Population up by 27.4 thousand in the first quarter

In the first quarter of 2023, the population of the Netherlands grew by 27.4 thousand. The increase was entirely due to immigration; there were more deaths than births. The population grew less rapidly than in the first quarter of 2022 because fewer people moved here from Ukraine. This is evident from provisional figures published by Statistics Netherlands (CBS).

Population dynamics, first quarter
Onderdeel2023* (x 1 000)2023*, of which from Ukraine (x 1 000)2022* (x 1 000)2022*, of which from Ukraine (x 1 000)2021* (x 1 000)2020 (x 1 000)2019 (x 1 000)
Population growth23.7083.71724.66725.08612.79816.67223.536
*provisional figures

In the first quarter of 2023, altogether 80 thousand people settled in the Netherlands while 45 thousand emigrated. On balance, this resulted in 35 thousand new inhabitants due to external migration. That is nearly 18 thousand less than in the same quarter last year.

Fewer Ukrainian refugees

The immigration decline was due to a lower influx of Ukrainian refugees. In the first quarter of 2022, there were still 25 thousand immigrants from Ukraine (almost all of them arriving after the Russian invasion on 24 February). This was 30 percent of the total group of immigrants. In the first quarter of 2023, altogether 9.2 thousand Ukrainians came to the Netherlands (10 percent of the total). This is the lowest number in one quarter since the start of the war. In addition there was rising emigration. A part of these were Ukrainian refugees who left the Netherlands again.
Immigration rose among other groups. On balance, there were mainly more immigrants from Asia, aside from the immigrants born in Ukraine or the former Soviet Union. The largest groups of Asian immigrants were Syrians (3.9 thousand), Turkey (2.8 thousand) and India (2.1 thousand). Immigration and emigration were highest among people from the rest of Europe. This group has relatively many immigrants, with the largest group originating in Poland (2.6 thousand).

There was more emigration than remigration among the Dutch-born group of migrants: 3.7 thousand in the first quarter of 2023, more or less the same as one year previously.

Migration balance by country of birth, first quarter
Geboorteland2023* (x 1,000)2022* (x 1,000)2021 (x 1,000)2020 (x 1,000)2019 (x 1,000)
Former Soviet Union6.325.
America and Oceania4.13.41.733.8
* Provisional figures 1) Incl. Turkey 2) Excl. the Netherlands, Turkey and the former Soviet Union 3) Born in the Netherlands, or born abroad with two Netherlands-born parents

Lower birth rate, high mortality

In the first quarter of 2023, natural population growth (births minus deaths) was negative. There were 39 thousand live births against 47 thousand deaths. The negative natural population growth was higher than in previous years. The trend of the preceding years was continued: fewer live births and relatively high mortality. Natural population growth has been negative in each first quarter of the year since 2017. There are usually fewer births and more deaths during winter.

Natural population change
JaarQ1 (x 1,000)Q2 (x 1,000)Q3 (x 1,000)Q4 (x 1,000)
* Provisional figures