|Goederenstromen||Inbound transport (year-on-year % change)||Outbound transport (year-on-year % change)|
In 2020, inbound cargo represented a value of 754 billion euros, down by more than 3 percent on the previous year. Simultaneously, 860 billion euros worth of goods left the country, i.e. an increase of more than 1 percent.
Nearly 60 percent of inbound cargo destined for other countries
Of all cargo that entered the Netherlands in 2020, 43 percent of the gross weight were transit goods and 15 percent was destined for re-export. In terms of total value, 50 percent of inbound cargo concerned transit goods and 21 percent re-exports. Of outbound goods transport, two thirds of the gross weight and 71 percent of the value concerned transit trade or re-exports.
Goods in transit remain in foreign ownership; they are merely transhipped from one transport mode to another or stored in the Netherlands. Re-exports involve goods which are temporarily in Dutch ownership and often undergo minimal processing before they are exported again. They form a constituent part of imports and exports; goods in transit do not.
Due to temporary storage, the sum of imports for domestic use, re-exports and transit trade differ slightly from total inbound transport.
Strong decline in inbound and outbound shipments of coal, coke, ores and transport equipment
The steepest decreases were seen in inbound and outbound transport of coal, coke, ores, transport equipment and the category 'pharmaceuticals and chemical specialty products'. The inbound weight of these goods fell by more than 10 percent. Product groups with an increase in inbound weight exceeding 10 percent in 2020 are: waste and secondary raw materials, other mineral products as well as wood, pulp, paper, wood and paper products. Inbound transport of agricultural, forestry and fishery products grew by 9 percent.
The slight increase in value of total outbound transport in 2020 was largely on account of the categories ‘pharmaceuticals and chemical specialty products’ and ‘machinery and electronics’. The outbound weight of these goods decreased; the increase in value was caused by higher prices or a changed product composition within the categories.
|Inbound transport (year-on-year % change)||Outbound transport (year-on-year % change)|
|Waste and secondary raw materials||23||0|
|Other mineral products||17||4|
|Wood, pulp, paper, wood and paper products||15||-2|
|Agricultural, forestry and fishery products||9||14|
|Machinery and electronics||-1||-13|
|Food, beverages and tobacco||-2||0|
|Salt, sand, gravel, clay||-3||-1|
|Basic metals and metal products||-3||-6|
|Basic chemicals and artificial fertilisers||-8||-2|
|Textiles, leather and related products||-8||-16|
|Pharmaceuticals and chemical specialty products||-11||-3|
|Coal and ignite||-31||-24|
Germany largest supplier of goods, just overtaking Russia
The bulk of inbound goods in 2020 came from Germany and Russia, with both countries having a 13-percent share in the gross weight of inbound transport. In 2019, Russia was still number one. A year later, however, Germany took over the first position with a small lead.
The United States and the group of countries Norway, Iceland and the Faroe Islands have also swapped places. With 7 percent, the United States now ranks third. Belgium and Luxembourg occupy the fifth position with a 6-percent share in inbound transport, while the United Kingdom moved up from eighth place in 2019 to sixth place in 2020.
While Southwest Asia was still in seventh place in 2019, this region disappeared from the top 10 in 2020. The regions are classified according to the regional classification used in international trade statistics.
|Landengroep||2020 (%)||2019 (%)|
|Norway, Iceland, Faroe Islands||6.4||6.7|
|Belgium and Luxembourg||6.2||5.7|
|China, Taiwan and Mongolia||3.9||3.6|
|Northern Europe (EU)||3.8||3.3|
|Eastern Europe (EU)||3.5||3.2|
Share of neighbouring countries in outbound transport declining
In 2020, outbound goods were most likely destined for Germany (28 percent) and Belgium (15 percent). The share of these neighbouring countries in outbound transport decreased slightly relative to 2019. The bulk of outbound cargo to Germany consisted of fossil fuels and ores.
The third and fourth places in the top 10 of outbound transport continued to be held by Southern and Eastern Europe with shares of 5 and 4 percent, respectively. A powerful newcomer in the top 10 is the region of China, Taiwan and Mongolia with a share of 4 percent. Southeast Asia has disappeared from the top 10.
|Landengroep||2020 (%)||2019 (%)|
|Belgium and Luxembourg||15.0||15.6|
|Southern Europe (EU)||5.4||4.7|
|Eastern Europe (EU)||4.5||4.5|
|China, Taiwan and Mongolia||3.8||2.6|