Land use; main categories; regional, 1900 onwards

Land use; main categories; regional, 1900 onwards

Periods Regions Total surface (km2) Transport Railroad (km2) Transport Main road (km2) Built-up area Residential (km2) Built-up area Industry, business, public institutions (km2) Semi built-up area Building site (km2) Recreation Sport grounds (km2) Agriculture Other agricultural usage (km2) Woodland and nature Woodland (km2) Woodland and nature Natural open area (km2) Water Inland water total (km2) Water Tidal water total (km2)
1900 Nederland 32,550 . . . . . . 21,160 2,520 6,240 . .
1950 Nederland 35,500 122 774 . . . . 25,050 2,420 2,730 . .
2000 Nederland 41,528 88 1,016 2,211 820 327 315 23,111 3,501 1,334 3,574 4,170
2010 Nederland 41,543 86 1,066 2,314 1,035 369 345 22,478 3,454 1,411 3,661 4,195
2012 Nederland 41,543 89 1,049 2,336 1,067 370 353 22,364 3,440 1,460 3,681 4,183
2015 Nederland 41,543 89 1,044 2,358 1,096 349 360 22,208 3,413 1,577 3,719 4,153
1900 Friesland (PV) . . . . . . . . . . . .
1950 Friesland (PV) 3,528 5 46 . . . . 2,824 64 347 . .
2000 Friesland (PV) 5,741 4 82 113 34 15 16 2,649 118 269 651 1,741
2010 Friesland (PV) 5,749 4 83 118 48 19 18 2,600 115 267 662 1,761
2012 Friesland (PV) 5,749 4 79 120 50 19 18 2,596 114 269 664 1,762
2015 Friesland (PV) 5,749 4 79 122 51 17 18 2,575 113 299 667 1,747
1900 Utrecht (PV) . . . . . . . . . . .
1950 Utrecht (PV) 1,385 13 24 . . . . 936 180 75 34
2000 Utrecht (PV) 1,439 6 44 142 46 15 19 830 187 20 78
2010 Utrecht (PV) 1,449 6 50 150 58 20 21 815 184 22 67
2012 Utrecht (PV) 1,449 7 51 153 61 16 21 810 183 25 69
2015 Utrecht (PV) 1,449 7 50 154 61 15 22 804 183 27 71
1900 Zuid-Holland (PV) . . . . . . . . . . . .
1950 Zuid-Holland (PV) 3,007 13 45 . . . . 2,304 44 152 . .
2000 Zuid-Holland (PV) 3,446 15 114 335 149 67 49 1,691 82 126 417 172
2010 Zuid-Holland (PV) 3,419 15 116 351 183 60 53 1,585 80 132 427 186
2012 Zuid-Holland (PV) 3,419 15 116 353 186 69 54 1,563 80 145 430 175
2015 Zuid-Holland (PV) 3,419 15 115 355 195 58 54 1,550 81 151 447 164
1900 Limburg (PV) . . . . . . . . . . .
1950 Limburg (PV) 2,216 10 82 . . . . 1,527 257 133 28
2000 Limburg (PV) 2,209 8 70 189 66 21 26 1,342 324 29 56
2010 Limburg (PV) 2,209 7 75 199 85 15 28 1,298 322 33 61
2012 Limburg (PV) 2,210 7 73 199 85 21 28 1,289 322 36 62
2015 Limburg (PV) 2,210 7 72 199 87 23 28 1,281 320 39 63
Source: CBS.
Explanation of symbols

Table description


This table provides information about the land use of the area of the Netherlands and the changes in land use.

Data available from: 1900.

Status of the figures:
The figures in this table are final.

Changes as of 7 September 2018:
Addition of figures of surfaces of 2013, 2014 and 2015, addition of figures of land use of 2015.

When will new figures be published?
The land use 2017 figures will be published mid-2021.

Description topics

Total surface
Total surface of the Netherlands.
Transport
Area in use for traffic and transport on roads, on railways and in the air.
Railroad
Area in use for traffic and transport on railways.

Including
- slopes;
- dead end rails to industrial area;
- shunting area;
- railway yard including station buildings and adjacent parking areas.

Excluding
- narrow gauge, this is included at the adjacent land use.
Main road
Area in use for traffic and transport over the main road network.

Including
- roads with function of transportation artery;
- included green in connections with roads and inside roundabouts;
- parking areas;
- busstation;
- gasoilstation;
- storages for road maintenance.

Excluding
- included green, larger than 1 ha in use of agriculture or woodland;
- included water larger than 1 ha;
- main road under construction.
Built-up area
Area in use for residents, work, shopping, cultural facilities and public amenities.
Residential
Area mainly used for residents, including primary amenities.

Including
- housing areas;
- primary amenities e.g. (local) shops, primary schools;
- local offices of e.g. banks;
- green areas smaller than 1 hectare;
- streets and local parking areas;
- courtyards, gardens;
- playing grounds;
- trailer camp (excluding wreckage areas larger than 0,1 hectare).

If residential areas are inside woodland, the total area is assignated as residential if a street pattern can be recognized.
Industry, business, public institutions
Area in use for industry, retail and business services, for concentrated retail trade and catering activities and for general use, like community homes, police offices and utility services.
Semi built-up area
Area with a certain amount of paving, not in use as traffic area or built-up area.
Building site
Area in use for construction.

including
- area of construction or with preparing traces;
- fallow land on industrial- and office areas.
Recreation
Area in use for recreation.
Sport grounds
Area in use for sport activities.

Including
- area for fieldsport, including trotting and racing, golf area;
- swimming pool, ice skating place;
- sports hall and horse riding school;
- permanent motorcross area (including basic ones);
- associated stands;
- woodland if included in the sport area;
- associated parking areas and forest- or shrublines.

Minimum size of 0,5 hectare.
Agriculture
Area for agriculture.
Other agricultural usage
Area for agriculture without glass, like pastures, fields and orchards.

Including
- grassland (hayland and pastures) including the grass growns dikes and river forelands;
- area for cattle breeding;
- orchards, including underplanting, maintenance paths and windbreaks;
- horticulture and arable farming;
- cultivation of small fruits;
- scattered houses with associated yards and gardens, as far as they are in the middle or adjacent to agricultural area;
- natural grassland.
Woodland and nature
Area with forest or natural open area.
Woodland
Area with trees for wood production and nature conservation.

Including
- area with trees of which the crowns are a closed entity;
- cutting field;
- fire lane;
- forest path;
- nursery of forests;
- storage of wood;
- scattered houses, if placed inside the woodland;
- poplar fields.

Excluding
- wooded areas of parks;
- forest nurseries that are outside the woodland;
- residential areas (with a pattern of streets) and areas of recreational houses inside the woodland.
Natural open area
Open area with a wet or dry surface, mainly nature.
Water
Inland water total
Inland water in use as waterway, recreational water, mining area, sewage or sludge farm, water reservoir, including IJsselmeer.
Tidal water total
Water outside the average high tide.