Monitor of Well-being and the Sustainable Development Goals 2023

omgeving
© ANP / Joosten Fotografie

The Monitor of Well-being and the Sustainable Development Goals 2023 describes the well-being of the population living in the Netherlands today (‘here and now’), and the impact of their present level of well-being on future generations in the Netherlands (‘later’) and on people living in other countries (‘elsewhere’). It also examines how well-being is distributed  across various population groups in the Netherlands, by describing well-being ‘here and now’ of each of these groups in terms of 13 indicators. The distribution of well-being reveals that favourable and unfavourable outcomes accumulate for certain individuals; the monitor analyses these accumulations, pinpointing the groups to which these individuals belong. Lastly, the monitor looks at how robust Dutch society is, and more in particular at whether nature, society and the economy are resilient enough to cope with a future shock like the recent pandemic.

The monitor starts out from the United Nations’ 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to describe well-being themes. The SDGs can be viewed as internationally agreed goals for global well-being and its long-term sustainability. Here, we place each SDG in a Dutch context, describe what has been put in place to achieve the goal, what effects this has had and where the Netherlands now stands, and how people perceive these developments.

Data used in this edition of the monitor are not entirely comparable to those published in previous editions: some provisional outcomes have been replaced by definite ones, other sources have been used for some topics, and time series data always undergo regular revision. Consistent eight-year time series are recalculated for each annual edition of the monitor. All background information is available on Statistics Netherlands’ (CBS) website, including explanatory notes and tables with the data used in the monitor.

Introduction
Well-being ‘here and now’
Well-being ‘later’
Well-being ‘elsewhere’
Distribution of well-being
Sustainable Development Goals

Introduction

As a result of the outbreak of Covid-19 and the measures the Dutch government took to minimise the effects of the pandemic for the population and the health care sector, the last few years have been out of the ordinary. Between March 2020 and October 2022, over 47 thousand people in the Netherland died from diagnosed or suspected Covid-19. The measures introduced in this period –lockdowns, school closures and working from home – impacted on a range of aspects of Dutch life. Although this is reflected in many of the outcomes, this monitor concentrates on medium-term trends for a longer period: 2015-2022.

In many respects the Netherlands faces crucial challenges. It is having to take fundamental decisions in the areas of climate and energy, nitrogen and nature conservation, housebuilding, poverty reduction and social inclusion, innovation and competitiveness, and these decisions will in part define its future. They will not only affect well-being, but will have implications beyond that. Ambitious targets have been set in many of these areas, often within the agenda of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) adopted by the United Nations (UN) for the period 2015–2030. In the Netherlands, too, this agenda is one of the key policy frameworks.

CBS publishes the Monitor of Well-being and the SDGs every year, on Accountability Day, at the request of the Dutch government. The monitor not only presents the state of well-being and quality of life ‘here and now’ and how well-being is distributed across the population, but also looks at the effects of present well-being on future generations (‘later’) and on people in other countries (‘elsewhere’). CBS measures well-being in accordance with the recommendations and the framework adopted in the CES measurement system of the UNECE.

Well-being ‘here and now’

Well-being ‘here and now’ is described in eight themes: subjective well-being, material well-being, health, labour and leisure time, housing, society, safety and the environment.

As we can see in the well-being trends wheel, well-being ‘here and now’ has developed mainly positively in the trend period (2015-2022). The inner ring of the wheel represents the trend in 2015-2022. The outer ring shows the most recent year-on-year change.

Trends in well-being and SDG's: Here and now
Trendsinwell-beingHere and now-0.2%ptSubjective well-beingSatisfaction withlifePosition in EU in 2020Medium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2021-20222nd out of 19NeutralNeutralClick and scroll down for more information+1.5%ptSubjective well-beingFeeling in controlof own lifePosition in EU in 2017Medium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2019-20223rd out of 27NeutralNeutralClick and scroll down for more information+1.1%Material well-beingMedian disposableincomePosition in EU in 2021Medium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2020-20213rd out of 26PositivePositiveClick and scroll down for more information+4.0%Material well-beingIndividualconsumptionPosition in EU in 2021Medium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2021-20225th out of 27NeutralNeutralClick and scroll down for more information-3.4%HealthHealthy life expectancyof menPosition in EU in 2020Medium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2021-202214th out of 27NeutralNegativeClick and scroll down for more information-4.3%HealthHealthy life expectancyof womenPosition in EU in 2020Medium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2021-202218th out of 27NeutralNegativeClick and scroll down for more information+0.3%ptHealthOverweightpopulationPosition in EU in 2019Medium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2021-20225th out of 26NegativeNeutralClick and scroll down for more information-0.2%ptLabour and leisure timeLong-termunemploymentPosition in EU in 2021Medium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2021-20221st out of 27PositiveNeutralClick and scroll down for more information+1.8%ptLabour and leisure timeNet labourparticipationPosition in EU in 2021Medium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2021-20221st out of 27PositiveNeutralClick and scroll down for more information+1.1%ptLabour and leisure timeHigher educatedpopulationPosition in EU in 2021Medium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2021-20228th out of 27PositivePositiveClick and scroll down for more information-1.8%ptLabour and leisure timeSatisfaction withleisure timePosition in EU in 2018Medium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2021-20226th out of 27NeutralNegativeClick and scroll down for more information+12.5%Labour and leisure timeTime lost due totraffic congestion and delaysMedium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2020-2021NeutralNeutralClick and scroll down for more information-0.3%ptLabour and leisure timeSatisfaction withwork (employees)Position in EU in 2017Medium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2020-20217th out of 27PositiveNeutralClick and scroll down for more information+1.6%ptHousingHousing costs (rentedand own homes)Position in EU in 2021Medium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2020-202123rd out of 25NeutralNeutralClick and scroll down for more information+0.7%ptHousingSatisfaction withhousingPosition in EU in 2017Medium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2021-20228th out of 27NeutralNeutralClick and scroll down for more information+0.8%ptSocietyContact with family,friends or neighboursPosition in EU in 2020Medium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2021-20221st out of 19NegativeNeutralClick and scroll down for more information-1.4%SocietyVoice andaccountabilityPosition in EU in 2021Medium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2020-20215th out of 27NeutralNeutralClick and scroll down for more information-5.6%ptSocietyTrust ininstitutionsPosition in EU in 2020Medium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2021-20222nd out of 19NeutralNegativeClick and scroll down for more information-0.3%ptSocietyTrust inother peoplePosition in EU in 2020Medium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2021-20222nd out of 19PositiveNeutralClick and scroll down for more information-3.4%ptSocietyChanges in valuesand normsMedium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2018-2019NeutralNeutralClick and scroll down for more information+2.3%ptSocietyVoluntaryworkPosition in EU in 2015Medium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2021-20221st out of 27NegativePositiveClick and scroll down for more information+0.1%ptSafetyOften feeling unsafein the neighbourhoodMedium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2019-2021NeutralNeutralClick and scroll down for more information-1.9%ptSafetyVictims ofcrimePosition in EU in 2020Medium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2019-202115th out of 19PositivePositiveClick and scroll down for more information+0.0%ptEnvironmentManaged natural assets(terrestrial) within NNNMedium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2020-2021PositiveNeutralClick and scroll down for more information+0.8%ptEnvironmentQuality of inlandbathing watersPosition in EU in 2021Medium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2021-202216th out of 25NeutralNeutralClick and scroll down for more information-6.0%ptEnvironmentNitrogen deposition andterrestrial nature areasMedium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2019-2020NeutralNeutralClick and scroll down for more information-11.9%EnvironmentUrban exposure toparticulate matter (PM2.5)Position in EU in 2019Medium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2018-20198th out of 26NeutralNeutralClick and scroll down for more information-2.2%ptEnvironmentEnvironmentalproblemsPosition in EU in 2020Medium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2021-202218th out of 26NeutralPositiveClick and scroll down for more information
Close this theme
Explanation of well-being trend wheels
The inner ring of the well-being trends (BWTs) provides information on the trend (medium-term trend based on available data points in the years 2015–2022). The outer ring shows the average change in the last reporting year relative to the previous year. The colours of boxes indicates whether the indicator is moving in the direction that is associated with an increase (green) or a decrease (red) of well-being. Move the mouse over an indicator in the figure to see what it measures. Clicking through gives access to further information on the trend in the Netherlands and the position relative to the other EU countries. Clicking givers more information on the development in the Netherlands and the position relative to the other EU countries. Where possible, data are included from 1995 onwards. Below the wheel, there is a chart with the position of the Netherlands in the EU-ranking of each indicator. The higher a bar, the higher the ranking of the Netherlands. The colour indicates in what part of the ranking the Netherlands is located. Green indicates a position in the upper quartile of the EU-ranking, red the lower quartile and grey the middle.

Position of the Netherlands in the ranking of European Union member states for the indicators for well-being 'here and now'Bar chart showing the position of the Netherlands in the ranking of European Union member states for each of the indicators for well-being 'here and now' 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 Subjectivewell-being Materialwell-being Housing Safety Health Labour and leisure time Environment Society EU rankingThe bars show the Netherlands’ ranking in the European Union for each indicator. Low ranking High ranking Middle ranking No data Improvement in well-being No change Deterioration in well-being Insufficient data (quality) Medium-term trend (8 years) Change (most recent year) Key Key
 

Trends and positions

  • Eight of the 28 indicators are moving towards increasing well-being (green segment in the inner ring). For five of these indicators the Netherlands is even among the leaders in the EU27: median disposable income, long-term unemployment, net labour participation, satisfaction with work (employees) and trust in people. See the bars below the figure.
  • Three indicators in the wheel show a decrease in well-being (red trend): overweight population, contact with family, friends or neighbours and voluntary work. In spite of the negative trends, the Netherlands is among the leading countries in the EU.
  • For the themes subjective well-being, material well-being, labour and leisure time, housing, safety and the environment, well-being has risen (green) or the trends remain neutral (grey).
  • For the themes health and society, the picture is mixed: alongside neutral trends, some trends have turned red, pointing to a decline in well-being.
  • The trend has reversed for three indicators. The previously neutral (grey) trend for overweight population has changed to red. Trust in institutions (police, House of Representatives and the courts) and urban exposure to fine particulate matter have switched from green to grey. These trend changes all point to deterioration from a well-being point of view.

Most recent changes

  • Median income, the share of the population with a higher education level and the percentage doing voluntary work all grew relatively strongly compared with the previous year. The percentage of people who had been victim of a crime and the percentage experiencing environmental problems were both smaller than in the preceding year. All these changes are signs of increased well-being.
  • On the other hand, healthy life expectancy was lower year-on-year for both men and women. Satisfaction with leisure time and trust in institutions were also significantly down on the previous year. These changes point to a decline in well-being.

Well-being ‘later’

The Dutch population makes collective choices ‘here and now’ that have consequences for future generations in the Netherlands (‘later’). After all, people need a wide range of resources (‘capital’) to maintain their quality of life. Well-being ‘later’ concerns resources available to future generations so that they will be able to achieve at least the same level of well-being as the present generation. In the long term, amounts of economic, natural, human and social capital must be maintained at at least the same level to achieve sustainability.

The wheel illustrating trends in well-being ‘later’ clearly shows that natural capital and trust in institutions are both in decline.

Trends in well-being and SDG's: Later
Trendsinwell-beingLater-1.8%Economic capitalPhysical capitalstockPosition in EU in 2021Medium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2020-20216th out of 12NeutralNegativeClick and scroll down for more information-1.8%Economic capitalKnowledge capitalstockPosition in EU in 2021Medium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2020-20212nd out of 12NeutralNeutralClick and scroll down for more information+2.7%Economic capitalAverage householddebtPosition in EU in 2021Medium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2020-202122nd out of 24NegativeNeutralClick and scroll down for more information+30.2%Economic capitalMedian wealthof householdsMedium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2020-2021PositiveNeutralClick and scroll down for more information+20.1%Natural capitalRenewable electricitycapacityPosition in EU in 2021Medium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2021-20228th out of 27PositivePositiveClick and scroll down for more information+0.0%ptNatural capitalManaged natural assets(terrestrial) within NNNMedium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2020-2021PositiveNeutralClick and scroll down for more information-0.3%Natural capitalGreen blue space,excluding conventional farmingMedium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2020-2021NeutralNeutralClick and scroll down for more information+61.8%Natural capitalPhosphorussurplusPosition in EU in 2019Medium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2021-202215th out of 16NeutralNeutralClick and scroll down for more information-8.6%Natural capitalNitrogensurplusPosition in EU in 2019Medium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2021-202216th out of 16PositiveNeutralClick and scroll down for more information-0.9%Natural capitalFauna onlandMedium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2020-2021NegativeNeutralClick and scroll down for more information-0.2%Natural capitalFauna in freshwaterand marshesMedium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2020-2021NegativeNeutralClick and scroll down for more information-1.8%ptNatural capitalSurface water withgood chemical qualityMedium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2021-2022NegativeNeutralClick and scroll down for more information-15.9%Natural capitalGround waterabstractionPosition in EU in 2020Medium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2020-20219th out of 17NeutralNeutralClick and scroll down for more information-11.9%Natural capitalUrban exposure toparticulate matter (PM2.5)Position in EU in 2019Medium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2018-20198th out of 26NeutralNeutralClick and scroll down for more information+0.0%Natural capitalCumulative CO2emissionsPosition in EU in 2020Medium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2021-202213th out of 16NegativeNeutralClick and scroll down for more information+2.8%Human capitalHoursworkedPosition in EU in 2021Medium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2021-202215th out of 27PositivePositiveClick and scroll down for more information+1.1%ptHuman capitalHigher educatedpopulationPosition in EU in 2021Medium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2021-20228th out of 27PositivePositiveClick and scroll down for more information-4.3%Human capitalHealthy life expectancyof womenPosition in EU in 2020Medium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2021-202218th out of 27NeutralNegativeClick and scroll down for more information-3.4%Human capitalHealthy life expectancyof menPosition in EU in 2020Medium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2021-202214th out of 27NeutralNegativeClick and scroll down for more information-0.3%ptSocial capitalTrust inother peoplePosition in EU in 2020Medium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2021-20222nd out of 19PositiveNeutralClick and scroll down for more information+1.7%ptSocial capitalFeelings ofdiscriminationPosition in EU in 2020Medium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2018-202016th out of 19NeutralNeutralClick and scroll down for more information-5.6%ptSocial capitalTrust ininstitutionsPosition in EU in 2020Medium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2021-20222nd out of 19NeutralNegativeClick and scroll down for more information
Close this theme
Explanation of well-being trend wheels
The inner ring of the well-being trends (BWTs) provides information on the trend (medium-term trend based on available data points in the years 2015–2022). The outer ring shows the average change in the last reporting year relative to the previous year. The colours of boxes indicates whether the indicator is moving in the direction that is associated with an increase (green) or a decrease (red) of well-being. Move the mouse over an indicator in the figure to see what it measures. Clicking through gives access to further information on the trend in the Netherlands and the position relative to the other EU countries. Clicking givers more information on the development in the Netherlands and the position relative to the other EU countries. Where possible, data are included from 1995 onwards. Below the wheel, there is a chart with the position of the Netherlands in the EU-ranking of each indicator. The higher a bar, the higher the ranking of the Netherlands. The colour indicates in what part of the ranking the Netherlands is located. Green indicates a position in the upper quartile of the EU-ranking, red the lower quartile and grey the middle.
 

Trends and positions

  • Trends of seven of the 22 indicators in the ‘later’ wheel indicate an increase in well-being: median household wealth, installed capacity for renewable electricity, managed natural assets within NNN, nitrogen surplus, hours worked, higher educated population and trust in other people.
  • For five of the 22 indicators in the ‘later’ wheel, trends point towards a decline in well-being: average debt per household, fauna on land, fauna in freshwater and marshes, surface water with good chemical quality and cumulative CO2 emissions. By comparison: for well-being ‘here and now’ three trends were red, out of a total of 28 indicators.
  • Declines are particularly evident in natural capital: four of the eleven trends are red.
  • The indicators for human and social capital show either a favourable or a neutral trend.
  • The picture is mixed for economic capital.
  • Compared with other EU countries, the Netherlands ranks mostly in the middle group or among the stragglers. Only for knowledge capital stock, trust in other people and trust in institutions is it among the EU leaders. For phosphorus and nitrogen surpluses, cumulative CO2 emissions, average household debt and the share of population who feel they are part of a discriminated group, the Netherlands is at the bottom of the EU rankings. In terms of installed capacity for renewable energy, the Dutch were near the bottom of the rankings in 2019 but had climbed to the middle group by 2021.
  • The ‘later’ wheel shows three trend reversals compared with the period 2014-2021. Nitrogen surplus improved: the neutral (grey) trend has turned downward (green). The decreasing surplus is connected with a lower nitrogen content of grass and smaller livestock numbers. Although these data are only available for half of EU countries, for both nitrogen and phosphorus surpluses the Netherlands was near the bottom of the rankings (in 2019). Trends for urban exposure to fine particulate matter and trust in institutions, which were both green, have both turned to neutral (grey). Available data on fine particulate matter are not very recent, however.

Most recent changes

  • Installed capacity for renewable electricity has increased sharply compared with the previous year (20.1 percent). The share of higher educated in the population and the average number of hours worked per capita were also higher year-on-year. These changes are favourable for well-being.
  • Healthy life expectancy for men and women was 2.2 years and 2.8 years respectively lower than in 2022, indicative of deteriorating well-being.
  • Trust in institutions (police, courts and House of Representatives) fell by 5.6 percentage points from 2021 to 2022. People had less faith in the House of Representatives in particular (down by 11.9 percentage points). This, too, is unfavourable for well-being.

Well-being ‘elsewhere’

People make choices ‘here and now’ to maintain or improve their well-being. These choices affect not only future generations in the Netherlands (‘later’) but also people living in other countries (‘elsewhere’). The wheel showing well-being trends ‘elsewhere’ is based on income and resources flows between the Netherlands and other countries. Well-being ‘elsewhere’ is mainly rising .

In the context of the monitor, an increase in value is considered to lead to an increase well-being for trade partners. For the theme environment and resources, smaller imported volumes of fossil fuels, metals, non-metallic minerals and biomass are considered to lead to an increase in well-being, as local reserves of natural resources will be less depleted.

2.4.2   Trends in well-being and SDG's: Elsewhere
Trendsinwell-beingElsewhere+31.2%Trade and aidTotal importsof goodsMedium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2021-2022PositiveNeutralClick and scroll down for more information+25.3%Trade and aidImports of goodsfrom EuropeMedium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2021-2022PositiveNeutralClick and scroll down for more information+85.5%Trade and aidImports of goodsfrom AfricaMedium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2021-2022NeutralNeutralClick and scroll down for more information+48.2%Trade and aidImports of goodsfrom AmericaMedium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2021-2022PositiveNeutralClick and scroll down for more information+34.8%Trade and aidImports of goodsfrom AsiaMedium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2021-2022PositiveNeutralClick and scroll down for more information+82.6%Trade and aidImports of goodsfrom OceaniaMedium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2021-2022PositiveNeutralClick and scroll down for more information+157.8%Trade and aidTotal importsfrom LDCsPosition in EU in 2021Medium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2021-20222nd out of 27PositiveNeutralClick and scroll down for more information-0.1%ptTrade and aidOfficial developmentassistancePosition in EU in 2021Medium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2020-20215th out of 27NeutralNeutralClick and scroll down for more information0.0%ptTrade and aidRemittances Position in EU in 2021Medium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2020-20214th out of 27PositiveNeutralClick and scroll down for more information+3.0%Environment and resourcesFossil fuelimportsPosition in EU in 2021Medium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2021-202227th out of 27PositiveNeutralClick and scroll down for more information+437.1%Environment and resourcesFossil fuel importsfrom LDCsMedium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2021-2022NeutralNeutralClick and scroll down for more information-4.4%Environment and resourcesImports ofmetalsPosition in EU in 2021Medium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2021-202224th out of 27NeutralNeutralClick and scroll down for more information+32.5%Environment and resourcesImports of metalsfrom LDCsMedium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2021-2022NeutralNegativeClick and scroll down for more information+10.8%Environment and resourcesImports ofnon-metallic mineralsPosition in EU in 2021Medium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2021-202225th out of 27NeutralNeutralClick and scroll down for more information-3.5%Environment and resourcesImports of non-metallicminerals from LDCsMedium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2021-2022PositiveNeutralClick and scroll down for more information+4.4%Environment and resourcesBiomassimportsPosition in EU in 2021Medium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2021-202226th out of 27NegativeNeutralClick and scroll down for more information+8.1%Environment and resourcesBiomass importsfrom LDCsMedium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2021-2022PositiveNegativeClick and scroll down for more information+0.8%Environment and resourcesLandfootprintMedium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2017-2019UnknownNeutralClick and scroll down for more information-4.5%Environment and resourcesMaterialfootprintMedium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2019-2020NeutralNeutralClick and scroll down for more information+17.4%Environment and resourcesGreenhouse gasfootprintMedium-term trend (2015-2022)Most recent y-o-y change 2020-2021NeutralNeutralClick and scroll down for more information
Close this theme
Explanation of well-being trend wheels
The inner ring of the well-being trends (BWTs) provides information on the trend (medium-term trend based on available data points in the years 2015–2022). The outer ring shows the average change in the last reporting year relative to the previous year. The colours of boxes indicates whether the indicator is moving in the direction that is associated with an increase (green) or a decrease (red) of well-being. Move the mouse over an indicator in the figure to see what it measures. Clicking through gives access to further information on the trend in the Netherlands and the position relative to the other EU countries. Clicking givers more information on the development in the Netherlands and the position relative to the other EU countries. Where possible, data are included from 1995 onwards. Below the wheel, there is a chart with the position of the Netherlands in the EU-ranking of each indicator. The higher a bar, the higher the ranking of the Netherlands. The colour indicates in what part of the ranking the Netherlands is located. Green indicates a position in the upper quartile of the EU-ranking, red the lower quartile and grey the middle.

Position of the Netherlands in the ranking of European Union member states for the indicators for well-being 'elsewhere'Bar chart showing the position of the Netherlands in the ranking of European Union member states for each of the indicators for well-being 'elsewhere' Trade and aid 07 08 09 Environment and resources 10 11 12 13 15 14 16 18 17 19 20 01 02 03 04 06 05 EU rankingThe bars show the Netherlands’ ranking in the European Union for each indicator. Low ranking High ranking Middle ranking No data Improvement in well-being No change Deterioration in well-being Insufficient data (quality) Medium-term trend (8 years) Change (most recent year) Key Key 01 Total imports of goods / 02 Imports of goods from Europe / 03 Imports of goods from Africa / 04 Imports of goods from America / 05 Imports of goods from Asia / 06 Imports of goods from Oceania / 07 Total imports from LDCs / 08 Official development assistance / 09 Remittances / 10 Fossil fuel imports / 11 Fossil fuel imports from LDCs / 12 Imports of metals / 13 Imports of metals from LDCs / 14 Imports of non-metallic minerals / 15 Imports of non-metallic minerals from LDCs / 16 Biomass imports / 17 Biomass imports from LDCs / 18 Land footprint / 19 Material footprint / 20 Greenhouse gas footprint

Trends and positions

  • For ten of the twenty indicators in this wheel, trends are moving towards rising well-being: the total amount of remittances by non-residents to their country of origin accounts for a larger share of GDP, and the value of total goods imports – specifically from Europe, America, Asia and Oceania and the least developed countries (LDCs) – is rising. Volumes of fossil fuels and of non-metallic minerals and biomass imported from LDCs are decreasing.
  • Trends of eight indicators are neutral. It was not possible to calculate a trend for the footprint.
  • Some trends have reversed compared with the trend period in the previous monitor (2014-2021). For the volume of imported fossil fuels and biomass imported from LDCs the trend has become more favourable: it switched from neutral to downward (green). Reserves of natural resources are being depleted less. Imported volumes of fossil fuels from LDCs did deteriorate: here the trend switched from decreasing (green) to neutral. The trend in total volume of imported biomass has also become less favourable, changing from neutral to rising (red).

Most recent changes

The data reveal no notable year-on-year changes. Recent geopolitical tensions (the war in Ukraine) have led to shifting trade flows. The hefty price increases in 2022 also contributed to the increased value of imports. As no corrections have been applied for price changes of imported goods in indicators in the theme trade and aid, it is not possible to determine the underlying changes in trade volumes.

Distribution of well-being

Well-being ‘here and now’ is not distributed equally across the population. It differs especially between groups with different levels of education, groups with different countries of birth/origin, and to a lesser extent between age groups. There are hardly any differences between men and women.

The monitor approaches the distribution of well-being from two angles. On the one hand it describes the situation for each group in the population for each of 13 well-being indicators. On the other hand, it also looks at whether favourable or unfavourable outcomes accumulate for certain individuals, and if so: which groups these individuals belong to. 

Distribution of well-being in most recent available year and relative change from 2019
The dots show for each indicator where population groups have significantly higher (green) or lower (red) well-being than the average for the whole population (grey). The diamonds indicate whether the value for a population group has changed, compared to 2019, more favourably (green) or more unfavourably (red) than the average for the whole population.
Ordered by colour
Ordered by indicator
LegendMost recent yearRelative trend compared to 2019

Sex

Men
Men, Satisfaction with housing: well-being lower than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Men, Trust in institutions: well-being lower than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Men, Victim of crime: well-being lower than national average in 2021, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Men, Satisfaction with life: well-being does not differ from national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Men, Job satisfaction: well-being does not differ from national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Men, Satisfaction with leisure time: well-being does not differ from national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Men, Voluntary work: well-being does not differ from national average in 2022, more favorable than the trend of the national average.
Men, Perceived health: well-being higher than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Men, Net labour participation: well-being higher than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Men, Trust in other people: well-being higher than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Men, Pollution in the neighbourhood: well-being higher than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Men, Standardised disposable income: insufficient data or insufficient quality in 2021, relative development cannot be determined due to redesign of source study.
Men, Wealth: insufficient data or insufficient quality in 2021, relative development cannot be determined due to redesign of source study.
Women
Women, Perceived health: well-being lower than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Women, Net labour participation: well-being lower than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Women, Trust in other people: well-being lower than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Women, Pollution in the neighbourhood: well-being lower than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Women, Satisfaction with life: well-being does not differ from national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Women, Job satisfaction: well-being does not differ from national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Women, Satisfaction with leisure time: well-being does not differ from national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Women, Voluntary work: well-being does not differ from national average in 2022, more unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Women, Satisfaction with housing: well-being higher than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Women, Trust in institutions: well-being higher than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Women, Victim of crime: well-being higher than national average in 2021, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Women, Standardised disposable income: insufficient data or insufficient quality in 2021, relative development cannot be determined due to redesign of source study.
Women, Wealth: insufficient data or insufficient quality in 2021, relative development cannot be determined due to redesign of source study.

Age

Younger than 25
Younger than 25, Satisfaction with life: well-being lower than national average in 2022, more unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Younger than 25, Standardised disposable income: well-being lower than national average in 2021, more favorable than the trend of the national average.
Younger than 25, Wealth: well-being lower than national average in 2021, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Younger than 25, Satisfaction with leisure time: well-being lower than national average in 2022, more unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Younger than 25, Satisfaction with housing: well-being lower than national average in 2022, more unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Younger than 25, Trust in other people: well-being lower than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Younger than 25, Victim of crime: well-being lower than national average in 2021, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Younger than 25, Job satisfaction: well-being does not differ from national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Younger than 25, Voluntary work: well-being does not differ from national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Younger than 25, Perceived health: well-being higher than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Younger than 25, Net labour participation: well-being higher than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Younger than 25, Trust in institutions: well-being higher than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Younger than 25, Pollution in the neighbourhood: well-being higher than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
25-34
25-34, Satisfaction with life: well-being lower than national average in 2022, more unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
25-34, Wealth: well-being lower than national average in 2021, more favorable than the trend of the national average.
25-34, Job satisfaction: well-being lower than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
25-34, Satisfaction with leisure time: well-being lower than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
25-34, Satisfaction with housing: well-being lower than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
25-34, Voluntary work: well-being lower than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
25-34, Victim of crime: well-being lower than national average in 2021, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
25-34, Pollution in the neighbourhood: well-being lower than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
25-34, Standardised disposable income: well-being does not differ from national average in 2021, more favorable than the trend of the national average.
25-34, Trust in institutions: well-being does not differ from national average in 2022, more unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
25-34, Perceived health: well-being higher than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
25-34, Net labour participation: well-being higher than national average in 2022, more unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
25-34, Trust in other people: well-being higher than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
35-44
35-44, Wealth: well-being lower than national average in 2021, more favorable than the trend of the national average.
35-44, Job satisfaction: well-being lower than national average in 2022, more unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
35-44, Satisfaction with leisure time: well-being lower than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
35-44, Satisfaction with housing: well-being lower than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
35-44, Victim of crime: well-being lower than national average in 2021, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
35-44, Satisfaction with life: well-being does not differ from national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
35-44, Perceived health: well-being does not differ from national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
35-44, Standardised disposable income: well-being higher than national average in 2021, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
35-44, Net labour participation: well-being higher than national average in 2022, more unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
35-44, Voluntary work: well-being higher than national average in 2022, more unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
35-44, Trust in other people: well-being higher than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
35-44, Trust in institutions: well-being higher than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
35-44, Pollution in the neighbourhood: well-being higher than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
45-54
45-54, Satisfaction with leisure time: well-being lower than national average in 2022, more favorable than the trend of the national average.
45-54, Victim of crime: well-being lower than national average in 2021, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
45-54, Pollution in the neighbourhood: well-being lower than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
45-54, Satisfaction with life: well-being does not differ from national average in 2022, more favorable than the trend of the national average.
45-54, Perceived health: well-being does not differ from national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
45-54, Trust in institutions: well-being does not differ from national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
45-54, Standardised disposable income: well-being higher than national average in 2021, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
45-54, Wealth: well-being higher than national average in 2021, more unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
45-54, Net labour participation: well-being higher than national average in 2022, more unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
45-54, Job satisfaction: well-being higher than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
45-54, Satisfaction with housing: well-being higher than national average in 2022, more favorable than the trend of the national average.
45-54, Voluntary work: well-being higher than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
45-54, Trust in other people: well-being higher than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
55-64
55-64, Perceived health: well-being lower than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
55-64, Trust in institutions: well-being lower than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
55-64, Pollution in the neighbourhood: well-being lower than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
55-64, Job satisfaction: well-being does not differ from national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
55-64, Voluntary work: well-being does not differ from national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
55-64, Trust in other people: well-being does not differ from national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
55-64, Satisfaction with life: well-being higher than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
55-64, Standardised disposable income: well-being higher than national average in 2021, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
55-64, Wealth: well-being higher than national average in 2021, more unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
55-64, Net labour participation: well-being higher than national average in 2022, more favorable than the trend of the national average.
55-64, Satisfaction with leisure time: well-being higher than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
55-64, Satisfaction with housing: well-being higher than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
55-64, Victim of crime: well-being higher than national average in 2021, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
65-74
65-74, Standardised disposable income: well-being lower than national average in 2021, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
65-74, Perceived health: well-being lower than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
65-74, Net labour participation: well-being lower than national average in 2022, more favorable than the trend of the national average.
65-74, Trust in institutions: well-being lower than national average in 2022, more favorable than the trend of the national average.
65-74, Pollution in the neighbourhood: well-being lower than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
65-74, Trust in other people: well-being does not differ from national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
65-74, Satisfaction with life: well-being higher than national average in 2022, more favorable than the trend of the national average.
65-74, Wealth: well-being higher than national average in 2021, more unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
65-74, Job satisfaction: well-being higher than national average in 2022, more favorable than the trend of the national average.
65-74, Satisfaction with leisure time: well-being higher than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
65-74, Satisfaction with housing: well-being higher than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
65-74, Voluntary work: well-being higher than national average in 2022, more favorable than the trend of the national average.
65-74, Victim of crime: well-being higher than national average in 2021, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
75 and older
75 and older, Standardised disposable income: well-being lower than national average in 2021, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
75 and older, Perceived health: well-being lower than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
75 and older, Voluntary work: well-being lower than national average in 2022, more favorable than the trend of the national average.
75 and older, Trust in other people: well-being lower than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
75 and older, Trust in institutions: well-being lower than national average in 2022, more favorable than the trend of the national average.
75 and older, Satisfaction with life: well-being does not differ from national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
75 and older, Wealth: well-being higher than national average in 2021, more unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
75 and older, Satisfaction with leisure time: well-being higher than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
75 and older, Satisfaction with housing: well-being higher than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
75 and older, Victim of crime: well-being higher than national average in 2021, more unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
75 and older, Pollution in the neighbourhood: well-being higher than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
75 and older, Net labour participation: insufficient data or insufficient quality in 2022, relative development cannot be determined due to redesign of source study.
75 and older, Job satisfaction: insufficient data or insufficient quality in 2022, relative development cannot be determined due to redesign of source study.

Education level

Low
Low, Satisfaction with life: well-being lower than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Low, Standardised disposable income: well-being lower than national average in 2021, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Low, Wealth: well-being lower than national average in 2021, more unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Low, Perceived health: well-being lower than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Low, Net labour participation: well-being lower than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Low, Job satisfaction: well-being lower than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Low, Voluntary work: well-being lower than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Low, Trust in other people: well-being lower than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Low, Trust in institutions: well-being lower than national average in 2022, more favorable than the trend of the national average.
Low, Satisfaction with housing: well-being does not differ from national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Low, Pollution in the neighbourhood: well-being does not differ from national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Low, Satisfaction with leisure time: well-being higher than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Low, Victim of crime: well-being higher than national average in 2021, more unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Medium
Medium, Satisfaction with life: well-being lower than national average in 2022, more unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Medium, Wealth: well-being lower than national average in 2021, more favorable than the trend of the national average.
Medium, Job satisfaction: well-being lower than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Medium, Satisfaction with leisure time: well-being lower than national average in 2022, more unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Medium, Trust in other people: well-being lower than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Medium, Trust in institutions: well-being lower than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Medium, Standardised disposable income: well-being does not differ from national average in 2021, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Medium, Perceived health: well-being does not differ from national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Medium, Satisfaction with housing: well-being does not differ from national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Medium, Voluntary work: well-being does not differ from national average in 2022, more unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Medium, Pollution in the neighbourhood: well-being does not differ from national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Medium, Net labour participation: well-being higher than national average in 2022, more unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Medium, Victim of crime: well-being higher than national average in 2021, more favorable than the trend of the national average.
High
High, Victim of crime: well-being lower than national average in 2021, more favorable than the trend of the national average.
High, Satisfaction with leisure time: well-being does not differ from national average in 2022, more favorable than the trend of the national average.
High, Satisfaction with housing: well-being does not differ from national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
High, Pollution in the neighbourhood: well-being does not differ from national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
High, Satisfaction with life: well-being higher than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
High, Standardised disposable income: well-being higher than national average in 2021, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
High, Wealth: well-being higher than national average in 2021, more unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
High, Perceived health: well-being higher than national average in 2022, more unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
High, Net labour participation: well-being higher than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
High, Job satisfaction: well-being higher than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
High, Voluntary work: well-being higher than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
High, Trust in other people: well-being higher than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
High, Trust in institutions: well-being higher than national average in 2022, more unfavorable than the trend of the national average.

Origin/country of birth

Born in NL, parents from NL
Born in NL, parents from NL, Standardised disposable income: well-being does not differ from national average in 2021, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Born in NL, parents from NL, Trust in institutions: well-being does not differ from national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Born in NL, parents from NL, Satisfaction with life: well-being higher than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Born in NL, parents from NL, Wealth: well-being higher than national average in 2021, more unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Born in NL, parents from NL, Perceived health: well-being higher than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Born in NL, parents from NL, Net labour participation: well-being higher than national average in 2022, more favorable than the trend of the national average.
Born in NL, parents from NL, Job satisfaction: well-being higher than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Born in NL, parents from NL, Satisfaction with leisure time: well-being higher than national average in 2022, more favorable than the trend of the national average.
Born in NL, parents from NL, Satisfaction with housing: well-being higher than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Born in NL, parents from NL, Voluntary work: well-being higher than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Born in NL, parents from NL, Trust in other people: well-being higher than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Born in NL, parents from NL, Victim of crime: well-being higher than national average in 2021, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Born in NL, parents from NL, Pollution in the neighbourhood: well-being higher than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Born in NL, parent(s) from Europe
Born in NL, parent(s) from Europe, Standardised disposable income: well-being lower than national average in 2021, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Born in NL, parent(s) from Europe, Wealth: well-being lower than national average in 2021, more unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Born in NL, parent(s) from Europe, Net labour participation: well-being lower than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Born in NL, parent(s) from Europe, Voluntary work: well-being lower than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Born in NL, parent(s) from Europe, Victim of crime: well-being lower than national average in 2021, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Born in NL, parent(s) from Europe, Pollution in the neighbourhood: well-being lower than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Born in NL, parent(s) from Europe, Satisfaction with life: well-being does not differ from national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Born in NL, parent(s) from Europe, Job satisfaction: well-being does not differ from national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Born in NL, parent(s) from Europe, Satisfaction with leisure time: well-being does not differ from national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Born in NL, parent(s) from Europe, Satisfaction with housing: well-being does not differ from national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Born in NL, parent(s) from Europe, Trust in other people: well-being does not differ from national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Born in NL, parent(s) from Europe, Trust in institutions: well-being does not differ from national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Born in NL, parent(s) from Europe, Perceived health: well-being higher than national average in 2022, more favorable than the trend of the national average.
Born in NL, parent(s) from outside Europe
Born in NL, parent(s) from outside Europe, Wealth: well-being lower than national average in 2021, more favorable than the trend of the national average.
Born in NL, parent(s) from outside Europe, Job satisfaction: well-being lower than national average in 2022, more favorable than the trend of the national average.
Born in NL, parent(s) from outside Europe, Satisfaction with leisure time: well-being lower than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Born in NL, parent(s) from outside Europe, Satisfaction with housing: well-being lower than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Born in NL, parent(s) from outside Europe, Voluntary work: well-being lower than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Born in NL, parent(s) from outside Europe, Trust in other people: well-being lower than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Born in NL, parent(s) from outside Europe, Trust in institutions: well-being lower than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Born in NL, parent(s) from outside Europe, Victim of crime: well-being lower than national average in 2021, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Born in NL, parent(s) from outside Europe, Pollution in the neighbourhood: well-being lower than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Born in NL, parent(s) from outside Europe, Satisfaction with life: well-being does not differ from national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Born in NL, parent(s) from outside Europe, Standardised disposable income: well-being does not differ from national average in 2021, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Born in NL, parent(s) from outside Europe, Perceived health: well-being higher than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Born in NL, parent(s) from outside Europe, Net labour participation: well-being higher than national average in 2022, more favorable than the trend of the national average.
Born in Europe (excl. NL)
Born in Europe (excl. NL), Satisfaction with life: well-being lower than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Born in Europe (excl. NL), Standardised disposable income: well-being lower than national average in 2021, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Born in Europe (excl. NL), Wealth: well-being lower than national average in 2021, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Born in Europe (excl. NL), Job satisfaction: well-being lower than national average in 2022, more favorable than the trend of the national average.
Born in Europe (excl. NL), Satisfaction with leisure time: well-being lower than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Born in Europe (excl. NL), Satisfaction with housing: well-being lower than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Born in Europe (excl. NL), Voluntary work: well-being lower than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Born in Europe (excl. NL), Trust in other people: well-being lower than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Born in Europe (excl. NL), Victim of crime: well-being lower than national average in 2021, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Born in Europe (excl. NL), Perceived health: well-being does not differ from national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Born in Europe (excl. NL), Trust in institutions: well-being does not differ from national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Born in Europe (excl. NL), Pollution in the neighbourhood: well-being does not differ from national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Born in Europe (excl. NL), Net labour participation: well-being higher than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Born outside Europe
Born outside Europe, Satisfaction with life: well-being lower than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Born outside Europe, Standardised disposable income: well-being lower than national average in 2021, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Born outside Europe, Wealth: well-being lower than national average in 2021, more favorable than the trend of the national average.
Born outside Europe, Perceived health: well-being lower than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Born outside Europe, Net labour participation: well-being lower than national average in 2022, more unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Born outside Europe, Job satisfaction: well-being lower than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Born outside Europe, Satisfaction with leisure time: well-being lower than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Born outside Europe, Satisfaction with housing: well-being lower than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Born outside Europe, Voluntary work: well-being lower than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Born outside Europe, Trust in other people: well-being lower than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Born outside Europe, Victim of crime: well-being lower than national average in 2021, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Born outside Europe, Pollution in the neighbourhood: well-being lower than national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.
Born outside Europe, Trust in institutions: well-being does not differ from national average in 2022, no more favorable or unfavorable than the trend of the national average.

People with lower and medium levels of education have lower levels of well-being than those with a degree in higher education. People born outside the Netherlands, or whose parents – one or both – were born outside the Netherlands have lower levels of well-being than people born in the Netherlands and whose parents were also born in the country.
Well-being of people aged 25 to 34 years is below average, while for 45- to 64-year-olds it is relatively high.

Generally speaking, the distribution of well-being has not changed much from 2019. However, in relative terms younger groups show a slightly lower level of well-being, just as those with medium education levels. On the other hand, 65- to 74-year-olds and people born in the Netherlands but of whom one or both parents were born outside Europe often scored more favourably.

Accumulation, 2022
Percentage of every population group that is located at the top, in the middle or at the bottom of the distribution of well-being

Sex

17.9%
57.6%
24.5%
19.3%
59.8%
20.9%

Age

21.7%
56.0%
22.2%
18.8%
61.7%
19.4%
16.2%
58.1%
25.6%
14.9%
55.2%
29.9%
19.6%
48.8%
31.6%
26.8%
57.6%
15.6%
11.8%
81.3%
6.9%

Highest completed level of education

31.7%
59.8%
8.5%
17.9%
62.8%
19.2%
8.9%
54.2%
36.9%

Origin/country of birth

15.3%
59.4%
25.3%
21.4%
58.7%
20.0%
26.5%
58.8%
14.8%
22.8%
61.5%
15.7%
37.0%
51.6%
11.4%

Favourable outcomes accumulate more for people with higher than for people with lower education levels. Unfavourable outcomes are more likely to accumulate for people with lower education levels. Additional large differences in accumulation can be observed by country of birth/origin and age group.
Fewer people accumulated favourable or unfavourable outcomes in 2022 than in 2019, which means the middle group expanded. The share with accumulated favourable outcomes fell substantially among people younger than 35 years. The same is true for people born in the Netherlands with at least one parent born outside Europe.

SDGs

The UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) also reflect trends in well-being in the Netherlands. Here, well-being themes are described using the SDGs as a starting point. Some SDGs have been divided into two or three parts, reflecting the different perspectives they comprise. The monitor measures Dutch progress on the SDGs in terms of 293 indicators. For each indicator in the 17 SDGs, we establish whether the trend is moving towards target, away from target, or is neutral. Where possible, we also present the position of the Netherlands compared with other EU countries.

Trends of indicators measured for each SDGplus
This figure shows the percentage share in the total number of indicators in the dashboard for each SDG.
Ordered by SDG
Ordered by percentage green trends, from high to low
Ordered by percentage red trends, from high to low
SDG 1:  No poverty
41.7%
50%
8.3%
SDG 2:  Zero hunger
38.5%
46.2%
15.4%
SDG 3:  Good health and well-being
26.7%
53.3%
20%
SDG 4:  Quality education
50%
37.5%
12.5%
SDG 5:  Gender equality
66.7%
33.3%
SDG 6:  Clean water and sanitation
7.7%
76.9%
15.4%
SDG 7:  Affordable and clean energy
53.8%
38.5%
7.7%
SDG 8:  Decent work and economic growth
40%
53.3%
6.7%
60%
33.3%
6.7%
SDG 9:  Industry, innovation and infrastructure
25%
56.3%
18.8%
66.7%
33.3%
41.7%
50%
8.3%
SDG 10:  Reduced inequalities
25%
50%
25%
20%
40%
40%
SDG 11:  Sustainable cities and communities
14.3%
50%
35.7%
23.1%
53.8%
23.1%
SDG 12:  Responsible consumption and production
46.2%
46.2%
7.7%
SDG 13:  Climate action
71.4%
14.3%
14.3%
SDG 14:  Life in water
33.3%
66.7%
SDG 15:  Life on land
16.7%
50%
33.3%
SDG 16:  Peace, justice and strong institutions
30.8%
53.8%
15.4%
27.3%
45.5%
27.3%
SDG 17:  Partnerships for the goals
33.3%
66.7%
SDG 13:  Climate action
71.4%
14.3%
14.3%
SDG 5:  Gender equality
66.7%
33.3%
SDG 9:  Industry, innovation and infrastructure
66.7%
33.3%
SDG 8:  Decent work and economic growth
60%
33.3%
6.7%
SDG 7:  Affordable and clean energy
53.8%
38.5%
7.7%
SDG 4:  Quality education
50%
37.5%
12.5%
SDG 12:  Responsible consumption and production
46.2%
46.2%
7.7%
SDG 1:  No poverty
41.7%
50%
8.3%
SDG 9:  Industry, innovation and infrastructure
41.7%
50%
8.3%
SDG 8:  Decent work and economic growth
40%
53.3%
6.7%
SDG 2:  Zero hunger
38.5%
46.2%
15.4%
SDG 14:  Life in water
33.3%
66.7%
SDG 17:  Partnerships for the goals
33.3%
66.7%
SDG 16:  Peace, justice and strong institutions
30.8%
53.8%
15.4%
27.3%
45.5%
27.3%
SDG 3:  Good health and well-being
26.7%
53.3%
20%
SDG 9:  Industry, innovation and infrastructure
25%
56.3%
18.8%
SDG 10:  Reduced inequalities
25%
50%
25%
SDG 11:  Sustainable cities and communities
23.1%
53.8%
23.1%
SDG 10:  Reduced inequalities
20%
40%
40%
SDG 15:  Life on land
16.7%
50%
33.3%
SDG 11:  Sustainable cities and communities
14.3%
50%
35.7%
SDG 6:  Clean water and sanitation
7.7%
76.9%
15.4%
SDG 10:  Reduced inequalities
20%
40%
40%
SDG 11:  Sustainable cities and communities
14.3%
50%
35.7%
SDG 15:  Life on land
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