Regional impact of COVID-19

- Impact on public health -

Which province recorded more deaths than expected during the second wave of coronavirus?

In the first nine weeks of the second wave of coronavirus in the Netherlands (weeks 39 through 47,) mortality was higher than expected. In those weeks, relative mortality was highest in Zuid-Holland (26 percent), followed by Overijssel (20 percent). Limburg, on the other hand, has low excess mortality during the second wave (5 percent). Drenthe is the only province with higher excess mortality in the first nine weeks of the second wave compared to the first wave (week 11 to 19 of 2020). Groningen did not have any excess mortality in both waves and Zeeland did not (yet) have excess mortality in the second wave. Read more.

What is the average distance to the nearest GP and hospital?

In 2019, the average distance to the nearest GP was 1 km. The nearest hospital (excluding outpatient clinics) was on average 7.1 km away. This is the distance by road to the nearest GP or nearest hospital.

Are there regional differences in the number of care workers?

In Q3 2020, the number of employees in the care and welfare sector grew most rapidly in Zeeland, by 3.7 percent year-on-year. The number of employees in this sector increased in all provinces, but least rapidly in Drenthe (by 1.4 percent). Nationwide, the number of employees in the care and welfare sector increased by 2.5 percent relative to Q3 2019.

- Social impact -

How is crime developing in the provinces?

In all provinces, the number of registered crimes decreased in the month of February compared to one year previously. The decrease was strongest in Noord-Holland (-28 percent).

- Economic impact -

What is the regional impact of the coronavirus crisis on the economy and labour market?

The publication The regional economy 2019 (Dutch only) shows that the provinces of Drenthe and Fryslân recorded the sharpest drop in net labour participation in Q3 relative to the same quarter last year. The use of financial schemes by companies is the lowest in these two provinces. In all provinces, unemployment rose and the economy contracted in Q3.

Are there any regional differences in economic development?

For the first time, CBS publishes quarterly regional figures on economic growth based on a new method. In most regions, the economy shrank by around 1 to 3 percent in Q4 2020. The contraction was mainly caused by the impact of the coronavirus measures on the sector accommodation and food services, travel services and culture. In the regions Oost-Groningen and Overig Groot-Rijnmond, the size of the economy remained unchanged. The regions Delfzijl and surrounding areas and Zeeuws-Vlaanderen grew by approximately 1 percent. This was caused by an increase in production in some branches of manufacturing. Just as in the third and second quarter, the contraction in the fourth quarter was most substantial in Haarlemmermeer (approximately -18 percent). The contraction is less substantial than in the previous two quarters.

How many guests stayed at Dutch overnight accommodations?

In January 2021, the sharpest drop in the total number of guests was recorded in Noord-Holland relative to the same month in 2019. This province received 185 thousand guests in January 2021 versus nearly 1 million guests in the same month last year. This is a decline of 81 percent.

Are there any regional differences in business confidence?

At the beginning of Q1 2021, business confidence – the sentiment indicator for entrepreneurs in the Netherlands – was higher in nearly all provinces compared to the previous quarter. In Q2 2020, expectations of entrepreneurs were very negative in all provinces. They have improved again since Q3 2020. In Q1 2021, business confidence was the lowest in Zeeland, at -1.7. The least negative was confidence in Overijssel at -2.8.

What are the expectations of entrepreneurs in each province regarding turnover in the next three months?

In Q2, 2020, entrepreneurs were pessimistic about their expected turnover. In all provinces, more entrepreneurs expected turnover to decrease than to increase in the next three months. In Q1 2021, entrepreneurs in 11 provinces were negative about their expected turnover. The most pessimistic entrepreneurs were found in Drenthe and Flevoland. Only in Overijssel, there were more entrepreneurs expecting a turnover increase than a turnover decrease.

How many businesses were declared bankrupt in each province?

The number of bankruptcies in the Netherlands during the months December 2020 to February 2021 was 47 percent lower than in the same period one year previously. There were already fewer bankruptcies in the months September to November than in the same months in 2019 (-33 percent). The number of bankruptcies was lower in all provinces from December to February relative to the same period last year.

Are there any regional differences in consumer confidence?

In Q1 2021, consumer confidence in the Netherlands was negative (-19). However, it was higher than in Q4 2020 (-27). Confidence was negative in all parts of the country. The differences are small. It was least negative in the north of the Netherlands (-17). Consumer confidence was lower in the southern part (-21). In Q4, confidence was the lowest in the north and east of the Netherlands.

- Impact on labour and income -

Where do self-employed have the least financial resources?

If income is lost for one year, self-employed in The Hague (52 percent) are most likely to end up below the minimum wage threshold. In Rotterdam, Schiedam and Vlaardingen, too, a large share of self-employed have insufficient financial resources after one year without income. This is shown by a model-based calculation of the loss of income of the self-employed based on data from the Integral Income and Wealth System (IIVS) 2018. This calculation was made in response to the coronavirus crisis.

How is labour participation developing per province?

In Q4 2020, the number of people in work as a percentage of the population aged 15 to 74 years decreased most significantly in the province of Limburg, by 1 percentage point year-on-year. In Q4, the labour participation rate was lower in the majority of provinces compared to one year previously.

In which province is the labour market tightest?

Changes in the labour market situation are directly reflected in the ratio between the number of vacancies and the number of unemployed. The tighter the labour market, the fewer unemployed there are per vacancy. Tension on the labour market varies greatly per region. In Q4 2020, the labour market was most strained in Utrecht and Zeeland. In Utrecht, there were 76 vacancies per 100 unemployed and in Zeeland there were 68. In all provinces, the number of vacancies was lower than the number of unemployed in Q4.

- First wave -

Where did most people die of COVID-19 during the first wave of coronavirus?

In weeks 10 to 26 (2 March to 28 June 2020), 10.1 thousand inhabitants of the Netherlands died for whom COVID-19 was the confirmed or suspected cause of death. This is equivalent to 58.1 deaths per 100 thousand inhabitants. The mortality rate for COVID-19 was highest in the south of the Netherlands (105 per 100 thousand inhabitants on average) and lowest in the north (12 per 100 thousand inhabitants on average).

Which province recorded more deaths than expected during the first wave of coronavirus?

During the first nine weeks of the coronavirus epidemic in the Netherlands (week 11 up to and including week 19), mortality was higher than expected. In those weeks, there were almost 9 thousand more deaths than the expected mortality for that period had there not been a coronavirus epidemic. Especially in the provinces of Noord-Brabant and Limburg, there was excess mortality.

Where do most elderly people live?

According to the National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), people over the age of 70 belong to the group of vulnerable elderly people with a relatively high risk of falling ill with coronavirus. These elderly are overrepresented in rural areas. Read more

Where do most people work from home?

Working from home is most common in the Randstad and other urban areas. In the Utrecht region, half of the working population usually or occasionally worked from home in 2019. Other regions with more than 45 percent of the working population working from home were Greater Amsterdam, the Gooi- en Vechtstreek region and the regions of Haarlem and The Hague. Outside the Randstad conurbation, people mainly work from home in the Arnhem-Nijmegen and Veluwe regions of Gelderland.