Unemployment continues to fall in January 2018

In January 2018, almost 8.7 million people in the Netherlands were in paid employment. The employed labour force (15 to 74-year-olds) has increased by 15 thousand on average in each of the past three months, according to figures released by Statistics Netherlands (CBS). Over 4.2 million people did not have paid work for a variety of reasons. Among these people, 380 thousand indicated they had been looking for work recently and were also immediately available; they make up the unemployed labour force in the definition of the International Labour Organization (ILO). Over the past three months, their number has decreased by an average 8 thousand per month.

The other group without work, nearly 3.9 million people, had not been looking and/or been immediately available for work recently. Their number has remained unchanged, according to CBS figures. The Employee Insurance Agency (UWV) recorded a small increase in the number of unemployment (WW) benefits to a total of 335 thousand in January.

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Unemployment rate (ILO definition) down to 4.2 percent

In order to enable comparison of cyclical developments in the labour market between countries, the unemployment indicator of the International Labour Organization (ILO) is often taken as a measure. According to this indicator, the ‘unemployed’ includes all 15 to 74-year-olds who do not have paid work but who are actively looking and immediately available for paid work. There were 380 thousand unemployed in January, equivalent to 4.2 percent of the labour force. This stood at 4.4 percent one month previously.
The unemployment rate does not include all unemployed people who are willing to work. People who do want to work but who have not sought work and/or have been available recently for any particular reason, do not count towards ILO’s unemployment definition. By the same token, part-time workers who want to work more hours are not considered to be unemployed. CBS describes these groups on a quarterly basis, aside from quarterly reporting on the number of hours worked by people in paid employment. Monthly figures on people in paid employment (the active labour force) include all people in work, regardless of the number of hours worked.

Unemployment indicator (ILO) and unemployment benefits, seasonally adjusted
   Unemployment indicator (ILO)
(15-74 yrs, seasonally adjusted) (x 1,000)
Unemployment benefits (15 yrs to pension entitlement age) (x 1,000)
2011J430284
2011F425280
2011M413270
2011A411261
2011M414256
2011J409252
2011J425254
2011A427256
2011S442252
2011O458253
2011N474258
2011D473270
2012J486292
2012F482299
2012M487296
2012A502292
2012M501291
2012J502291
2012J518298
2012A517304
2012S530304
2012O539310
2012N554322
2012D572340
2013J589369
2013F601377
2013M619380
2013A625380
2013M632378
2013J648382
2013J666395
2013A670399
2013S675400
2013O680408
2013N677419
2013D687438
2014J691460
2014F699460
2014M692454
2014A684443
2014M672436
2014J656431
2014J648437
2014A637430
2014S630420
2014O632419
2014N635425
2014D643441
2015J645458
2015F633455
2015M626443
2015A625427
2015M617416
2015J611410
2015J603420
2015A604420
2015S609417
2015O616421
2015N596427
2015D588446
2016J574465
2016F581469
2016M574470
2016A572461
2016M560448
2016J550438
2016J541432
2016A521427
2016S510424
2016O502420
2016N499410
2016D482412
2017J480419
2017F473416
2017M463415
2017A456401
2017M456386
2017J446372
2017J436364
2017A426362
2017S422351
2017O404343
2017N397337
2017D395330
2018J380335
Source: CBS, UWV

UWV: Slightly more WW benefits than in December 2017

In January 2018, the number of current WW benefits increased by 5 thousand (+1.5 percent) relative to December 2017, ending at 335 thousand benefits. The increase is related to seasonal influences and is sharpest in agriculture and fisheries, in construction and at temporary employment agencies. Year-on-year, on the other hand, there was an above-average decline in the number of current unemployment benefits at temporary employment agencies and in construction in 2017. The number of WW benefits among women remained virtually unchanged after December, versus an increase in benefits among the male labour force. This can be explained by the fact that men are relatively often employed in seasonally sensitive sectors of industry.

UWV: Sharp drop in WW benefits year-on-year in technical occupations

Relative to twelve months previously, the number of WW benefits declined by 20 percent in January. The sharpest decline was seen in technical occupations as well as in transportation and logistics. The most substantial drop was seen in technical occupations at -38.9 percent.

Youth unemployment below pre-crisis level

Unemployment was at a peak in February 2014: 7.9 percent. Since then, it has declined almost continually. In January, the unemployment rate stood at 4.2 percent, still slightly above the pre-crisis level of 3.6 percent in November 2008. However, youth unemployment is now at a lower level than before the economic crisis; last month, it stood at 7.4 percent of the labour force against 8.5 percent in November 2008. A decrease is mainly seen among the unemployed youth who are no longer in education: 5.8 percent of this group were unemployed in Q4 2017 versus 7.6 percent in Q4 2008.

Unemployment rate (ILO)
 November 2008 (%)February 2014 (%)January 2018 (%)
Total3.67.94.2
15 to 24 yrs8.513.87.4
25 to 44 yrs2.56.93.2
45 to 74 yrs2.96.63.9

Unused labour potential

Every month, CBS publishes figures on the size of the employed and unemployed labour force, as well as the group not included in the labour force (ILO definition). However, the unemployed labour force does not include all unused labour potential; other groups form part of the unused labour potential, aside from the unemployed according to the ILO indicator. The size and composition of these groups are reported on every quarter. The overall picture described below is therefore based on the latest quarterly figures (Q3 2017). Developments in total unused labour potential are closely linked with developments in unemployment according to the ILO definition.

Almost 8.7 million employed in Q4 2017

In Q4 2017, almost 8.7 million out of the 12.9 million people aged 15 to 74 years were in paid employment, while 391 thousand were unemployed (ILO unemployment indicator, not seasonally adjusted). These included 138 thousand who had been looking for work for twelve months or more. Almost two in three long-term unemployed were at least 45 years old. Those in employment and the unemployed together comprise the Dutch labour force.

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Unused labour potential does not only comprise people without work. Among the 4.2 million people working part-time, 420 thousand were seeking more working hours in Q4, who were also immediately available for more work. In Q4 2017, total unused labour potential stood at over 1.2 million, versus close to 1.4 million one year previously.

Explanation

Every month, CBS publishes figures on the labour force in accordance with international guidelines. The corresponding indicators, i.e. the employed and unemployed labour force, are used around the world to describe cyclical developments on the labour market. Monthly figures are essential in this respect. In addition, UWV issues its own monthly figures on unemployment benefits; however, these do not correspond with the indicators on the labour force.