Economic growth 2.6 percent in Q2 2022

© Hollandse Hoogte / Peter Hilz
According to the first quarterly estimate conducted by Statistics Netherlands (CBS) on the basis of currently available data, in Q2 2022 gross domestic product (GDP) grew by 2.6 percent relative to the previous quarter. The balance of trade (exports minus imports) and investments contributed the most to economic growth. Household consumption also made a positive contribution. At the beginning of Q1 2022, the accommodation and food services sector, non-essential shops and contact intensive industries, for example, were still struggling with a lockdown.

In Q2 2022, investments rose by 5.2 percent. Exports and imports of goods and services increased by 2.7 and 1.6 percent, respectively. Households spent 0.9 percent more than in Q1 2022. Public consumption hardly showed any growth.

The trade, transportation and accommodation and food services sector, the business services sector and the culture, recreation, sports and other services sector made the largest positive contributions to quarter-on-quarter GDP growth.

GDP (volume), seasonally adjusted
YearQuarterIndex (2015=100)
2015Quarter 199.6
2015Quarter 299.9
2015Quarter 3100.2
2015Quarter 4100.3
2016Quarter 1101.2
2016Quarter 2101.4
2016Quarter 3102.6
2016Quarter 4103.4
2017Quarter 1104
2017Quarter 2104.9
2017Quarter 3105.6
2017Quarter 4106.4
2018Quarter 1106.9
2018Quarter 2107.6
2018Quarter 3107.8
2018Quarter 4108.3
2019Quarter 1109
2019Quarter 2109.5
2019Quarter 3109.9
2019Quarter 4110.4
2020Quarter 1108.8
2020Quarter 2100.2
2020Quarter 3106.4
2020Quarter 4106.4
2021Quarter 1106.5
2021Quarter 2110.5
2021Quarter 3112.2
2021Quarter 4113
2022Quarter 1113.5
2022Quarter 2116.5

Impact of the coronavirus crisis on the first estimate

Due to the coronavirus crisis, the growth figures are surrounded by greater uncertainty than usual during a first estimate.

The rest of this news release deals with economic development relative to Q2 2021.

GDP 5.3 percent up on Q2 2021

According to the first estimate, GDP was up by 5.3 percent relative to Q2 2021. Household consumption, the trade balance and investments were higher in particular. Public consumption made a slightly negative contribution to year-on-year growth. There were no more coronavirus measures in the second quarter of 2022, while restrictions were still in place for part of the second quarter of 2021.

GDP (volume)
2015Quarter 11.9
2015Quarter 22.1
2015Quarter 32.5
2015Quarter 41.4
2016Quarter 12.1
2016Quarter 22.3
2016Quarter 32.1
2016Quarter 42.2
2017Quarter 13.2
2017Quarter 23
2017Quarter 32.8
2017Quarter 42.6
2018Quarter 12.6
2018Quarter 22.7
2018Quarter 32.2
2018Quarter 41.9
2019Quarter 11.8
2019Quarter 21.9
2019Quarter 32.1
2019Quarter 42
2020Quarter 1-0.1
2020Quarter 2-8.7
2020Quarter 3-3.3
2020Quarter 4-3.3
2021Quarter 1-2.2
2021Quarter 210.2
2021Quarter 35.4
2021Quarter 46.2
2022Quarter 16.7
2022Quarter 25.3

Consumers spent more on accommodation and food services, recreation and culture

In Q2 2022, consumers spent 7 percent more than in Q2 2021. They mainly spent more on accommodation and food services, recreation and culture, transportation and communication. However, consumers spent less on goods such as food, home furnishings and means of transport than one year previously. They also consumed less natural gas, due to the relatively mild weather.

Public consumption was down by almost 1 percent year on year, due to lower healthcare spending by the government on items such as COVID-19 tests, testing for access and COVID-19 vaccinations.

More investments in buildings and means of transport

In Q2 2022, investment in fixed assets was 5 percent higher than in the same quarter one year previously. More was invested in dwellings, commercial buildings, aircraft and ships. Investments in machinery and software were also higher than one year previously.

More services, machinery, foodstuffs and chemical products exported

Exports of goods and services in Q2 2022 were 5.6 percent up year on year. Exports of services, including the expenditure of non-residents in the Netherlands, were considerably higher than in Q2 2021. Furthermore, exports of machinery, foodstuffs and chemical products increased. Exports of Dutch-manufactured goods grew by almost 1 percent and re-exports (exports of previously imported products) grew by over 3 percent.

Imports of goods and services grew by 4.1 percent. The trade balance made a positive contribution to economic growth.

Expenditure (volume)
 2022-II (% change)2022-I (% change)
Household consumption713.4
Fixed capital formation50
Government consumption-0.72.5

Growth in most sectors

The value added (i.e. output minus consumption of energy, materials and services) in the sector culture, recreation, sports and other services was more than 40 percent higher in Q2 2022 than twelve months previously, the strongest growth of all sectors. Growth was mainly seen in sports, recreation, arts and culture.

The value added of the business services sector grew by almost 11 percent. The largest contributions were made by temporary employment agencies and travel services.

The value added in trade, transportation and accommodation and food services was 9 percent higher in Q2 2021 than twelve months previously. Accommodation and food services grew in particular, but transportation (aviation in particular) also showed growth. However, the value added in trade was slightly down.

Manufacturing grew by 5 percent. The machinery and electrotechnical industries contributed to this in particular. The construction sector was up by over 3 percent.

Value added by sector (volume)
 2022-II (% change)2022-I (% change)
Culture, recreation, other services41.742.6
Business services10.89.8
Electricity and gas supply10.38.8
Trade, transportation, accommodation and food serving9.013.4
Real estate activities5.15.6
Information and communication3.44.4
Public services, education and care1.04.7
Financial institutions0.20
Water supply and waste management-2.0-2.2
Agriculture, forestry and fishing-3.0-3
Mining and quarrying-15.5-14.6

First estimate

The first estimate is published 45 days after the end of a quarter and is conducted based on information available at that moment. It provides an initial picture of the state of the Dutch economy. After the first estimate, new data continue to pour in which are used to make new calculations. The second estimate on economic growth will be released on Friday 23 September. In absolute terms, the adjustment of the second estimate relative to the first estimate has averaged nearly 0.09 percentage points over the past five years (2017-2021), with the two extremes ranging between -0.3 and 0.7 percentage point, both occurring in 2021.

With each new estimate, CBS also determines the new seasonally adjusted figures on previously published quarters. The growth figure for the first quarter of 2022 has been adjusted from 0.4 to 0.5 percent.