Environmental accounts of the Netherlands 2012

There are several frameworks for estimating the greenhouse gas emissions for a country, yielding differentresults. Well-known are the emissions reported to the UNFCCC (United National Framework Conventionon Climate Change) in particular under the Kyoto Protocol, but also environment statistics as well as theair emission accounts provide independent greenhouse gas estimates. The differences are not the resultof disputes about the accuracy of the estimates themselves, but arise from different interpretations ofwhat has to be counted. In this paper the above mentioned frameworks and their resulting estimates are discussed.