

Investing abroad and trade relationships

Over half of enterprises outside the service sector with stakes in a foreign business in 2014 also maintained a trade relationship with the country where that business is located.

1/5 of manufacturing exports are carry-along trade

One-fifth of all exports by Dutch manufacturers consist of products that are not self-manufactured, but supplied along with their own products, a phenomenon referred to as carry-along trade.

Export growth 3 percent in July

The total volume of goods exports grew by 3.0 percent percent in July relative to July 2017.

The role of SMEs in the Dutch economy, 2012

The role of different types of enterprises (SME, large enterprises) in the Dutch economy, 2012, method and results.

Exports down by almost 1 percent in June

The total volume of goods exports fell slightly for the first time in over four years.

Export growth 5 percent in May

The total volume of goods exports grew by 5 percent in May relative to May 2017.

The Netherlands importing more business services

In Q1 2018, business services imports by Dutch companies amounted to 16 billion euros.

€22.7 billion revenue from exports to the UK

In 2017, trade with the United Kingdom generated 22.7 billion euros in the Netherlands.

Export growth almost 7 percent in April

The total volume of goods exports grew by 6.6 percent in April relative to April 2017.

Sustained decline coal transhipment at Dutch seaports

Coal supply to Dutch seaports dropped by nearly 7 percent to 50 million tonnes in 2017.

1.5 billion euros spent in foreign EU webshops

Preliminary results of ongoing big data research into online purchases by Dutch consumers from foreign webshops.

Export growth 3 percent in March

The total volume of goods exports grew by 3 in March 2018. Exports of transport equipment, machinery and appliances increased most notably

Share of Dutch exports in world market rising again

The Dutch export share in world trade grew in 2016 and 2017 after a decline following the credit crisis.

More sustainable cocoa processed

An increasingly large proportion of cocoa purchased by Dutch cocoa processing companies is certified sustainable according to the Dutch Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality.

Export growth 4.2 percent in February

The total volume of goods exports grew by 4.2 percent in February 2018

Dutch exports outside EU show higher growth

The value of total goods exports from the Netherlands rose by 43.5 billion euros in 2017, an increase of 10 percent.

Relatively more Dutch products in EU-15 exports

Exports from the EU 15 to other countries include increasing amounts of Dutch goods and services.

Exports nearly 400 times higher than in 1917

The Netherlands' external trade has grown explosively over the past century.

Export growth 5.5 percent in January

The total volume of goods exports grew by 5.5 percent in January 2018

Goods exports to the UK lagging behind

In 2017, Dutch goods exports to the UK represented a value of 39 billion euros, nearly the same amount as in 2016.

United Kingdom third trading partner in services

In 2017, the United Kingdom was our third trading partner in international services.

International trade in services time series 2012-2016

First results of the development of a microdata time series (2012-2016) on the international trade in services

Export growth over 9 percent in November

The total volume of goods exports grew by 9.4 percent in November 2017

Inland vessels transported 368 million tonnes in 2017

In 2017, inland vessels transported over 368 million tonnes of goods over Dutch waterways.

Export growth over 5 percent in October

The total volume of goods exports grew by 5.2 percent in October 2017

Export growth almost 7 percent

Total volume of goods exports grew by almost 7 percent in September 2017.

The Netherlands largest importer of insects in the EU

The Netherlands is the largest importer of live insects in the EU with an import value of 8.2 million euros.

Export growth over 7 percent in August

Total volume of goods exports grew by over 7 percent in August 2017.

Exports to Russia on the rise

During the first 7 months of 2017, exports to Russia amounted to nearly 3.2 billion euros.

Smartphone most imported high-tech product

The Netherlands imported more than 15 billion euros worth of smartphones in 2016.

Public export credit insurance in the Netherlands

An assessment of the contribution of the Dutch public export credit insurance facility to Dutch GDP and employment

Continuous growth of exports

The total volume of goods exports grew by nearly 7 percent in July 2017.

Decline in exports to the United Kingdom

Goods exports to the United Kingdom declined by 2 percent in the first half of 2017.

Most substantial export growth in 6.5 years

The volume of goods exports grew by 11 percent in June 2017 relative to June 2016.

Sustained growth exports

The total volume of goods exports grew by 3.3 percent in May 2017 relative to May 2016.

Sustained growth exports

The total volume of goods exports grew by 2.9 percent in April 2017 relative to April 2016.

Steady growth in exports

The total volume of goods exports grew by 6.5 percent in March 2017 relative to March 2016.

Netherlands second largest avocado importer worldwide

The Netherlands' imports of avocados reached a record high in 2016 at 433 milion euros.

10% of Dutch agricultural exports destined for UK

A relatively large share (10% in 2016) of Dutch agricultural exports is destined for the UK.

Increased trade with the UK in 2016

Dutch exports to the UK and their contribution to the Dutch economy

Growing export dependence Dutch manufacturing industry

Out of every one euro in revenue by the Dutch manufacturing industry, 70 euro cents are generated by exports.

Steady growth exports in January

The volume of goods exported in January 2017 was 5.7 percent up from January 2016.

Machinery most profitable Dutch export product

The Netherlands earned almost 13 bn euros from exports of machinery and machine parts in 2015.

Exports show further growth in November

The total volume of exported goods grew by 5.5 percent in November 2016 relative to November 2015.

Half of all inbound goods destined for other countries

The development of goods flows to and from the Netherlands in 2015: imports, exports, transit trade, re-exports.

Dutch chocolate exports spreading

The Netherlands exported domestically produced chocolate and semi-finished products worth 2.8 bn euros in 2015.

Trade with the UK continues to grow

How has trade with the UK developed since the Brexit referendum?

Exports show further growth

The total volume of goods exports grew by 5.2 percent in October 2016 relative to October 2015.

EU countries buying more clothing from Asia

EU-28 imports of clothing in 2015 amounted to 81 billion euros, with over 77 percent made in Asia.

Steady growth exports

The total volume of goods exports grew by 4.6 percent in September 2016 relative to September 2015

Value exports to Australia worth 4.2 billion euros

Last year, the Netherlands exported goods and services worth 4.2 bn euros to Australia.

Contribution of re-exports doubled over past 20 years

Re-exports of goods have become increasingly important for the Dutch economy over the past decades.

Steady growth exports

The total volume of Dutch goods exports grew by 3.7 percent in August 2016 relative to August 2015

Transport and storage top sector export of services

In 2014 the total value of services exported by the top sector Transport and storage exceeded 22 bn euros.

Strongly growing agricultural exports to Germany

Dutch exports of agricultural products to Germany rose by nearly one-quarter between 2010 and 2015.

More exports to North Rhine-Westphalia than to France

Last year, the value of goods exports to the German federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia amounted to 37 bn euros.

Holland and Brabant most important for trade with UK

Noord-Holland, Zuid-Holland and Noord-Brabant account for nearly two-thirds of goods trade with the United Kingdom.

Exports to UK account for 3 percent of GDP

Last year, the Netherlands earned over 20 billion euros on exports to the United Kingdom

The Netherlands earns billions in agro-sector exports

Agro-sector exports were valued at over 45 billion euros in 2014, earning almost 29 bn euros in revenues.

Export value agricultural products hits new record

In 2015 the value of agricultural exports amounted to 81.3 bn euros, the highest value ever.

Agriculture accounts for over half of trade surplus

The agricultural surplus ion the trade balance 26.1 bn euros versus 47.5 bn euros for all goods.

Growing share of foreign companies in total turnover

Turnover and employment at foreign-controlled companies in the Netherlands are growing relatively fast.

Steady growth exports

The total volume of goods exports grew by 2.8 percent in March 2016 compared to March 2015.

Explanatory notes Dutch exportradar

The Exports Radar is an instrument developed by Statistics Netherlands to analyse developments in exports of goods and place them in some sort of context.

Natural products important for trade with Indonesia

Dutch firms have imported more natural products. Imports of vegetable fats and oils have gone up especially.

Growth exports slows down

The total volume of goods exports grew by 3.0 percent in February 2016 compared to February 2015.

Non-EU exports vital for Friesland and North Brabant

Friesland and North Brabant are the biggest exporters of goods to countries outside the EU.

Export growth slows down

Statistics Netherlands (CBS) reports that the volume of exports of goods was 0.9 percent up in December 2015 from December 2014. In December, exports of transport equipment, chemical, oil and (basic) metal products grew most noticeably.

Trade with Iran picked up before embargo ended

The value of Dutch exports of goods to Iran exceeded 450 million euros in 2015, an increase by 21 percent within twelve months. Exporters were faced with trade restrictions in recent years. As a result, Iran occupied a modest 64th position on the list of export destinations. Pistachio nuts are Iran’s most important export product to the Netherlands.

Modest growth Dutch exports

Statistics Netherlands (CBS) reports that the volume of exports of goods was 1.8 percent up in November 2015 from November 2014. Growth was less substantial than in the preceding month, when exports grew by 3.9 percent. In November, exports of transport equipment and chemical, rubber and plastic products grew most noticeably. Statistics Netherlands’ Exports Radar shows that circumstances for Dutch exports were marginally better in December and January than in November.

Sustained growth Dutch exports

Statistics Netherlands (CBS) reports that the volume of exports of goods was 3.7 percent up in October 2015 from October 2014. Growth was somewhat higher than in the preceding month, when exports grew by 1.5 percent. In October, exports of petroleum derivatives and chemical products grew most noticeably. Statistics Netherlands’ Exports Radar shows that circumstances for Dutch exports in November and December were more or less the same as in October.

EU's importance as US trading partner growing again

The EU’s share in the US goods trade has increased since 2013. In the first nine months of 2015, the share was 18.5 percent of total US goods trade.

Many businesses in Limburg engaged in international trade

In relative terms, Limburg is the most internationally-oriented province of the Netherlands.

Modest growth Dutch exports

Statistics Netherlands (CBS) reports that the volume of exports of goods was 1.4 percent up in September 2015 from September 2014. Growth was substantially lower than in the preceding months. The Exports Radar shows that circumstances for Dutch exports in October and November were more or less the same as in September.

Japan lags behind in growth of Dutch exports to Asia

Japan has dropped four places on the list of main top Asian markets for Dutch-manufactured goods since 2002. That year, Japan was still the largest Asian market, but by 2010 it ranked third, dropping to fifth place and this year has dropped to fifth place. Although the value of Dutch exports to Japan did not diminish, exports to other Asian markets grew more significantly.

Substantial growth Dutch exports

Statistics Netherlands (CBS) reports that the volume of exports of goods was 5.4 percent up in August 2015 from August 2014, the most substantial growth since February.

Strong growth of Dutch exports

The volume of exports of goods was up by 5.4 percent in July 2015 from July 2014. This growth is stronger than in the preceding five months, according to Statistics Netherlands, and most substantial in the exports of transport equipment, machines and devices.

modest growth Dutch exports

Statistics Netherlands (CBS) reports that the volume of exports of goods was 1.7 percent up in June 2015 from June 2014. The growth is less substantial than in the preceding months.

Greater demand for Dutch products outside EU

Figures published by Statistics Netherlands (CBS) today show that exports of Dutch products to countries outside the EU have more than doubled over the past decade.

Multinational companies play prominent part in Dutch economy

Multinational companies account for 40 percent of jobs in the Dutch private sector,for two-thirds of total private sector turnover and for over 80 percent of international goods trade, as Statistics Netherlands (CBS) announced today in the Internationalisation Monitor On the basis of these facts, the small league of internationally operating companies is of vital importance for the Dutch economy.

substantial growth exports

Statistics Netherlands announced today that the volume of exports of goods was 7.5 percent up in May 2015 from May 2014. The growth is more substantial than in the previous month.

Netherlands has the seventh largest trade surplus in the world

Worldwide, the Netherlands has the seventh largest trade surplus in the trade of goods . China and Germany have the largest trade surpluses in the world in the absolute sense. The United States have by far the largest trade deficit in the goods trade. Three EU countries with large trade deficits in dollars are France, Spain and Greece.

Substantial increase exports to Switzerland after appreciation of the franc

The value of exports of Dutch goods to Switzerland has risen substantially in the first four months of 2015. The importance of Switzerland in total Dutch exports increased marginally. The value of imports declined slightly since the appreciation of the Swiss franc in January. Over the past two decades, Switzerland’s importance as supplier of goods for the Netherlands has slumped, but exports remained fairly stable.

Eurozone increasingly important for Greek trade

The importance of the eurozone as a trading partner for Greece has increased substantially in 2015. In the past, the eurozone was less relevant for Greece as a trading partner. EU member state Germany, for example, has overtaken Russia as largest supplier of goods. At the same time, Italy ousted Turkey as main export destination.

steady growth for exports

Statistics Netherlands announced today that the volume of exports of goods was 4.7 percent up in April 2015 from twelve months previously. The growth is somewhat larger than in the previous two months.

Norway overtakes Russia as largest oil supplier

In 2008, the Russian Federation accounted for one third of Dutch crude oil imports. Six years later, the share had been reduced to one quarter. At the same time, crude oil exports from Norway to the Netherlands nearly tripled.

exports grow, though less rapidly than in the preceding months

Statistics Netherlands announced today that the volume of exports of goods was 1.1 percent up in March 2015 from twelve months previously.

Enterprises spending more money on Research and Development abroad

Enterprises and institutions together spent 12.7 billion euros on R&D by in-house personnel in 2013, which constitutes a 2 percent on 2012. Apart from this, R&D activities are also frequently outsourced.

exports to EU countries account for over one fifth of GDP and jobs

Goods and services exported to EU countries generated 140 billion euros and accounted for 1.4 million FTEs in 2013. This is one fifth of GDP and employment in the Netherlands.

exports continue to rise substantially

Statistics Netherlands announced today that the volume of exports of goods was 6.6 percent larger in February 2015 than twelve months previously. The growth was somewhat lower than in January

Value of goods imported on Saba 15 percent up from 2013

Statistics Netherlands announced today that Saba is the only island within the Caribbean Netherlands to show an increase in the value of imported goods in 2014 compared to 2013. The value of imported goods declined marginally on Bonaire. Imports of mineral fuels, manufactured goods and machinery were below the level of the preceding year.

Africa increasingly important for Dutch exports

Over the period 2008-2014, the share of Dutch goods exported to Africa has grown from 2.6 to 3.3 percent. In 2014, the value of exports to Africa was more than 14.2 billion euros and exceeded the value of Dutch exports to Spain.

highest export growth in four years

Statistics Netherlands announced today that the volume of exports of goods was 10.2 percent up in January 2015 from January 2014. This was the highest growth since 2011.

Exports Dutch products to EU countries further down

The export of products manufactured in the Netherlands to EU countries is falling into decline. The importance of the EU in total exports of goods is also diminishing, but from an international point of view, the EU is still of vital importance for Dutch exports. Within the EU, Greece is the least EU-oriented as Statistics Netherlands announced today

Dutch exports to Greece slowly recover after substantial dip

Dutch goods exports to Greece are slowly picking up after a substantial dip in the early years of the recession. Greek exports have grown more rapidly over the past seven years than Dutch exports.

Considerable growth for exports

Statistics Netherlands announced today that the volume of exports of goods was 6.9 percent up in December 2014 from December 2013. In November, exports were 3.9 percent higher. Exports of transport vehicles, metal, machinery and equipment grew most notably in December.

Export food products hit by Russian import ban comes to virtual standstill

After the trade barriers between the Russian Federation and the European Union became effective, the value of export of food products to Russia was reduced almost by half. Exports of machinery and equipment were also down.

Higher contribution exports to GDP and more jobs

The importance of exports has increased substantially in the period 2010-2013. In 2013, exports contributed 32.4 percent to the GDP, i.e. 3 percentage points more than in 2010.

steady growth exports

Statistics Netherlands announced today that the volume of exports of goods was 4.8 percent up in November 2014 from November 2013. In the preceding month, the growth rate of exports was 5.1 percent. Exports of transport vehicles, agricultural products, metal and metal products, machinery and equipment grew most notably in November.

export value fractionally lower in 2014

Goods exports were 0.25 percent lower in the first ten months of 2014 than in the same period in 2013. Lower market prices were the main reason for this.

smartphone increasingly important import product

In the period 2007 - October 2014, the share of imported mobile phones and smartphones in total imports more than doubled to 2 percent.

large concerns account for three-quarters of Dutch exports

Companies that are part of a large Dutch or foreign concern account for three-quarters of the export value of goods exported by the Dutch private sector.

substantial exports growth in October

The volume of exports of goods was 5.3 percent up in October 2014 from October 2013. In the preceding month, exports grew by 6.2 percent. Higher exports of Dutch products and higher re-exports contributed to the growth.

Robust growth exports in September

According to Statistics Netherlands, the volume of exports of goods was 6.2 percent up in September 2014 from September 2013. In the preceding month, exports grew by more than 1 percent. Higher exports of Dutch products and higher re-exports contributed to the growth.

Robust growth exports in September

According to Statistics Netherlands, the volume of exports of goods was 6.4 percent up in September 2014 from September 2013. In the preceding month, exports grew by more than 1 percent. Higher exports of Dutch products and higher re-exports contributed to the growth.

Exports to Ukraine nearly halved

In August 2014 Dutch exports to the Ukraine reached 54 million euros wheras in August 2013 exports to the Ukrain were valued at 98 million. This sharp decrease is due to the political tensions in the country that have been increasing for nearly a year.

Higher re-exports nudge up export figure

The volume of exports of goods was 1.2 percent up in August 2014 from August 2013, after a 4.1 percent improvement in July. According to Statistics Netherlands, the increase was caused by higher re-exports.

The Netherlands: transit port for Japanese products to Europe

Goods imports from Japan amounted to 8.4 billion euros in 2013. The Netherlands is mainly a transit country for Japanese products to Europe. Three-quarters of the imported goods were re-exported again almost immediately.

Exports up again, mainly as a result of higher re-exports

The volume of exports of goods was 4.7 percent up in July 2014 from July 2013, after a 3.6 percent improvement in June. According to Statistics Netherlands, the growth in exports was mainly caused by higher re-exports.

Exports up again, mainly as a result of higher re-exports

The volume of exports of goods was 4.1 percent up in July 2014 from July 2013, after a 3.2 percent improvement in June. According to Statistics Netherlands, the growth in exports was mainly caused by higher re-exports.

Exports up again

The volume of exports of goods was 1.9 percent up in June 2014 from June 2013, after a 3.0 percent drop in May. The volume of imported goods was 1.9 percent down from twelve months previously. The volume of imports had fallen in May, but to a lesser extent (0.9 percent).

Russian boycott will cost Dutch economy 300 million euros

The export value of goods covered by Russian boycott amounted to more than 500 million euros in 2013. The Netherlands earned approximately 300 million euros and about 5,000 jobs were involved.

Exports up again

The volume of exports of goods was 2.4 percent up in June 2014 from June 2013, after a 3.1 percent drop in May. The volume of imported goods was 2.3 percent down from twelve months previously. The volume of imports had fallen in May, but to a lesser extent (0.7 percent).

Only 0.1 percent of Dutch exports directly hit by Russian boycott

Only 0.1 percent of total Dutch exports of goods is affected by the Russian boycott of agricultural products, but the boycott predominantly concerns exports of products made in the Netherlands, which have the highest profits margins.

Exports down

The volume of exports of goods was 3.1 percent down in May 2014 from May 2013. This is the largest decrease in the last four and a half years. In the months prior to the decrease in May, exports had grown modestly.

Robust growth trade with emerging markets

For many years, the growth rate of the value of goods exported to fast-growing economies has been higher than the growth rate of exports to Europe, but the share of European countries in total Dutch exports remains much larger than the share of exports to emerging markets.

Exports down

The volume of exports of goods was 2.8 percent down in May 2014 from May 2013. A decline of this magnitude has not occurred in the past four and a half years. In the months prior to the decline in May, exports had grown modestly.

Modest growth for exports

The volume of exports of goods was 1.2 percent up in April 2014 from April 2013. In the first months of 2014, the foreign demand for natural gas was considerably lower than twelve months previously, due to the relatively mild weather conditions. This slowed down exports growth but in April, the effect of the weather conditions was less negative than in the preceding months.

More trade between Poland and the Netherlands

The trading relationship between Poland and the Netherlands is becoming more and more important. Poland is by far the most important trading partner for the Netherlands of all the countries which have joined the European Union in the past decade.

Modest growth for exports

The volume of exports of goods was 2.0 percent up in April 2014 from April 2013. The growth was slightly more substantial than in the preceding months, when the relatively mild weather conditions slowed down exports growth.

Exports grow 0.7 percent in March

The volume of exports of goods was 0.7 percent up in March 2014 from March 2013. In February, exports growth was 1.3 percent. Due to the relatively mild weather conditions in the first months of 2014, the foreign demand for natural gas was considerably lower. This slowed down exports growth.

exports grow by 1.3 percent in March

The volume of exports of goods was 1.3 percent up in March 2014 from March 2013. Exports growth was in the same order of magnitude as in February. Due to the relatively mild weather conditions in the first months of 2014, the foreign demand for natural gas was considerably lower. This slowed down exports growth.

Exports up

The volume of exports of goods was 1.4 percent higher in February 2014 than in February 2013. In January, the volume of exports grew marginally (0.2 percent). The volume of imports of goods grew by 0.3 percent in February, just as in January.

Exports account for one third of employment

In 2012, exports of goods and services generated the equivalent of 2.2 million full-time jobs in the Netherlands. This accounts for one third of total employment in the country.

Exports up

The volume of exports of goods was 1.9 percent higher in February 2014 than in February 2013. In January, the volume of exports fell marginally (0.4 percent). The volume of imports of goods grew by 1.3 percent in February, after a modest 0.3 percent growth in January.

Former Soviet republics account for one percent of Dutch trade

In 2012, the value of imports from the constituent republics of the former Soviet Union amounted to nearly 5 billion euros. The value of exports exceeded 4 billion euros. Imports to and exports from the former Soviet republics make up one percent of Dutch international trade.

Exports marginally lower

The volume of exports of goods was 0.4 percent down in January 2014 from January 2013. In December last year, the volume of exports grew by a modest 0.5 percent. The volume of imports grew by 0.3 percent in January, after a 1.7 percent growth in December.

Modest growth for exports

The volume of exports of goods was 0.6 percent up in January 2014 from January 2013. In December last year, the volume of exports also grew modestly. The volume of imports grew by 0.3 percent in January, after an increase by 1.3 percent in December.

Exports to US in decline

The value of exports to the United States (US) declined last year, mainly caused by sluggish exports of petroleum derivatives and lower export prices.

Volume of exports remains fairly stable

In December 2013, the volume of exports of goods was 0.2 percent up from twelve months previously. In November last year, the volume of exports increased by 1.9 percent. The volume of imports grew by 1.3 percent in December, after a marginal growth by 0,3 percent in November.

Volume of exports remains fairly stable

In December 2013, the volume of exports of goods was 0.1 percent up from twelve months previously. In November last year, the volume of exports increased by 1.1 percent. The volume of imports grew by 0.8 percent in December, after a marginal decline in November.

Modest growth exports

In November 2013, the volume of exports of goods was 1.4 percent up from twelve months previously, whereas the volume had decreased somewhat in September and October.

Modest growth exports

In November 2013, the volume of exports of goods was 2.4 percent up from twelve months previously, whereas the volume had decreased somewhat in September and October. The volume of imports grew by 0.8 percent, after a marginal decline in October.

Exports marginally down

In October 2013, the volume of exports of goods was 0.4 percent down from twelve months previously. In September, the volume of exports had shrunk by 0.8 percent. The volume of imports fell by 0.2 percent in October, after a 1.5 percent growth in September.

Modest share exports to large emerging markets

In 2012, the Dutch share of exports of goods to large emerging markets like China, India, Indonesia and Saudi Arabia was relatively modest compared to Germany and Belgium. Within the EU 28, the Netherlands is in sixteenth place.

Marginal growth exports

In October 2013, the volume of exports of goods was 0.6 percent up from twelve months previously. In September, the volume of exports had been marginally down. The volume of imports fell by 0.4 percent in October, after marginal growth in September.

Exports marginally lower

In September 2013, the volume of exports of goods was 0.5 percent down from September 2012. In the preceding three months, exports growth was about 2 percent. The volume of imports grew by 1.2 percent in September. In August, this volume shrank by 1.6 percent.

Exports marginally lower in September

In September 2013, the volume of exports of goods was 0.6 percent down from September 2012. In the preceding three months, exports growth was about 2 percent. The volume of imports grew by 1.6 percent in September. In August, this volume shrank by 2.1 percent.

Modest exports growth

The volume of goods exports was 2.2 percent lager in August 2013 than in August 2012. This increase is in the same order of magnitude as in the preceding two months.

Exports growth marginally up

In August 2013, the volume of exports of goods was 2.5 percent up from August 2012. Exports growth was marginally higher than in the preceding three months. The volume of imports shrank by 2.3 percent in August, almost the same as in July.

Modest exports growth

In July 2013, the volume of exports of goods was 1.9 percent up from July 2012. Exports growth was marginally larger than in May and June. The volume of imports decreased by 2.4 percent in July. In June imports still rose by 1.2 percent.

Trade with Turkey expanding

Over the past five years, the value of Dutch exports of goods to Turkey has risen by 24 percent to 4.7 billion euros in 2012. Dutch investments in Turkey in fact outstripped the value of exports to Turkey in 2012.

Modest exports growth

In July 2013, the volume of exports of goods was 1.1 percent up from July 2012. The growth is in the same order of magnitude as in May and June.

Sustained increase exporters

In 2012, the number of export companies grew by 10 thousand to 126 thousand. It has grown for the third consecutive year.

Exports marginally up in June

The volume of exports of goods was 0.9 percent up in June 2013 from June 2012. Exports growth was marginally smaller than in May (1.1 percent). In April, exports were still 2.0 percent down from one year previously.

Terms of trade slightly deteriorated

Compared with June 2012, Dutch terms of trade of imported and exported goods slightly deteriorated in June 2013. Prices of exported goods were the same as one year previously, whereas import prices were 0.2 percent higher.

Exports up slightly in June

The volume of exports of goods was up by 1.7 percent in June 2013 on June 2012. Exports growth was marginally larger than in May (1.4 percent). In April, exports were down 1.8 percent from one year previously. The volume of imports increased by 0.9 percent in June, after contracting in April and May.

Marginal growth exports

The volume of exports of goods was 0.8 percent up in May from May 2012. In April, exports were 1.9 percent down from one year previously.

Marginal growth exports

The volume of exports of goods was 0.7 percent up in May from May 2012. In April, exports were 2.2 percent down from one year previously. The volume of imports declined by 1.0 percent in May compared to twelve months previously.

Terms of trade slightly improved

Compared with May 2012, Dutch terms of trade of imported and exported goods slightly improved in May 2013.

Terms of trade improved again

Compared with April 2012, Dutch terms of trade of imported and exported goods improved in April 2013. Prices of imported and exported goods were 3.2 and 2.0 percent lower respectively than one year previously.

Exports in decline

The volume of exports of goods was 2.3 percent down in April from April 2012. A decline in this order of magnitude has not occurred since October 2011. The volume of imports remained stable in April relative to twelve months previously, after a marginal decrease in March.

Croatia small trading partner

The trade of goods with Croatia is limited. On 1 July 2013, Croatia will be the 28th country to join the European Union.

Exports shrinks

The volume of exports of goods was 2.7 percent lower in April than twelve months previously. Exports decreased for the first time since October 2011. The volume of imports decreased by 0.2 percent in April; this is in the same order of magnitude as in March.

Terms of trade improved again

Compared with April 2012, Dutch terms of trade of imported and exported goods improved in April 2013. Prices of imported and exported goods were 3.2 and 1.9 percent lower respectively than one year previously.

Modest growth for exports in March

The volume of exports of goods grew by 1.9 percent in March relative to twelve months previously. The growth of exports has not been this low since August 2012. The volume of imports increased by 0.5 percent in March, the lowest growth rate in more than twelve months.

Terms of trade improved

Dutch terms of trade of imported and exported goods improved in March 2013 relative to March 2012. Prices of imported and exported goods were respectively 1.7 and 0.8 percent down from one year previously.

Modest growth for exports

The volume of exports of goods grew by 3 percent in February relative to twelve months previously. Over the past five months, exports growth ranged between 3 and 6 percent. The volume of imports increased by 1 percent in February, the lowest growth rate in more than twelve months.

Modest growth for exports

The volume of exports of goods grew by 3 percent in February relative to twelve months previously. Over the past five months, exports growth ranged between 3 and 6 percent. The volume of imports increased by 1.5 percent in February, the lowest growth rate in almost twelve months.

Terms of trade marginally down

Dutch terms of trade of imported and exported goods deteriorated marginally in February 2013 relative to February 2012. Prices of exported goods were at the same level as one year previously and prices of imported goods were 0.2 percent higher.

Dutch exports nearly 5 percent up

The volume of exports of goods grew nearly 5 percent in January relative to twelve months previously, equalling the growth rate in the fourth quarter of 2012.The volume of imports increased by more than 4 percent in January, just below the growth level of the previous three months.

Dutch exports more than 5 percent up

The volume of exports of goods grew more than 5 percent in January relative to twelve months previously. Exports growth was slightly higher than in the fourth quarter of 2012.

Terms of trade improved

Dutch terms of trade of imported and exported goods improved in January 2013 relative to January 2012. Prices of exported goods were 0.6 percent higher, prices of imported goods rose by 0.1 percent.

Estonia: limited trade volume with the Netherlands

In 2011 the Netherlands traded with Estonia on a limited scale. Just as in 2010, the share of Dutch imports and exports in total goods trade was a mere 0.1 percent. The value of Dutch imports from Estonia rose by 79 percent to 438 million euro in 2011. Dutch exports rose by 22 percent to reach 396 million euro.

Austria: Dutch export growth down

The Netherlands exported 5.2 billion euro worth of goods to Austria In 2011. This is 6 percent more than in 2010, when exports were 19 percent higher than the year before. Dutch imports from Austria rose by 7 percent in 2011 to 1.9 billion euro. This resulted in a trade surplus of 3.3 billion euro.

Dutch exports more than 3 percent up in December

The volume of exports of goods grew more than 3 percent in December relative to twelve months previously . The growth figure for October and November was approximately 5 percent.The volume of imports grew by 5 percent in December, about the same growth rate as in the two preceding months.

Re-exports and higher prices largely account for growth Dutch exports

The value of Dutch exports of goods reached an unprecedented 431 billion euro in 2012. The exports growth over the past year was largely due to an increase in re-exports and higher prices.

Dutch exports nearly 4 percent up in December

The volume of exports of goods grew nearly 4 percent in December relative to twelve months previously . The growth figure for October and November was approximately 5 percent. The volume of imports grew by nearly 5 percent in December, about the same growth rate as in the two preceding months.

Terms of trade deteriorate marginally

Dutch terms of trade of imported and exported goods deteriorated marginally in December 2012 relative to December 2011. Prices of exported goods were 0.5 percent higher, prices of imported goods rose by 0.7 percent.

Dutch exports more than 4 percent up

The volume of exports of goods grew by more than 4 percent in November relative to twelve months previously. In October, the growth figure was more than 5 percent. The volume of imports grew by nearly 5 percent in November, the same growth rate as in October.

Dutch exports 5 percent up

The volume of exports of goods grew by 5 percent in November relative to twelve months previously. In October, the growth figure was 6 percent. The volume of imports grew by 4 percent in November, the same growth rate as in October.

Terms of trade deteriorate again

Dutch terms of trade of imported and exported goods deteriorated in November 2012 compared to November 2011. Prices of exported goods were 1.4 percent higher, prices of imported goods rose by 2.4 percent.

Dutch exports growth up

The volume of exports of goods grew by 6 percent in October relative to twelve months previously. The growth figure for exports is higher than in the four preceding months. The volume of imports grew by more than 4 percent in October, which is a slightly higher growth rate than in the four preceding months.

Dutch exports growth up

The volume of imports and exports of goods grew by 6 percent in October relative to twelve months previously. The growth figures for imports and exports are higher than in the four preceding months.

Terms of trade deteriorated again

Dutch terms of trade of imported and exported goods deteriorated in October 2012 compared to October 2011. Prices of exported goods were 2.2 percent higher, prices of imported goods rose by 2.9 percent.

Imports from China: from T-shirts to tablet PCs

China is the main supplier of high-tech products for the Netherlands. The import of high-tech products such as computers and mobile phones is gaining ground to the detriment of low-tech products, like clothes and footwear.

Dutch exports growth remains low

The volume of Dutch goods exports grew by nearly 3 percent in September compared with twelve months previously. The increase in exports thus remains low for the third successive month. The volume of imports grew by more than 2 percent in September, slightly below the growth rate in the three preceding months.

Most raw materials imported from Europe

The Netherlands obtains 68 percent of its raw materials from elsewhere. Two thirds of the raw materials come from European countries.

Dutch exports growth remains low

The volume of goods exports grew by 2 percent in September compared with twelve months previously. The increase in exports thus remains low for the third successive month. The volume of imports grew by 3 percent in September, almost the same as the growth rate in the three preceding months.

Terms of trade worsen again

Dutch terms of trade of imported and exported goods deteriorated in September 2012 compared with September 2011. Prices of exported goods were 2.9 percent higher, prices of imported goods rose by 3.1 percent.

Modest growth for Dutch exports

The volume of exports of goods grew by more than 2 percent in August compared with twelve months previously. This increase is larger than in July, but smaller than in June. The volume of imports grew by nearly 4 percent in August, almost the same as the growth rate in June and July.

Modest growth for Dutch exports

The volume of exports of goods grew by 2.5 percent in August compared with twelve months previously. This increase is larger than in July, but smaller than in June. The volume of imports grew by 3 percent in August, almost the same as the growth rate in June and July.

Terms of trade down further

Dutch terms of trade of imported and exported goods deteriorated in August 2012 compared with August 2011. Prices of exported goods were 3.2 percent higher, prices of imported goods rose by 4.5 percent.

Dutch exports grow slightly

The volume of the exports of goods grew by more than 1 percent in July relative to twelve months previously. In May and June, Dutch exports had increased by 9 percent and 5 percent respectively.The volume of imports grew by more than 3 percent in July, which almost equals the growth rate in June.

Modest growth exports to euro countries

Over the period 2004-2012, the growth rate of Dutch exports to euro countries was almost every year below the growth rate of exports to non-euro countries. Greece is the only euro country to which Dutch exports declined relative to eight years ago.

Terms of trade deteriorated

Dutch terms of trade of imported and exported goods deteriorated in July 2012 relative to July 2011. Prices of exported goods were 1.4 percent higher, prices of imported goods rose by 2.1 percent.

Dutch exports barely grow

The volume of the exports of goods grew by nearly 1 percent in July relative to twelve months previously. In May and June, Dutch exports had grown by nearly 9 and nearly 5 percent respectively.

Diminishing export growth in June

The volume of the exports of goods grew nearly 5 percent in June relative to twelve months previously. In May Dutch exports had increased by nearly 9 percent.The volume of imports grew 2 percent in June, which is also less than in May when imports were up by 6 percent.

Diminishing export growth in June

The volume of the exports of goods grew 4 percent in June relative to twelve months previously. In May Dutch exports had increased by nearly 9 percent.The volume of imports grew nearly 3 percent in June, which is also less than in May when imports were up by 6 percent.

Terms of trade deteriorated

Dutch terms of trade of imported and exported goods deteriorated in June 2012 relative to June 2011. Prices of exported goods were 0.7 percent higher, prices of imported goods rose by 1.3 percent.

Germany is the main trading partner of 17 EU countries

Germany is the main trading partner of 17 of the 27 EU countries. The main trading partner of Germany is the Netherlands.

Substantial exports growth

The volume of exports of goods increased by 8.5 percent in May relative to twelve months previously. The growth rates of Dutch exports in April and March were over 4 and over 2 percent respectively. The volume of imports grew by nearly 7 percent in May, just as in April.

Substantial exports growth

The volume of exports of goods increased by nearly 9 percent in May relative to twelve months previously. The growth rates of Dutch exports in April and March were nearly 6 and over 3 percent respectively.

Terms of trade improved marginally

Dutch terms of trade of imported and exported goods improved marginally in May 2012 relative to May 2011. Prices of exported goods were 1.7 percent higher, prices of imported goods rose by 1.6 percent.

Exports growth more substantial

The volume of exports of goods increased by 6 percent in April relative to twelve months previously. The growth rates of Dutch exports in February and March were 2 and more than 3 percent respectively. The volume of imports grew by nearly 7 percent in April, which is also higher than in the preceding months.

Terms of trade improved marginally

Dutch terms of trade of imported and exported goods improved marginally in April 2012 compared to April 2011. Prices of exported goods were 2.2 percent higher, prices of imported goods rose by 2.1 percent. In March, terms of trade deteriorated slightly.

Exports growth more substantial

The volume of exports of goods increased by 6 percent in April relative to twelve months previously. The growth rates of Dutch exports in February and March were nearly 2 and 3 percent respectively. The volume of imports grew by 6 percent in April.

Exports growth slightly up

The volume of exports of goods increased by 3 percent in March relative to twelve months previously. Dutch exports had grown by nearly 2 percent in February. The volume of imports grew by 1 percent in March.

Exports growth slightly up

The volume of exports of goods increased by more than 5 percent in March relative to twelve months previously. Dutch exports had grown by nearly 4 percent in February. The volume of imports grew by more than 4 percent in March.

Terms of trade deteriorated marginally

Dutch terms of trade of imported and exported goods deteriorated marginally in March 2012 compared to March 2011. Prices of exported goods were 2.9 percent higher, prices of imported goods rose by 3.1 percent.

Exports growth up

The volume of exports of goods increased by more than 3 percent in February relative to twelve months previously. Dutch exports had grown by more than 1 percent in January. The volume of imports grew by nearly 7 percent in February. In January, imports had grown by 1 percent.

Exports growth up

The volume of exports of goods increased by nearly 4 percent in February relative to twelve months previously. Dutch exports had grown by nearly 2 percent in January. The volume of imports grew by more than 7 percent in February. In January, imports had grown only marginally.

Terms of trade improved again

Dutch terms of trade of imported and exported goods improved in February 2012 compared to February 2011. Prices of exported goods were 3.9 percent higher, prices of imported goods rose by 3.4 percent.

Sustained exports growth

The volume of exports of goods increased by nearly 2 percent in January relative to twelve months previously. In December, Dutch exports had grown by 5 percent. The volume of imports grew marginally in January.

Sustained exports growth

The volume of exports of goods increased by 3 percent in January relative to twelve months previously. In December, Dutch exports had grown by 4 percent. The volume of imports grew by nearly 1 percent in January.

Terms of trade improved again

Dutch terms of trade of imported and exported goods improved in January 2012 compared to January 2011. Prices of exported goods were 4.4 percent higher, prices of imported goods rose by 3.7 percent.

Exports growth

The volume of exports of goods increased by 4 percent in December relative to twelve months previously. In November, export growth came to a halt after negative growth in October. The volume of imports also grew by 4 percent in December.

Robust growth exports

The volume of exports of goods increased by nearly 6 percent in December relative to twelve months previously. In November, export growth came to a halt after negative growth in October. The volume of imports grew by nearly 5 percent in December.

Terms of trade improved

Dutch terms of trade of imported and exported goods improved in December 2011 compared to December 2010. Prices of exported goods were 2.6 percent higher, prices of imported goods rose by 1.9 percent.

Exports slightly up

The volume of exports of goods increased by nearly 1 percent in November relative to twelve months previously. In October, exports shrunk for the first time in nearly two years. The volume of imports grew by 1 percent in November.

Exports slightly up

The volume of exports of goods increased by more than 1 percent in November relative to twelve months previously. In October, exports shrunk for the first time in nearly two years. The volume of imports grew by 1 percent in November.

Terms of trade improved

Dutch terms of trade of imported and exported goods improved in November 2011 compared to November 2010. Prices of exported goods were 3.7 percent higher, prices of imported goods rose by 2.7 percent.

More and more East European transporters active in the Netherlands

East European – in particular Polish – transport companies are increasingly active in the Netherlands. Within the European Union (EU), the Netherlands is the fifth largest exporter of transport services.

Exports shrinking

The volume of exports of goods was more than 2 percent smaller in October than twelve months previously. The volume of exports declined for the first time in nearly two years.

Exports shrinking

The volume of exports of goods was nearly 2 percent smaller in October than twelve months previously.

Terms of trade deteriorated again

Dutch terms of trade of imported and exported goods deteriorated in October compared to October 2010. Prices of exported goods were 4.2 percent higher, prices of imported goods rose by 5.2 percent.

Exports growth stagnating

In September, the volume of exports of goods was about the same as twelve months previously. In July and August, the growth rate still was around 3 percent. The volume of imports was 2 percent higher in September.

Exports growth slows down further

The volume of exports of goods increased by more than 1 percent in September from twelve months previously. In July, the growth rate still was nearly 5 percent, in August more than 3 percent. The volume of imports was 4 percent higher in September.

Terms of trade deteriorated considerably

Dutch terms of trade of imported and exported goods deteriorated considerably in September compared to September 2010. Prices of exported goods were 5.3 percent higher, prices of imported goods rose by 7.3 percent. September is the third month in a row to show a deterioration in terms of trade relative to one year previously.

Netherlands occupies prominent position in export of flowers and plants

Flowers and plants are not the most important export products, but the level of specialisation with respect to these products is high in the Netherlands.

Dramatic downturn trade with Libya

The Arab League currently comprises 22 Arab nations. Dutch trade with member state Libya dropped most dramatically.

Exports growth slightly down

The volume of exports of goods increased by nearly 4 percent in August from twelve months previously. In June and July, the growth rate still was around 5 percent. The volume of imports was nearly 5 percent higher in August, substantially above the growth level in July.

Exports growth slightly down

The volume of exports of goods increased by nearly 4 percent in August from twelve months previously. In June and July, the growth rate still exceeded 5 percent. The volume of imports was nearly 5 percent higher in August, substantially above the growth level in July.

Terms of trade deteriorated

Dutch terms of trade of imported and exported goods deteriorated in August compared to August 2010. Prices of exported goods were 4.2 percent higher, prices of imported goods rose by 5.2 percent.

Exports growth at more than 5 percent

The volume of exports of goods increased by more than 5 percent in July from twelve months previously. The growth rate was the same as in June. The volume of imports was nearly 2 percent higher in July, substantially below the growth level in the preceding month.

Wine imports 4 percent up in 2010

Last year, 415 million litres of wine were imported, an increase by 4 percent from 2009. Wine imports from the United Kingdom (UK), Italy, Chile and Spain increased noticeably, while the largest wine-supplying countries, France and Germany, lost more than one percentage points of their market share.

Exports growth at nearly 5 percent

The volume of exports of goods increased by nearly 5 percent in July from twelve months previously. The growth rate was the same as in May and June. The volume of imports was nearly 1 percent higher in July, substantially below the growth level in the preceding months.

Terms of trade deteriorated

Dutch terms of trade of imported and exported goods deteriorated in July compared to July 2010. Prices of exported goods were 5.5 percent higher, prices of imported goods rose by 6.7 percent.

Dutch trade focuses on a limited number of countries and goods

Dutch trade focuses on a limited number of countries and goods. The five most important trading partners of the Netherlands account for more than half of the total value of Dutch trade.

Moderate growth exports

The volume of exports of goods increased by nearly 5 percent in June from twelve months previously. The growth of the volume of exports has remained fairly stable over the past months. The volume of imports was more than 4 percent higher in June.

Terms of trade improved

Dutch terms of trade of imported and exported goods improved in June 2011 compared to June 2010. Prices of exported goods were 3.1 percent higher, prices of imported goods rose by 2.2 percent.

Exports growth slightly up

The volume of exports of goods increased by nearly 6 percent in June from twelve months previously. This is marginally above the increase in May. The growth of the volume of exports has remained fairly stable over the past months. The volume of imports was nearly 4 percent higher in June.

Exports growth slows down further

The volume of exports of goods increased by more than 2 percent in May from twelve months previously, the lowest exports growth rate in almost a year and a half.

Exports growth slows down further

The volume of exports of goods increased by more than 2 percent in May from twelve months previously, the lowest exports growth rate in almost a year and a half. In April, exports still grew by nearly 5 percent.

Terms of trade hardly changed

Dutch terms of trade of imported and exported goods hardly changed in May 2011 compared to May 2010. Prices of exported goods were 6.2 percent higher, prices of imported goods rose by 6.1 percent.

Marginal improvement Dutch terms of trade

Dutch terms of trade of imported and exported goods improved slightly in April 2011 compared to April 2010. Prices of imported goods were 6.1 percent higher, prices of exported goods rose by 6.6 percent.

Exports growth remains modest

The volume of exports of goods increased by nearly 5 percent in April relative to twelve months previously. The exports growth rate was slightly higher than in March. The volume of imports grew by nearly 2 percent.

Exports growth remains modest

The volume of exports of goods increased by 4 percent in April relative to twelve months previously. The exports growth rate was marginally higher than in March.

Further deterioration terms of trade

Dutch terms of trade of imported and exported goods deteriorated marginally in April 2011 compared to April 2010. Prices of imported goods were 8.5 percent higher, prices of exported goods rose by 7.8 percent.

Moderate growth exports in March

The volume of exports of goods was more than 2 percent higher in March 2011 than twelve months previously. The growth rate was lower than in the preceding months. The volume of goods imports was 7 percent higher.

Moderate growth exports in March

The volume of exports of goods was 3 percent higher in March 2011 than twelve months previously. The growth rate was lower than in the preceding months. The volume of goods imports was nearly 7 percent higher.

Marginal deterioration terms of trade

Dutch terms of trade of imported and exported goods deteriorated marginally in March 2011 compared to March 2010. Prices of imported goods were 10.0 percent higher, prices of exported goods rose by 9.4 percent.

Sustained exports growth

The volume of exports of goods was nearly 7 percent higher in February 2011 than twelve months previously. This growth rate was higher than in January. The volume of goods imports was more than 9 percent higher, a substantially larger rise than in January.

Sustained exports growth

The volume of exports of goods was more than 7 percent higher in February 2011 than twelve months previously. This is almost the same growth rate as in January. The volume of goods imports was 10 percent higher, a substantially larger rise than in January.

Marginal deterioration terms of trade

Dutch terms of trade of imported and exported goods deteriorated marginally in February 2011 compared to February 2010. Prices of imported goods were 10.8 percent higher, prices of exported goods rose by 10.6 percent.

Exports up 7 percent

The volume of exports of goods was more than 7 percent higher in January 2011 than twelve months previously. The volume of goods imports was 7 percent higher. Although the increase in international trade is smaller than in previous months, the months with which it is now being compared showed higher volumes of imports and exports: in January 2010, trade started to pick up again substantially for the first time since the financial crisis.

Netherlands fifth exporter of services in the EU

After the United Kingdom, Germany, France and Spain, the Netherlands was the fifth largest exporter of services in the European Union (EU) in 2009 with a value of nearly 82 billion euro.

Most bulbs exported to the US

The Netherlands exported 3.6 billion bulbs last year, 2 percent more than in 2009, but the value of bulb exports was reduced by 6 percent to 313 million euro.

9 billion euro worth of goods imported from Japan

The total value of goods imported from Japan last year was 9 billion euro, a 27 percent increase from 2009. Imports of machinery and transport equipment grew significantly.

Russia largest oil supplier for the Netherlands

One third of total Dutch imports of crude oil came from Russia in 2010, followed at a distance by the United Kingdom. Saudi Arabia’s importance has waned in recent years.

Exports up 7 percent

The volume of exports of goods was more than 7 percent higher in January 2011 than twelve months previously. The volume of goods imports was 6 percent higher. Although the increase in international trade is smaller than in previous months, the months with which it is now being compared showed higher volumes of imports and exports: in January 2010, trade started to pick up again substantially for the first time since the financial crisis.

Terms of trade hardly changed

The Dutch terms of trade of imported and exported goods hardly changed in January 2011 compared with January 2010. Prices of imported goods were 9.5 percent higher, prices of exported goods rose by 9.6 percent.

Substantial exports growth

The volume of exports of goods was nearly 12 percent higher in December 2010 than twelve months previously. In November exports grew by nearly 9 percent. The volume of goods imports was 7 percent higher. The growth rate was obviously lower than in October and November.

Substantial exports growth

The volume of exports of goods was more than 11 percent higher in December 2010 than twelve months previously. In November exports grew by nearly 9 percent.

Terms of trade deteriorated

The Dutch terms of trade of imported and exported goods deteriorated in December 2010 compared with December 2009. Prices of imported goods were 10.5 percent higher, prices of exported goods rose by 9.3 percent.

Growth rate exports remains high

In November 2010, the volume of goods exports was up by 8 percent on November 2009. Although growth was slightly less rapid than in October, the volume of exports reached about the highest level ever in both months. The volume of goods imports grew by 10 percent.

Growth rate exports remains high

In November 2010, the volume of goods exports was up by 9 percent on November 2009. Although growth was slightly less rapid than in October, the volume of exports reached the highest level ever in both months. The volume of goods imports grew by more than 9 percent.

Terms of trade improve again

The Dutch terms of trade of imported and exported goods improved in November 2010 compared with November 2009. Prices of imported goods were 8.0 percent higher, prices of exported goods rose by 8.6 percent.

Growth rate exports slightly up again

In October 2010, the volume of goods exports was up by just over 10 percent on October 2009, a slightly higher growth rate than in September. The volume of goods imports grew by just over 16 percent, considerably more than the growth rate of just under 11 percent in September.

Growth rate exports slightly up again

In October 2010, the volume of goods exports was up by just over 10 percent on October 2009, a slightly higher growth rate than in September.

Slight improvement in terms of trade

The Dutch terms of trade of imported and exported goods improved slightly in October 2010 compared with October 2009. Prices of imported goods were 7.1 percent higher, prices of exported goods rose by 7.6 percent.

Growth rate exports slowing down

In September 2010, the volume of goods exports was up by nearly 10 percent on September 2009, as against nearly 14 percent in August compared to August 2009. The volume of exported goods in September still remained slightly above the 2008 level.

Growth rate exports slowing down

In September 2010, the volume of goods exports was up by nearly 10 percent on September 2009, as against nearly 12 percent in August compared to August 2009. The volume of exported goods in September still remained slightly above the 2008 level.

Slight improvement in terms of trade

The Dutch terms of trade of imported and exported goods improved slightly in September 2010 compared with September 2009. Prices of imported goods were 7.2 percent higher, prices of exported goods rose by 7.9 percent.

Half of the Dutch international trade in the hands of foreign companies

In 2008 about half of the Dutch import value of goods and nearly 45 percent of the export value could be attributed to a foreign-owned company.

Growth rate exports remains high

In August 2010, the volume of goods exports was more than 14 percent up on twelve months previously, as against more than 12 percent in July compared to July 2009. Just as in July, the volume of exported goods in August was considerably above the level of 2008.

Slight improvement terms of trade

Dutch terms of trade of imported and exported goods improved slightly in August 2010 compared with August 2009. Prices of imported goods were 6.8 percent higher, prices of exported goods rose by 7.2 percent.

Growth rate exports remains high

In August 2010, the volume of goods exports was nearly 15 percent up on twelve months previously, as against more than 12 percent in July compared to July 2009.

Sustained exports growth

In July, the volume of goods exports was up by nearly 13 percent on twelve months previously. This is the same increase as in June. For the first time the volume of exported goods was considerably above the level of 2008.

Wine imports from France declining

The share of French wine in Dutch wine imports dropped for the sixth successive year in 2009. German, Italian and Chilean wines, on the other hand, are becoming increasingly popular.

Slight deterioration in terms of trade

The Dutch terms of trade of imported and exported goods deteriorated slightly in July 2010 compared with July 2009. Prices of imported goods were 7.7 percent higher, prices of exported goods rose by 7.3 percent.

Sustained exports growth

In July, the volume of goods exports was up by nearly 13 percent on twelve months previously. This is the same increase as in June. For the first time the volume of exported goods was considerably above the level of 2008.

Dutch exports greatly increased

In June, the volume of goods exports was up by more than13 percent on twelve months previously. This compares with the rise of more than 16 percent in May. However, in the first six months of 2009 the volume of exports was down 11 to 16 percent on 2008.

Dutch exports greatly increased

In June, the volume of goods exports was up by 14 percent on twelve months previously. This compares with the rise of more than 16 percent in May. However, in the first six months of 2009 the volume of exports was down 11 to 16 percent on 2008. So in June 2010 the export volume was slightly higher than the export level two years ago. The same was true in May.

Slight improvement in terms of trade

Dutch terms of trade of imported and exported goods marginally improved in June 2010 relative to June 2009. Prices of imported goods were 7.6 percent higher, prices of exported goods rose by 8.1 percent.

Sustained exports growth

In May, the volume of goods exports was nearly 18 percent up on twelve months previously. The volume of exports has increased further in the first months of 2010.

Slight deterioration terms of trade

Dutch terms of trade of imported and exported goods marginally deteriorated in May 2010 relative to May 2009.

Considerable exports growth

In April, the volume of goods exports was nearly 17 percent up on twelve months previously. As a result, the volume of exports has increased further in the first months of 2010. It should be taken into account that the substantial downturn in exports started in November 2008.

Half of Dutch good exports to Germany manufactured in the Netherlands

Germany is by far the most important destination for Dutch exports. More than half of Dutch goods exported to Germany are manufactured in the Netherlands.

Terms of trade deteriorate further

Dutch terms of trade of imported and exported goods deteriorated in April 2010 relative to April 2009. Prices of imported goods were 9.0 percent higher, while prices of exported goods rose by 7.0 percent.

Considerable exports growth

In April, the volume of goods exports was more than 17 percent up on twelve months previously. As a result, the volume of exports has increased further in the first months of 2010. It should be taken into account that the substantial downturn in exports started in November 2008.

Further recovery for exports

In March, the volume of goods exports was 14 percent up on twelve months previously. This compares with a 10 percent rise in February, but it should be taken into account that the substantial downturn in exports started in November 2008.

Only small part of Dutch exports go to eurozone countries with largest deficits

In 2009, less than 6 percent of Dutch exports went to Ireland, Greece, Spain and Portugal. These are the four countries with the largest government deficits in the eurozone.

Terms of trade down on twelve months ago

Compared with one year previously, the Dutch terms of trade were down again in March 2010.

Further recovery for exports

In March, the volume of goods exports was nearly 14 percent up on twelve months previously. This compares with a 10 percent rise in February, but it should be taken into account that the substantial downturn in exports started in November 2008.

Italy fifth most important country for Dutch exports

Just over 5 percent of total Dutch exports went to Italy in 2009. This makes Italy the fifth largest receiver of Dutch exports in terms of value.

More goods exported to China, imports from China down

In 2009, the Netherlands exported goods worth 4.6 billion euro to China, an increase by 20 percent relative to 2008. The value of imports from China dropped by more than 12 percent to approximately 22 billion euro.

Further recovery for exports

In February, the volume of goods exports was 11 percent up on twelve months previously versus 8 percent in January, but it should be taken into account that the substantial downturn in exports started in November 2008.

Dutch balance of trade has been favourable for nearly three decades

Last year, the Netherlands exported more than 395 billion euro worth of goods and services. The value of imports amounted to 354 billion euro, resulting in a trade surplus of over 41 billion euro, i.e. more than 7 percent of the gross domestic product (GDP).

Further recovery for exports

In February, the volume of goods exports was more than 11 percent up on twelve months previously versus 8 percent in January, but it should be taken into account that the substantial downturn in exports started in November 2008.

Terms of trade again worse than one year previously

Compared to one year previously, Dutch terms of trade of imported and exported goods deteriorated in February 2010. However, the deterioration was less substantial than in the four preceding months.

Good start for exports in 2010

The volume of goods exports was nearly 10 percent larger in January than twelve months previously. In December, the volume of exports was only 2 percent up. It should be taken into account that the substantial downturn in exports started in November 2008, though.

Good start for exports in 2010

The volume of goods exports was nearly 11 percent larger in January than twelve months previously. In December, the volume of exports was only 2 percent up. It should be taken into account that the substantial downturn in exports started in November 2008, though.

Terms of trade tumble again

Dutch terms of trade of imported and exported goods deteriorated substantially in January 2010. Prices of imported goods were 4.1 percent up on one year previously, while prices of exported goods were 0.2 percent down.

Exports to United Kingdom fall sharply

The Netherlands exported goods with a total value of 26 billion euro to the United Kingdom in 2009, a reduction by 23 percent compared to twelve months ago. The United Kingdom is recurrently found in the monthly top 10 list of countries where exports are declining dramatically.

Unprecedented downturn terms of trade

Dutch terms of trade of imported and exported goods reached an unprecedented level of deterioration in December 2009. Prices of imported goods were 1.5 percent up on one year previously and prices of exported goods were 3.3 percent down. Since 1991 – the first year in the series – changes in import and export prices had never been wider apart.

Exports volume up

The volume of goods exports was more than 2 percent larger in December 2009 than twelve months previously. In November 2009, the volume of exports was virtually the same as in November 2008. It should be taken into account that the substantial downturn in exports started in November 2008.

More roses imported

In the first eight months of last year, 2.5 billion roses were imported into the Netherlands, 3 percent more than in the same period one year previously. Kenya is by far the largest supplier.

Exports nearly back at level of twelve months previously

The volume of goods exports was 2 percent smaller in November 2009 than twelve months previously. In October, the decrease was 6 percent. The reason the decrease was smaller in November is that the first substantial fall in exports was in November 2008.

Exports nearly back at level of twelve months previously

The volume of goods exports was 2 percent smaller in November 2009 than twelve months previously. In October, the decrease was 6 percent. The reason the decrease was smaller in November is that the first substantial fall in exports was in November 2008.

Terms of trade deteriorate substantially

Dutch terms of trade of imported and exported goods obviously slumped in November 2009. Prices of imported and exported goods were respectively 2.1 and 6.1 percent down on one year previously.

Deteriorating terms of trade

Dutch terms of trade of imported and exported goods obviously slumped in October 2009. Prices of imported and exported goods were respectively 5.3 and 8.6 percent down on one year previously.

Decline in exports slows down

The volume of goods exports was 6 percent smaller in October 2009 than one year ago. In September, the decline was more than 8 percent. The volume of goods imports shrank by 12 percent in October.

Deteriorating terms of trade

Dutch terms of trade of imported and exported goods obviously slumped in October 2009. Prices of imported and exported goods were respectively 5.3 and 8.8 percent down on one year previously.

Decline in exports slows down

The volume of goods exports was almost 6 percent smaller in October 2009 than one year ago. In September, the decline was nearly 8 percent. The volume of goods imports shrank by more than 11 percent in October. Volume figures have been corrected for the number of working days.

Terms of trade deteriorated

Dutch terms of trade of imported and exported goods deteriorated in September 2009. Prices of imported and exported goods were respectively 9.5 and 11.1 percent down on one year previously.

Decline in exports slows down

The volume of goods exports was more than 7 percent smaller in September 2009 than one year ago, as against nearly 8 percent in August. The volume of goods imports shrank by nearly 14 percent in September.

Terms of trade deteriorated

In August 2009, Dutch terms of trade of imported and exported goods were lower than in August 2008. Prices of imported goods were 9.5 percent down on one year previously and prices of exported goods were 11.4 percent lower.

Decline in exports somewhat larger

The volume of goods exports was 8 percent lower in August 2009 than twelve months previously. This is a slightly larger decrease than in July, but still much smaller than in the months before. The volume of goods imports fell by nearly 13 percent in August.

The Netherlands exports 1.3 billion euro worth of sweets

In 2008, the value of sweets exports was nearly twice as high as its imports value. Chocolate is by far the most popular type of sweets.

Slight deterioration terms of trade

In July 2009, Dutch terms of trade of imported and exported goods deteriorated marginally relative to July 2008. Prices of imported and exported goods were 11.3 and 11.7 percent down respectively on one year previously.

Decline in exports reduced by half

In July 2009, the volume of goods exports was almost 6 percent down on twelve months previously, a reduction by half relative to June, when the volume of exports slumped by 12 percent.

Dutch imports of German wine grow by 13 percent

The Netherlands imported more than 71 million litres of German wine last year, an increase by 13 percent relative to 2007. Since the turn of the century, German wine imports have tripled.

Dutch exports to Belgium and Luxembourg growing

In September 2009, the Benelux celebrates its 65th anniversary. Goods trade between the Netherlands and the other Benelux countries has grown substantially over the period 1946-2008.

Slight deterioration terms of trade

In June 2009, Dutch terms of trade of imported and exported goods deteriorated marginally relative to June 2008. Prices of imported and exported goods were 9.0 and 9.5 percent down respectively on one year previously.

Exports still low

In June 2009, the volume of Dutch goods exports was 12 percent down on twelve months previously. The volume of goods imports decreased by more than 15 percent.

Slight deterioration terms of trade

In May 2009, Dutch terms of trade of imported and exported goods deteriorated marginally relative to May 2008. Prices of imported and exported goods were 10.6 and 11.1 percent down respectively on one year previously.

Export downturn less dramatic

In May 2009, the volume of goods exports was over 10 percent down on twelve months previously. This decline is slightly smaller than in the first four months of 2009, when the volume of exports was invariably about 13 to 15 percent lower than one year previously.

Netherlands increasingly tied in with global trade

The Dutch economy has become more and more interwoven with global trade in the last thirty years. This means that it has become more vulnerable to declining international demand.

Exports to Turkey marginally higher

In 2008, the Netherlands exported nearly 4 billion euro worth of goods to Turkey, 2 percent more than in 2007. For the seventh year running, exports have grown. Since the turn of the century, exports have almost doubled, but imports from Turkey were 3 percent down on 2007. Imports of clothing decreased notably.

Growing exports of flower bulbs to Eastern Europe

Exports of Dutch flower bulbs to Eastern Europe are growing continually. In 2008, nearly 450 million bulbs were exported to countries in Eastern Europe, an increase by 30 percent relative to 2007.

More Ethiopian roses imported

In the first three quarters of 2008, approximately 2.7 billion roses were imported into the Netherlands, an increase by 6 percent relative to the same period in 2007. More than 95 percent of all roses were imported from Africa, mainly from Kenya.

Imports from China rising more slowly

Dutch companies increase their imports of Chinese goods almost every year. However, since 2004 the value of goods imported from China has risen by less each year.

Dutch spent 141 million euro in China last year

In 2007, Dutch travellers to China spent 141 million euro, an increase by 3 percent relative to 2006.

More cattle imported

In the first four months of this year, 357 thousand head of cattle were imported into the Netherlands, a 15 percent increase relative to the first four months of 2007. Last year, cattle imports rose by 8 percent relative to 2006.

Higher oil and food prices affecting Dutch exports

The high rate of the euro and rising food and oil prices are having a noticeable effect on Dutch exports. In the first quarter of 2008, the increase in exports to countries outside Europe was smaller than in 2007.

Trade with Estonia considerably down

In 2007, there was a substantial downturn in goods trade between the Netherlands and Estonia.

Netherlands Europe's third exporting country

Recent figures by Eurostat show that last year, the Netherlands was the EU’s third exporting country after Germany and France.

Growth slowdown exports to the United States

Despite the plunging dollar, exports to the United States (US) grew at approximately the same rate in 2007 as total Dutch exports. Growth lagged behind relative to the preceding two-year period slowing down considerably over the past quarter.

International trade with Brazil remains limited

Brazil is a relatively small trading partner for the Netherlands. In 2007, the Netherlands imported goods worth of 3.9 billion euro from Brazil, i.e. 1.3 percent of total Dutch imports.

Ethiopian rose more popular