Number of employed further up

© Hollandse Hoogte

Erratum: 26/09/2017 14:30

The Labour force barometer was adjusted after publication on 26 September. Persons not included in the labour force: -3 thousand p.m. instead of +3 thousand p.m.
According to Statistics Netherlands (CBS), the number of people aged 15 to 74 in paid employment has increased by 20 thousand on average over the past three months. In August, altogether 8.6 million people in this age group were in paid employment. Nearly 4.3 million people did not have paid work for various reasons. These included 426 thousand people who indicated that they had looked for work recently and were also immediately available. Their number has declined by an average of 10 thousand per month over the past three months.
The rest of this group of unemployed (over 3.8 million) were people who had not been looking for work recently and were not immediately available; their number has declined by an average of 3 thousand per month. The Employment Insurance Agency (UWV) reported a further decrease in the number of unemployment (WW) benefits to 362 thousand in August. Labour force barometer

Decrease in ILO unemployment indicator

The International Labour Organization (ILO)’s unemployment indicator is often used to enable comparison of cyclical developments on the labour market in different countries. According to this indicator, the ‘unemployed’ comprise all persons aged 15 to 74 years without work who have been seeking and are currently available for work. As described above, there were 426 thousand such people in August, equivalent to 4.7 percent of the labour force. This was 4.8 percent in July.
This figure comprises not only all persons without work who are looking and part-time workers who wish to work more hours. People who do want to work but who have not looked for work recently for various reasons and/or were not immediately available for work, fall outside the ILO definition of unemployment. CBS describes these groups of people with the help of additional indicators. Weekly working hours do not play a role in monthly data on the active labour force. (i.e. those in paid employment). All those employed are included, regardless of the number of hours worked. CBS publishes quarterly figures on the number of hours worked by the active labour force.

Unemployment indicator (ILO) and unemployment benefits
 Unemployment indicator (ILO) (15 to 74 yrs seasonally adjusted)Unemployment (WW) benefits (15 yrs to retirement age)
2011 J430284
2011 F425280
2011 M413270
2011 A411261
2011 M414256
2011 J409252
2011 J425254
2011 A427256
2011 S442252
2011 O458253
2011 N474258
2011 D473270
2011 J486292
2012 F482299
2012 M487296
2012 A502292
2012 M501291
2012 J502291
2012 J518298
2012 A517304
2012 S530304
2012 O539310
2012 N554322
2012 D572340
2012 J589369
2013 F601377
2013 M619380
2013 A625380
2013 M632378
2013 J648382
2013 J666395
2013 A670399
2013 S675400
2013 O680408
2013 N677419
2013 D687438
2013 J691460
2014 F699460
2014 M692454
2014 A684443
2014 M672436
2014 J656431
2014 J648437
2014 A637430
2014 S630420
2014 O632419
2014 N635425
2014 D643441
2014 J645458
2015 F633455
2015 M626443
2015 A625427
2015 M617416
2015 J611410
2015 J603420
2015 A604420
2015 S609417
2015 O616421
2015 N596427
2015 D588446
2015 J574465
2016 F581469
2016 M574470
2016 A572461
2016 M560448
2016 J550438
2016 J541432
2016 A521427
2016 S510424
2016 O502420
2016 N499410
2016 D482412
2016 J480419
2017 F473416
2017 M463415
2017 A456401
2017 m456386
2017 J446372
2017 J436364
2017 A426362

UWV: Slight decline in number of WW benefits in August

The number of current unemployment benefits decreased slightly in August relative to the previous month (-0.6 percent) and stood at 362 thousand at the end of August. The number of current WW benefits is now more than 15 percent lower than one year previously.
The month-on-month decline was seen across nearly all occupational groups, but was strongest in agricultural, transport and logistics occupations. This applied to lorry drivers in particular with a decline of 10 percent from July to August.
When examined by sector, the decline was strongest in construction (-5.2 percent). On the other hand, the number of benefits went up in education, by 10.9 percent. In this sector, an increase in the number of unemployment benefits over the summer months is an annual phenomenon. Over the past few years, however, the increase has levelled off rapidly in the occupational group of primary school teachers.

UWV: Sharp decline in new WW benefits in construction and multiple stores

In the period January to August 2017, UWV provided 277 thousand new benefits: a decline of 17.3 percent compared to the same period in 2016. In nearly all sectors, the number of new benefits decreased year-on-year. The sharpest drop was in construction (-47.0 percent) and multiple stores (-44.1 percent).

Fewer unemployed people over the age of 45

Over the past three months, unemployment (the ILO unemployment indicator) mainly decreased among the group aged 45 to 74 years. The number of unemployed in this age group stood at 163 thousand in August, versus 187 thousand last May, representing an average decline of 8 thousand between May and August. In the same period, the number of unemployed in the younger age groups did not decrease notably.

Unemployment indicator (ILO) by age, seasonally adjusted
 15-24 yrs25-44 yrs45-74 yrs
2016 A150164207
2016 S149164197
2016 O148155199
2016 N146156198
2016 D144148191
2017 J139151190
2017 F136145191
2017 M135139189
2017 A134136185
2017 m128141187
2017 J126136184
2017 J126138172
2017 A127135163

Every month, CBS publishes figures on the total (employed and unemployed) labour force as well as the number of people not in the labour force (ILO definition). However, this does not include the total unused labour potential, i.e. other groups of people aside from the unemployed according to the ILO indicator. CBS publishes quarterly on the size of these groups. Therefore, the overall picture provided below is based on the latest quarterly figures. Development of the total unused labour potential closely follows developments in unemployment according to the ILO definition.

8.6 million employed in Q2

In Q2 2017, nearly 8.6 million of the 12.9 million people aged 15 to 74 years were in paid employment and, on average, 451 thousand were unemployed (ILO unemployment indicator). These two groups together make up the labour force. The other group (nearly 3.9 million) is not included in the labour force.
This group mainly includes people who are not willing or able to work (3.2 million), e.g. due to training and education, receiving care, illness or advanced age. In addition, there were more than 200 thousand people in Q2 who were willing to work, but were not actively seeking and were also not immediately available. These include people in training or education or participating in volunteer work. Furthermore, there are people who have either been seeking work recently (163 thousand) or been immediately available for work (273 thousand).

Infographic, labour force barometer Q2 2017

Part-time workers

Unused labour potential does not only comprise people without work. Among the 4.1 million people working part-time, 460 thousand were seeking more work in Q2 and were immediately available for more hours. On average, they wish to work an extra 12.6 hours per week.


Every month, CBS publishes figures on the labour force in accordance with international guidelines. The corresponding indicators, i.e. the employed and unemployed labour force, are used around the world to describe cyclical developments on the labour market. Monthly figures are essential in this respect. In addition, UWV issues its own monthly figures on unemployment benefits; however, these do not correspond with the indicators on the labour force.

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