Higher CO2 emissions in second quarter of 2019

© Hollandse Hoogte / Peter Hilz
In the second quarter of 2019, CO2 emissions in the Netherlands were up by 2.9 percent year-on-year. Gross domestic product (GDP) grew by 1.8 percent at the same time, according to the second estimate. The decline was mainly the result of increased natural gas consumption for heating by households and the services sector. Statistics Netherlands (CBS) reports this based on the latest quarterly figures on CO2 emissions.
It was colder in the second quarter of 2019 than in the second quarter of 2018. Adjusted for this weather effect, CO2 emissions were 1.3 percent lower than one year previously.

CO2 emissions and economic development, Q2 2019 (year-on-year volume change in %)
CategoriesCO2 emissionsValue added of producersGDP
Dutch economy (weather adjusted)-1.3
Dutch economy2.91.8
Other services16.81.8
Households12.7
Transport sector1.50.9
Agriculture, mining, manufacturing and
construction
0.41.5
Energy and water supply and
waste treatment
-3.86.2

Higher CO2 emissions by households and services sector

CO2 emissions by households were nearly 13 percent higher than one year previously. Emissions by natural gas consumption were up as a result of the colder weather, especially in April and May. Emissions on account of motor fuel consumption were also higher than one year previously. In the second quarter of 2019, households occupied a share in total CO2 emissions exceeding 18 percent. CO2 emissions by the services sector were down by nearly 17 percent year-on-year. The share in total emissions stood at 12 percent.

Transport sector emits more CO2

CO2 emissions by the transport sector were up by 1.5 percent year-on-year in the second quarter of 2019. This sector accounted for over 13 percent of total emissions. Emissions by the aviation sector and inland shipping increased, emissions by sea shipping decreased.

CO2 emissions up in agriculture and manufacturing

In the second quarter of 2019, emissions of CO2 in the cluster agriculture, mining, manufacturing industry and construction were 0.4 percent up on one year previously. This cluster was responsible for over 24 percent of total emissions in that quarter. The petroleum industry and the agricultural sector in particular emitted more while emissions by the chemical industry were lower than one year previously.

Lower CO2 emissions by energy companies

In the second quarter of 2019, CO2 emissions by energy, water and waste management companies were down by 3.8 percent year-on-year. These companies accounted for over 32 percent of total CO2 emissions. Electricity companies used less coal and more natural gas in their production process. Combustion of natural gas results in lower CO2 emissions than coal combustion. Electricity production and the value added by the electricity companies were higher than in the second quarter of 2018.

Contributions of CO2 emissions by households and industries, Q2 2019
CategoriesShare
Energy and water supply and waste treatment32.1
Agriculture, mining, manufacturing and construction 24.3
Other services12
Transport sector13.4
Households18.2

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