COVID-19 impact on labour and income

How is the real disposable income of households developing?

In Q1 2020, real disposable household income was 1.6 percent up on one year previously. As such, it remained at a similar level, despite the coronavirus crisis which started in March. Partly due to the substantial drop in consumer spending from March onwards, savings rose. Household savings were up by 4.2 billion euros compared to the same quarter last year.

What was the decline in the number of employee jobs?

Between February and March 2020, the number of employee jobs fell by 23 thousand. This concerns the balance of new and lost jobs. In some sectors, such as health care, education and public administration, the number of jobs grew in March. On the other hand, there was more decline in sectors which were affected by coronavirus measures, including accommodation and food services; culture, sports and recreation; and rental and other business services.

How is the labour participation rate developing at the moment?

In May 2020, the share of people in paid employment among the population aged 15 to 74 years declined further to 67.7 percent. Labour participation amounted to 67.9 percent in April and still peaked at 69.3 percent in January and February. Read more

What was the decline in the number of employed per age group?

After February, the number of people in paid employment fell by 201 thousand. The decline was strongest among young people in particular: from 1.4 million in February to under 1.3 million in May (down by 139 thousand). In February, the number of 25 to 44-year-olds and 45 to 74-year-olds in paid employment stood at 3.6 and 4.0 million respectively. The decline in employment in these age groups was relatively small: 18 and 45 thousand respectively. Read more

How many job losses were recorded in May?

In May 2020, there were 381 thousand unemployed people who were still in paid work three months previously. There were fewer job losses in January and February (259 thousand people). The increase in job losses was mainly due to a rising number of employed who left the labour force (263 thousand people in May). They were not seeking and/or immediately available for work in the short term. Read more

How many people were unemployed in May?

In May 2020, there were 330 thousand registered unemployed, equivalent to 3.6 percent of the Dutch labour force. The unemployment rate stood at 2.9 percent in March and 3.4 percent in April; this rate refers to people in the age group 15 to 74 years who are not in paid work, but have been looking and immediately available for work recently. The decline in the number of employed only partially leads to more unemployment. Those out of work include people who do not belong to the labour force, because they are neither looking nor available for work. Read more

How many more unemployment (WW) benefits?

As of the end of February, the number of current WW benefits increased by nearly 61 thousand to 301 thousand at the end of May. In March, the number of WW benefits rose by over 10 thousand, while in April the number was up by nearly 42 thousand. In May, the increase stood at 9 thousand (+3.1 percent). In May, UWV recorded 42 thousand new WW benefits. Read more

How many people have had to withdraw from their savings?

In April and May 2020, during the coronavirus crisis, 3 out of every 100 people indicated that they were in debt and 9 out of every 100 reported that their household had to withdraw from their savings. This is comparable to 2019. At the time, 3 out of every 100 people said their household had to resort to debts and 11 out of every 100 said they had to use their savings.

What is the average COVID-19 reimbursement for childcare benefit recipients?

During the (partial) closure of childcare for 12 weeks in the spring of 2020, 570 thousand parents received over 1.3 thousand euros on average in childcare benefits. The remaining 28 percent was paid by the parents themselves, equivalent to an average contribution of 500 euros. Parents who continued paying this contribution receive a full reimbursement from central government.

Do people work fewer hours than last year?

In total, all those with paid work in the Netherlands, i.e. employed and self-employed persons combined, worked 3.4 billion hours in Q1 2020. This is 2.1 percent less than in the previous quarter (seasonally adjusted). The last time such a decline occurred was in 1996. In the first month of Q2 (April), the number of hours worked was once again lower, by 3 hours per week per person compared to April 2019.

Which sector recorded the largest increase in number of unemployment (WW) benefits?

In April, all sectors recorded an increase in new WW benefits. The largest increase was seen in the cleaning sector, in temporary employment, retail trade, culture, accommodation and food services and in catering services. Read more

How many benefits were granted to self-employed by municipalities as part of the Temporary bridging measure for self-employed professionals (Tozo)?

In March, municipalities provided around 7,000 benefits to self-employed to cover living expenses. These were mainly benefits in the framework of the new Tozo measure. They have partly been registered under the general Social Assistance (Self-employed Persons) Decree (Bbz) as a result of rapid implementation of the measure. The April figure will undoubtedly turn out higher. According to estimates by the Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment, approximately 343,000 applications were submitted up to and including 29 April.

How many men and women are working in affected sectors?

In December 2019, altogether 1.1 men as well as 1.1 million women were working in sectors which qualify for government support in accordance with the so-called TOGS measure (reimbursement for entrepreneurs in affected sectors).

What is the size of the financial buffer for most self-employed entrepreneurs?

In 2019, 20 percent of Dutch self-employed entrepreneurs said they would be able to make ends meet for an estimated three months in the absence of revenues from their own company. Nearly 40 percent said they could probably survive for 12 months or more. Self-employed active in transportation and logistics were most likely to indicate a maximum length of time of 3 months without company revenue (30 percent).

How many seasonal workers are employed in the agricultural sector?

In 2019, there were nearly 30 thousand full-time jobs on the basis of fixed-term contracts for specific or occasional work. In many cases, this was seasonal work. The total volume of labour deployed in the Dutch agricultural sector was equivalent to over 156 thousand full-time jobs (FTEs). Read more

Which agricultural sector employs the highest number of seasonal workers?

The majority of the non-regular labour force - often seasonal workers - were active in horticulture. Within the horticultural sector, the seasonal workforce was largest at greenhouse vegetable farms. This workforce was larger than the number of regularly employed workers. Nearly 60 percent of the labour input consisted of seasonal workers. These include students who help pick tomatoes, cucumbers or peppers, but also temporary migrant workers. Read more

How many precarious workers are there in the Netherlands?

In 2019, 72.3 percent of all flex workers had less secure employment, equivalent to 1,391 thousand flex workers. These are employees with short-term temporary contracts, temporary agency contracts, on-call contracts or variable hours, who are at greater risk of losing their jobs and income when the business where they work is in worse shape than other temporary workers.

How many key workers are there in the Netherlands?

In Q4 2019, an estimated 3.1 million people in the employed labour force of 9.0 million were working in vital occupations. The majority of key workers are found in the care and welfare sector (1.3 million). Another 460 thousand worked in education or childcare. Read more

How many people usually work from home?

In 2019, there were 3.5 million people in paid employment who (usually or incidentally) worked from home. They represent 39 percent of the active labour force. Of these (incidental) home-based workers, approximately 1.3 million usually worked from home, while 2.4 million did so incidentally.

Which business sectors tend to have many home-based workers?

There are five sectors with a share of (incidental) home-based workers that exceeds 60 percent: information and communication, education, financial services, specialised business services, and energy.

Which occupations have the most home-based workers?

The share of home-based workers is largest in occupations such as government official, ICT manager and policy advisor. At least 87 percent were working from home (occasionally) in these occupations. The majority of home-based workers did this on an occasional basis.

How many residents of Belgium and Germany are employed in the Netherlands?

In 2017, altogether nearly 80 thousand residents of Germany and Belgium were employed in the Netherlands. This number includes almost 39 thousand from Belgium and 40 thousand from Germany. Most of them are Dutch people who moved across the border but retained their work in the Netherlands. Read more

How many Dutch residents work in Belgium or Germany?

In 2017, altogether over 22 thousand Dutch residents were employed in either Belgium or Germany. These include almost 13 thousand people working in Belgium and 9.5 thousand working in Germany. Read more

How many people work in culture, sports and recreation?

In 2018, 174 thousand people were working in the culture, sports and recreation sector. This is 1.9 percent of the employed persons in all economic activities.