GDP, output and expenditures; changes, Quarterly National Accounts

GDP, output and expenditures; changes, Quarterly National Accounts

Type of data Periods Production approach to GDP Value added basic prices G-N Commercial services K Financial institutions (%) Additional details Final consumption expenditure Expenditure classification Households including NPISHs Consumption of services Financial and business services (%)
Volume, on corresponding period (y/y) 2020* 0.1 .
Volume, on previous period (q/q) 2020* 0.1 .
Value, on corresponding period (y/y) 2020* -2.7 .
Value, on previous period (q/q) 2020* -2.7 .
Price, on corresponding period (y/y) 2020* -2.8 .
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table provides quarterly and annual data on production, expenditures, income and external economic transactions of The Netherlands.

Data available from 1995.

Status of the figures:
The figures of the period 1995-2017 are final. Data of 2018, 2019 and 2020 are provisional.

Changes as of February 16th 2021:
Data of the preliminary estimate of 2020q4 and the year 2020 have been added to this table.

When will new figures be published?
The preliminary estimate (flash estimate) of a quarter is released within 45 days. The second estimate is published after 85 days. At the second estimate of the fourth quarter, data of the previous three quarters will also be revised.

Description topics

Production approach to GDP
The way GDP is formed by underlying components in the so-called production approach. In this approach GDP equals the sum of value added over all branches (including non-commercial ones). Value added is thereby registered at basic prices. GDP at market prices is obtained by adding taxes less subsidies on production and the difference between imputed and paid VAT. The included taxes and subsidies apply both to produced and imported goods and services. Examples of these are VAT and taxes on import.
Value added basic prices
The value of all goods and services produced (production value or output), minus those that have been intermediately used upon production (intermediate consumption). Value added is rated at basic prices: purchaser's prices minus trade and transport margins and taxes on products paid and plus subsidies on products received. Intermediate consumption is rated at purchaser's prices minus non-deductible VAT.
Included is the output by all kind-of-activity units residing in the Netherlands, also those that are held by foreign owners.
Net value added can be obtained by deducting consumption of fixed capital from gross value added.
G-N Commercial services
Commercial services
This category is made up of the categories:
G Wholesale and retail trade
H Transportation and storage
I Accommodation and food serving
J Information and communication
K Financial institutions
L Renting and buying and selling of real estate
M Consultancy, research and other specialized business services
N Renting and leasing of tangible goods and other business support services
K Financial institutions
Financial institutions
Additional details
The additional details of some variables in the previous parts of this table are being given in this section.
Final consumption expenditure
Expenditure on goods or services that are used for the direct satisfaction of individual or collective needs. Expenses may be made at home or abroad, but they are always made by resident institutional units, that is households or institutions residing in the Netherlands. By definition only households, non-profit institutions serving households (NPISHs) and government institutions consume. Enterprises do not: expenses they make on goods and services are thought to serve production and are therefore classified as intermediate consumption of fixed capital formation. The general government is a special case. The government also has intermediate consumption, just like enterprises. But the output delivered by the government which is not directly paid for, non-market output (like safety), is classified as consumption by the general government. It is said that the government 'consumes its own production'. The system of national accounts demands that all that is produced is also consumed (or serves as an investment). By convention, government output is consumed by the government itself. This is not the only consumption by the general government. It also contains social transfers in kind. In the Netherlands this mainly concerns health care bills paid for by the government and an allowance for the rent.
Expenditure classification
This classification focuses on the expenses for consumption goods and services. The total final consumptions is divided to sectors which actually financed the consumption expenditures.
Households including NPISHs
Consumption expenditure by households and non-profit institutions serving households (NPISHs). Not all expenses made by households are seen as consumptive, households may invest as well. These investments mainly concern the purchase of houses and substantial costs on maintenance. Small costs on maintenance, indoor painting and the purchase of furniture is classified as consumption. This also applies to the purchase of cars and car maintenance.
Consumption of services
Consumption of services by households and NPI households.
Financial and business services
Financial and business services