Greenhouse gas emissions 9 percent lower in Q2 2022

© ANP
In Q2 2022, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions showed a year-on-year decrease of 9 percent. This is mainly because natural gas consumption was down in manufacturing, agriculture and the built environment. This development was already visible in the first quarter of 2022. Statistics Netherlands (CBS) and the National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM)/Emissions Register report this on the basis of the latest quarterly figures on GHG emissions in accordance with the IPCC guidelines.

GHG emissions by source sector, Q2
   CO2 (megatonnes of CO2 equivalent)Other greenhouse gases (megatonnes of CO2 equivalent)
Total IPCC2022*28.96.5
Total IPCC2021*32.26.7
Total IPCC
Manufacturing2022*9.71.5
Manufacturing2021*11.71.5
Mobility2022*7.70.2
Mobility2021*7.60.2
Electricity2022*6.50.1
Electricity2021*6.50.1
Agriculture2022*1.44.7
Agriculture2021*1.84.8
Buildings and construction2022*3.60.1
Buildings and construction2021*4.60.1
* provisional figures

Fewer emissions from manufacturing, agriculture and the built environment

Partly due to high natural gas prices and the relatively mild and sunny spring, less natural gas was consumed by virtually the entire economy and society. This led to a significant reduction in greenhouse gas emissions from manufacturing, agriculture and the built environment (homes, offices, schools, care institutions, etc.). Natural gas consumption accounts for a relatively large share of energy consumption in these sectors and it is difficult to use other energy carriers for their business processes in the short term.

Electricity and mobility emissions unchanged

Output by the electricity sector was over 4 percent higher than in Q2 2021. However, due to the changed energy mix, CO2 emissions remained virtually the same. The energy mix used for electricity output fluctuates more in the electricity sector than in other sectors.

Just as manufacturing, agriculture and the built environment, the electricity sector consumes relatively large volumes of natural gas, but due to high natural gas prices, less electricity was produced using natural gas. In contrast, more coal was used for electricity production due to relatively low prices for coal, despite increased carbon prices. In addition, a growing deployment of renewable energy carriers has been taking place for some time now, which compensates for the shift from natural gas to coal in terms of CO2 emissions.

Greenhouse gas emissions from mobility were also approximately the same as in Q2 2021, as well as the development of motor fuel consumption by domestic road traffic.

Contributions of greenhouse gas emissions by source sector, Q2 2022
Category%
Manufacturing31.6
Mobility22.1
Electricity18.7
Agriculture17.1
Buildings and construction10.6

Statistics Netherlands also calculates CO2 emissions from all domestic economic activities according to the national accounts. Compared to emissions according to the IPCC definitions, this also includes the CO2 emissions from international air and sea transport and the emissions from combustion of biomass. In the message below, the CO2 emissions are presented in accordance with the calculation method of the national accounts.

CO2 emissions by the Dutch economy over 6 percent lower

In Q2 2022, the Dutch economy emitted 6.4 percent less CO2 than in Q2 2021, while GDP grew by 5.3 percent over this period. The value added was significantly higher in most sectors of the economy, while CO2 emissions were lower. For example, emissions from manufacturing, mining and construction fell by 19 percent, while the value added grew by 4 percent. CO2 emissions were particularly lower in the chemical, the petroleum and the basic metal industry.

The transport sector, on the other hand, emitted 22 percent more CO2 than one year previously. The increase in emissions is mainly due to the partial recovery of aviation. CO2 emissions from Dutch aviation were 61 percent higher than in the same quarter last year.

CO2 emissions and economic development, Q2 2022
CategoriesCO2 emissions (year-on-year volume change in %)Value added (year-on-year volume change in %)Bbp (year-on-year volume change in %)
Total (weather adjusted)-2.6
Total-6.45.3
Transport sector21.914.7
Energy and water supply,
waste management
0.68.6
Other services-9.35.7
Households-10.7
Mining,
manufacturing and construction
-18.73.6
Agriculture-19.5-3

The calculations of CO2 emissions are a first estimate based on information available at that particular moment. Figures may change as a result of new statistical source information becoming available at a later stage.