The value added per euro of re-exported goods was 11 euro cents, versus 9 euro cents in 1995. Evidently, the value added per euro of re-exported goods is lower than for domestically manufactured goods. The value added of goods produced in the Netherlands was significantly higher (57 cents per euro of exported goods) in 2015.
Contribution re-exports of goods to GDP
Re-exports grow faster than exports of domestically manufactured goodsThe flows of re-exported goods have increased substantially in the past two decades. The value of re-exported goods had tripled in 2015 relative to 1995. The value of exports of goods manufactured in the Netherlands doubled between 1995 and 2015 to nearly 200 bn euros. The share of re-exports in Dutch exports of goods rose from 42 percent in 1995 to 54 percent in 2015.
Export value of goods
Re-exports most profitable for wholesale tradeRe-exports are most profitable for the sector wholesale trade. With 13.5 bn euros, wholesale accounts for more than half of value added of re-exports. Other sectors, like road haulage (1.4 bn euros), holding companies and management consultancy agencies (1 bn euros) and storage and transport (0.9 bn euros) also earned from the re-export of goods. The sector holding companies and management consultancy agencies is not engaged in re-exports, but earns money from re-exports indirectly, in its role as supplier of goods to the wholesale sector. Compared to 1995, the sector IT services was the only new entry in the top ten in 2015 in terms of earnings from re-exports.
Re-exports mainly include machinery and transport equipment, chemical products and manufactured goods to other EU countries. The Netherlands earns most from re-exports to Germany (6.5 bn euros), the United Kingdom (2.8 bn euros), Belgium (2.6 bn euros) and France (2.5 bn euros). The first non-EU country is the United States in 10th place, earnings from re-exports to the US amount to 600 million euros.
Earnings from re-exports of goods
|Wholesale and |
|Holding companies and |
management consultancy agencies
|Car dealers and |
|Temp agencies |
and employment services
|Legal services and |