Unemployment further down

© Hollandse Hoogte
Statistics Netherlands (CBS) says 560 thousand people were unemployed in May, i.e. 6.3 percent of the Dutch labour force. The number of unemployed dropped by an average of 7 thousand a month over the past three months and has declined by 57 thousand relative to May 2015. According to the Employee Insurance Agency (UWV), 448 thousand unemployment benefits were paid by the end of May.

Unemployed and unemployment benefits
Unemployed and unemployment benefits
 Unemployed (15-74 yrs) s.a.Unemployment benefits (15 yrs- retirement age
2011 Jan430284
2011 Feb425280
2011 Mar413270
2011 Apr411261
2011 May414256
2011 Jun409252
2011 Jul425254
2011 Aug427256
2011 Sep442252
2011 Oct458253
2011 Nov474258
2011 Dec473270
2012 Jan486292
2012 Feb482299
2012 Mar487296
2012 Apr502292
2012 May501291
2012 Jun502291
2012 Jul518298
2012 Aug517304
2012 Sep530304
2012 Oct539310
2012 Nov554322
2012 Dec572340
2013 Jan589369
2013 Feb601377
2013 Mar619380
2013 Apr625380
2013 May632378
2013 Jun648382
2013 Jul666395
2013 Aug670399
2013 Sep675400
2013 Oct680408
2013 Nov677419
2013 Dec687438
2014 Jan691460
2014 Feb699460
2014 Mar692454
2014 Apr684443
2014 May672436
2014 Jun656431
2014 Jul648437
2014 Aug637430
2014 Sep630420
2014 Oct632419
2014 Nov635425
2014 Dec643441
2015 Jan645458
2015 Feb633455
2015 Mar626443
2015 Apr625427
2015 May617416
2015 Jun611410
2015 Jul603420
2015 Aug604420
2015 Sep609417
2015 Oct616421
2015 Nov596427
2015 Dec588446
2016 Jan574465
2016 Feb581469
2016 Mar574470
2016 Apr572461
2016 May560448
 

Following the adoption of the Work and Security Act (Wwz), a new classification method on the basis of income adjustment was introduced in July 2015, which structurally increased the number of current unemployment benefits; firstly, because people who start working may still be entitled to income supplement under the Unemployment Act (WW) and secondly, their entitlement to a benefit is only terminated after a check has been performed to verify whether their self-reported income matches the income as stated by their employer. These data are available in the Policy administration.

UWV: Fewer new claimants

Over the first five months of 2016, UWV paid 219 thousand new unemployment benefits, a decline by nearly 30 thousand (-12 percent) compared to the same period last year. Apart from retail department stores, the number of new benefit claimants fell across all sectors this year. The number of new claimants fell significantly in the sectors health care and welfare (-23 percent), printing and publishing (-22 percent) and public administration (-21 percent) showed.

Fewer over-25 unemployed

In May, 560 thousand people in the Netherlands were unemployed, versus 581 thousand three months ago. Over-25s almost entirely account for the decline.

Unemployment among 25 to 44-year-olds has fallen almost continuously over the past two years. In May, 169 thousand people in this age category were unemployed. By the end of 2015, unemployment began to decrease among over-45s. In May, 233 thousand over-45s were unemployed. Youth unemployment has been stable in recent months and stood at 158 thousand in May.

Unemployment reached a peak in February 2014 when nearly 700 thousand people (7.9 percent of the labour force) were unemployed. Subsequently, unemployment has fallen almost continuously. In May this year, 6.3 percent of the labour force were unemployed.

Unemployment (s.a.) by age
Unemployment (s.a.) by age
 15-24 yrs25-44 yrs45-74 yrs
2014 Jan188258245
2014 Feb192261246
2014 Mar186257248
2014 Apr182250252
2014 May178242251
2014 Jun175234248
2014 Jul175226247
2014 Aug169222246
2014 Sep164220246
2014 Oct165223245
2014 Nov164223248
2014 Dec164224255
2015 Jan164227254
2015 Feb154225254
2015 Mar152219255
2015 Apr154219252
2015 May156210250
2015 Jun157203251
2015 Jul159199245
2015 Aug158199247
2015 Sep161198250
2015 Oct163198255
2015 Nov156189251
2015 Dec155185248
2016 Jan155178242
2016 Feb158182241
2016 Mar159178236
2016 Apr159176238
2016 May158169233

More people in work

The number of people in paid work has risen by an average of 17 thousand a month over the past three months. On the one hand, the number of people who found work is higher than the number of people who became unemployed and on the other hand, the number of newcomers on the labour market who found work almost immediately is higher than the number of employed leaving the labour market.

Nearly 8.4 million people employed

The Dutch population includes 12.8 million people in the 15-74 age group. In this group, 65.7 percent were in paid employment, nearly 8.4 million people, of whom 4.5 million are men and nearly 3.9 million are women.

The remaining nearly 4.4 million people in the 15-74 age group do not have paid work: 560 thousand are unemployed and 3.8 million are not looking for a job or not available for the labour market at short notice. With 2.2 million, women constitute the majority in the latter group.

Total and employed labour force (s.a.)
Total and employed labour force (s.a.)
 Total (15-74 yrs)Employed (15-74 yrs)
2011 Jan87048274
2011 Feb87028277
2011 Mar86678253
2011 Apr86638252
2011 May86558240
2011 Jun86778268
2011 Jul86748249
2011 Aug86938267
2011 Sep87408299
2011 Oct87688309
2011 Nov87948320
2011 Dec88108337
2012 Jan88098323
2012 Feb88048322
2012 Mar88028316
2012 Apr88198317
2012 May88298329
2012 Jun88298327
2012 Jul88348317
2012 Aug88648347
2012 Sep88818352
2012 Oct88888349
2012 Nov88868332
2012 Dec88978325
2013 Jan88938304
2013 Feb88948294
2013 Mar89128293
2013 Apr89068281
2013 May89038270
2013 Jun89118263
2013 Jul89128247
2013 Aug89198249
2013 Sep89348259
2013 Oct89518271
2013 Nov89378260
2013 Dec89018214
2014 Jan88968205
2014 Feb88948195
2014 Mar88538161
2014 Apr88558171
2014 May88648192
2014 Jun88468190
2014 Jul88548206
2014 Aug88588222
2014 Sep88578227
2014 Oct88938261
2014 Nov89018266
2014 Dec89018258
2015 Jan89248279
2015 Feb89118278
2015 Mar89028276
2015 Apr89098285
2015 May89128295
2015 Jun89108299
2015 Jul89028299
2015 Aug89108307
2015 Sep89088300
2015 Oct89168300
2015 Nov88958299
2015 Dec88988310
2016 Jan88928318
2016 Feb89058324
2016 Mar89128338
2016 Apr89468374
2016 May89358375


UWV: Sharp decline claimants in sectors subject to seasonal variation

UWV counted 448 thousand current out-of-work benefits by the end of May, 13 thousand (-3 percent) fewer than in April. With 1 percent, the decline among over-55s was below average. The number of current out-of-work benefits declined across all sectors in May relative to April. Proportionally, the decrease was most obvious in sectors affected by seasonal variation, like agriculture (-9 percent), temp agencies (-8 percent) and construction (-7 percent).