Government and politics

Government and politics

Public deficit almost 15 billion euros in the first half year

In the first six months of 2020, the Dutch government spent nearly 15 billion euros more than it received. This was mainly due to measures implemented by the government to support the economy throughout the coronavirus crisis.

Dutch government surplus 14 billion euros in 2019

In 2019 the public surplus amounted to 1.7 percent of GDP. Both revenues and expenditure rose sharply. Public debt at the end of 2019 amounted to 48.6 percent of GDP.

Eurozone debts still exceeding pre-crisis level

In mid-year 2019, the Netherlands’ gross debt ratio – government debt as a percentage of gross domestic product (GDP) – amounted to 50.9 percent of GDP.

€14 bn government surplus after first three quarters

The Dutch central government realised a budget surplus of more than 14 billion euros over the first three quarters of 2019.

General government surplus 1.8% of GDP in mid-2019

In the first six months of 2019, the government had a budget surplus of 14 bn euros, as revenues increased more rapidly than expenditure.

Defence expenditure 1.2 percent of GDP in 2018

In 2018 defence expenditure expressed as a percentage of GDP amounted to 1.2 percent. Government expenditure on defecen rose by over 0.5 billion to 9.1 billion euros.

Natural gas revenues almost 417 billion euros

The largest gas field in Europe was discovered near Slochteren (Groningen) on 29 May 1959, this gave natural gas a vital role in the Dutch energy supply.

Nearly one-quarter of non-Dutch voters are Polish

Around 13.5 million inhabitants of the Netherlands are eligible to vote in the upcoming European Parliament elections. Of this group, 3.6 percent do not hold the Dutch nationality but do have EU citizenship.

4 in 10 young people interested in politics

Young people aged 15 to 17 years have little interest in politics. They become more interested when turning 18.

90 percent satisfied, 10 percent pessimistic

The majority of Dutch adults are satisfied with their lives. Nearly six in ten adults are also optimistic about the current state of affairs in the Netherlands.

Government budget surplus up to 1.5 percent in 2018

The Dutch government achieved an 11 billion euro budget surplus in 2018, equivalent to 1.5 percent of gross domestic product (GDP). Government debt declined, just as in previous years, and stood at 52.4 percent of GDP by the end of 2018.

Public trust in EU and politics on the rise

Last year, more than six in ten Dutch people aged 15 and up indicated they trusted other people, a share similar to that in 2017.

Budget surplus at 2.1 percent of GDP in Q3 2018

Government revenues in the first three quarters of 2018 exceeded expenditure by almost 12 billion euros.

Budget surplus up to 1.9 percent of GDP in mid-2018

Government revenues were nearly 5 billion euros higher in the first six months of 2018 than in the same period last year. This resulted in a year-on-year increase in the budget surplus, equivalent to 1.9 percent of gross domestic product (GDP), measured from Q3 2017 up to and including Q2 2018.

The Netherlands 10 years after Lehman Brothers

The Netherlands ten years after the onset of the global credit crisis. Developments in unemployment, GDP, labour participation, housing market, social assistance benefits, debt liabilities and other indicators, together providing a comprehensive picture of the situation before, during and after the crisis.

Raised state pension age curbs spending on benefits

In 2017, raising the statutory pension (AOW) entitlement age resulted in savings of approximately 1.7 billion euros. The situation after raising the entitlement age is compared with the entitlement age still being 65 years; indirect effects are not taken into account.

Dutch public debt now also below EMU target

For the first time since 2008. Dutch public finances comply with the European standards.

Dutch public debt below EMU target

For the first time in six years, government debt falls below 60 percent of GDP (EMU target).

Relatively high prosperity, but at a cost

The Sustainability Monitor 2017 was presented to the Dutch House of Representatives on 17 May.

Budget surplus of almost 3 bn euros in 2016

The Netherlands has a budget surplus of nearly 3 bn euros for the first time since the global financial crisis.

CBS to compile a Monitor of well-being

The Dutch Cabinet has commissioned CBS to compile an annual Monitor of well-being.

Women’s emancipation: a slow process

Women work fewer hours, earn lower incomes. More women in top civil sector and commercial sector positions.

Higher taxes and social insurance contributions

The burden imposed by taxes and social security contributions has grown in recent years to 37.8 percent of GDP in 2015.

CBS explores SDGs: starting point for a public debate

Last 4 November, Statistics Netherlands published an exploratory report on the measurement of SDGs for the Netherlands

Higher government revenues reduce public deficit

Government revenues were nearly 7 bn euros higher in the first six months of 2016 than in the same period last year.

Median purchasing power continues to rise

The purchasing power of the Dutch population improved 1.1 percent last year.

Further improvement public finances

The public deficit and public debt (as a percentage of GDP) both declined in Q1 2016.

Dutch government deficit and debt reduced considerably

The Netherlands’ general government deficit in 2015 came out at 1.8 percent of gross domestic product (GDP).

Public debt at 1.7 percent after third quarter

After the first three quarters of 2015, the public deficit amounted to 1.7 percent of GDP on an annual basis. Public debt was reduced to 66.3 percent of GDP.

Public expenditure on defence further down in 2014

In 2014 public expenditure on defence declined by 191 million euros to 7.4 billion euros. Dutch defence expenditure has shown a downward trend for the past five years, in spite of a slight increase in expenditure in 2013. Defence expenditure has shown a decline of 1.1 billion euros since 2009.

Dutch state pension entitlement exceeding entitlement to Dutch supplementary schemes

Dutch state pension (AOW) entitlement nearly doubled between 2008 and 2014 and by far exceed entitlement to the supplementary employee pension schemes.

Economy most urgent problem according to Dutch voters

In recent years, Dutch voters have been anxious about finances and the economy, but they also think their culture is under threat, according to a publication presented today by Statistics Netherlands s about the National Voters Survey 2006-2012.

Dutch less politically active than Germans

Nearly four in ten Dutch people undertake political activities other than voting in an election. The share of politically active people varies between regions, but is overall significantly lower than in Germany.

municipalities financially dependent on central government

Over two-thirds of the income of Dutch municipalities in 2013 came from central government. Eleven percent of their income came from local taxes. Revenues from local taxes are much lower in the Netherlands than in many other European countries, while Dutch local authorities are responsible for a large number of policy implementation tasks.

5.5 billion euros road tax revenues in government coffers in 2015

The Dutch government expects to receive 5.5 billion euros in revenues from motor vehicle tax in 2015. This tax, also known as road tax, consists of two parts. The largest part, nearly 4 billion euros, will go to central government. Just over 1.5 billion euros will be paid to provincial government.

Dutch government guarantor for 46 billion euros worth of loans

By the end of 2013 the Dutch government provided for 46 billion euros worth of debt guarantees for loans. Nearly 39 billion euros of these debt guarantees > were made available by the central government whereas local government acted as debt guarantor for over 7.5 billion euros.

Army medical statistics: a 19th century mine of information

We use statistics to build up our knowledge about society. This is an age-old idea of what statistics are for. In the words of Jan Ackersdyck, professor of statistics in Utrecht in the mid-19th century, statistics is the knowledge of true facts of great importance which should serve as a basis for measures which affect the welfare of citizens. He already recognised the role that statistics would later officially play: collecting facts as a basis for legislation and policymaking.

Care and rent allowances continue to rise, childcare allowance lower again

Dutch central government paid just over 10.4 billion euros in income-related allowances for housing, health care and children in 2013. Spending on care allowances, in particular, rose, to 5.1 billion euros, while spending on childcare allowances fell to 1.9 billion euros. The sum spent on rent allowances rose by 6 percent, to 2.4 billion euros; child budget payments remained stable at 0.9 billion euros.

Ageing population pushes up spending on state pensions

According to figures published by Statistics Netherlands today, spending on state old-age pensions has risen by nearly a quarter since 2008, to 32.7 billion euros in 2013. By the end of 2013, over 3.2 million people in the Netherlands were receiving a state old-age pension. One in ten of them live outside the Netherlands.

Growing confidence in the military

Last year, more than six in every ten over-15s indicated to have confidence in the military, i.e. slightly more than in 2012. People have more confidence in police and judiciary, but less confidence in other institutions.

Public deficit down to 2.3 percent in 2013

The most recent calculations made by Statistics Netherlands indicate that last year’s public deficit and public debt are in fact lower than the first estimate dating back to March suggested. In the current calculation, the nationalisation of SNS REAAL is incorporated in the deficit in a different manner, new international guidelines are applied and the most recent data available are used.

More and more women in European Parliament

Share of women in European Parliament and national parliaments Key words: Summary: The share of women in the European Parliament has risen steadily in recent decades. In 1979, when direct voting for the European Parliament began, 16 percent of European Parliament members were women. In the present parliament this is 36 percent.

Interest rate historically low in 2013

With 2.4 percent, the interest rate on the public debt reached a historically low level in 2013. Although public debt is growing, the interest paid over the public debt is diminishing.

Dutch government deficit 2.5 percent in 2013

Figures released by Statistics Netherlands today show that Dutch government deficit amounted to 2.5 percent of GDP in 2013. This puts it below the European norm of 3 percent for the first time in five years. In 2012, the deficit still amounted to 4.1 percent. The government debt of the Netherlands rose by 2.2 percentage points in 2013, to 73.5 percent of GDP, well over the European limit of 60 percent.

Parking fee revenues estimated at 660 million euros in 2014

Municipal authorities expect to receive 660 million euros in parking fees this year, i.e. 15 million euros more than in 2013 and 94 million euros more than in 2010.

More supermarkets and department stores in large municipalities

The number of supermarkets and department stores grew substantially in large municipalities in the Netherlands between 2008 and 2013, but declined in the smallest municipalities. Consumer electronics shops closed down almost everywhere, in particular in smaller municipalities.

Local governments anticipate deficit of 3.7 billion euros

The overall EMU deficit of local governments for 2014 is estimated at 3.7 billion euros, 0.6 billion euros above the norm as previously agreed upon.

Tax revenues according to EU classifications

Statistics Netherlands (CBS) publishes the tax revenues of the Dutch government on a quarterly basis.

Revenues from local taxes set to rise by 2.1 percent

Based on local government budgets for 2014, Statistics Netherlands has calculated that Dutch local authorities can expect to receive 12.8 billion euros in local taxes and levies this year.

Proceeds road tax surcharge expected to exceed 1.5 billion euros in 2014

In 2014, provincial authorities expect to receive 1.5 billion euros from the surcharge on road tax, i.e. 68 million euros more than in 2013.

Municipal debt exceeds 50 billion euros

Mid-2013, the overall municipal debt in the Netherlands was nearly 51 billion euros. The municipal debt has grown for the sixth year in a row.

Public deficit to 2.5 percent

With 2.5 percent of GDP, the public deficit over the period July 2012-June 2013 was far below the EU ceiling of 3 percent. The deficit over the entire year 2012 was 4.1 percent of GDP.

Municipal cuts on arts and culture

This year’s municipal spending on arts and culture is anticipated to total nearly 1.7 billion euros, 3.7 percent down from 2012. The per capita amount is reduced from 103 to 98 euros.

Water board taxes rise more rapidly for owner-occupiers than for tenants

Taxes imposed by water board authorities are higher for owner-occupants than for tenants and the gap has widened in 2013. Home-owning multi-person households on average pay 319 euros in 2013, i.e. 35 percent more than multi-person households living in rental homes.

Substantial increase tourist tax revenue over the past five years

In 2013, tourist tax is anticipated to put 162 million euros in the municipal coffers, i.e. an increase by 36 percent relative to 2008. The higher revenue is mainly due to higher rates.

Government surplus in first quarter of 2013

In the first quarter of 2013, the Dutch government has realised a surplus, predominantly due to the one-off revenue from the auction of telecom frequencies. The nationalisation of SNS REAAL does not affect the government balance sheet. The public deficit over the past four quarters has fallen to 2.9 percent of the GDP.

Highest incomes most often in favour of mortgage interest deduction

The majority of Dutch aged 18 years and older are in favour of preserving the mortgage interest relief scheme, but the group of opponents is growing.

Differences in prosperity levels in Europe reduced

The Netherlands was the second most prosperous country in the European Union (EU) in 2011 after Luxembourg. Bulgaria and Romania are the least prosperous countries in the EU. Relative to 1995, the prosperity gap between the various EU countries has narrowed.

Burden tax and social insurance contributions in the European Union nearly 40 percent

The average burden of taxes and social insurance contributions in the European Union (EU) was 39 percent of the gross domestic product (GDP) in 2011, but there are considerable differences between the various EU member states.

Municipal expenditure down for third consecutive year

Municipal spending exceeded 52 billion euros in 2012, i.e. nearly 1 billion euros down from 2011. Municipal spending declined for the third year in a row and was 3.8 billion below the level of 2009.

Population thinks government should take care of vulnerable groups

The Dutch population thinks the government should play a more active role in various areas of society. Especially when it comes to taking care of people who are not at all or to a lesser degree able to take care of themselves, e.g. disabled and older people

Government deficit 4.1 percent in 2012

In 2012 the Dutch government deficit shrank to 4.1 percent of GDP while government debt rose to 71.2 percent of GDP. The Dutch government deficit and debt have now exceeded the European norms for the fourth year in a row.

Municipalities, provinces and water boards anticipate deficit of 4.1 billion euros

The total anticipated deficit of municipalities, provinces and water boards for 2013 amounts to 4.1 billion euros and is far beyond the previously agreed limit.

National Voters Survey 2012: satisfaction with democracy remains high

These are various conclusions presented in the National Voters Survey (NKO) (SKON), shortly after the Dutch Lower House elections. The first results are now available.

Local tax revenues to rise by 2.6 percent

Local authorities in the Netherlands expect to receive 12.5 billion euro in local taxes in 2013. This is 2.6 percent more than in 2012.

Economical cars push down revenues from provincial surtax

The twelve Dutch provinces expect to collect 1,451 million euro from the surcharge on motor vehicle tax in 2013. This is 5 million less than in 2012. It will be the first time that revenues from this provincial surtax decrease since its introduction in 1981.

Tax revenues increasingly important for municipalities

Municipal taxes and levies have become an important source of income for Dutch municipalities in the last fifty years. Per capita revenues from taxes and levies increased from nearly 9 euro in 1960 to 474 euro in 2010.

Substantially higher spending on care allowance in 2011

The Dutch government paid 4.7 billion euro in care allowances in 2011, nearly 0.9 billion more than one year previously. The increase is related to an increase in the standard premium for health care insurance. Just over six in ten households received a care allowance last year.

Final resting place costs municipalities 52 million euro

The Dutch municipalities together spent nearly 173 million euro on maintaining and managing municipal cemeteries and performing other burial tasks in 2010. The revenues amounted to over 120 million euro.

Property tax up by more than 5 percent in half of all Dutch municipalities

Property tax (OZB) was raised by more than 5 percent in 227 Dutch municipalities in 2012 relative to 2011, while only 3 municipalities lowered them.

Public deficit reduced to 4.2 percent

By the end of June this year, the public deficit of the Netherlands was 4.2 percent of the gross domestic product (GDP), i.e. 25 billion euro on an annual basis. The current deficit is marginally below the level of 4.5 percent at the end of 2011. Public debt increased to 68.2 percent of the GDP. As yet, public deficit and public debt do not meet the European budget standards.

Increase government spending to combat effects of climate change

In 2010, the Dutch government spent nearly 1.3 billion euro on actions to address climate change. Important in this respect are energy-saving projects and the promotion of renewable energy sources, like wind energy.

Public expenditure on defence further down last year

Public expenditure on defence declined by 1.8 percent last year from 8.3 to 8.1 billion euro. The decline in 2010 was 3.6 percent.

Annual AWBZ deficit again exceeds 3 billion euro

The costs of long-term care provided under the Exceptional Medical Expenses Act (AWBZ) have risen continually in recent years but revenues fell short. The deficit amounted to 3.3 billion euro in 2011. For the third consecutive year the deficit exceeded 3 billion euro.

Revenues from sale Nuon and Essent shares spent on investments

Municipalities spent more than 1.9 billion euro of the proceeds of Nuon and Essent share sales to invest in projects. This is more than 60 percent of the first 3.2 billion paid in municipal bank accounts.

More new cars exempt from BPM

Last year, 206 thousand new passenger cars were sold which were exempt from BPM (tax on new passenger cars and motorcycles), i.e. more than 3.5 times as many as in 2009. Government revenues from BPM were reduced by 1.3 billion euro relative to 2008.

Government deficit 4.7 percent in 2011

According to figures released today, Dutch government deficit amounted to 4.7 percent of gross domestic product (GDP) in 2011.

High public deficit not uncommon

Based on data over the first three quarters of 2011, the Dutch public deficit was 4.4 percent of the gross domestic product (GDP), i.e. the market value of all goods and services produced in the Netherlands.

Local tax proceeds 3.2 percent up

Proceeds from local government taxes are estimated at 12.2 billion euro in 2012, an increase by 3.2 percent relative to 2011.

Growing confidence in fellow men

The majority of the Dutch population trust their fellow citizens, politics, the police and the legal system. Confidence has grown over the period 2002-2010.

415 Dutch municipalities in 2012

On 1 January 2012, the number of municipalities in the Netherlands will be reduced from 418 to 415.

Baby boomers push up pension spending

The Dutch government spent 15.8 billion euro on state old age pensions in the first half of 2011. This is 6 percent more than in the same period last year.

Lower interest payment burden in spite of higher public debt

Public debt amounted to 383 billion euro in the second quarter of this year. Although much higher than in the pre-recession era in 2007, the Dutch interest burden declined on an annual basis and is relatively low compared to other eurozone countries.

PVV and GL voters often hold opposing views

The opinions of Dutch voters on political issues often vary widely. This applies in particular to Green Left (GL) voters and Party for Freedom (PVV) voters.

No decrease for government deficit

The Dutch government spent 16.5 billion euro more than it received in the first half of 2011. This deficit is about the same as in the first half of 2010.

Costs of social security amount to 179 billion euro in 2010

In the Netherlands, 179 billion euro ((30 percent of the total amount earned by all Dutch together) was spent on social security last year. Unemployment benefits rose most rapidly by 12 percent compared to 2009.

Sharp growth social assistance benefits granted to over-65s

At the end of June this year, 40 thousand social assistance benefits went to over-65 households, i.e. twice as many as a decade ago. The reason for the increase is that more and more over-65 households are not eligible for the full old age pension (AOW) amount.

Slower increase in spending on disability benefits for the young in 2010

The Dutch government spent 2.2 billion euro less on disability benefits for young people (Wajong benefits) in 2010. This accounts for one fifth of the country’s total spending on disability benefits.

Municipalities lost money on building land in 2009

Dutch municipalities suffered total losses of 414 million euro on building land in 2009. They also had deficits in most other policy areas.

Spending on health care and welfare levels off

According to the most recent figures, the costs of health care and welfare amounted to 87.6 billion euro in 2010, a 3.6 percent increase relative to 2009. Over the period 2004-2008, the costs of care increased at an accelerated rate to 7.0 percent in 2008.

Revenues from excise duties over 11 billion euro

The consumption of motor fuels, alcohol and tobacco put 11.1 billion euro in excise duties in Dutch government coffers in 2010.

Public support for restrictions on dual nationality

Over 60 percent in the Dutch over-18 population oppose the concept of dual nationality, in particular lower educated and over-45s. Three in every five people in the Dutch population aged 18 years and older think that by accepting the Dutch nationality, immigrants should give up their former nationality.

Government deficit 5.4 percent in 2010

Last year’s government deficit stood at 5.4 percent of the gross domestic product (GDP), just under the 2009 level. The debt of the Dutch government increased further from 60.8 to 62.7 percent of the GDP.

Municipal revenue from dog registration fees projected at 58 million euro

Municipal revenue from dog registration fees is projected at 58 million euro. Dog registration fees are more common in large cities than in rural municipalities and more often in the western than in the northern provinces.

Many Dutch vote by proxy

Many voters in the Netherlands use the possibility of voting by proxy. In the 2010 Lower Chamber elections, 8 percent of voters had authorised someone else to vote for them.

Provincial expenditure on public transport doubled since 2005

In 2011, the provincial budget for public transport amounts to 944 million euro, nearly twice as much as in 2005. In the province of North Brabant, the budget for 2011 is more than four times as high as in 2005; in the province of Zeeland the budget was slightly lower.

Provincial budget for road maintenance and construction 1.2 billion euro

The provincial road maintenance budget amounts to 1.2 billion euro in 2011, i.e. more than one and a half times as high as in 2005.

Provinces invest 1.1 billion euro in youth welfare

Provincial authorities have estimated the youth welfare budget for 2011 at 1.1 billion euro, i.e. 11 percent of their total provincial budget. Thus, child and youth welfare is one of the main tasks of provinces.

Local taxes increasing by 2.8 percent

In 2011 the local governments expect to receive 11.8 billion euro in local taxes.

Allowances for health care and childcare increase further

The Dutch government spent nearly 10 billion euro on income-dependent allowances for housing, care and childcare in 2009. This is half a billion more than in 2008.

Smallest increase in motor vehicle surcharge for ten years

Provincial authorities expect to receive 1.441 billion euro from the surcharge on motor vehicle tax in 2011. This is 1.9 percent more than in 2010, and the smallest increase since the turn of the century.

More trust and participation

In the last decade participation and trust in Dutch society have gone up slightly. This is shown by the increase in the social contacts citizens have with family, friends and acquaintances, among other things.

Expenditure on pension benefits continues to rise

In the first half of 2010 spending on AOW pensions increased by 500 million euro on the first half of 2009. By the end of June 2010 nearly 2.9 million people received AOW pension benefits.

Dutch satisfied, but large contrasts between groups

Even in times of economic recession, most Dutch people are satisfied with many aspects that determine quality of life.

Sharp increase in public expenditure continues

In the first half of 2010, public expenditure has risen by more than 7 billion euro relative to one year previously. Public revenue rose less rapidly by more than 3 billion euro.

Expenditure on foreign policy dramatically down

Last year, government expenditure on foreign policy amounted to 16 billion euro, a decrease by more than 9 percent relative to 2008. The decrease is mainly due to one-off, lower contributions to the European Union.

High proportion of the Dutch population trust their fellow men and institutions

A majority in the Dutch population have confidence in their fellow men and in various national and international institutions. The Netherlands takes up a prominent position in Europe in this respect.

Revenue from sewerage charges doubled within a decade

Municipal authorities expect revenue from sewerage charges to double in 2010 compared to 2000. This is due to higher costs for maintenance and construction of the sewerage system and the fact that a larger part of the costs is funded from sewerage charges.

Social security cost 169 billion euro in 2009

Last year, 169 billion euro was paid out in social security benefits, i.e. 30 percent of the total amount earned by all Dutch. Two thirds of social security concern old age provisions and support given to ill people.

Sharp increase AWBZ costs

Over the past decade, the costs of the Exceptional Medical Expenses Act (AWBZ) have risen by nearly 75 percent. Important factors are population ageing, less rigid access criteria to health facilities and person-related budgets.

Local and central government spend more on sport

Municipalities, provinces and central government in the Netherlands spent nearly 1.5 billion euro on sport in 2008. In the same year they received nearly 0.4 billion euro, for example in rent for sport facilities and centres.

Sale of Nuon and Essent fattens provincial coffers

Together, the financial capital of the twelve Dutch provinces amounted to nearly 4 billion euro in 2008. The sale of energy companies Nuon and Essent in the third quarter of 2009 pushed this amount up to 17 billion euro.

Considerable increase tax proceeds from betting and gambling

Tax proceeds from betting and gambling increased from less than 200 million euro in 2006 to nearly 450 million euro in 2009.

Modest rise foreseen for 2010 local taxes in large municipalities

Revenues from municipal taxes will rise by less in large than in small and medium-sized municipalities in 2010.

Local tax rates 2.6 percent up

In 2010, provincial and municipal government authorities expect local tax proceeds to amount to 11.5 billion euro, a 2.6 percent increase on 2009.

Natural gas revenues boost government coffers in 2008

With 14.8 billion euro, government revenues from natural gas reached a new record last year. Natural gas revenues grew by 5 billion euro relative to 2007.

More state-owned shares, more dividend

The financial crisis forced the Dutch government to intervene in the affairs of a number banks and insurance companies at the end of 2008. Among other things, this intervention resulted in a substantial increase in state-owned shares

Considerable increase WW benefits continues in third quarter of 2009

By the end of the third quarter of 2009, nearly 242 thousand regular unemployment (WW) benefits were granted, i.e. 21 thousand more than in the previous quarter. Additionally, 36 thousand part-time WW benefits were paid, an increase by 17 thousand in three months. In the third quarter of this year, the amounts involved were 1 billion euro (WW benefits) and 72 million euro (part-time WW benefits).

Public debt exceeds 60 percent limit

In the first six months of 2009, public debt has amounted to more than 356 billion (bn) euro, an increase by nearly 10 bn euro relative to the end of 2008. The government debt-to-GDP ratio was 61.1 percent.

Defence-to-GDP ratio down

In 2008, public expenditure on defence totalled 8.2 billion euro, i.e. 1.4 percent of the gross domestic product (GDP), as against 1.5 percent five years ago and 1.8 percent a decade ago.

Tenfold increase parking fee revenues within two decades

Dutch municipalities expect to receive 533 million euro in parking fees, ten times as much as in 1989. Amsterdam estimates to receive more than 130 million euro over 2009, i.e. one quarter of total municipal tax revenues.

More funding for libraries

Dutch central, provincial and municipal government spent a total 633 million euro on libraries in 2007. This is 6 percent more than in 2006, and 50 percent more than in 1999.

Spending on disablement assistance for young people up

Spending on disablement assistence for young people (Wajong) have been rising in recent years. In 2003 spending amounted to nearly 1.3 billion euro, while in 2008 this had increased to nearly 1.9 billion euro.

Proceeds property transfer tax substantially down

In the first quarter of 2009, proceeds from the property transfer tax dropped by 0.7 billion euro, a decline by 30 percent relative to the fourth quarter of 2008. Proceeds have declined for more than a year now.

Half of Dutch population has a DigiD

More than half the adult population of the Netherlands had an active DigiD on 1 July 2008.

Municipalities budget 2.6 billion euro for individual care

Dutch municipalities expect to spend nearly 2.6 billion euro on home help and provisions for individual mobility covered by the Social Support Act (Wmo).

One in eight voters vote by proxy

A huge amount of voters in the Netherlands vote by proxy. At the 2006 elections for the Dutch House of Representatives, 12 percent of voters had authorised somebody else to vote for them.

Inheritance tax revenues under pressure

In 2008, revenues from taxes on legacies and gifts amounted to 1.8 billion euro, i.e. more than 4 percent down on 2007. Inheritance tax revenues constitute only a fraction (1.3 percent) of total central government tax revenues.

Revenues from government taxes increase only 2 percent in 2008

In 2008, revenues from government taxes were just short of 136 billion euro, a 2 percent increase relative to 2007. Last year’s growth evidently slowed down relative to the period 2005-2007, when the annual increase totalled 8 percent.

Proceeds from provincial road tax nearly 7 percent up

Provinces expect total proceeds from road tax surcharge to increase to by 1.4 billion euro this year, i.e. 6.7 percent more than in 2008. With 13.5 percent, the highest increase was registered in the province of North Holland, the lowest (2.4 percent) in the province of Gelderland.

Municipal tax rates 5 percent up

Dutch municipalities expect to receive 7.7 billion euro in municipal taxes this year, an increase by 5 percent relative to 2008.

Costs of water management continue to rise

Water tax proceeds have risen from 1,130 million euro in 1995 to 2,165 million euro in 2009. The water tax rate has risen nearly twice as fast as the inflation rate.

Revised statistics: investments in education higher

After revision, the costs of education in the Netherlands amounted to 34 billion euro in 2006, an increase by 4 billion euro relative to the amount prior to the revision.

Local government to a large extent financially dependent on The Hague

The local government level is fairly comprehensive in the Netherlands. But local government, including municipalities and provinces, is  to a large extent financially dependent on The Hague, where the central government has its seat.

Dutch government spends more on prisons and judicial procedures

Dutch government spending on public order and security amounted to 11.3 billion euro in 2007. This is 6 percent more than in 2006.

Public spending up by just over 6 percent

The Dutch government spent 150 billion euro in 2007. This is 6.3 percent more than in 2006.

Growing scepticism towards Europe

Since the early 1990s, Euroscepticism has grown among Dutch voters. Only Young voters in the 18–25 age category are truly enthusiastic about Europe.

Most Dutch agree on home mortgage interest deduction

Voters hardly disagree on a ban on same-sex marriages, abolition of the mortgage interest deduction and tax cuts. They do disagree on the issues of development aid and illegal immigration.

Political engagement and cynicism go hand in hand

One third of the Dutch population are politically active. They participate in discussions on political issues, take to the streets to demonstrate, sign petitions and contact politicians.

Surplus of 2.3 billion euro for municipalities

Dutch municipalities added 2.3 billion euro to their net assets in 2006. This is over 1.1 billion more than in 2005, when they had a surplus of 1.2 billion euro.

Cutback in government spending on media

In 2006, public spending on media amounted to 897 million euro; adjusted for price changes that is 22 percent down on 1999.

Students borrow more and more

In 2007, Dutch students altogether borrowed 2.7 billion euro – an increase by 19 percent relative to the previous year – from the institution responsible for the issue of study loans and grants (IBG). Students in higher education accounted for the largest amount: over 2.2 billion euro.

Vehicle tax surcharge doubled since 2000

The surcharge on motor vehicle tax rose by nearly 10 percent in 2008. Since 2000 it has risen by an average 7 percent per year.

Schools do not save up operating surplus

Although schools in secondary and tertiary education often have an operating surplus at the end of the year, they do not always save it up. Most schools use the money to invest in buildings or equipment.

Proceeds government-imposed taxes again higher

In 2007, government-imposed tax proceeds amounted to 133 billion euro, an increase by over 8 billion euro relative to one year ago. Government-imposed tax proceeds have shown a distinctly upward trend since 2004.

Municipal spending on income support down to five billion euro

Municipal authorities estimate to spend five billion euro on income support benefits in 2008, the lowest amount since 1995.

National  problems hardly related to regions
Municipal rates increase by over 4 percent

In 2008, proceeds from municipal taxes were 4.4 percent higher than last year. This is mainly attributable to an increase in property tax (OZB) and sewage charges.

One quarter of primary and special needs schools invest capital

One quarter of primary and special needs schools invested a total of nearly 0.5 billion euro in 2006. Most of this capital was invested in bonds.

Water tax proceeds marginally up again

In 2008, water board authorities estimate to receive more than 2 billion euro in taxes, an increase by 2.2 percent relative to one year previously.

Increase municipal levies less substantial after correction

Relative to 2006, the increase appears to be 4.3 percent rather than 6.6 percent, as adjusted figures, based on the municipal budgets show.

Sewage charges considerably higher

Local taxes will rise by nearly 7 percent in 2007 relative to last year.

Voters prefer computer to red pencil

Dutch voters trust voting machines. They think they are the most reliable way to vote.

Budget deficit down substantially in 2005

The balance of the Dutch government budget according to the EMU definition came to -0.3 percent of GDP for 2005. This means the government deficit stayed well within the limits of the European 3 percent norm.

Less income from municipal taxes due to changes in property tax

In 2006 The Dutch municipalities will receive 8.9 percent less from municipal taxes than in 2005. This is due to the abolition of property tax for the occupants of dwellings. The loss in property tax income is compensated by central government with an extra contribution from the Municipal Fund.

Lowest increase in municipal tax revenues since 1987

Dutch municipal budgets show that municipal tax revenues in 2005 will increase by 4.9 percent. This is the lowest increase since 1987. Total tax revenue is estimated at 7.3 billion euro. The burden on households will increase substantially due to the abolishment of the Zalmsnip subsidy.

Government deficit down to 2.3 percent

The Dutch government deficit according to the EMU definition was 2.3 percent in 2004, once again within the limits of the European norm of 3 percent. In 2003 the deficit was still 3.2 percent. Central government accounted for most of the decrease in the deficit. The government debt according to the EMU definition was 55.2 percent of GDP.

Government deficit 3.2 percent

The central government deficit over 2003 according to the EMU definition amounts to 14.4 billion euro, i.e. 3.2 percent of the GDP. This is a first estimate based on figures which recently became available. The deficit thus exceeds the EMU norm (3 percent) by 0.2 percent.

Local tax revenues up 7 percent

Local authority budgets, revenues from taxes collected by Dutch municipal and provincial authorities and water boards will rise by 7.1 percent in 2004. Total taxes paid by private households and companies will come to 9.8 billion euro 7.0 billion euro of this will go into the municipal coffers. Taxes collected by provincial authorities and water boards are expected to amount to 1.0 and 1.9 billion euro respectively.