Regional impact of COVID-19

Which province recorded more deaths than expected?

During the first nine weeks of the coronavirus epidemic in the Netherlands (week 11 up to and including week 19), mortality was higher than expected. In those weeks, there were almost 9 thousand more deaths than the expected mortality for that period had there not been a coronavirus epidemic. Especially in the provinces of Noord-Brabant and Limburg, there was excess mortality.

What is the average distance to the nearest GP and hospital?

In 2019, the average distance to the nearest GP was 1 km. The nearest hospital (excluding outpatient clinics) was on average 7.1 km away. This is the distance by road to the nearest GP or nearest hospital.

Are there regional differences in the number of care workers?

At the end of 2019, Groningen province had the highest number of employees in the care and welfare sector with 97 workers per 1,000 inhabitants. The other northern and eastern provinces follow at some distance. The differences between the provinces are substantial. Groningen has almost one and a half times as many workers per 1,000 inhabitants as Noord-Holland.

Where do most elderly people live?

According to the National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), people over the age of 70 belong to the group of vulnerable elderly people with a relatively high risk of falling ill with coronavirus. These elderly are overrepresented in rural areas. Read more

How is crime developing in the provinces?

In all provinces, the number of registered crimes decreased in the months of March through May 2020 compared to one year previously. This decline was strongest in Limburg (-15.4 percent) and Groningen (-15.3 percent).

Where do most people work from home?

Working from home is most common in the Randstad and other urban areas. In the Utrecht region, half of the working population usually or occasionally worked from home in 2019. Other regions with more than 45 percent of the working population working from home were Greater Amsterdam, the Gooi- en Vechtstreek region and the regions of Haarlem and The Hague. Outside the Randstad conurbation, people mainly work from home in the Arnhem-Nijmegen and Veluwe regions of Gelderland.

Are there any regional differences in economic development?

For the first time, CBS publishes quarterly regional figures on economic growth based on a new method. Because these estimates are surrounded by greater uncertainty, the figures are presented in ranges of 2 percent for the second quarter and 1 percent for the first quarter of 2020. Due to the coronavirus crisis, all regions saw economic contraction in the second quarter. The largest contraction was in Haarlemmermeer, at 27 to 29 percent. The regions of Almere and Delfzijl showed the smallest contraction in the second quarter: less than 6 percent.

How much decline was seen in the number of guests staying at Dutch overnight accommodations in Q2 2020?

In Q2 2020, the sharpest drop in the total number of guests was recorded in Noord-Holland relative to the same period in 2019. This province received 3.5 million fewer tourists compared to Q2 2019, i.e. a decline of 83 percent. In the province of Fryslân, the decrease of 53 percent was relatively smallest. Normally, Noord-Holland, and specifically Amsterdam, attracts more foreign guests than the other provinces. Amsterdam suffered a 92-percent decline in the number of overnight guests.

Are there any regional differences in business confidence?

At the beginning of the third quarter, business confidence – the sentiment indicator for entrepreneurs in the Netherlands – was higher in all provinces compared to the previous quarter. In Q2 2020, expectations of entrepreneurs were very negative in all provinces, and improved in the third quarter. In the third quarter, business confidence was the lowest in Drenthe, at -24. The differences between provinces are not very large; the least negative was confidence in Zeeland at -13.

What are the expectations of entrepreneurs in each province regarding turnover in the next three months?

In Q2, the number of entrepreneurs expecting a decrease in turnover in the next three months was higher in all provinces than the number expecting an increase in turnover. This deviates considerably from the expectations in the first quarter of this year, when entrepreneurs in some provinces were still positive about future turnover. In Q3, entrepreneurs in five provinces were again positive about the expected turnover, and also in the other provinces entrepreneurs were less pessimistic. The most optimistic were entrepreneurs in Fryslân and the most pessimistic were entrepreneurs in Drenthe.

In which province did the number of bankruptcies increase the most?

The number of bankruptcies in the Netherlands in the months March to May 2020 was 4 percent higher than in the same period last year. This was also the case in the period December 2018 to February 2019. The largest increase was seen in the province of Fryslân. In December 2019 to February 2020, the number of bankruptcies declined, whereas in March to May 2020 the number increased.

Are there any regional differences in consumer confidence?

In Q2 2020, consumer confidence in the Netherlands was negative (-27). It dropped sharply compared to the level in Q1 (-2). Confidence was negative in all parts of the country. It was least negative in the east and north of the Netherlands (-24). Consumer confidence was lowest in the western part (-28), while in Q1 this was the case in the northern part of the Netherlands.

Where do self-employed have the least financial resources?

If income is lost for one year, self-employed in The Hague (52 percent) are most likely to end up below the minimum wage threshold. In Rotterdam, Schiedam and Vlaardingen, too, a large share of self-employed have insufficient financial resources after one year without income. This is shown by a model-based calculation of the loss of income of the self-employed based on data from the Integral Income and Wealth System (IIVS) 2018. This calculation was made in response to the coronavirus crisis.

How is the employment rate developing per province?

In Q1 2020, the number of people in work as a percentage of the population aged 15 to 74 years decreased most significantly in Overijssel and Limburg, by 0.8 and 0.6 percentage points year-on-year respectively. The employment rate increased most rapidly in Drenthe (+1.3 percentage points), followed by Gelderland, Zeeland and Noord-Brabant.

In which province is the labour market tightest?

Changes in the labour market situation are directly reflected in the ratio between the number of vacancies and the number of unemployed. The tighter the labour market, the fewer unemployed there are per vacancy. Tension on the labour market varies greatly per region. The labour market was most strained in in Zeeland and Utrecht. In these provinces, there were more vacancies than unemployed in the first quarter of 2020; in Zeeland, there were 115 vacancies per 100 unemployed and in Utrecht there were 103.