Environmental goods and services sector, activities; national accounts

Environmental goods and services sector, activities; national accounts

Environmental domains Environmental activities Periods Labour input of employed persons (1 000 years of employment) Output at basic prices (mln euros) Gross value added at basic prices (mln euros)
Environmental domains, total Total sector environment 2001* 115.6 17,571 7,868
Environmental domains, total Total sector environment 2005* 110.0 19,816 9,126
Environmental domains, total Total sector environment 2010* 131.6 27,433 12,364
Environmental domains, total Total sector environment 2015* 132.2 33,596 14,948
Environmental domains, total Total sector environment 2016* 140.2 35,375 15,668
Environmental domains, total Total sector environment 2017* 144.3 38,010 16,775
Environmental domains, total Total sector environment 2018* 144.6 39,600 17,401
Environmental domains, total Total sector environment 2019* 147.8 42,539 18,785
Environmental domains, total Environmental engineering activities. 2001* 1.3 311 93
Environmental domains, total Environmental engineering activities. 2005* 1.8 488 137
Environmental domains, total Environmental engineering activities. 2010* 2.5 712 163
Environmental domains, total Environmental engineering activities. 2015* 4.1 959 270
Environmental domains, total Environmental engineering activities. 2016* 4.2 997 252
Environmental domains, total Environmental engineering activities. 2017* 4.3 1,172 348
Environmental domains, total Environmental engineering activities. 2018* 4.2 1,199 359
Environmental domains, total Environmental engineering activities. 2019* 4.2 1,472 407
Environmental domains, total Environmental consultancy, engineering 2001* 7.4 808 409
Environmental domains, total Environmental consultancy, engineering 2005* 7.4 873 439
Environmental domains, total Environmental consultancy, engineering 2010* 12.0 1,859 931
Environmental domains, total Environmental consultancy, engineering 2015* 10.1 1,724 846
Environmental domains, total Environmental consultancy, engineering 2016* 11.6 2,033 1,035
Environmental domains, total Environmental consultancy, engineering 2017* 12.1 2,209 1,070
Environmental domains, total Environmental consultancy, engineering 2018* 13.1 2,375 1,149
Environmental domains, total Environmental consultancy, engineering 2019* 13.4 2,802 1,346
Environmental domains, total Environmental inspection, certification 2001* 0.8 102 57
Environmental domains, total Environmental inspection, certification 2005* 1.4 217 129
Environmental domains, total Environmental inspection, certification 2010* 2.2 351 207
Environmental domains, total Environmental inspection, certification 2015* 2.4 329 194
Environmental domains, total Environmental inspection, certification 2016* 2.5 351 206
Environmental domains, total Environmental inspection, certification 2017* 2.5 477 278
Environmental domains, total Environmental inspection, certification 2018* 3.3 502 296
Environmental domains, total Environmental inspection, certification 2019* 3.4 501 298
Environmental domains, total Ideological environmental organisations 2001* 2.5 176 106
Environmental domains, total Ideological environmental organisations 2005* 2.7 241 137
Environmental domains, total Ideological environmental organisations 2010* 2.7 277 159
Environmental domains, total Ideological environmental organisations 2015* 2.6 323 177
Environmental domains, total Ideological environmental organisations 2016* 2.6 334 184
Environmental domains, total Ideological environmental organisations 2017* 2.6 331 182
Environmental domains, total Ideological environmental organisations 2018* 2.6 337 186
Environmental domains, total Ideological environmental organisations 2019* 2.5 336 186
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table presents economic data for the environmental goods and services sector by activity. It contains data on labour volume, output, gross value added and export of the environmental goods and services sector. Output, gross value added and export are measured in basic prices and labour volume is measured in full time equivalents (fte). The environmental activities are assigned to an environmental domain (environmental protection and/or management of natural resources).

The economic data are presented in the following quantities:
-Labour volume, 1000 fte
-Output at basic prices, mln Euro
-Gross value added at basic prices, mln Euro
-Export at basic prices, mln Euro

The environmental goods and services sector consists of companies and institutions that are involved in activities with respect to measuring, preventing, limiting, minimalizing or correcting environmental damage to water, air and soil as well as problems related to waste, noise and ecosystems (OECD, 1999; Eurostat 2009). This definition includes 'cleaner technologies 'and 'cleaner goods and services' which reduce environmental risk and minimize the use of natural resources and pollution. The definition of the environmental goods and services sector is determined on European level and it is used by EU-countries accordingly.

The environmental goods and services sector is part of de Dutch system of environmental accounts, which brings together economic and environmental information in a common framework. The Dutch environmental accounts are compiled following the general concepts, definitions and classifications as described in SEEA 2012 and the 2008 SNA. As it is in line with de definitions and classifications of the national accounts system, there exists a small difference between environmental accounts and environmental statistics. More information on the methodology can be found elsewhere on the website of CBS.

Data available from: 2001

Status of the figures:
Provisional figures.

Changes as of 2 April 2021:
Year 2017, 2018 and 2019 has been added. The figures about earlier years have been adjusted following a change in the business population belonging to the environmental goods and services sector.

Changes as of 16 November 2018:
Year 2016 has been added. The figures about earlier years have been adjusted following a change in the business population belonging to the environmental goods and services sector. Environmental activities 'Second-hand stores (no antiques)' and 'Wholesale of waste and scrap' are outside of the scope for the environmental goods and services sector and are deleted.


Changes as of 5 October 2017:
Provisional figures for 2015 have been added. The time series has been updated according to the most recent estimates. A new variable, Export basic prices, has been added. The underlying coding of classifications used in this table has been adjusted. It is now in line with the standard encoding defined by CBS.

Changes as of 25 August 2016:
Year 2014 has been added. The figures about earlier years have been adjusted following a change in the business population belonging to the environmental goods and services sector.

When will new figures be published?
New provisional figures are published annually in March.

Description topics

Labour input of employed persons
The input of labour that is deployed in a certain period. The labour input can be expressed as jobs, years of employment and hours of employment.
Employed persons are all individuals working at a company that is settled in The Netherlands or at a private household in The Netherlands.
Employed persons are considered all individuals performing paid labour, even if it is for just one or a few hour a week, even if they:
- perform labour that is legal, but which from the payment is withdrawn from registration by the treasury and social security authorities ('black labour');
- do not perform any labour temporary, but still get payment (e.g. in case of illness or hold-ups due to frost);
- are on holiday temporary, without payment.
Employed persons can be categorised in employees and freelancers.
Employees are individuals performing labour for a certain period, in return of payment or salary, in money or in kind.
Freelancers are individuals receiving income by performing labour at their own expenses and risk, for the company or profession they practise independently. Participating members of the family are also considered freelancers, unless they start an employment contract.
Output at basic prices
Output (basic prices) covers the value of all goods produced for sale, including unsold goods, and all receipts for services rendered. Output furthermore covers the market equivalent of goods and services produced for own use, such as own account capital formation, services of owner-occupied dwellings and agricultural products produced by farmers for own consumption.
The output of such goods is estimated by valuing the quantities produced against the price that the producer would have received if these goods had been sold. Output is valued at basic prices, defined as the price received by the producer excluding trade and transport margins and the balance of taxes and subsidies on products. This is the price the producer is ultimately left with.
Gross value added at basic prices
Value added at basic prices is equal to the difference between production (basic prices) and intermediate consumption.