Agriculture

Agriculture

In 2018, one-quarter of the 754 ha of pumpkin cultivation area is in Flevoland province. The total pumpkin cultvation area has declined in most provinces. Pumpkin trade was slightly higher year-on-year in the first 5 months of 2018.

In 2017, the amount of fish brought into Dutch fishery ports from sea increased by nearly 25 percent compared to the previous year. The total volume was approximately 491 million kilos.

In 2017 there were 92 vineyards in the Netherlands, 4 more than in the previous year. Grape acreage increased slightly to 157 ha. Limburg and Gelderland are the largest wine growing provinces.

Blueberries have soared in popularity over the past few years.

On 1 April 2018, there were nearly 4 million head of cattle in the Netherlands, a decline of over 178 thousand (4 percent) on one year previously.

An increasingly large proportion of cocoa purchased by Dutch cocoa processing companies is certified sustainable according to the Dutch Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality.

The number of greenhouse vegetable growers decreased by 85 percent between 1980 and 2017.

The area of farmland destined for bulb cultivation in the Netherlands continues to grow.

The share of women in agriculture fluctuates around one-third of the total number of persons employed in that sector.

The cultivation area for sugar beets in the Netherlands grew by 21 percent in just one year.

Duch agricultural exports reached a record high in 2017.

Dairy sector turnover has risen by 30 percent on average over the past three quarters

The number of strawberry growers was reduced by nearly half between 2006 and 2017.

Dutch agriculture has improved conversion of nutrients from feed and fertilisers into animal and plant products.

The number of flower bulb farms has decreased by 40 percent since 2000.

Asparagus production grew again in 2016, especiallyl in southwest Noord-Brabant and north Limburg.

Over the period 1950-2015, the production value of Dutch agriculture increased more than tenfold.

Organic farming has grown in the past ten years.

In 2016, the Netherlands exported 85 bn euros in agricultural goods.

Agro-sector exports were valued at over 45 billion euros in 2014, earning almost 29 bn euros in revenues.

In 2015 the value of agricultural exports amounted to 81.3 bn euros, the highest value ever.

The agricultural surplus ion the trade balance 26.1 bn euros versus 47.5 bn euros for all goods.

In the first four months of 2015, the value of agricultural exports was 2.7 percent down from the same period last year. The value of exports of dairy, cattle and meat fell substantially. Exports of agricultural exports to Russia slumped by nearly 40 percent.

The cultivation of sugar beets, ware potatoes, starch potatoes, summer wheat and grain maize is reduced in 2015. The cultivation areas for seed potatoes, seed onions, winter wheat and barley have increased.

Last year, 54 million kg of strawberries were harvested last year, a new record and an increase by 3 million kg relative to 2013. Most strawberries are grown in greenhouses and polytunnels. Nearly 60 percent is intended for export.

The area used for growing asparagus has risen by 1,230 hectares (nearly 60 percent) since 2000 to more than 3,300 ha in 2014. Statistics Netherlands announced today that asparagus cultivation spread most rapidly in the provinces of Brabant and Limburg.

Africa accounts for 85 percent of imported roses. Kenya and Ethiopia are the main suppliers, chiefly because Dutch rose growers have shifted their activities to these countries. The import price of roses grown in Africa was 10 euro cents in 2013.

The number of dairy cows has grown marginally in 2014 and more milk was delivered to dairy factories. This trend was even more noticeable in 2013. The total number of pigs again remained stable according to Statistics Netherlands.

Last year, for the first time ever, more pears than apples were harvested, i.e. 327 million kg of pears, versus 314 million kg of apples.

Last year, 70 percent of dairy cows were grazed, approximately the same proportion as in 2011. In the period 2001-2011, the proportion declined by a few percent almost every year.

The number of pigs fell in most EU countries in the last decade, although in some countries it increased. Pig numbers increased most in Germany and Spain. The Netherlands also saw an increase in the number of pigs.

Nearly two thirds of the dairy farms headed by a farmer aged over 55 have a successor lined up. This means that succession in a dairy farm is twice as popular as succession in an average farm.

The provisional results of the 2012 Agricultural census show that the number of grazing dairy cattle has declined considerably from 90 percent in 2001 to 70 percent in 2011.

The number of agricultural and horticultural businesses was reduced further to 68.5 thousand between 1 April 2011 and 1 April 2012. Nearly 5 businesses are discontinued every day. There is a trend towards large-scale farming and large farms account for an increasing share of overall output.

The total asparagus-growing area in the Netherlands has increased substantially since 2008 by 450 hectares (18 percent) to more than 2,900 hectares.

Since the beginning of the nineties, standard factors for manure production and nutrient excretion per livestock category have been determined by the Working group on the Uniformisation of the calculation of Manure and minerals figures (WUM). The results on manure production and mineral excretions are input to other calculations such as calculation of ammonia emissions and greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture. Data on ammonia emissions and greenhouse gas emissions are used by the Netherlands Pollutant Release and Transfer Register (PRTR) in international reports. Within the framework of these reports, assessment of uncertainties is necessary. The Netherlands Pollutant and Transfer Register therefore asked WUM to assess uncertainties in manure production and mineral excretions.

With 418 and 336 million kg respectively, last year was a bumper year for apples and pears. The apple harvest per capita exceeded 25 kilogrammes (kg).

More than half of agricultural and horticultural enterprises in the Netherlands generated revenues in 2010 by expanding their range of activities or accepting a job not related to their own enterprise. This applies in particular to small farmers.

The horticultural sector accounted for 125 thousand jobs in 2010, i.e. 1.4 percent of total employment in the Netherlands. Horticultural enterprises accounted for 94 thousand jobs and suppliers for 31 thousand jobs.

On 1 April 2010, there were 72 thousand farms and horticultural enterprises in the Netherlands, a reduction by more than 1 percent relative to the same month last year. This reduction is the smallest in more than 15 years.

The number of farms and horticultural businesses in the Netherlands decreased substantially in the period 1995-2009. Labour volume in this sector and agricultural income also fell.

Last year, the area where grapevines are grown was expanded by 4 hectares (ha). Between 2003 and 2009, the average annual increase was 21.5 ha.

Over the past two decades, farmers have been increasingly successful in reducing phosphate fertilization, while crop yields remained the same or even improved. The effectiveness of phosphate-containing fertilizers has improved by 60 percent.

In 2008, more than 11 thousand farm successors were ready to take over an agricultural or horticultural holding; 8.5 percent of them were women, as against 6.8 percent in 2000.

Last year, 30 percent of all agricultural and horticultural enterprises in the Netherlands were small-scale businesses.

Non-agricultural activities like agro-tourism, nature conservation and care provision are becoming increasingly popular among farmers and market gardeners.

There were 73 thousand agricultural and horticultural enterprises in the Netherlands on 1 April 2009. This is 3 percent less than twelve months previously.

In 2008, the number of vineyards in the Netherlands had increased by 13 relative to 2007; 11 new vineyards were situated in the province of Gelderland. The total number of vineyards in Gelderland was 28, as against only 2 half a decade ago.

Two-thirds of laying hens in the Netherlands were housed in so-called low-emission sheds in 2008. Most meat chickens, porkers, and sows were still housed in facilities where too much ammonia is emitted.

According to the first results of the Agricultural Survey 2009, the area used to grow ware potatoes has shrunk in 2009 relative to one year previously. The sand and peat soil areas used to grow ware potatoes have increased, but the total volume of potatoes harvested on clay soil has decreased.

Some 2,500 hectares were used to grow asparagus in the Netherlands in 2008. This is 19 percent more land than in 2000.

Farmers whose partner also works on the farm have larger farms than single farmers or farmers who run their farm without the help of their partner.

Last year, 2 percent of corn, bulbs and turnips in the Netherlands were grown on organic farms. Organic crop yields are (much) lower than traditionally grown crop yields.

In 2007, over one third of the employed population in the Netherlands experienced a high level of work-related stress. Another one third had jobs that were physically demanding and nearly one in eight had physically demanding jobs and worked under severe pressure of time.

Consumers have been confronted by strong price increases in the shops in the last six months. In spite of this they have been spending less and less of their total spending on food in recent decades.

The number of commercial wine growers in the Netherlands is rising rapidly. Last year, there were 68 wine-growing enterprises, more than twice as many as in 2003.

In 2007, there were more than 600 farms in the Netherlands where people in need of help and care can find a suitable way to spend the day or participate in farming activities. The number of care farms grew by two thirds within the space of four years.

Last year – just like in 2006 – more than 300 thousand milk cows were kept stabled during the grazing season.

Last year, 4.4 billion kg of vegetables were harvested in the Netherlands. More than 35 percent of the total vegetable crop consists of greenhouse vegetables (cucumbers, bell peppers and tomatoes).

In 2007, a record pear crop of 260 million kg was harvested, an increase by 38 million kg relative to 2006.

Since the introduction of milk quota regime in 1983, the Dutch dairy stock was reduced by 1.1 million (42 percent) to just under 1.5 million cattle.

The number of agricultural holdings in the Netherlands has fallen dramatically over the past fifteen years from 120.1 thousand to 76.7 thousand, a declining rate of 55 a week. In the period 2000-2003, the rate was even higher, when 80 farmers decided to cease their farming activities every week.

Farmers expect the potato crop to be 8 percent lower in 2005 than in 2004. This means they will lift some 4,8 billion kilos of ware and seed potatoes.

The yields per hectare of the main arable crops in the Netherlands were substantially higher in 2004 than in the preceding years. One hectare of potatoes yielded an average 46 tonnes, 6 percent more than the average for the last ten years. Moreover farmers lifted an exceptionally large crop of onions.

Dutch potato farmers expect to lift more than 5 billion kilos of ware and seed potatoes in 2004, 11 percent more than in 2003. In 2003 the potato crop was substantially smaller because of the dry summer. The expected potato crop in 2004 is comparable with the average over the last ten years.

The production of potatoes was substantially lower last year than in 2002. The total potato crop was 6.5 billion kilos in 2003, one eighth lower than in 2002. Arable farmers lifted less than 41 thousand kilos per hectare in 2003. This is the lowest yield in ten years and was caused by the dry summer in combination with a reduction in the total area on which potatoes are grown.