© ANP / Joosten Fotografie

The Sustainable Development Goals in the Monitor of Well-being

The United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) offer another perspective on well-being, and here we describe Dutch well-being on the basis of these 17 SDGs. As some SDGs comprise different elements of well-being, we have divided them into two or three parts to reflect these aspects.
The monitor measures Dutch progress on the SDGs in terms of 293 indicators. For each indicator in the 17 SDGs, we establish whether the trend is moving towards target, away from target, or is neutral. Where possible, we also present the position of the Netherlands compared with other EU countries.

SDGs

Trends

The summary figure below combines all indicators for which a medium-term trend (2015–2022) was calculated. It shows the percentage of indicators moving towards the goal (green), the percentage showing a neutral trend (grey) and the percentage moving away from the goal (red).

Trends of indicators measured for each SDGplus
This figure shows the percentage share in the total number of indicators in the dashboard for each SDG.
Ordered by SDG
Ordered by percentage green trends, from high to low
Ordered by percentage red trends, from high to low
SDG 1:  No poverty
41.7%
50%
8.3%
SDG 2:  Zero hunger
38.5%
46.2%
15.4%
SDG 3:  Good health and well-being
26.7%
53.3%
20%
SDG 4:  Quality education
50%
37.5%
12.5%
SDG 5:  Gender equality
66.7%
33.3%
SDG 6:  Clean water and sanitation
7.7%
76.9%
15.4%
SDG 7:  Affordable and clean energy
53.8%
38.5%
7.7%
SDG 8:  Decent work and economic growth
40%
53.3%
6.7%
60%
33.3%
6.7%
SDG 9:  Industry, innovation and infrastructure
25%
56.3%
18.8%
66.7%
33.3%
41.7%
50%
8.3%
SDG 10:  Reduced inequalities
25%
50%
25%
20%
40%
40%
SDG 11:  Sustainable cities and communities
14.3%
50%
35.7%
23.1%
53.8%
23.1%
SDG 12:  Responsible consumption and production
46.2%
46.2%
7.7%
SDG 13:  Climate action
71.4%
14.3%
14.3%
SDG 14:  Life in water
33.3%
66.7%
SDG 15:  Life on land
16.7%
50%
33.3%
SDG 16:  Peace, justice and strong institutions
30.8%
53.8%
15.4%
27.3%
45.5%
27.3%
SDG 17:  Partnerships for the goals
33.3%
66.7%
SDG 13:  Climate action
71.4%
14.3%
14.3%
SDG 5:  Gender equality
66.7%
33.3%
SDG 9:  Industry, innovation and infrastructure
66.7%
33.3%
SDG 8:  Decent work and economic growth
60%
33.3%
6.7%
SDG 7:  Affordable and clean energy
53.8%
38.5%
7.7%
SDG 4:  Quality education
50%
37.5%
12.5%
SDG 12:  Responsible consumption and production
46.2%
46.2%
7.7%
SDG 1:  No poverty
41.7%
50%
8.3%
SDG 9:  Industry, innovation and infrastructure
41.7%
50%
8.3%
SDG 8:  Decent work and economic growth
40%
53.3%
6.7%
SDG 2:  Zero hunger
38.5%
46.2%
15.4%
SDG 14:  Life in water
33.3%
66.7%
SDG 17:  Partnerships for the goals
33.3%
66.7%
SDG 16:  Peace, justice and strong institutions
30.8%
53.8%
15.4%
27.3%
45.5%
27.3%
SDG 3:  Good health and well-being
26.7%
53.3%
20%
SDG 9:  Industry, innovation and infrastructure
25%
56.3%
18.8%
SDG 10:  Reduced inequalities
25%
50%
25%
SDG 11:  Sustainable cities and communities
23.1%
53.8%
23.1%
SDG 10:  Reduced inequalities
20%
40%
40%
SDG 15:  Life on land
16.7%
50%
33.3%
SDG 11:  Sustainable cities and communities
14.3%
50%
35.7%
SDG 6:  Clean water and sanitation
7.7%
76.9%
15.4%
SDG 10:  Reduced inequalities
20%
40%
40%
SDG 11:  Sustainable cities and communities
14.3%
50%
35.7%
SDG 15:  Life on land
16.7%
50%
33.3%
SDG 16:  Peace, justice and strong institutions
27.3%
45.5%
27.3%
SDG 10:  Reduced inequalities
25%
50%
25%
SDG 11:  Sustainable cities and communities
23.1%
53.8%
23.1%
SDG 3:  Good health and well-being
26.7%
53.3%
20%
SDG 9:  Industry, innovation and infrastructure
25%
56.3%
18.8%
SDG 2:  Zero hunger
38.5%
46.2%
15.4%
SDG 6:  Clean water and sanitation
7.7%
76.9%
15.4%
SDG 16:  Peace, justice and strong institutions
30.8%
53.8%
15.4%
SDG 13:  Climate action
71.4%
14.3%
14.3%
SDG 4:  Quality education
50%
37.5%
12.5%
SDG 1:  No poverty
41.7%
50%
8.3%
SDG 9:  Industry, innovation and infrastructure
41.7%
50%
8.3%
SDG 7:  Affordable and clean energy
53.8%
38.5%
7.7%
SDG 12:  Responsible consumption and production
46.2%
46.2%
7.7%
SDG 8:  Decent work and economic growth
40%
53.3%
6.7%
60%
33.3%
6.7%
SDG 5:  Gender equality
66.7%
33.3%
SDG 9:  Industry, innovation and infrastructure
66.7%
33.3%
SDG 14:  Life in water
33.3%
66.7%
SDG 17:  Partnerships for the goals
33.3%
66.7%

The figure below gives an overview of trends in all indicators measured for each SDG, by category of indicator: resources and opportunities, use, outcomes and subjective assessment. It is an in-depth version of the figure above. The colours have the same meaning: green indicates a trend moving towards the goal, red a trend moving away from the goal.

  Trends of measured indicators per SDGplus by type of indicator

The figure reveals some interesting combinations of trends in different indicator categories, for example:

  • SDG 1 No poverty: green trends in the category resources and opportunities, but relative poverty is trending upwards (red) in the category outcomes.
  • Four of the six trends in the category use in SDG 2 Zero hunger are green. The two indicators for resources and opportunities (utilised agricultural area and agricultural production per 1,000 working years) are red.
  • SDG 5 Gender equality: eight of the thirteen indicators point to increasing well-being, all three of those in the category use and five in the category outcomes. The trend for the percentage of women in parliament switched from downward (red) to grey. There are no red trends in this SDG.
  • The only indicator for SDG 6 Clean water and sanitation that points to increasing well-being is water productivity in the category use. For three other indicators in this category, the trend switched from green to grey. Two indicators in the category outcomes show a red trend: fauna in freshwater and marshes, and surface water with good chemical quality.
  • SDG 8.2 decent work and economic growth: labour and leisure time: nine trends are green (e.g. fall in unemployment, rise in net labour participation, fewer employees with flexible employment contracts, positive trends for the subjective assessment indicators). Work-related mental fatigue is the exception here: this is trending upwards (red), and rose in the most recent year measured.
  • SDG 10.1 Reduced inequalities: social cohesion and inequality: three of the four indicators in the category use show a red trend (downward trends for contact with family, friends or neighbours, participation in clubs, associations, etc., and voluntary work).
  • SDG 11.1 Sustainable cities and communities: housing: trends in indicators for affordable housing are pushing well-being down. But the percentage of households saying that housing costs are a heavy burden is also trending downwards, which is favourable in terms of well-being.
  • SDG 15 Life on land: indicators in the category outcomes, especially biodiversity indicators, point to a deterioration of well-being. Red trends for the Red List Indicator, farmland birds and fauna on land.
  • For SDG 16.2 Peace, justice and strong institutions: institutions, trends for indicators in the categories resources and opportunities, use and outcomes are red or grey, while the category subjective assessment (trust) shows a few green trends. However, the trends in trust in civil servants and trust in the House of Representatives, which were rising, have turned into neutral. The most recent year-on-year changes in the subjective assessment category show deterioration for all indicators.

Positions

As not all EU countries measure the same indicators, or do not measure them in the same way, international comparison is not possible for all indicators in the monitor. Where comparison is possible, we established the average position of the Netherlands within the EU27 for each SDG. In some cases, international comparison is based on indicators with a slightly different definition than those used for the national trend calculation.

Uitleg samenvattend figuur

Position of the Netherlands in the EU for each SDGplus
This figure shows the average position for the indicators in the dashboard for each SDG.
Ordered by SDG
Ordered by position, from high to low
Ordered by position, from low to high
Last in EU
First in EU
0%
100%
SDG 1:  No poverty
81%
81%
SDG 2:  Zero hunger
44%
44%
SDG 3:  Good health and well-being
71%
71%
SDG 4:  Quality education
69%
69%
SDG 5:  Gender equality
61%
61%
SDG 6:  Clean water and sanitation
46%
46%
SDG 7:  Affordable and clean energy
47%
47%
SDG 8:  Decent work and economic growth
74%
74%
70%
70%
SDG 9:  Industry, innovation and infrastructure
51%
51%
78%
78%
69%
69%
SDG 10:  Reduced inequalities
79%
79%
55%
55%
SDG 11:  Sustainable cities and communities
51%
51%
47%
47%
SDG 12:  Responsible consumption and production
66%
66%
SDG 13:  Climate action
33%
33%
SDG 14:  Life in water
31%
31%
SDG 15:  Life on land
43%
43%
SDG 16:  Peace, justice and strong institutions
61%
61%
79%
79%
SDG 17:  Partnerships for the goals
91%
91%
SDG 17:  Partnerships for the goals
91%
91%
SDG 1:  No poverty
81%
81%
SDG 10:  Reduced inequalities
79%
79%
SDG 16:  Peace, justice and strong institutions
79%
79%
SDG 9:  Industry, innovation and infrastructure
78%
78%
SDG 8:  Decent work and economic growth
74%
74%
SDG 3:  Good health and well-being
71%
71%
SDG 8:  Decent work and economic growth
70%
70%
SDG 4:  Quality education
69%
69%
SDG 9:  Industry, innovation and infrastructure
69%
69%
SDG 12:  Responsible consumption and production
66%
66%
SDG 5:  Gender equality
61%
61%
SDG 16:  Peace, justice and strong institutions
61%
61%
SDG 10:  Reduced inequalities
55%
55%
SDG 9:  Industry, innovation and infrastructure
51%
51%
SDG 11:  Sustainable cities and communities
51%
51%
SDG 7:  Affordable and clean energy
47%
47%
SDG 11:  Sustainable cities and communities
47%
47%
SDG 6:  Clean water and sanitation
46%
46%
SDG 2:  Zero hunger
44%
44%
SDG 15:  Life on land
43%
43%
SDG 13:  Climate action
33%
33%
SDG 14:  Life in water
31%
31%
SDG 14:  Life in water
31%
31%
SDG 13:  Climate action
33%
33%
SDG 15:  Life on land
43%
43%
SDG 2:  Zero hunger
44%
44%
SDG 6:  Clean water and sanitation
46%
46%
SDG 7:  Affordable and clean energy
47%
47%
SDG 11:  Sustainable cities and communities
47%
47%
SDG 9:  Industry, innovation and infrastructure
51%
51%
SDG 11:  Sustainable cities and communities
51%
51%
SDG 10:  Reduced inequalities
55%
55%
SDG 5:  Gender equality
61%
61%
SDG 16:  Peace, justice and strong institutions
61%
61%
SDG 12:  Responsible consumption and production
66%
66%
SDG 4:  Quality education
69%
69%
SDG 9:  Industry, innovation and infrastructure
69%
69%
SDG 8:  Decent work and economic growth
70%
70%
SDG 3:  Good health and well-being
71%
71%
SDG 8:  Decent work and economic growth
74%
74%
SDG 9:  Industry, innovation and infrastructure
78%
78%
SDG 10:  Reduced inequalities
79%
79%
SDG 16:  Peace, justice and strong institutions
79%
79%
SDG 1:  No poverty
81%
81%
SDG 17:  Partnerships for the goals
91%
91%