Livestock manure; production, transport and use, key figures

Livestock manure; production, transport and use, key figures

Manure and nutrients Periods Total excretion (million kg) Excretion during housing (million kg) Excretion during grazing (million kg) Nitrogen losses in housing and storages Total nitrogen losses (N) (million kg) Stored manure and manure during grazing (million kg) Manure removal from farms (million kg) Manure supply to farms (million kg) Processed manure (excluding exports) (million kg) Net manure exports (million kg) Spreading area for manure (million kg) Use of livestock manure in agriculture (million kg)
Nitrogen (N) 1980 565 . . . . . . . . . .
Nitrogen (N) 1990 691 503 188 92 599 . . 6 7 . .
Nitrogen (N) 2000 549 424 125 72 478 103 78 4 21 871 453
Nitrogen (N) 2010 490 416 74 65 425 154 84 20 37 399 355
Nitrogen (N) 2016 504 453 51 63 442 177 90 20 52 384 355
Nitrogen (N) 2017 512 460 52 64 448 187 101 20 49 384 361
Nitrogen (N) 2018 504 452 51 64 440 175 96 17 47 380 360
Nitrogen (N) 2019 490 439 51 62 428 . . . . 384 .
Phosphate (P205) 1980 232 . . 232 . . . . . .
Phosphate (P205) 1990 229 186 43 229 . . 2 3 433 .
Phosphate (P205) 2000 191 156 34 191 65 47 2 13 212 173
Phosphate (P205) 2010 179 155 23 179 80 41 9 21 159 141
Phosphate (P205) 2016 175 159 16 175 85 35 9 33 134 125
Phosphate (P205) 2017 169 154 15 169 86 37 9 31 135 120
Phosphate (P205) 2018 162 147 15 162 79 35 7 30 135 118
Phosphate (P205) 2019 156 142 14 156 . . . . 134 .
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table comprises information about livestock manure production and production of nitrogen and phosphate in manure. It also includes data on excreted nitrogen that evaporates as ammonia and other nitrogen compounds or is removed as rinsing water from air scrubbers. The use of nitrogen and phosphate in agricultural holdings is calculated from the manure production and the difference between supply and removal of manure. The use of manure is related to the available spreading area based on fertilising standards.

Data available from: 1950.

Status of the figures:
Final figures;
New insights in calculation methodologies can lead to recalculation of the time series.

Changes as of 30 june 2020:
Provisional figures on livestock manure production in 2019 have been replaced by final figures.

When will new figures be published?
In the fourth quarter of 2020 final figures on manure transports and manure use in 2019 will be published.
In the first quarter of 2021 provisional figures on manure production in 2020 will be published.

Description topics

Total excretion
Total excretion of manure and nutrients. In case of manure, the amount of manure (feces en urine) stored in livestock buildings and in manure storages outside livestock buildings after several months of storage, including spilled feed, cleaning water and spilled drinking water. Including manure from grazing livestock. In case of nitrogen (N), the amount of nitrogen excreted without subtraction of nitrogen losses in the form of ammonia (NH3) including removal with effluent from air scrubbers, nitrous oxide (N2O), nitrogen oxide (NO) en nitrogen gas (N2) and in case of phosphate, the excretion of phosphate (P2O5).
Excretion during housing
Excretion of manure and nutrients in livestock buildings. In case of manure, the amount of manure (feces en urine) stored in livestock buildings and in manure storages outside livestock buildings after several months of storage, including spilled feed, cleaning water and spilled drinking water. Including manure from grazing livestock. In case of nitrogen (N), the amount of nitrogen excreted without subtraction of nitrogen losses in the form of ammonia (NH3) including removal with effluent from air scrubbers, nitrous oxide (N2O), nitrogen oxide (NO) en nitrogen gas (N2) and in case of phosphate, the excretion of phosphate (P2O5).
Excretion during grazing
Excretion of manure and nutrients from grazing livestock. In case of nitrogen (N), the amount of nitrogen excreted without subtraction of nitrogen losses in the form of ammonia (NH3) including removal with effluent from air scrubbers, nitrous oxide (N2O), nitrogen oxide (NO) en nitrogen gas (N2) and in case of phosphate, the excretion of phosphate (P2O5).
Nitrogen losses in housing and storages
Emissions of ammonia (NH3), nitrous oxide (N2O), nitrogen oxide (NO) and nitrogen gas (N2) expressed as nitrogen (N) from livestock buildings and manure storages, including nitrogen removal with effluent from air scrubbers.
Total nitrogen losses (N)
Stored manure and manure during grazing
In case of manure (feces en urine) and phosphate equal to total excretion. In case of nitrogen (N), the amount of nitrogen excreted with subtraction of nitrogen losses in the form of ammonia (NH3) including removal with effluent from air scrubbers, nitrous oxide (N2O), nitrogen oxide (NO) en nitrogen gas (N2).
Manure removal from farms
Removal of manure is mainly due to a lack of sufficient land area for spreading manure. The manure spreading allowance for a farm is calculated as area of agricultural land multiplied by the amount of manure allowed per hectare. The amount of transported solid cattle- and pig manure is calculated as slurry using forfeits for P concentration of solid and slurry manure. This has been done in order to compare the quantities transported with the quantities produced that are calculated for cattle and pig manure as slurry.
Manure supply to farms
Supply of manure takes place mainly on agricultural holdings with enough land available for spreading manure. The amount of transported solid cattle- and pig manure is calculated as slurry using forfeits for P concentration of solid and slurry manure. This has been done in order to compare the quantities transported with the quantities produced that are calculated for cattle and pig manure as slurry.
Processed manure (excluding exports)
Net manure exports
Spreading area for manure
Use of livestock manure in agriculture
Use of nitrogen and phosphate in animal manure on agricultural holdings. Use is calculated as production of manure on agricultural holdings plus supply of manure to agricultural holdings minus removal of manure from agricultural holdings. The use of manure comprises the spreading of stored manure by means of application techniques and the manure produced by livestock during grazing.