Between 2007 and 2017, total rail freight transport rose by 0.5 million tonnes to 41.2 million tonnes. This is an increase of 1.2 percent, which can be attributed to the growth of international goods transport (from 35 to 38 million tonnes). In the same period, domestic rail freight transport dropped from over 5.5 million tonnes in 2007 to more than 2.7 million tonnes in 2017. The share of international rail freight transport increased from 86 to 93 percent over the same period.
Shift in rail transport flows
The increase in rail transport is caused by higher volumes of both transit and inbound freight of foreign origin. Transit goods are transported by rail within the Netherlands but have their place of loading and unloading abroad. The share of transit trade doubled from 4 percent in 2007 to 8 percent in 2017. In the same period, the share of inbound transport went up from 22 to 25 percent. The total volume of goods transported from the Netherlands to other countries has hardly changed; from 24.7 million tonnes in 2007 to 24.9 million tonnes last year.
Germany main transport partner
The largest trading partner in terms of both inbound and outbound rail freight transport is Germany. Over 74 percent of outgoing freight is destined for Germany and 49 percent of incoming goods are loaded there. This share has also increased over the past decade. Italy, Belgium, Austria and Poland follow at a great distance. Poland has become increasingly important with regard to inbound rail freight transport; the share of goods loaded in this country rose from over 1 percent in 2007 to 6 percent in 2017. There are mainly incoming shipments of container goods and grain from Poland.