GDP, output and expenditures; changes, Quarterly National Accounts

GDP, output and expenditures; changes, Quarterly National Accounts

Type of data Periods Expenditure approach to GDP Disposable for final expenditure GDP, working days adjusted (%) Production approach to GDP GDP, working days adjusted (%) Income approach to GDP GDP, working days adjusted (%)
Volume, on corresponding period (y/y) 2022 1st quarter* 6.8 6.8 6.8
Volume, on previous period (q/q) 2022 1st quarter* . . .
Value, on corresponding period (y/y) 2022 1st quarter* . . .
Value, on previous period (q/q) 2022 1st quarter* . . .
Price, on corresponding period (y/y) 2022 1st quarter* . . .
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table provides quarterly and annual data on production, expenditures, income and external economic transactions of The Netherlands.

Data available from 1995.

Status of the figures:
Annual data of the period 1995-2019 are final. Quarterly data of 2019, 2020, 2021 and 2022 are provisional.

Changes as of May 17th 2022:
Data of the preliminary estimate of 2022q1 have been added to this table.

Adjustments as of August 17th 2021:
The next adjustments were made in this version:
- The base year of chained volume data of seven time series of the group ‘National net lending or net borrowing’ was shifted from 2010 to 2015. This leads to changes in value, volume changes and prices of these time series.
- Some small rounding changes were made in the time series ‘Total final expenditure’ and ‘Changes in inventories’.

When will new figures be published?
The preliminary estimate (flash estimate) of a quarter is released within 45 days. The second estimate is published after 85 days. At the second estimate of the fourth quarter, data of the previous three quarters will also be revised. If (new) annual figures become available in June, the quarterly figures will be revised again to bring them in line with the annual figures.

Description topics

Expenditure approach to GDP
The way GDP is formed by underlying components in the so-called expenditure approach. In this approach the components are consumption by households, consumption by the general government, gross fixed capital formation, changes in inventories and exports, minus imports. Changes in inventories are included for consistency with the production approach. From the 2010 edition of the European System of Accounts onwards these changes are added to fixed capital formation. Consumption, fixed capital formation and changes in inventories add up to the so-called national final expenditure. By adding exports final expenditure is obtained. Intermediate consumption, goods and services used upon production, is not part of final expenditure.
Disposable for final expenditure
The total amount of domestic generated goods and services (GDP) and the imported goods and services are adding up to the disposable for final expenditure. This variable is by definition equal to the total final expenditure, which is the sum of the National final expenditure and the exports of goods and services.
GDP, working days adjusted
Growth of the gross domestic products,. adjusted for working days effects. The number of working days in corresponding quarters of successive years may differ due to a leap day, due to an unequal number of holidays that take place in a weekend (e.g. New Year's Day) or because of a holiday shift from one quarter to another (e.g. Easter Monday). The effect of an additional working day on the economic growth adds up to 0.2 to 0.3 percentage points.
Production approach to GDP
The way GDP is formed by underlying components in the so-called production approach. In this approach GDP equals the sum of value added over all branches (including non-commercial ones). Value added is thereby registered at basic prices. GDP at market prices is obtained by adding taxes less subsidies on production and the difference between imputed and paid VAT. The included taxes and subsidies apply both to produced and imported goods and services. Examples of these are VAT and taxes on import.
GDP, working days adjusted
Growth of the gross domestic products,. adjusted for working days effects. The number of working days in corresponding quarters of successive years may differ due to a leap day, due to an unequal number of holidays that take place in a weekend (e.g. New Year's Day) or because of a holiday shift from one quarter to another (e.g. Easter Monday). The effect of an additional working day on the economic growth adds up to 0.2 to 0.3 percentage points.
Income approach to GDP
The way GDP is formed by underlying components in the so-called income approach. In this approach the components are the incomes generated from production activities: compensation of employees and operating surplus / mixed income. To remain consistent with GDP at market prices, taxes less subsidies on production and imports (not necessarily product-related) are added.
GDP, working days adjusted
Growth of the gross domestic products,. adjusted for working days effects. The number of working days in corresponding quarters of successive years may differ due to a leap day, due to an unequal number of holidays that take place in a weekend (e.g. New Year's Day) or because of a holiday shift from one quarter to another (e.g. Easter Monday). The effect of an additional working day on the economic growth adds up to 0.2 to 0.3 percentage points.