Looking back on the 2010s in figures

© Hollandse Hoogte / EyeEm GmbH
What have the 2010s brought us? How are the Dutch economy and society performing at the moment, and how were they performing at the start of this decade?

Statistics Netherlands (CBS) reviews the 2010s by applying fifteen different indicators. Particularly decisive for the state of the Dutch economy was the global credit crunch, which struck on the brink of the new decade. It was marked by severe economic contraction, declining labour participation and a faltering housing market. The economy, which remained ailing for a long time, expanded vigorously in the latter half of the decade. Eventually – by the end of the decade - the Netherlands had achieved a higher prosperity level, despite de facto labour participation remaining at the same level.

The 2010s were also marked by the gradual closing of the gas tap in Groningen following a series of earthquakes around the extraction site. The Internet economy expanded further, the smartphone became a way of life within a short space of time, and more and more people became active on social media. In addition, fully electric vehicles appeared on the market for the first time. Meanwhile, the decade was marked by population growth (among over-65s in particular) and increasingly busy road traffic. Nevertheless, greenhouse gas emissions as well as crime victim rates fell.

As much as possible, this overview presents annual figures on 2010 and 2019, plus developments for the years in between. In a few cases, a longer time series is shown to account for strong fluctuations over the past decade or particular major developments which took effect before this decade began. Of course, the indicators displayed here are only a selection from the broad range of possible figures that could be compiled on the past decade.

[video: https://www.cbs.nlen-gb/video/212bec7cd5134a308c517916287a93d7]
'10 years in 10 figures' - English subtitles available

Labour market

• In 2018, approximately 9.4 million people in the Netherlands were in employment. This was nearly 600 thousand more than in 2010. At 11 percent, the highest growth rate of this period was recorded in self-employment.

2019IG028 Werkzame personen2010 2018 1,537,000 self-employed 1,382,000 self-employed 7,829,000 employees 7,397,000 employees Number of employed persons +11% +6%201020181,537,000self-employed1,382,000self-employed7,829,000employees7,397,000employeesNumber of employed persons+11%+6%

• Labour participation among 15 to 74-year-olds fell as the economic crisis emerged at the end of 2008, but recovered as of 2015 and had more or less returned to its pre-crisis level by 2018.
• Approximately 68 out of each one hundred 15 to 74-year-olds were in work then, with the current rate still unchanged.
• More and more workers are reporting symptoms of a burnout.
• In 2018, women in the age group 25 to 34 years were most affected at 22 percent. An increase is furthermore seen in all age groups and among both men and women.

Work-related mental fatigue (burnout complaints)
 2014 (% of employees)2018 (% of employees)
Total (15 to 74 yrs)
25 to 34 yrs
Source: CBS, TNO


• During the 2010s, the population of the Netherlands grew from 16.6 to 17.3 million.
• Population growth stood at 4 percent while the number of households grew by 7 percent.

2019IG028 BevolkingsomvangPopulation dynamics of the Netherlands in 2010 +4% 17.3 million in 2019 16.6 million Inhabitants Households in 2010 7.9 million in 2019 7.4 million +7% 100,000 personsPopulation dynamics of the Netherlandsin 2010+4%17.3 millionin 201916.6millionInhabitantsHouseholdsin 20107.9millionin 20197.4million+7%100,000persons

• The net population increase - by over 700 thousand - was composed of natural growth (births minus deaths) and migration.
• The bulk of this population growth stemmed from immigration: over 432 thousand persons.
• On balance, natural growth added nearly 276 thousand inhabitants.

2019IG028 Bevolkingsbeweging+275,541 natural increase + 432,258 migration balance 1,305,279 emigration 1,737,537 immigration 1,292,788 deaths 1,568,329 births Population dynamics, 2010-2019 10,000+275,541natural increase+ 432,258migration balance