COVID-19 impact on public health

How many deaths are registered weekly in the Netherlands?

Estimated mortality in the first week of 2021 (4 to 10 January 2021 inclusive) stood at almost 4 thousand. Mortality among people with long-term care declined, but remains relatively high. Among the rest of the population, more people died than expected for this time of year. During the second epidemic wave, slightly over 56 thousand people died up to the first week of 2021 inclusive. This is altogether 8.2 thousand more deaths than would normally be expected in this period. For figures on official COVID-19-related deaths, please visit the RIVM website. Read more

What is the number of deaths among people with long-term care?

The number of deaths among people receiving care under the Long-term Care Act (Wlz) decreased in week 1 of 2021. There were approximately 1,600 deaths among long-term care users, including residents of nursing homes and institutions for the disabled. This is approximately 26 percent more than would normally be expected in this period. Read more

How is employee sickness absence developing?

In Q3 2020, illness-related absenteeism among employees stood at 4.4 percent. In Q3 2019, it was 4 percent. Absenteeism was higher in almost all industries relative to one year previously, but it was lower in education and in public administration and government.

What is the effect of coronavirus on life expectancy?

In the spring of 2020, more people died than average due to the outbreak of coronavirus (nearly 9 thousand more in week 11 up to and including 19, according to estimates). The precise impact of excess mortality due to COVID-19 on life expectancy in 2020 is not yet known. This depends on the development during the rest of the year, for which CBS has worked out a number of scenarios. In the most favourable scenario, the elevated mortality in the spring will be compensated by undermortality during autumn and winter and life expectancy this year will end up similar to 2019. In case of rising mortality over the last few months of the year, life expectancy will decline by several months. In the worst-case scenario, there is a second wave which causes twice as many deaths as the first wave. In that case, life expectancy may drop by approximately 1 year to the level of 2010. Read more

How did people rate their own health during the first half 2020?

During the first quarter of 2020, a share of 80 percent reported they were in good or very good health, similar to one year previously (79 percent). This share was 82 percent in Q2 2020, against 78 percent one year previously. The share of people with mental health problems stood at 12 percent, the same as in 2019. This is according to the latest (provisional) quarterly figures obtained from the National Health Survey/Lifestyle Monitor. Read more

How much decline was seen in care use in Q2 2020?

In Q2 2020, there was less frequent use of various health services compared to the same quarter in 2019. For example, in the four weeks before the survey, 11 percent had visited a dentist, against 20 percent one year previously. Furthermore, 23 percent consulted a GP in Q2 2020, down from 28 percent in Q2 2019. The share visiting a medical specialist declined from 18 to 12 percent. This is according to the latest (provisional) quarterly figures obtained from the National Health Survey/Lifestyle Monitor. Read more

What is the number of confirmed COVID-19 deaths in March and April?

In March and April of this year, altogether 6,331 deaths in the Netherlands were confirmed to have been due to COVID-19, the disease caused by the novel coronavirus. Moreover, in the case of 1,956 other deaths, the attending medical practitioner indicated suspected COVID-19 as the cause of death. Therefore, in the period March through April a total of 8,287 deaths were recorded with COVID-19 as the confirmed or suspected cause of death. Figures on causes of death are based on death certificates filled in by a doctor. CBS receives these statements mainly through the municipality where the death took place. Furthermore, CBS receives a small part of the forms (e.g. from some hospitals, general practitioners and forensic doctors) directly digitally in the context of pilot projects pending the amendment of the Dutch Burial Act (Wet op de lijkbezorging). CBS has received the majority of the death certificates for March (97.6 percent) and April (94.8 percent). This is evident from provisional figures on causes of death.

How many people died from COVID-19 who were not registered as such?

The Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL) and CBS describe a new method for estimating the weekly excess mortality caused by COVID-19. This method provides a consistent estimation of the uncertainty surrounding the excess mortality and can indicate the relation between registered and total mortality related to COVID-19.

How many people are working in the care sector?

As of 2016, over 1.2 million people are working in the care and welfare sector.

How many healthcare professionals are out of work?

At the end of 2018, approximately 348 thousand qualified healthcare professionals were registered in the Dutch Healthcare Professionals Register (BIG-register). Of this group, 25.7 thousand (7.4 percent) were not working at that time due to retirement, benefits, occupational disability or lack of (registered) income. Some of those who are out of work will not be able to return to their former occupation. For example, approximately 10 percent of non-working doctors received disability benefits as their main source of income in 2018.

Which healthcare professionals are most likely to be out of work?

Of the non-working qualified healthcare professionals, 68 percent were nurses and 15 percent were doctors in 2018. This means that according to the Dutch Healthcare Professionals Register (BIG-register), 21.5 thousand of the 25.7 thousand non-working healthcare professionals were nurses or doctors. More than three-quarters of non-working nurses and more than half of non-working doctors are 55 years of age or older.

What is the average distance to the nearest GP and hospital?

In 2019, the average distance to the nearest GP was 1 km. The nearest hospital was on average 4.8 km away. There are large regional differences. For example, people in Baarn have to travel an average of 2 km to get to the nearest hospital, while the average distance for people on Terschelling is 63 km.

What is the difference in recent mortality between institutional and private households?

In week 14 (ending 5 April), mortality among people in institutional households was almost double the weekly average in the first ten weeks of this year, whereas it was 1.5 times higher than that average among members of private households. Institutional households include nursing and care homes, mental health institutions and institutions for the disabled, detention centres, and asylum reception centres. Read more

How many hospital beds are there in the Netherlands?

In 2018, there were 39,900 hospital beds available for clinical or outpatient treatment. These were beds at the general hospitals, university medical centres, specialist hospitals and rehabilitation centres. This figure does not include beds in psychiatric wards.
Quantative hospital data

How many medical products are imported?

In Q1 2020, Dutch imports of medical goods amounted to 8.7 billion euros. This is 8 percent more than in the first three months of 2019. Pharmaceutical products (medicines) are relatively expensive compared to other medical products and therefore hold a substantial share in the total value of medical imports, namely 42 percent (3.6 billion euros). Read more