Transmission charges are paid to the transmission operator. As there is no competition for the regional grid operators (there is only one network per region), a price cap is placed on the transmission charges by the Netherlands Authority for Consumers and Markets (ACM).
Several categories are distinguished:
1. Fixed transmission charges (standing charge): standing charge is an amount charged per month, per quarter or per year. This includes the rent of the electricity and gas meters.
2. Capacity tariff: capacity tariff is a fixed annual transmission tariff based on the capacity of the electricity and gas connections of an end-user. The capacity tariff for small consumers was introduced on 1 January 2009. At the same time, the variable transmission tariff per kWh electricity and per cubic metre of gas for small consumers was abolished.