Consumer prices 1.9 percent up in September

© Hollandse Hoogte / Michael Kooren
Statistics Netherlands (CBS) reports that the consumer price index (CPI) was 1.9 percent higher in September than in the same month last year. In August, prices of consumer goods and services were up by 2.1 percent year-on-year.

The consumer price index (CPI) is an important indicator for inflation, but not the only one. It is an index for price changes in a basket of consumer goods and services, such as groceries, clothing, petrol, rent and insurance premiums. Inflation is a broader term which covers more than consumer goods and services; for example, prices of owner-occupied houses, manufactured products, shares and gold are also subject to change.

Consumer price index (CPI) (year-on-year % change)
 change
2014 January1.4
2014 February1.1
2014 March0.8
2014 April1.2
2014 May0.8
2014 June0.9
2014 July0.9
2014 August1
2014 September0.9
2014 October1.1
2014 November1
2014 December0.7
2015 January0
2015 February0.2
2015 March0.4
2015 April0.6
2015 May1.1
2015 June1
2015 July1
2015 August0.8
2015 September0.6
2015 October0.6
2015 November0.7
2015 December0.7
2016 January0.6
2016 February0.6
2016 March0.6
2016 April0
2016 May0
2016 June0
2016 July-0.2
2016 August0.2
2016 September0.1
2016 October0.4
2016 November0.6
2016 December1
2017 January1.7
2017 February1.8
2017 March1.1
2017 April1.6
2017 May1.1
2017 June1.1
2017 July1.3
2017 August1.4
2017 September1.5
2017 October1.3
2017 November1.5
2017 December1.3
2018 January1.5
2018 February1.2
2018 March1
2018 April1.1
2018 May1.7
2018 June1.7
2018 July2.1
2018 August2.1
2018 September1.9

Air fares cheaper

The increase in the CPI was lower in September than in August, mainly due to the price development of air fares. In September, prices were 5 percent down on September 2017, while in August prices were 11 percent higher year-on-year. The price development of petrol drove the inflation rate down as well.

CPI: Major contributions to year-on-year change (percentage point)
 SeptemberAugust
Total1.92.1
Data is unknown or confidentialData is unknown or confidential
Housing, water and
energy
0.90.87
Transport0.460.59
Miscellaneous goods
and services
0.250.25
Consumption abroad0.230.21
Restaurants and hotels0.180.18
Alcoholic beverages and
tobacco
0.080.07
Food and non alcoholic
beverages
0.060.05
Health0.040.03

Rise in Dutch consumer prices lower than in eurozone

In addition to the consumer price index (CPI), CBS also calculates the European harmonised price index (HICP).

In September, HICP-based prices of goods and services in the Netherlands were 1.6 percent up year-on-year, versus 1.9 percent in August. In the eurozone, the price increase went up from 2.0 to 2.1 percent.

HICP (year-on-year % change)
 NetherlandsEuro area
2014 January0.80.8
2014 February0.40.7
2014 March0.10.5
2014 April0.60.7
2014 May0.10.5
2014 June0.30.5
2014 July0.30.4
2014 August0.40.4
2014 September0.30.3
2014 October0.40.4
2014 November0.30.3
2014 December-0.1-0.2
2015 January-0.7-0.6
2015 February-0.5-0.3
2015 March-0.3-0.1
2015 April00
2015 May0.70.3
2015 June0.50.2
2015 July0.80.2
2015 August0.40.1
2015 September0.3-0.1
2015 October0.40.1
2015 November0.40.1
2015 December0.50.2
2016 January0.20.3
2016 February0.3-0.2
2016 March0.50
2016 April-0.2-0.2
2016 May-0.2-0.1
2016 June-0.20.1
2016 July-0.60.2
2016 August0.10.2
2016 September-0.10.4
2016 October0.30.5
2016 November0.40.6
2016 December0.71.1
2017 January1.61.8
2017 February1.72
2017 March0.61.5
2017 April1.41.9
2017 May0.71.4
2017 June11.3
2017 July1.51.3
2017 August1.51.5
2017 September1.41.5
2017 October1.31.4
2017 November1.51.5
2017 December1.21.4
2018 January1.51.3
2018 February1.31.1
2018 March11.3
2018 April11.3
2018 May1.91.9
2018 June1.72
2018 July1.92.1
2018 August1.92
2018 September1.62.1

The HICP is compiled according to the European harmonised method in order to facilitate comparison between the various EU member states. Price indices for the eurozone and the European Union as a whole are calculated on the basis of the HICPs of the individual member states. The European Central Bank (ECB) uses these figures to formulate its monetary policy.

Unlike the CPI, the HICP does not take into account the costs related to home ownership. In the Dutch CPI, these costs are calculated on the basis of rent levels.

Adjustment of August inflation rate

The year-on-year increase in both the CPI and HICP in August has been adjusted downwards: the CPI from 2.3 to 2.1 percent and the HICP from 2.1 to 1.9 percent. The inflation rate has been revised because additional information about the prices of clothes became available.  

Sources