Almost 3.5 bn euros in goods exported to the Baltic states

Flowers and plants at an auction
© Hollandse Hoogte / Robin Utrecht
In 2021, the Netherlands exported nearly 3.5 billion euros in goods to the countries of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. This means the volume of exports to the Baltic region is roughly half that of exports to Russia. Dutch enterprises mainly exported chips and semiconductor devices, flowers and plants, and mobile telephone equipment to the Baltic states. Statistics Netherlands (CBS) reports this based on provisional figures on goods trade published alongside the latest edition of the CBS Internationalisation Monitor.

In the past two decades, Dutch goods exports to the Baltic states have increased almost sixfold, whereas the total of intra-EU exports from the Netherlands has slightly more than doubled. The strongest growth was seen in exports to Lithuania. Last year, the value of goods exports to Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia rose to 1.6 billion, 0.8 billion and 1.1 billion euros, respectively. Despite this increase, the Baltic export share remains relatively modest. Lithuania was the 44th largest export market for the Netherlands in 2021. Conversely, in 2020 the Netherlands was the 5th largest supplier of goods to Lithuanian enterprises. Dutch exports to Estonia in 2021 were approximately seven times the volume in 2002, making Estonia rise 16 places to 48 in the ranking of export markets; Latvia ranks 58th. In 2021, altogether 10.8 thousand enterprises in the Netherlands exported goods to the Baltic states.

Goods exports to the Baltic states
ExportpartnerLithuania (bn euros)Estonia (bn euros)Latvia (bn euros)
* provisional figures

Lithuania 12th largest market for passenger cars

The Netherlands exports a vast range of products to the Baltic region. Lithuania is an important customer of Dutch transport equipment, including tractive units for semi-trailers, and passenger cars. Total passenger car exports amounted to 4.5 billion euros in 2021. Lithuania holds a 1.4-percent share in Dutch passenger car exports, making it the 12th largest purchaser of passenger cars in terms of export sales volume. The export package for Estonia is dominated by chips and semiconductor devices. Latvia was primarily a customer of flowers and plants, medicines, fruits, chips and semiconductor devices, and mobile telephone equipment. Approximately half of all goods exports to the Baltic states concern re-exports, mainly of telephone equipment, chips, medicines and electrical machines. The majority of the flowers and plants, passenger cars and other motor vehicles that are exported to the Baltic states are produced in the Netherlands.

Top 5 most exported product groups by value, 2021*
ProductDomestic exports (million euros)Re-exports (million euros)
Other motor vehicles141.00.4
Plastics, latex foam109.51.3
Passenger cars60.82.7
Flowers and plants57.75.7
(Mobile) phones, modems, routers6.655.3
Chips, semiconductor devices56.5164.0
Flowers and plants43.94.9
(Mobile) phones, modems, routers5.534.5
Conducting and insulating materials9.022.5
Electrical machinery and instruments2.426.1
Flowers and plants71.49.5
Fruit; fresh or dried5.136.4
Chips, semiconductor devices9.232.4
(Mobile) phones, modems, routers4.935.9
* provisional figures

Baltic states members of the Eurozone

The Eurozone or euro area is a collective term for all countries using the euro as their single currency, now 19 in total. The three Baltic states have adopted the euro most recently. Estonia became a member of the Eurozone in 2011; Latvia joined in 2014 and Lithuania in 2015. Through the elimination of exchange fees and greater price transparency, the euro currency has further facilitated international trade in goods between the member states, in addition to bringing the benefits of an internal market.

Eurozone timeline, year of accession1999 Austria Belgium Finland France Germany Ireland Italy Luxembourg Netherlands Portugal Spain EMU-11 EMU-15 Cyprus Malta 2008 2007 Slovenia EMU-13 EMU-12 Greece 2001 2009 Slovakia EMU-16 EMU-17 Estonia 2011 2014 Latvia EMU-18 EMU-19 Lithuania 2015Eurozone timeline, year of accession1999AustriaBelgiumFinlandFranceGermanyIrelandItalyLuxembourgNetherlandsPortugalSpainEMU-11EMU-15CyprusMalta20082007SloveniaEMU-13EMU-12Greece20012009SlovakiaEMU-16EMU-17Estonia20112014LatviaEMU-18EMU-19Lithuania2015