How many people are key workers in the Netherlands?

Schools and childcare centres in the Netherlands have been closed as a measure against the spread of coronavirus. Parents and guardians who work in crucial sectors can rely on arranged childcare so they can continue their activities.

Based on the Labour Force Survey, CBS is able to give an indication of the number of people employed in key occupations as designated by central government. As the occupational groups listed in the Labour Force Survey do not exactly match those listed by central government, this is a rough calculation, but the best possible one to be made in the short term using available CBS data.

Out of the 9.0 million people in work during Q4 2019, a total of 3.1 million were key workers. Sixty-two percent (1.9 million) of this group were women. The majority of key workers are found in health and welfare (1.3 million), a sector with four times more women than men. The education sector (pedagogical occupations) includes 460 thousand key workers.

Supermarket staff are counted among the 540 thousand shopkeepers, sales staff and cashiers; these also include non-vital occupations. On the other hand, there are workers with ICT occupations who are employed in the care sector and who are not yet included in this overview of key occupations.

One-quarter of the 3.1 million key workers (780 thousand persons) have children under the age of 12. A share of 11 percent (340 thousand) have a child under the age of 4.

CBS also publishes other figures on the employment position of healthcare professionals on the basis of data registers. In addition, the Education Executive Agency (DUO) publishes data on educational staff. These data are submitted to DUO by school boards. Due to differences in the level of detail and research method, these figures do not correspond precisely with the figures presented here from the Labour Force Survey.

Employed labour force working in key occupations1) (x 1,000)
 MenWomen
Care and welfare
Caregivers18258
Social workers, group and housing counsellors60207
Specialised nurses18120
Doctors5281
Physiotherapists2464
Psychologists and sociologists1564
Medical practice assistants673
Social workers1659
Nurses (MBO)962
Medical specialists3123
Pharmacy assistants224
Lab technicians518
Pedagogical occupations
Primary school teachers31130
Childcare room leaders and education assistants16130
Secondary school teachers (general subjects)5363
Secondary school teachers (occupation-related subjects)1818
Sales
Retail sales assistants112214
Retailers and retail managers7351
Cashiers1579
Food processing
Bakers109
Butchers122
Public administration, security and legal professions
Lawyers3436
Security personnel5412
Police and fire brigade3110
Military professions212
Police inspectors76
Transport and logistics
Freight handlers and shelf stackers259186
Garbage collectors and newspaper deliverers8969
Truck drivers107103
Bus and tram drivers2825
Mobile machine operators6462
1)Rough approach based on the Labour Force Survey

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