International trade; Dutch export specialisation with respect to the EU

International trade; Dutch export specialisation with respect to the EU

Harmonized System Periods Share of chapter in total exports (%) Distribution of exports Exports of Dutch products Distribution of exports Re-exports
02 Meat and edible meat offal 2020 1.8 88.2 11.8
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and... 2020 0.6 72.5 27.5
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs... 2020 2.0 94.5 5.5
07 Edible vegetables and certain root... 2020 1.5 82.1 17.9
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of cit... 2020 1.4 21.9 78.1
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 2020 0.2 50.6 49.4
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; m... 2020 0.8 50.3 49.7
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegeta... 2020 0.0 62.6 37.4
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils ... 2020 1.0 60.1 39.9
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 2020 0.3 76.1 23.9
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 2020 0.9 67.3 32.7
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 2020 1.2 71.2 28.8
23 Residues and waste from the food i... 2020 1.0 71.0 29.0
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco s... 2020 0.2 73.5 26.5
25 Salt; sulphur; earths and stone; p... 2020 0.2 62.8 37.2
26 Ores, slag and ash 2020 0.2 21.8 78.2
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and pr... 2020 9.2 68.8 31.2
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perf... 2020 0.8 65.3 34.7
39 Plastics and articles thereof 2020 4.3 74.6 25.4
40 Rubber and articles thereof 2020 0.8 44.8 55.2
41 Raw hides and skins (other than fu... 2020 0.1 69.0 31.0
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and ... 2020 0.3 33.7 66.3
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manuf... 2020 0.0 69.4 30.6
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood ch... 2020 0.3 64.3 35.7
45 Cork and articles of cork 2020 0.0 50.8 49.2
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of ... 2020 0.9 75.5 24.5
54 Man-made filaments; strip and the ... 2020 0.2 72.9 27.1
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; speci... 2020 0.1 74.6 25.4
57 Carpets and other textile floor co... 2020 0.2 82.8 17.2
61 Articles of apparel and clothing a... 2020 1.0 1.1 98.9
62 Articles of apparel and clothing a... 2020 1.0 0.4 99.6
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; pa... 2020 0.6 34.3 65.7
65 Headgear and parts thereof 2020 0.1 51.0 49.0
67 Prepared feathers and down and art... 2020 0.0 54.2 45.8
70 Glass and glassware 2020 0.2 60.4 39.6
72 Iron and steel 2020 1.9 67.9 32.1
74 Copper and articles thereof 2020 0.4 49.5 50.5
75 Nickel and articles thereof 2020 0.1 19.7 80.3
76 Aluminium and articles thereof 2020 0.8 55.8 44.2
78 Lead and articles thereof 2020 0.0 89.6 10.4
79 Zinc and articles thereof 2020 0.2 56.2 43.8
80 Tin and articles thereof 2020 0.0 16.6 83.4
85 Electrical machinery and equipment... 2020 11.2 21.5 78.5
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts th... 2020 0.3 32.6 67.4
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 2020 0.8 74.0 26.0
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 2020 0.1 61.1 38.9
92 Musical instruments; parts and acc... 2020 0.0 35.4 64.6
93 Arms and ammunition; parts and acc... 2020 0.0 59.8 40.2
95 Toys, games and sports requisites;... 2020 0.6 50.0 50.0
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table describes the export specialisation of Dutch exports using the Balassa index. A Balassa index higher than 1 indicates specialisation in a product. If the index is below 1, there is no specialisation in that product.

The table also shows the share of each product chapter of the Harmonized System in total Dutch exports. Furthermore, it shows both the share of products made in the Netherlands as the re-exports of this chapter.

Data available from: 1996.

Status of the figures:
The figures are definite.

Changes as of December 3, 2021:
The final figures for 2020 have been added.

When will new figures be published?
The figures become available in the fourth quarter after the year under review.

Description topics

Share of chapter in total exports
The share of the commodities in this chapter in the exports of all commodities together.
Distribution of exports
Exports of Dutch products
Exports of commodities produced or manufactured in the Netherlands.
Re-exports
Goods transported via the Netherlands, which are temporarily owned by a resident of the Netherlands, without any significant industrial processing.

Explanation
Re-exports include among other things commodities that are cleared through customs by Dutch distribution centres and are delivered to other countries (within Europe). Unlike transit trade, re-exports are part of Dutch imports and exports.