Again fewer cows and more goats

On 1 April 2018, there were nearly 4 million head of cattle in the Netherlands, a decline of over 178 thousand (4 percent) on one year previously. The number of goats increased by 12 percent while sheep numbers remained more or less stable. These are provisional figures taken from the Agricultural Census 2018, conducted by Statistics Netherlands (CBS).

Livestock on farms, 1 April (2013 = 100)
 CattleSheepGoatsPigs
2013100100100100
201410293105100
201510392114103
201610676121102
201710277129102
20189878145102

The cattle population grew mainly between 2014 and 2016 after the phasing out of milk quotas. Due to a sharp increase in the number of dairy cows, phosphate production exceeded the national ceiling. In 2017, the Phosphate Reduction Plan came into force in the Dutch dairy farming sector. Farmers had to reduce the size of their dairy herds, putting a halt to the rising livestock population. Due to a further decrease in 2018, the cattle population dropped to below 4 million for the first time since 2013.

Livestock on farms, 1 April ( thousand animals)
 2018*2017
Pigs1250912401
Cattle39184096
of which:
Mature dairy cattle (>= 2 yrs)16301694
Young cattle for dairy farming10381200
Veal calves1001953
Other cows250249
Sheep810799
Goats597533
‘Other cows’ comprises: young cattle for meat production, bulls >= 2 yrs and other cows (e.g. beef cows, grass-fed cows and suckler cows).

On 1 April, there were 1.63 million dairy cows in the Netherlands, i.e. a decrease by over 64 thousand (4 percent) compared to one year previously. Dairy farmers mainly reduced the herd of young cattle, by 162 thousand (14 percent). These young bovines are reared to become dairy cattle.

The number of veal calves reached a record high in 2018. It stood at 1 million for the first time, more than 47 thousand (5 percent) up on last year. Both rosé veal calves and white veal calves increased in number, by 3 and 6 percent respectively.

More goats, fewer sheep

The number of goats rose by over 64 thousand (12 percent) to over 597 thousand within one year, 45 percent up compared to five years ago. After some years of decline, the sheep population increased slightly again in 2017. In 2018, it was more or less the same as in 2017. This year’s sheep population stood at more than 810 thousand. On 1 April 2018, the population was 22 percent (223 thousand) down on five years previously.

Modest growth in pig numbers

The number of pigs at Dutch farm holdings has barely increased in recent years: up by 2 percent compared to 2013. Last year, it went up by 1 percent to more than 12.5 million pigs.