Regional impact of COVID-19

- Impact on public health -

Which province recorded more deaths than expected during the second wave of coronavirus?

In the first nine weeks of the second wave of coronavirus in the Netherlands (weeks 39 through 47,) mortality was higher than expected. In those weeks, relative mortality was highest in Zuid-Holland (26 percent), followed by Overijssel (20 percent). Limburg, on the other hand, has low excess mortality during the second wave (5 percent). Drenthe is the only province with higher excess mortality in the first nine weeks of the second wave compared to the first wave. Groningen did not have any excess mortality in both waves and Zeeland did not (yet) have excess mortality in the second wave. Read more.

What is the average distance to the nearest GP and hospital?

In 2019, the average distance to the nearest GP was 1 km. The nearest hospital (excluding outpatient clinics) was on average 7.1 km away. This is the distance by road to the nearest GP or nearest hospital.

Are there regional differences in the number of care workers?

At the end of June 2020, Groningen province had the highest number of employees in the care and welfare sector with 97 workers per 1,000 inhabitants. The other northern and eastern provinces follow at some distance. The differences between the provinces are substantial. Groningen has almost one and a half times as many workers per 1,000 inhabitants as Noord-Holland.

- Social impact -

How is crime developing in the provinces?

In the majority of provinces, the number of registered crimes decreased in the month of November compared to one year previously. The decrease was strongest in Groningen (-17 percent).

- Economic impact -

What is the regional impact of the coronavirus crisis on the economy and labour market?

The publication The regional economy 2019 (Dutch only) shows that the provinces of Drenthe and Fryslân recorded the sharpest drop in net labour participation in Q3 relative to the same quarter last year. The use of financial schemes by companies is the lowest in these two provinces. In all provinces, unemployment rose and the economy contracted in Q3.

Are there any regional differences in economic development?

For the first time, CBS publishes quarterly regional figures on economic growth based on a new method. Because these estimates are surrounded by greater uncertainty, the figures are presented in ranges of 2 percent for the second quarter and 1 percent for the first and third quarter of 2020. Due to the coronavirus crisis, all regions still saw economic contraction in the third quarter. The largest contraction was in Haarlemmermeer, at 19 to 21 percent. In the third quarter of 2020, however, all regions were hit less hard than in the second quarter.

How many guests stayed at Dutch overnight accommodations?

In October 2020, the sharpest drop in the total number of guests was recorded in Noord-Holland relative to the same month in 2019. This province received 358 thousand guests in October 2020 versus nearly 1.4 million guests in the same month last year. This is a decline of 74 percent.

Are there any regional differences in business confidence?

At the beginning of the fourth quarter, business confidence – the sentiment indicator for entrepreneurs in the Netherlands – was higher in all provinces compared to the previous quarter. In Q2 2020, expectations of entrepreneurs were very negative in all provinces. They were slightly better in the third quarter and improved again in the fourth quarter. In the fourth quarter, business confidence was the lowest in Limburg, at -14. The least negative was confidence in Fryslân at -4.

What are the expectations of entrepreneurs in each province regarding turnover in the next three months?

In Q2, the number of entrepreneurs expecting a decrease in turnover in the next three months was higher in all provinces than the number expecting an increase in turnover. In Q4, entrepreneurs in seven provinces were negative about the expected turnover. The most pessimistic were entrepreneurs in Limburg and Zeeland. In Q3, entrepreneurs in these provinces were still optimistic about the expected turnover.

How many businesses were declared bankrupt in each province?

The number of bankruptcies in the Netherlands during the months September to November 2020 was 33 percent lower than in the same period last year. There were already fewer bankruptcies in the months June to August than in the same months in 2019 (-23 percent). With the exception of Zeeland, the number of bankruptcies was lower in all provinces from September to November relative to the same period last year.

How many fewer guests stayed at Dutch overnight accommodations in Q1?

The provinces of Flevoland and Noord-Holland recorded the sharpest drop in the number of guests in Q1 2020 compared to the same period in 2019. The decline was greatest in Flevoland, but the number of tourists in this province is much lower in absolute terms than in Noord-Holland. In Q1 2020, there were 750 thousand fewer visitors in Noord-Holland than in the same period in 2019; in Flevoland, there were 28 thousand fewer.

Are there any regional differences in consumer confidence?

In Q4 2020, consumer confidence in the Netherlands was negative (-27). It was at the same level as in Q2 and Q3. Confidence was negative in all parts of the country. The differences are small. It was least negative in the south and west of the Netherlands (-26). Consumer confidence was lower in the eastern and southern part (-28). In Q3, confidence was the lowest in the south of the Netherlands.

- Impact on labour and income -

Where do self-employed have the least financial resources?

If income is lost for one year, self-employed in The Hague (52 percent) are most likely to end up below the minimum wage threshold. In Rotterdam, Schiedam and Vlaardingen, too, a large share of self-employed have insufficient financial resources after one year without income. This is shown by a model-based calculation of the loss of income of the self-employed based on data from the Integral Income and Wealth System (IIVS) 2018. This calculation was made in response to the coronavirus crisis.

How is labour participation developing per province?

In Q3 2020, the number of people in work as a percentage of the population aged 15 to 74 years decreased most significantly in the provinces of Fryslân and Drenthe, by 1.2 percentage points year-on-year. In Q3, the labour participation rate was lower in all provinces compared to one year previously.

In which province is the labour market tightest?

Changes in the labour market situation are directly reflected in the ratio between the number of vacancies and the number of unemployed. The tighter the labour market, the fewer unemployed there are per vacancy. Tension on the labour market varies greatly per region. The labour market was most strained in Utrecht and Zeeland. In these provinces, there were more than 60 vacancies per 100 unemployed in Q3 2020; in Utrecht, there were 69 vacancies per 100 unemployed and in Zeeland there were 64.

- First wave -

Where did most people die of COVID-19 during the first wave of coronavirus?

In weeks 10 to 26 (2 March to 28 June 2020), 10.1 thousand inhabitants of the Netherlands died for whom COVID-19 was the confirmed or suspected cause of death. This is equivalent to 58.1 deaths per 100 thousand inhabitants. The mortality rate for COVID-19 was highest in the south of the Netherlands (105 per 100 thousand inhabitants on average) and lowest in the north (12 per 100 thousand inhabitants on average).

Which province recorded more deaths than expected during the first wave of coronavirus?

During the first nine weeks of the coronavirus epidemic in the Netherlands (week 11 up to and including week 19), mortality was higher than expected. In those weeks, there were almost 9 thousand more deaths than the expected mortality for that period had there not been a coronavirus epidemic. Especially in the provinces of Noord-Brabant and Limburg, there was excess mortality.

Where do most elderly people live?

According to the National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), people over the age of 70 belong to the group of vulnerable elderly people with a relatively high risk of falling ill with coronavirus. These elderly are overrepresented in rural areas. Read more

Where do most people work from home?

Working from home is most common in the Randstad and other urban areas. In the Utrecht region, half of the working population usually or occasionally worked from home in 2019. Other regions with more than 45 percent of the working population working from home were Greater Amsterdam, the Gooi- en Vechtstreek region and the regions of Haarlem and The Hague. Outside the Randstad conurbation, people mainly work from home in the Arnhem-Nijmegen and Veluwe regions of Gelderland.