|Security employees (%)||Security related occupations (%)|
|Health and welfare||0.29||21.95|
|Public administration and public services||7.36||14.20|
|Information and communication||0.04||12.60|
|Specialised business services||0.20||7.79|
|Rental and other business services||1.82||2.01|
|Transport and storage||0.36||1.23|
|Culture, sports and recreation||0.24||0.94|
|Real estate renting and sales||0.01||0.76|
|Hotels and restaurants||0.12||0.41|
|Agriculture, forestry and fisheries||0.00||0.30|
|Water and waste management||0.07||0.20|
CBS only includes security employees in its standard occupational classification. Above all, security employees provide safety and security. They include firefighters, police officers and military personnel. In the period 2013-2016, their share in the total number of employed persons decreased from 1.8 percent in 2013 to 1.6 percent in 2016.
In the report Education and labour market in the security domain, HSD defines security related occupations. The security domain includes traditional security occupations such as those listed above, as well as occupations in which security is among the professional duties, for example lawyers and judges, ICT practitioners (cyber security experts), fraud prosecutors and social workers. The latter group play a role in preventing domestic violence, helping confused persons and in early detection of radicalisation, for instance. In 2016, 12.8 percent of employed people were employed in the security domain, versus 12.6 percent in 2013.
Sixty percent of all employed people in occupations classified as security employees were hired by the government. In 2016, one in five employed persons in a security related occupation were government employees.
The Health and the Information and communication sectors are important employers for people working in the security domain. In 2016, 22 percent of employed persons in the security domain worked in the former and 13 percent in the latter sector.
Rising number of students enrolled in security related programmes
In the academic year 2016/’17, 9.8 percent of all students in vocational and higher professional education were enrolled in a security related programme. In 2013/’14, this was 9.3 percent. The increase in the number of students enrolled in security related studies was fully attributable to higher professional education.
At university level, law studies prevailed; in vocational and higher professional education, Engineering (including ICT) was by far the most popular programme.