In higher education, a first-year student is someone who is enrolled in higher education for the first time, with the first enrolment being determined by looking back in time as far as 1986. 1 October has been chosen as the reference date for determining the number of first-year students. Enrolments after that date are only taken into account in the following academic year.
In the event of multiple registrations in one year, only the main registration will count. An enrolled student who switches from higher vocational education (HBO) to university (WO) or vice versa is a first-year student twice: once in HBO and once in WO. However, this person is only a first-year higher education student once.