The rest of the news release deals with economic growth compared to Q3 2018.
GDP 1.9 percent up on Q3 2018
According to the first estimate, GDP was 1.9 percent up on Q3 2018. Year-on-year growth was mainly due to higher investments in fixed assets and household consumption. The trade balance made a negative contribution to GDP growth.
Q3 2019 had one working day more than Q3 2018. If GDP is adjusted for this effect, the GDP growth rate is 1.7 percent.
|Category||2019-III (year-on-year % change)||2019-II (year-on-year % change)|
|Fixed capital formation||7.4||5.1|
Higher investments in construction and machinery
In Q3 2019, investments in fixed assets were 7.4 percent higher than one year previously. Investments in commercial buildings, transport equipment (mainly passenger cars) and machinery increased in particular. Investments were also up due to substantial divestment of intangible assets (intellectual property) in Q3 2018.
Investment growth is partly related to the relatively high capacity utilisation rate of machinery and installations in manufacturing. At the start of Q4 2019, this rate again exceeded the average over 2018. Although producer confidence showed a year-on-year decline in Q3 2019, it was still far above the average over the past two decades.
Consumer spending up
Consumer spending was up by 1.6 percent in Q3 2019 relative to the same quarter last year. The growth rate was about the same as in the previous quarter, when consumers spent 1.8 percent more year-on-year. In Q3 2019, consumers spent more on services (e.g. accommodation and food services, transport and communication), electrical appliances, home furnishing articles, beverages and tobacco. However, consumer spending on passenger cars was down again.
Mainly more exports of chemical products and machinery
Exports of goods and services grew by 2.2 percent in Q3 2019. The growth rate was lower than in Q2 2019. Dutch companies exported mainly more chemical products, machinery and appliances. Re-exports (i.e. exports of imported products) grew while exports of domestic products declined.
Imports of goods and services grew more rapidly than exports, by 3.2 percent. As a result, the trade balance (net exports) made a negative contribution to economic growth, just as in the first quarter. In Q2 2019, the contribution was still slightly positive.
Overall growth in both imports and exports is affected negatively by a large company relocating part of its business activities to another country. However, this does not affect the trade balance.
Strongest growth in construction
In Q3 2019, the construction sector realised the strongest output growth: 5.3 percent. At 4.1 percent, the sector agriculture, forestry and fishing also recorded strong growth. The manufacturing industry recorded over 1 percent output growth relative to one year previously, mainly due to the machinery and food industry. The mining and quarrying sector again saw the largest decline.
|Sector||2019-III (year-on-year % change)||2019-II (year-on-year % change)|
|Agriculture, forestry and fishing||4.1||1.2|
|Information and communication||3.7||4|
|Real estate activities||2.9||2.7|
|Trade, transportation, accommodation and food serving||2.5||2.1|
|Electricity and gas supply||2.3||7.2|
|Culture, recreation, other services||2.3||2.7|
|Public services, education and care||1.7||1.7|
|Water supply and waste management||-1.3||0.1|
|Mining and quarrying||-14.6||-13|
The first estimate is conducted 45 days after the end of a quarter and is based on information available at that moment. CBS provides a first picture of the state of the Dutch economy. After the first estimate, new data are continually pouring in, which are used to make new calculations. The second estimate on economic growth will be released on Tuesday 24 December. In absolute terms, the adjustment of the second estimate relative to the first estimate has averaged nearly 0.1 percentage points over the past half decade, with the two extremes ranging between - 0.1 and + 0.3 percentage points.
With each new estimate, CBS also recalculates the new seasonally adjusted figures of previously published quarters. This recalculation has not resulted in an adjustment of the previous three quarters.