Research and development; key figures per implementation sector


This table contains data of R&D personnel and R&D expenditure on in-house research and development activities.
The figures are provided for the following sectors:
- businesses
- institutions
- institutes of higher education
The R&D is implemented with in-house and/or hired personnel in the Netherlands. Outsourced R&D is not included in this table.

Data available from 2013

Status of the figures:
The data regarding 2013-2016 are definitive. The data for 2017 are provisional. The status of the figures is related to the status of figures for the gross domestic product (GDP). Until the GDP figures are definitive, the R&D intensity can be adjusted.

Changes as of 21 October 2019:
The figures for enterprises with in-house R&D activities were not correct in the previous version. This has been corrected in this version.

Changes as of 4 November 2019:
The provisional figures for the year 2018 have been added.

When will new figures be published?
Mid 2020 the figures regarding 2017 and 2018 will be adjusted.

Research and development; key figures per implementation sector

R&D; sectors Periods R&D personnelEmployed persons (number) R&D personnelYears of work (number) Expenditure on R&DExpenditure R&D on in-house activities (million euro) Expenditure on R&DR&D intensity (%) Enterprises with in-house R&D activities (number)
All sectors 2013 195,127 135,555 14,239 2.16 20,135
All sectors 2014 194,942 136,174 14,595 2.17 20,341
All sectors 2015 202,501 139,382 14,808 2.15 20,260
All sectors 2016 207,461 144,482 15,235 2.15 20,674
All sectors 2017* 210,220 150,357 16,072 2.18 20,007
All sectors 2018* 219,839 157,388 16,748 2.16 20,094
Businesses 2013 146,165 95,108 9,299 1.41 19,692
Businesses 2014 144,689 94,612 9,444 1.41 19,877
Businesses 2015 151,385 97,443 9,515 1.38 19,798
Businesses 2016 157,018 102,614 10,008 1.41 20,159
Businesses 2017* 158,493 107,410 10,654 1.44 19,517
Businesses 2018* 167,384 113,686 11,230 1.45 19,597
Institutions 2013 11,322 8,116 848 0.13 380
Institutions 2014 11,577 8,325 889 0.13 401
Institutions 2015 12,128 8,335 900 0.13 399
Institutions 2016 12,019 8,568 923 0.13 452
Institutions 2017* 12,205 8,597 912 0.12 427
Institutions 2018* 12,955 9,402 968 0.13 435
Higher education 2013 37,640 32,331 4,092 0.62 63
Higher education 2014 38,676 33,237 4,262 0.63 63
Higher education 2015 38,988 33,604 4,393 0.64 63
Higher education 2016 38,424 33,300 4,304 0.61 63
Higher education 2017* 39,522 34,350 4,506 0.61 63
Higher education 2018* 39,500 34,300 4,550 0.59 62
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols