More asylum seekers in 2018

The number of asylum requests increased again in 2018 following a decline in 2016 and 2017. Among first asylum requests, there is an emerging trend of applicants from Yemen and Moldova. The number of Turkish asylum applicant is showing a remarkable increase. Statistics Netherlands (CBS) reports this based on new figures released by the Dutch Immigration and Naturalisation Service (IND).

In 2018, 20.5 thousand asylum seekers and 6.5 thousand following family members came to the Netherlands. The number of first asylum requests was one-quarter up on 2017, while the number of following family members declined by half.

Asylum applicants and following family members
 First-time asylum requests (persons)Subsequent asylum requestsFollowing family members (persons)
2013984032553630
20142181027255355
201543095194013845
201619370165511815
201716145212014490
20182051035656465
 

The nationality mix of asylum seekers is showing a number of striking developments. Since 2016, there have been several emerging countries of origin, including Yemen and Moldova. Yemen has had a civil war going on for years and famine is looming. The rising number of Moldovans is possibly related to the political situation in the Transnistria region.
Another striking trend is the sustained increase in the number of asylum seekers from Turkey. Since the failed coup in July 2016, more Turkish asylum seekers have travelled to the Netherlands. In addition, the number of asylum seekers from Nigeria and Iran has increased. The number of Albanian asylum seekers dropped in 2017 after a peak in 2016 but rose again slightly in 2018. There is still a relatively high number of Syrian asylum seekers. At the same time, the number of asylum seekers from Iraq and Eritrea has shown a decrease.

Citizenship of first-time asylum applicants
 201820172016
Syria296029702865
Iran1870720885
Eritrea141015901860
Turkey1300480235
Algeria1265890980
Morocco10659751270
Moldova83034015
Iraq745845960
Nigeria560245195
Albania5503651665
Yemen53017045
Source: CBS, IND


Eritreans and Syrians form by far the largest group of following family members with 2.6 thousand and 2.1 thousand, respectively.

More Turkish asylum seekers in Europe

By far the greatest majority of asylum requests in Europa last year were filed in Germany followed by France, Greece, Spain and Italy. The top ten of host countries is completed by the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Belgium, Sweden and Switzerland. In 2017, Italy was still the second largest host country for asylum seekers in 2017.
All over Europe, the number of Turkish asylum seekers has been on the rise. Germany, Greece, France, the Netherlands and Switzerland all received asylum request from Turkish citizens last year. Over the past two years, there have been more applicants from Yemen and Moldova in Europe as well.

New asylum requests, top 10 countries in Europe, 2018* (x 1,000)
 2018 (Jan-Sep)
Germany125670
France78545
Greece45985
Italy40460
Spain37610
United Kingdom26565
Netherlands14770
Sweden13285
Belgium13200
Switzerland10195
Source: CBS, IND
* January-September