Foreign-controlled multinational subsidiaries most profitable
The profit ratio is the result of revenues minus costs (gross operating surplus) expressed as a percentage of value added. Multinationals have a higher profit ratio than other large corporations and small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Not only were foreign-controlled corporations more likely to operate in relatively more profitable sectors, but also within their sector, they tend to achieve higher profit ratios.
|Jaar||Foreign-controlled (%)||Dutch-controlled (%)||Other large corporations (%)||SMEs (%)|
Multinationals more often active in sectors with higher profitability
Foreign-controlled corporations were more profitable than Dutch-controlled corporations , in part because they are over-represented in sectors with high profit ratios. For instance, foreign-controlled corporations were more often represented in wholesale trade, a relatively profitable activity. In contrast, Dutch-controlled multinationals were more often represented in the temporary employment sector, which has a low profit ratio.
Other large corporations had low profit ratios in 2020. Many healthcare producers operate in this sector, for instance hospitals and home care institutions. The profit ratio is low in this sector. Over the past few years, the profit ratio among other large corporations declined, partly also because mining and quarrying took up a large share of the sector. Natural gas extraction has a high profit ratio, but is being phased out. This has resulted in a declining average profit ratio among the other large corporations.
|Subsector||Agriculture, mining and manufacturing (%)||Construction, transport and hospitality (%)||Wholesale and retail trade (%)||Other commercial business services (%)||Health care and other services (%)|
Relatively high profit ratios within the sector as well
The subsidiaries of foreign-controlled multinationals were not only overrepresented in sectors with a high profit ratio, they also tended to have relatively high profit ratios within that sector. In the other commercial and business services sector, foreign-controlled corporations achieved a profit ratio of 46 percent, while the profit ratio of other corporations in this sector ranged between 31 and 35 percent.
However, there were some exceptions. For example, the gas extraction industry remained an important contributor to the high profit ratio in agriculture, mining and quarrying and manufacturing as a sector. The profit ratio of foreign-controlled corporations was relatively low in construction, transport and hospitality, partly because of lower results for aviation in 2020.
|Bedrijfstak||Foreign-controlled (%)||Dutch-controlled (%)||Other large corporations (%)||SMEs (%)|
|Construction, transport and hospitality||30||34||26||37|
The higher profit ratio among foreign-controlled companies was not due to a few large corporations. On the contrary, in this subsector, small multinationals actually had a higher profit ratio than larger ones.
|Foreign-controlled (%)||Dutch-controlled (%)||SMEs (%)||Other large corporations (%)|
From now on, figures on the NFC sector will be published in more detail on StatLine. The corporations are broken down into foreign-controlled, Dutch-controlled, other large corporations and independent small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). The updated data on NFCs are explained in an article on Multinationals in the Dutch economy (in Dutch only).