Foreign companies create nearly 1.4 million jobs

There are around 15 thousand foreign-owned enterprises in the Netherlands. Together with their suppliers, these multinationals were good for approximately 1.4 million full-time jobs (FTEs) in 2014, i.e. almost 20 percent of all full-time jobs in the Netherlands. These and other figures on multinationals are reported by Statistics Netherlands (CBS) in the latest edition of the Internationalisation Monitor.
In 2014, foreign-owned multinationals created over 700 thousand FTEs in direct jobs. In addition, these companies contributed almost 650 thousand indirect jobs at other companies.
Foreign-owned multinational subsidiaries are companies in the Netherlands under foreign control. They create jobs in retail and wholesale trade in particular (205 thousand full-time jobs) as well as in manufacturing (194 thousand full-time jobs).

Employment at foreign-owned multinationals, by sector, 2014
 Number
Trade205
Manufacturing194
Transport and storage87
Professional, scientific and technical activities79
Information and communication61
Professional, scientific and technical activities45
Accommodation and food services25
Construction23
Other19

FTEs as shares in each sector

The contribution of FTEs by foreign-owned multinationals is highest in manufacturing at almost 28 percent. Other sectors in which foreign-owned multinationals are a significant source of employment are transport and storage (27 percent), information and communication (25 percent) and retail and wholesale trade (20 percent).

Jobs created by suppliers of foreign multinationals

Companies often depend on goods and services from other companies for their production and operating processes, thereby providing work to each other. For example, a large manufacturer of revolving doors buys its glass panels from a small glassmaker, which in turn uses an accounting firm for its accounting needs. Most of this ‘indirect employment’ created by multinational corporations ends up at non-multinationals.

In 2014, over 460 thousand FTEs were created at non-multinationals as part of being in the supply chain of foreign-owned multinationals. In addition, Dutch multinationals and the non-business economy (esp. non-profit institutions) created over 115 thousand and 70 thousand FTEs respectively by being part of such supply chains.

Employment in supply chain of foreign-owned multinationals, 2014
 Number
Non-multinational462
Dutch multinational115
Non-business economy70

Input sectors

By far the most important suppliers of foreign-owned multinationals are companies in the sectors trade and commercial services. Almost 60 percent of indirect employment is created in these sectors.

Employment in supply chain of foreign-owned multinationals, by sector, 2014
 Number
Real estate, other business support services170
Professional, scientific and technical activities126
Trade71
Manufacturing 68
Other56
Transport and storage43
Information and communication41
Construction32
Agriculture, forestry and fishing23
Financial institutions16