After cut flowers, the largest decline was seen in other ornamental horticulture (plants, tree nursery products, bulbs) at 18 percent, followed by vegetables with 1 percent. Fruit exports still rose slightly over April 2020 (2 percent), but considerably less than in the previous months. All horticultural sectors saw weaker export figures month by month as of January.
Exports play an important role in the entire Horticulture and Starting Materials Chain (in Dutch: T&U), from e.g. fruit, vegetable and flower growers to seed breeders and greenhouse builders. This chain accounts for 4.7 percent of total goods exports from the Netherlands. In 2019, exports by the horticultural chain amounted to 24.5 billion euros.
|Product||Cut flowers (year-on-year % change)||Other ornamental horticulture (year-on-year % change)||Vegetables (year-on-year % change)||Fruit (year-on-year % change)|
Horticultural chain good for 2.7 percent of GDP
In 2018, companies in the horticultural chain contributed 21.1 billion euros to the Dutch economy, which is 2.7 percent of the Netherlands’ gross domestic product (GDP). This includes both the direct contributions from the subsectors and indirect contributions from other sectors including for example banking and accounting services for the horticultural sector. The horticultural chain provides 3.4 percent of total employment in the Netherlands. This is equivalent to 254 thousand labour years in 2018. The jobs are found within horticultural holdings themselves but also include other jobs within the chain or providing services to the chain, e.g. temping agency workers who are employed in this sector as seasonal workers. In the Netherlands, 4.5 percent of all R&D expenditure is on account of the horticultural chain; this amounted to 0.8 billion euros in 2017. For example, innovations in the areas of greenhouse and other horticultural technology as well as breeding and propagation of seeds and seedlings.
|Economische indicator||Share in the Netherlands (%)|
|Share in GDP (direct)||1.6|
|Share in GDP (total)||2.7|
|Source: CBS, Wageningen Economic Research (WUR)|
|1) Latest available figures: import and export value in 2019, GDP and employment in 2018, R&D expenditure in 2017.|