Research and development; key figures per implementation sector

Research and development; key figures per implementation sector

Sectors Periods R&D personnel Employed persons (number) R&D personnel Years of work (number) Expenditure on R&D Expenditure R&D on in-house activities (million euro) Expenditure on R&D R&D intensity (%) Enterprises with in-house R&D activities (number)
All sectors 2013 195,127 135,555 14,239 2.16 20,135
All sectors 2014 194,942 136,174 14,595 2.17 20,341
All sectors 2015 202,501 139,382 14,808 2.15 20,260
All sectors 2016 207,461 144,482 15,235 2.15 20,674
All sectors 2017 209,488 150,399 16,081 2.18 19,957
All sectors 2018 216,965 156,849 16,550 2.14 19,554
All sectors 2019** 226,732 160,422 17,760 2.18 20,104
Businesses 2013 146,165 95,108 9,299 1.41 19,692
Businesses 2014 144,689 94,612 9,444 1.41 19,877
Businesses 2015 151,385 97,443 9,515 1.38 19,798
Businesses 2016 157,018 102,614 10,008 1.41 20,159
Businesses 2017 157,844 107,496 10,667 1.45 19,484
Businesses 2018 164,144 112,807 10,998 1.42 19,031
Businesses 2019** 171,143 115,124 11,846 1.46 19,548
Institutions 2013 11,322 8,116 848 0.13 380
Institutions 2014 11,577 8,325 889 0.13 401
Institutions 2015 12,128 8,335 900 0.13 399
Institutions 2016 12,019 8,568 923 0.13 452
Institutions 2017 12,121 8,553 907 0.12 410
Institutions 2018 12,899 9,326 971 0.13 461
Institutions 2019** 13,472 9,336 1,014 0.12 495
Higher education 2013 37,640 32,331 4,092 0.62 63
Higher education 2014 38,676 33,237 4,262 0.63 63
Higher education 2015 38,988 33,604 4,393 0.64 63
Higher education 2016 38,424 33,300 4,304 0.61 63
Higher education 2017 39,522 34,350 4,506 0.61 63
Higher education 2018 39,922 34,716 4,581 0.59 62
Higher education 2019** 42,117 35,963 4,900 0.60 62
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table contains figures regarding the personnel and the expenditure related to in-house Research and Development (R&D) activities that are conducted with own or external personnel.

The figures are provided for the following sectors:
- businesses
- institutions
- institutes of higher education

The R&D activities are conducted in-house by own or external personnel in the Netherlands. Outsourced R&D is not included in this table.

Data available from: 2013

Status of the figures:
The data regarding 2013-2018 are definitive and the data reagrding 2019 are revised provisional.

The status of the figures in this table is related to the status of the figures on the gross domestic product (GDP). Until the GDP is definitive, the R&D intensity can be adjusted.

Changes as of 6 July 2021:
The revised provisional figures about 2017 and 2018 have been updated and are now definitive. The provisional figures about 2019 have been updated and are now revised provisional.

When will new figures be published?
In the fourth quarter of 2021 provisional figures about 2020 will be published.

Description topics

R&D personnel
The personnel that conducts the in-house R&D activities, expressed in numbers of employed persons and years of work.
Employed persons
Someone working for a company located in the Netherlands, or for an institution or private household in the Netherlands.

In order to be included in the R&D personnel an employed person needs to spend at least 0,1 FTE annually on R&D related activities.

Employed persons are all persons having paid jobs, even for only one or some hours a week, and even if they:
- work legally as such, but without registration for income tax and social security (“undeclared work”);
- are temporarily not at work, but have continued receipt of wages or salary (for instance in case of illness or hold-ups due to frost);
- are on a temporary unpaid-leave.
Employed persons can be divided into employees and the self-employed persons. They can live in the Netherlands, but also abroad.
Years of work
A measure for the volume of work, calculated by converting all jobs (full-time and part-time) into full-time jobs, also known as full-time equivalents (FTE).

As such, when combined, the volume of work of two half jobs (0.5 FTE each) totals one year of work.
Expenditure on R&D
Expenditure on in-house R&D activities, expressed in millions of euros and as a percentage of the GDP (gross domestic product).
Expenditure R&D on in-house activities
R&D intensity
Expenditure on in-house R&D activities as a percentage of the GDP (gross domestic product.
Enterprises with in-house R&D activities