Lower oil prices and output prices
Since 2013, year-on-year oil prices have fallen almost continuously. In April, the barrel price of North Sea Brent oil was 38 euros, i.e. almost 33 percent below the price level recorded in April 2015. In March, the barrel price was 36 euros, i.e. 32 percent below the level recorded one year previously.
Year-on-year prices of petroleum derivatives slumped by 30.5 percent in April 2016 and by 32.5 percent in March 2016. Evidently, prices of petroleum derivatives are directly affected by crude oil price developments. If petroleum price developments are not taken into account, the price drop in manufacturing output would be 4.7 percent.
Prices of chemical, (basic) metal and food products, machinery and the automotive industry were also down from twelve months previously. Year-on-year prices of rubber and plastic products on the other hand, rose marginally.
Altogether, the eight industries referred to in the above text and the corresponding graph account for 80 percent of the total Dutch manufacturing industry.
Manufactured products more expensive in April
Prices of manufactured products increased on a month-to-month basis. In April 2016, output prices of manufactured products rose by more than 1 percent relative to March. The increase on the foreign market was somewhat more substantial than on the domestic market: 1.3 versus 0.8 percent. The crude oil price also increased on a month-to-month basis.